New Netherland New York Census Records
New York residents are included in census records from 1790 through 1920 Colonial censuses were taken approximately every ten years beginning in 1690. There are few early census records for New Netherland. There are, however, other primary records we can use as substitutes. These include such records as Oaths of Allegiance, Lists of debtors, Tax lists, etc.
When searching New York Census records, remember that until 1664 New York was called New Netherland. In that year the English captured the province from the Dutch and New Amsterdam became New York City. In 1673 New York was recaptured by Dutch naval force and New Netherland restored as a Dutch colony. New York City became New Orange, Kingston became Swanenburgh, Albany was called Willemstad and Fort Albany became Fort Nassau. In 1674 New Netherland was restored to the English and became the province of New York
State censuses were taken at ten-year intervals from 1825 through 1875 and again in 1892, 1905, 1915, and 1925.
What's Available in Census and Census Substitutes
Mortality schedules - those who died in the 12 months prior to the day the census was taken for the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses.
- - State censuses were taken at ten-year intervals from 1825 through 1875 and again in 1892, 1905 1915, and 1925
- - Federal censuses are taken every 10 years. New York residents are included in censuses from 1790 through 1920.
- - Colonial censuses were taken approximately every ten years beginning in 1690. Several have been partially destroyed.
1840 pensioners' schedules - people who were receiving pensions in 1840.
1890 veterans' schedules - Union veterans from the Civil War or their widows who were living in 1890.
Agricultural schedules - data about farms and the names of the farmers for the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses.
Manufacturing or industrial schedules - data about businesses and industries for 1810, 1820, 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
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