Free Genealogy resources for your family tree and surnames from Olive Tree GenealogyFind ancestors and family origins in free Ships Passenger lists, images of ships passenger list manifests, Orphan records, Almshouse records, Ancestor photos, Census substitutes, Newspaper records, family surnames, church records, military muster rolls, census records, land records, American Genealogy, Canadian Genealogy, Orphan records, Naturalization records, death records and more.
brings you Olive Tree EXTRAS at http://www.rootsweb.com/~ote/

FIRST NAME

LAST NAME

LOCALITY

* Genealogy Guide - Help for Beginners
Genealogy Start : Home ~ Ships Passenger Lists to New York 1847-1896 ~ Ships Passenger Lists to Baltimore Maryland ~ Ships Passenger Lists to New Orleans, Louisiana ~ Ships Passenger Lists to Galveston, Texas 1846-1871 ~ Ships Passenger Lists ~ Pennsylvania Baggage Lists 1809 ~ New York Times Ship Arrivals 1851-1929
Irish Emigration Lists, 1833-1839 English to America 1617-1778 English Immigrants to USA 1773-1776 Poor Irish to England Family History Books online
Peter Robinson Settlers 1825 Ireland to Canada Almshouse (Poorhouse) Records Orphans Records USA & Canada Shareholders 1890 Site Map
Paper Trail: Ancestor Documents Lost Faces: Photo Albums Canadian Genealogy American Genealogy Palatine (German) Genealogy
Naturalization Records; Ships Passenger Lists; Census Records; English Genealogy; Join Olive Tree Genealogy FREE Newsletter; Search free sites]

 

Genealogy For You
Search Fold3 Records

Search the St. Alban's Border Crossing Records find Canadian & American Ancestors. There are more than 4 million names of individuals who crossed the U.S. Canada border between 1895 and 1956 .
Ledger Books
Find your ancestor in 1800s Ledger Books
Genealogy Tips
Search Ships Passenger Lists USA & Canada
Genealogy Blog
Olive Tree Genealogy Blog for genealogy announcements, tutorials, and great stories
Featured FREE Genealogy
Alms House Records 1819-1858
Ancestor Photographs
Using Old Photos in Genealogy Research
Quick Links
Find surnames, ancestors and build your family treeOlive Tree Genealogy
Find naturalization records and build your family treeNaturalization Records USA & Canada
Find surnames, ancestors and build your family tree Past Voices: Letters Home
Find surnames, ancestors and build your family treeAllCensusRecords.com Find Ancestors in Census Records
Find surnames, ancestors and build your family treeAllEnglishRecords.com Find Ancestors in English Records

 
New York Orphanages   Canadian Orphanages   Orphanages in England  

Suggestions

Join a Rootsweb Mailing List for New York Orphanages (NY-orphanages)

Orphans in USA Orphanages

New York Orphans Records

As early as 1653, New York City (formerly called New Amsterdam) recognized that it needed to care for the city's minor children, widows, and orphans. In February of that year, the Deacons of the Reformed Dutch Church were appointed to act as Orphan Masters. Their duties were to "keep their eyes open and look as Orphanmasters after widows and orphans..." They were to report to city officials who would appoint cuators if necessary to take care of the estates and effects of these widows and orphaned children.

On February 10, 1653, two men were appointed to act, not as Orphanmasters as originally intended, but as Overseers of Orphans. City officials continued to rule in the Orphan's Court, which had been created by Stuyvesant to "attend to orphans and minor children within the jurisdiction of this city [New York City]"

The Records of this Orphans' Court have been published as "Minutes of the Orphan Masters of New Amsterdam 1655-1663" by Berthold Fernow and "The Minutes of the Orphan Masters of New Amsterdam 1663-1668" translated by Edmund B. O'Callaghan. Genealogists can also consult The Records of New Amsterdam : From 1653 to 1674 Anno Domini by Berthold Fernow

There were may orphanages and orphan asylums in the 19th century. I have begun transcribing records for as many of these as possible

Some New York early orphanages were

  • Half Orphan Asylum for Destitute and Abandoned Children
  • Leake and Watts Orphan House
  • Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum (I have been transcribing these records)
  • Hebrew Orphan Asylum, Brooklyn
  • Old Schuler Mansion, Albany
  • Westchester-Temporary Home for Destitute Children in White Plains opened in 1885

Many of these institutions were founded in New York City to care for destitute children of immigrants from Ireland and Russia, Germany and other eastern European countries. Many immigrants found themselves unable to work and thus were unable feed their children. Women died during childbirth leaving a number of uncared for children. Many women also had illegitimate children that they could not provide for. Husbands died, living behind widows with large families. Some parents were addicted to alcohol or committed crimes and wound up in prison.

By 1850, New York state had 27 orphanages run by public and private funds but the problem of orphaned or abandoned children left behind roaming the streets begging for food was growing.

Reform groups and wealthy benefactors set up orphanages in large buildings in lower Manhattan and provided food, clothing and shelter to children. Many were run by churches and there was an emphasis on moral training and discipline. The children also learned vocational skills from mechanics to tailoring.

The Children's Aid Society, founded in 1854, shipped some of these children to homes in the South and West on Orphan Trains. Boys and girls were give a train ticket and sent to the mid-west. Other charities – the Children’s Mission to the Children of the Destitute (Boston), the New York Juvenile Asylum, the New England Home for Little Wanderers (Boston), and the New York Foundling Hospital also followed the Children's Aid Society's example, using Orphan Trains to relocate destititute and abandoned children.

Westchester began housing destitute children in its Almshouse in Eastview. Opened in 1828, the Almshouse cared for impoverished adults and the elderly, and children shared space with them. Dating back to the colonial era, New York City assumed responsibility for its citizens who were destitute, sick, homeless, or otherwise unable to care for themselves. The city maintained an almshouse, various hospitals, and a workhouse on Blackwell's Island (now called Roosevelt Island) for the poor.

In 1880, New York state passed a law that ended the practice of housing children in Almshouses with adults, unless they were born there.

Orphanage Stenography Graduates 1906Orphanage Stenography Graduates 1906

Photo courtesy of Family Tree Connection.

Choose from the list of Almshouses and Orphanages below:

Before 1850

Almshouse children (orphans) sent to New Netherland (New York) from Amsterdam Holland on the ship De Waegh (The Weigh-House), August 1655 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Palatine (German) Orphaned Children Apprenticed by Gov. Hunter in New York 1710-1714 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Almshouse Records New York 1819-1840 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

1850

It's not an orphanage but I didn't know where else to put this incredible database - a List of those who died while in Staten Island Quarantine May 1849 - Dec. 1850 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum Rochester, Monroe Co., New York in 1850 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

1855-1860

Almshouse Records New York City 1855-1858 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

1860

Orphans in the Sisters of Charity Orphan Asylum New York City, New York 1860 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Half-Orphans in the Sisters of Charity Orphan Asylum New York City, New York 1860 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

1870

History of Various Orphan Homes in Board of State Commissioners of Public Charities of the State of New York, 1870; Argus Company, Printers, Albany. transcribed & submitted by Linda Conpenelis Schmidt, July 2007
* Albany Orphan Asylum
* Davenport Female Orphan Asylum, Bath
* Society for the Relief of Half-Orphan and Destitute Children, New York
* Colored Orphan Asylum, New York
* Southern Tier Orphans' Home, Elmira
* ... more orphanage records to come!

1880

Orphans in St. Patrick's Orphan Asylum Rochester, Monroe County, New York 1880 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

St. Vincent's Female Orphan Asylum Albany, Albany County, New York 1880 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

St. Patrick's Male Orphan Asylum Cortlandt, Westchester County, New York 1880 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Troy Catholic Orphan (Male) Asylum Troy, Rensalaer County New York 1880 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

St. Vincent's Orphan Protectory (Male) Uitca Oneida County, New York 1880 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

St. Joseph's Female Orphan Asylum Brooklyn, Kings County New York 1880 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

1900

Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum Manhattan New York 1900 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Hebrew Orphan Asylum Amsterdam Avenue & 137 Street, Manhattan New York 1900 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York, Manhattan New York 1900 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Jewish Home for Children aka Jewish Foster Home and Orphan Asylum of Philadelphia, Church Lane (Mill Street), Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 1900

Orphan Asylum Society Manhattan New York 1900 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Society for Relief of Half-Orphans & Destitute Children 1900, Manhattan New York [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Albany Orphan Asylum Albany City, New York, Tenth Ward.; 1900 [An Olive Tree Genealogy free database]

Orphans in Canadian Orphanages

Loyal True Blue Orphanage near Picton, in Hallowell Township Prince Edward County Ontario 1901

Orphans in the Orphans Home & Female Aid Society in St Patrick's Ward, Toronto, York, Ontario Canada (New Oct. 2005)

Home Children in Ontario

In excess of 130,000 kids were sent from UK to Canada & Australia from 1860 to 1930

There were more placement organizations than just Barnardos Home, although it relocated the most children.

Home Children in Orphanages in Ontario and England

Miss Rye's Peckham Homes in 1881 (New Nov. 2005)

Miss Rye's Party 1881 on SS Sarmation to Quebec (New Nov. 2005)

Father Nugent's Orphans to Quebec 1881 on SS Sarmation ( (New Nov. 2005)

Father Nugent's Orphans to Quebec 1870 on SS Austrian (New Nov. 2005)

Home Children in the Guthrie Home, London Ontario 1888

Home Children in the House of Providence, Kingston Ontario 1888

1885 Letter from Kate Stewart, Home Child with Miss Rye, to her Brother John

Names of 354 Home Children sailing from England to Canada in 1869 [NAC online database, more details available on their site]

Names of 866 Home Children sailing from England to Canada in 1870 [NAC online database, more details available on their site]

Names of 1,877 Home Children sailing from England to Canada in 1871 [NAC online database, more details available on their site]

Names of 1,298 Home Children sailing from England to Canada in 1873 [NAC online database, more details available on their site]

Orphans in English Orphanages

Miss Rye's Peckham Homes in 1881 (New Nov. 2005)

Leeds Moral & Industrial Training School, Yorkshire, England 1881

Child Apprentices (Orphans & Impoverished Children) in America from Christ's Hospital, London 1617-1778: Child Apprentice Surnames [B][C][D][E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [R][S] [T][U] [V] [W] [Y] [Z]

Orphan Records on Other Websites

Orphans Home Website Transcriptions of orphan, adoptee, and foster children listings in orphanages, homes, and poorhouses from U.S.-Canadian censuses and other records.

Orphans Court Minutes 1837-1920 over 400 documents from Atlantic County New Jersey Orphan's Court Records

HEBREW ORPHAN ASYLUM (HOA), Amsterdam Avenue, NEW YORK, NEW YORK, 1910

St Joseph's Infant Home in Troy, Rensellaer County New York, 1900 [large file, may take some time to load]

 

 


Search for your family origins on Olive Tree Genealogy! Free Ships' Passenger lists, family surnames, church records, military muster rolls, census records, land records and much more will help you find that elusive ancestor.

Are some of my links not displaying for you? If you have pop-up blockers or spyware blockers enabled, they might interfere with the valid links on this website. These programs can mistakenly break many legitimate sites. I do not have pop-ups. I do not put spyware on your computer. If you can't see my links, turn off your blockers or click for help with spyware blockers

URL: http://www.rootsweb.com/~ote/           All rights reserved          Copyright © 1996-present
These pages may be freely linked to but not duplicated in any fashion without my written consent. You can contact me at olivetreegenealogyATgmail.com but change the AT to @ before you hit SEND