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Gwiles/Guild

Sec. 29-- Map 7A & 7B

Peter Guild was born 1801 in Rhode Island.(1) In January 1839 at Whiteside County, Illinois, he married Eliza Richardson.(1),(2)

Eliza Richardson was born about 1813(3) in Blacksburg, Virigina.(4)

He came to Oregon in 1847, with his wife, five children, and fifty head of cattle, intending to enter into the stock business. Reaching The Dalles late in the season, they decided to leave the cattle there for the winter, and continue on to the valley. They wintered at Linnton, and the next spring returned to The Dalles to collect the cattle. He found that none of them remained, but had all been eaten while a regiment of militia occupied the area in the Cayuse Indian War which followed the massacre at the Whitman Mission. He made claims against the government, but was never able to collect. Instead, he returned to his claim, built an octagonal log house and established Portland's first public house.(2)

Peter Guild died in 1870, leaving a wife and nine children:(3)

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Charles Guild, born about 1835 in New York.(5)

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Mary I. Guild, born about 1837 in Illinois.(5)

Children of Peter & Eliza (Richardson) Guild:

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James Guild, born about 1840 in Illinois.(5)

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Jesse Guild, born about 1842 in Illinois.(5)

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Smith Guild, born about 1844 in Illinois.(5)

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Barrich C. Guild, born about 1846 in Illinois.(5) He's not enumerated in 1860, but is in the household in 1870.(6)

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Isabella Guild, born about 1850 in Oregon.

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George Guild, born about 1854 in Oregon.

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Lydia Guild, born about 1855 in Oregon.

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Frances Guild, born about 1857 in Oregon.

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1. DLC, vol. 1, pg.57, #1417 Peter Guild.

2. Snyder, p.95-97.

3. Kidd, p.73-74, family #618 Peter Gyld.

4. DLC, vol. 5, pg.90 #1417 Peter Guild.

5. Elsie Youngberg. 1850 Census of Oregon Territory. Lebanon, Oregon: End of Trail Researchers, 1970. p.242

6. Nellie Hiday. 1870 U. S. Census Multnomah County, Oregon. Portland, Oregon: Genealogical Forum of Portland, Oregon, 1963. p.19