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Chapter History

<bgsound src="andre.mid" loop="0" width=48 height=26 volume="50"></bgsound>
"The Ballad of Major Andre,"
Sequenced by John Renfro Davis.
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Click here for the history of the song.

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Our Beginning

Eugene was very different during the early 1900s. Its population was only a little over 9,000 in 1910 compared to nearly 160,000 today, but the town experienced a surge of growth after 1909. After having endured the economic fall of 1907, new subdivisions were being developed, and six four-plex apartment houses were constructed between 1908 and 1912.

Schools also were erected in 1909 when the school enrollment in Eugene reached 700. Eugene High School required an addition to be built in less than two years after its first construction, and by 1915, the building was abandoned in favor of a larger facility. The University of Oregon was also expanding rapidly with its School of Education starting in 1910, Schools of Journalism and Commerce established in the early 1910s, and its Law School locating at the Eugene campus from Portland in 1915.
Portraits of Lewis & Clark In part, this growth may have been due to the development in the timber industry in Lane County. By the early 20th century, logging and lumbering were firmly established as major elements in Lane County?s economy. Other contributions to economic and population growth were the following:
1) the organization of farmers which eventually lead to a new company known as Eugene Fruit Growers, then Agripac;
2) the arrival of the Oregon Electric Railroad in 1912;
3) the introduction of the streetcar system in 1906;
4) the advent of the automobile in 1904.
These events lead to paved roads, more tourism, urban growth, changes in land use patterns in residential design, and a change in the way of life.**

Such was life in Eugene when the Oregon Lewis and Clark Chapter was founded on 25 February 1914, the tail end of the Progressive Era of 1884 to 1913. The chapter's founding regent was Mae Beadle Frink, who joined the DAR on November 18, 1913. She was soon followed 1by Mrs. Ray Jenkins and Miss Charlotte A. Choate who were accepted at NSDAR on December 17, 1913. By mid-April, the chapter had fourteen additional new members, and it continued to grow.

We now have 118 members who reside throughout Lane County.

If you live in our area, you are welcome to visit us at our meetings. Simply click here to request information and/or membership information. We look forward to meeting you, and we want to help you to become a member.

**Source: "The Progressive Era: 1884-1913," by the City of
Eugene Planning Dept. A link is provided at our "Links" web page.

History of the "Ballad of Major Andre"
"Benedict Arnold was one of the great heroes of the Revolution. He had distinguished himself in Canada and Saratoga. However, he was reprimanded by Washington for his conduct in Philadelphia and passed over for promotion. Angry and in debt, Arnold contacted Sir Henry Clinton and planned to betray West Point to the British. Major John Andre was Clinton's adjutant and Arnold's contact.

After a meeting with Arnold, Andre was caught behind the lines by a group of militiamen commanded by John Paulding. He was in civilian clothes with a pass from Arnold - and the plans to West Point were found in his boot. Arnold heard of Andre's capture and fled. Major John Andre was hanged October 2, 1780. In 1821 Andre's body was exhumed and reburied in Hero's Corner in Westminster Abbey.

The ballad is also known as The Execution of Major Andre and Major Andre's Capture. This version was collected from the Hudson Valley. Scott calls it a "uniquely American ballad." A copy of the song was found in a copybook dated 1822. (As Andre is still buried in America in these lyrics, the song would seem to date prior to 1821.)"

Information and music contributed by "Popular Songs In American History," a folk music website by Lesley Nelson. A link is provided on our "Links" web page.

"The Ballad of America," by John Anthony Scott,
Grosset & Dunlap,
New York, 1967

Click here to see the lyrics to the song.

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Lyrics To "Ballad of Major Andre"
Come, all you brave Americans,
And unto me give ear,
I'll sing you now a ditty
That will your spirits cheer,
Concerning a young gentleman
Who came from Tarrytown,
Where he met a British officer,
A man of high renown.

Then up spoke this young hero,
Young Paulding was his name;
'0 tell us where you're going, sir,
And also whence you came.'
'I bear the British flag, sir,'
Up answered bold Andr?,
'I have a pass that takes me through,
I have no time to stay.'

Then others came around him,
And bade him to dismount:
'Come tell us where you're going,
Give us a strict account;'
Young Paulding said, 'We are resolved
That you shall ne'er pass by';
And so the evidence did prove
The prisoner a spy.

He begged for his liberty,
He pled for his discharge,
And oftentimes he told them,
If they'd set him at large,
'Of all the gold and silver
I have laid up in store,
But when I reach the city
I will send you ten times more.'

'We scorn this gold and silver
You have laid up in store,'
Van Vert and Paulding both did cry,
'You need not send us more.'
He saw that his conspiracy
Would soon be brought to light,
He begged for pen and paper
And he asked for to write.

The story came to Arnold
Commanding at the Fort:
He called for the Vulture
And sailed for New York;
Now Arnold to New York has gone,
A-fighting for his King,
And left poor Major Andr?
On the gallows for to swing.

Andr? was executed,
He looked both meek and mild,
His face was fair and handsome,
And pleasantly he smiled.
It moved each eye with pity,
And every heart there bled,
And everyone wished him released
And Arnold in his stead.

He was a man of honor!
In Britain he was born,
To die upon the gallows
Most highly he did scorn.
And now his life has reached its end
So young and blooming still-
In Tappan's quiet countryside
He sleeps upon the hill.

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