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Miss Rye's Party of Home Children England to Canada 1881
In excess of 130,000 children were sent from United Kingdom to Canada
& Australia from 1860 to 1930 There were more placement organizations
than just Barnardos Home, although it relocated the most children.
Maria Rye (1829-1903) founded the Female Middle Class Emigration Society in 1861, and was responsible for escorting parties of young women to Australia, Canada and New Zealand. In 1869 she turned her attention to assisting young girls, usually aged between 5-12 years who were in the workhouses. She appealed for £1000 to finance such a scheme in a letter to the Times newspaper in March 1869. The first party of 76 children, many of whom were from Liverpool workhouse schools, sailed from Liverpool to Canada on the SS Hibernian six months later.
In the annual report of 1874 Maria writing about the costs involved, said that the "expense of taking a child out of the gutters in London, and placing it in Canada...may be roughly reckoned at £15 per head" The main focus of her efforts in England was the house in Peckham, which was opened on the 13 July 1872. Most girls spent upto a year at Peckham before they were migrated to Canada via Liverpool and Quebec, from where they would travel by train to the reception home at Niagara, called 'Our Western Home'. This former jail and courthouse could accommodate up to 120 children.
List of Girls in Miss Rye's Peckham Homes 1881
1881 Source Information: Dwelling The Avenue (Miss Ryes Home);Census Place Camberwell, Surrey, England;Family History Library Film 1341158;Public Records Office Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 0682 / 49 Page Number 11
Lorine's Research Note : Matilda BINGLE was one of Miss Rye's party on the SS Sarmation from Liverpool to Quebec Canada in 1881 and was living with her mother Adelaide and grandparents John & Susannah Baxter in Hampstead, St. John, London England in 1871:
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