History of Butler County Pennsylvania - 1883

Chapter 12 -- Butler County During War of 1861-1865

Seventy-eighth Regiment

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Transcribed by Tina Kinser. For an explanation and caution about this transcription, please read this page.

Because this chapter is an extensive roster of military personnel, the surnames have not been included at the front of the chapter. The following abbreviations have been made use of in compiling the several rosters:   e., enlisted; dis., discharged; disab., disability; m., mustered in service; m.o., mustered out, m.o.w.c., mustered out with company; m.o.w.b., mustered out with battery; wd., wounded; m.wd., mortally wounded; nat. cem., national cemetery; P.V., Pennsylvania Volunteers; pro., promoted; Surg. cert., Surgeon's certificate; tr., transferred; vet., veteran; V.C., Volunteer Cavalry; V.I., Volunteer Infantry; V.R.C., Veteran Reserve Corp.


CHAPTER XII

BUTLER COUNTY DURING THE WAR OF 1861-65

SEVENTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT

[p. 92]

This gallant command, one of the very few Pennsylvania regiments which served with the Western armies during the late war, was recruited in the months of August and September, 1861, and rendezvoused at Camp Orr, near Kittanning. Of its ten [p. 93] original companies, Company H was a Butler County organization, and was recruited and placed in the field under the command of the brave Capt. William S. JACK. A considerable number of the members of Company F were also Butler County men.

The companies were all assembled in camp by the middle of September, 1861, and about one month later were mustered into the United States service for three years. Arms, clothing and equipment were received at Camp Orr, and on the 14th of October the regiment was ordered to Pittsburgh, where, on the 18th of the same month, the following field officers were chosen: William SIRWELL, of Armstrong County, Colonel; Archibald BLAKELY, of Butler County, Lieutenant Colonel; and Augustus B. BONAFFON, of Allegheny County, Major. On the same day, also the regiment, accompanied by the Seventy-seventh and Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry and MUEHLER's Battery, all under the command of Brig. Gen. James S. NEGLEY, of Pittsburgh, moved, by transport, to Louisville, Ky. Six days later, the brigade was transferred by rail to Nolin's Station, on the line of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, where it was attached to Gen. A. McDowell McCOOK's division, of the Army of Cumberland. Subsequently, the regiment was transferred to Gen. Thomas J. WOOD's brigade.

About the middle of December, the brigade moved to Bacon Creek, thence to Munfordsville, where the command was engaged in picket duty, while workmen were rebuilding the railroad bridge. On February 14, 1862, the spring campaign opened, and McCOOK's division marched northward, intending to take boats to West Point, on the Ohio, and join Gen. GRANT in his movement on Fort Donelson. But at Upton Station this order was countermanded, and one to countermarch and proceed to Nashville was received. The division arrived at Edgefield, opposite Nashville, on the 2d of March, and on the 7th crossed the Cumberland, and encamped in Camp Andy Johnson, two miles south of the city.

When BUELL moved to the support of Gen. GRANT, at Pittsburg Landing, he left NEGLEY's brigade to guard the line of communication from Nashville to the front. From that time until about the 1st of August, 1862, NEGLEY's command was engaged in guard and picket duty, scouting, and skirmishing with the enemy's cavalry and guerrillas at Franklin, Columbia and Pulaski, Tenn., and Rogersville, Ala.. At the date last mentioned, however, the scattered detachments were hastily called into Columbia, and the march northward commenced, the Seventy-eighth acting with the rear guard of BUELL's army on its race with BRAGG's rebel army for Kentucky.

Arriving at Nashville, the regiment was assigned to Miller's brigade of NEGLEY's division, and ordered to occupy the defenses of the city. Soon after, NEGLEY's division, of about seven or eight thousand men, was re-enforced by Palmer's division of the Army of the Mississippi, which, marching from Tuscumbia, Ala., brought in a force about equal to that of NEGLEY's. These troops held the city and its fortifications intact; yet during the retreat of BUELL's army northward to Louisville, Nashville was practically in a state of siege, for the enemy under BRECKENRIDGE hovered about it in great force, and, intent upon its capture, watched at all points for a favorable chance to attack. Hence, skirmishing was of daily occurrence. At Lavergne, on the 7th of October, Gens. PALMER and MILLER attacked ANDERSON's camp, routing the rebel force and capturing some men, guns, stores, provisions and tents, the Seventy-eighth performing a conspicuous part, bearing off two commissioned officers of the Thirty-second Alabama and a number of privates. It was also engaged at Neeley's Bend, White Creek, Charlottsville and Franklin Pike, minor encounters, which resulted in favor of the Union arms. These were usually brought on by aggressive movements of the Northern forces for their own security, or by allies into the county for supplies for the starving garrison.

"While besieged in the city," said a member of the command, "affairs wore a gloomy aspect. Shut out from the world, with no news for months from the army or from home, surrounded by a vindictive enemy resolutely determined to capture the capital, with the executive members of the Government, compelled to fight for every mouthful of food we ate, the condition of the garrison became every day more critical. Yet no one was discouraged, and all were determined to stand by the city, with full faith that, under the gallant NEGLEY and PALMER, it would be successfully held. Our expectations were not disappointed, and on the morning of the 26th of October we saw, from our fortifications, the victorious legions of ROSECRANS approaching the city."

The regiment remained at Nashville until December 12, when, with the army, it moved to a point six miles south of the city. Here MILLER's brigade was assigned to the Eighth Division, commanded by Gen. NEGLEY. on the 26th, the army entered upon an offensive campaign, and came up with the rebel army, under BRAGG, at Stone River. BRAGG's forces were drawn up a short distance out of Murfreesboro, in a line covering all the approaches to the town from the north, his right resting on Stone River. Finding that BRAGG was disposed to give battle, ROSECRANS pushed forward his columns, and on the morning of the 31st had his forces in hand, ready for the onset, McCOOK, with the divisions of JOHNSON, Jeff C. DAVIS and SHERIDAN on his right, reaching out to and [p. 94] covering the Franklin Pike; THOMAS, with the divisions of NEGLEY and ROUSSEAU in the center; and CRITTENDEN, with PALMER, WOOD and VAN CLEVE on the left, resting on the river. At sunrise, ROSECRANS had thought to cross the stream, and strike heavily the rebel right; but at that hour the rebel chieftain attacked the Union right. Trusting that McCOOK could hold him in check, and not realizing that the attack was a determined one and in concentrated force, ROSECRANS was still intent upon carrying out his original plan of battle. But events soon convinced him that the attack on his right was in earnest. BRAGG had massed his troops, and was making a desperate assault. Too weak to withstand the shock, JOHNSON, DAVIS and SHERIDAN were in turn forced to give way, losing largely in artillery. NEGLEY stood next. The fighting on his front had already become desperate. "Pushing out," said an eye witness, " to the cedar forest, where NEGLEY's gallant division was struggling against great odds, trusty SHERIDAN was met, bringing out his tried division in superb order. During all this period, NEGLEY's two gallant brigades, under valiant old STANLEY and brave John F. MILLER, were holding their line against fearful odds. When the right broke, NEGLEY had pushed in ahead of the right wing, and was driving the enemy. The Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania, Thirty-seventh Indiana, Twenty-first, Seventy-fourth, Eighteenth and Sixty-ninth Ohio, the famous Nineteenth Illinois and Eleventh Michigan, with KNELL's, MARSHALL's, SHULTZ's and BUSH's batteries, sustained one of the fiercest assaults of the day, and the enemy was dreadfully punished."

At nightfall, the right and center of the Northern army had been driven back, but new lines had been established, and occupying a good defensive position, the men of that army, without camp fires, lay down up the snow-clad ground, ready to resume the battle in the morning. The same evening, BRAGG sent off to the rebel capital glowing bulletins of his victory, supposing that ROSECRANS was so utterly broken that he would take to flight under cover of the darkness. In the morning, however, to his great astonishment, he found ROSECRANS still stubbornly holding his ground and ready for battle.

It was New Year's Day, 1863, and neither party seemed disposed to strike. ROSECRANS, still intent on his original plan, threw a portion of his troops to the right bank of the river for the purpose of turning the enemy's right and reaching Murfreesboro in his rear. "Sharp demonstrations were made along the whole line, but nothing decisive was attempted until 3 o'clock in the afternoon, when the rebels suddenly burst upon Battery 6 (late VAN CLEVE's), in small divisions, on the other side of Stone River, and drove it pell-mell, with considerable loss, to this side. The enemy, as usual, had massed his army, and advanced in great strength. NEGLEY's Division, supported by that of DAVIS and ST. CLAIR, MORTON's pioneer battalion, was immediately sent forward to retrieve the disaster. A sanguinary conflict ensued, perhaps the most bitter of the whole battle. Both sides massed their batteries, and plied them with desperate energy. The infantry of either side displayed great valor, but NEGLEY's unconquerable Eighth Division resolved to win. The fury of the conflict now threatened mutual annihilation, but STANLEY and MILLER, with their brigades, composed of the Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Indiana regiments, before mentioned, charged simultaneously, and drove the enemy rapidly before them, capturing a battery and taking the flag of the Twenty-sixth Tennessee, the Color-Sergeant being killed with a bayonet. The banner is the trophy of the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania. The fire of our batteries exceeded in vigor even the cannonading of Wednesday. At about sunset, the whole rebel line receded, leaving about four hundred prisoners in our custody." The Seventy-eighth lost in this engagement 190 men in killed and wounded. Capt. William S. JACK, commanding the Butler County company (H) was mortally wounded, and died at Nashville February 5, 1863.

Murfreesboro being occupied by the Union forces on the 5th of January, the Seventy-eighth was assigned to provost duty. The army was soon after organized into three corps., viz., the Fourteenth, Twentieth and Twenty-first, and Gens. Thomas McCOOK and CRITTENDON were respectively assigned to their command. By this re-organization, also, the Seventy-eighth Regiment was assigned to the Third Brigade; Col. MILLER, Second Division; Gen. NEGLEY, of the Fourteenth Corps. The regiment was relieved from provost guard duty April 20, and about the middle of June Col. MILLER, was succeeded by Col. SIRWELL as brigade commander, while Lieut. Col. Archibald BLAKELEY assumed command of the regiment.

As thus organized, the Army of the Cumberland began its summer campaign during the last days of June 1863, and, proceeding slowly along the line of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad to Stevenson, Ala., it crossed the Tennessee at that point on the night of September 1, and, passing up on the south side of the river to a point opposite Bridgeport, a course was then taken across the Sand Mountain Range, where were encountered almost insurmountable obstacles in making the transit, the men frequently hauling the guns when the strength of the horses failed. Descending into Lookout Valley, the regiment, with THOMAS' corps, pushed on over Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge into McLamore's Cove, in the Valley of the Chickamauga, NEGLEY's [p. 95] division moving rapidly out toward La Fayette. At Dug Gap, in Pigeon Mountain, the enemy was unexpectedly met, and the division found itself confronted by a superior force. Here a detachment of the Seventy- eighth, of less than a hundred men, held for more than two hours a heavy force of the enemy, baffling every attempt to advance. BAIRD's division of the Fourteenth corps finally came up and enabled the Union troops to withdraw in safety. The two divisions, on the night of September 11, retreated to the base of Lookout Mountain. During the terrible battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19 and 20, 1863, the regiment, with the division, was with THOMAS. The right of the Union line was broken and scattered, but THOMAS' corps, though forced back from its original position, remained firm, and enabled the trains and artillery to fall back in safety to Chattanooga. The latter point was reached on the night of the 21st of September, and from that time until the 23d, 24th and 25th days of November following, when the battles Of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge were fought, and BRAGG and his rebel horde hurled from their strongholds, the regiment, with others, was besieged in Chattanooga, subjected day and night to a fire from the enemy's heavy guns posted on Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, and the greater part of the time supplied with only quarter rations.

On the 2d of December, 1863, the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania and the Twenty-first Wisconsin, under command of Col. BLAKELEY, were assigned to duty on Lookout Mountain. As the range extended south and directly into rebel lines, the position was isolated and exposed. Col. BLAKELEY, therefore, caused a strong line of earthworks to be thrown up across the mountain, which rendered the position easily defensible.

Col. BLAKELEY resigned on the 8th of April, 1864, and the command of the regiment devolved upon Col. SIRWELL, who, resigning November 17, 1863, has been recommissioned March 9, 1864. During the Atlanta campaign this regiment bore well its part, participating in the engagements of Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Dallas, New Hope Church, and the long struggle before Kenesaw Mountain. On the 21st of June, while in front of Kenesaw, it was ordered back to Chattanoooga, for the purpose of guarding trains while on their way to the front. It was so employed for three months. On the 24th of September, however, it was ordered to proceed to Athens, Ala. Arrived at Decatur, its destination was changed to Nashville. From thence it was pushed forward to Pulaski, arriving in time to assist in defeating the enemy in a minor engagement. After again visiting Nashville, Tullahoma and back to Nashville, it was sent forward to Franklin, where it was mounted, and moved with the forces under Gen. ROUSSEAU against the rebel cavalry harassing Southern Tennessee. After assisting to drive the enemy across the Tennessee River into Alabama, the regiment returned to Nashville, arriving on the 17th of October, six days after its three years' term of service had expired. On the following day, it received orders from Gen. THOMAS relieving it from duty in the Department of the Cumberland, and directing its return to Pennsylvania for muster out. It embarked immediately, and moved by the Cumberland and Ohio Rivers to Pittsburgh, and thence by rail to Kittanning, where, on the 4th of November, 1864, it was mustered out of the service.

Under Lieuts. FORBETT and SMITH, the recruits and veteran volunteers of the regiment remained at Nashville. To these the Governor of Pennsylvania assigned eight new companies, of which Company E., from Butler County, was one, bringing the recruited force up to the minimum regimental strength, and subsequently commissioned Maj. BONNAFFON, Colonel; Henry W. TORBETT, Lieutenant Colonel, and Robert M. SMITH, Major. As thus organized, the new regiment remained on duty at Nashville, and participated with the Army of the Cumberland under THOMAS in the campaign which swept the rebel army from Tennessee, and was finally mustered out of service September 11, 1865. Following are the names of many officers and soldiers of this regiment who were Butler County men:

COMPANY E

Capt. Robt. J. BOGGS, e. Feb. 27, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
First Lieut. Alex GILLESPIE, e. Feb. 27, 1865; resigned June 10, 1865.
Second Lieut. Lewis GANSZ, e. Feb. 27, 1865; com. 1st Lieut. June 10, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
First Sergt. Chas. HOFFMAN, e. Feb. 23, 1865; com. 2d Lieut. June 10, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Sergt. John KAY, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Sergt. Samuel Beers, e. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Sergt. Frederick BURRY, e. Feb. 20, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Sergt. Christy ROBB, e. Feb. 21, 1865; pro. from Corp. July 19, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Jas. BARTON, e. Feb. 18, 1865; dis. by general order Sept. 9, 1865.
Corp. Theophilus GRAHAM, e. Feb. 24, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Nicholas KRAMER e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Samuel A. DAVIS, e. Feb. 18, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Henry DAVIS, e. Feb. 21, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Frederick PILGRIM, e. Feb. 16, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Jno. H. MUDER, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Corp. Wm. DUNCAN, e. Feb. 22, 1865; dis. by general order May 15, 1865.
Corp. Thos. R. WILLIAMS, e. Feb. 20, 1865; dis. by general order June 3, 1865.
Corp. Alex. T. DUNBAR, e. Feb. 20, 1865; promoted to Corp. July 19, 1865.
Musician Detmor P. BOGGS, e. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
Musician Philip CRADLE, e. Feb. 20, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.

PRIVATES

ARMSTRONG, Joseph, e. Feb. 24, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
ARMSTRONG, Wm. M., e. Feb. 24, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
ALEXANDER, Jacob S., e. Feb. 17, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865
ALEXANDER,Jos. H., e. Feb. 17, 1865; dis. March 31, 1865.
AUGUSTINE, Jacob, e. Feb. 20, 1865.
BOHN, Chas., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o Sept. 11, 1865.
BEDILLION, Robt., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
BECKMAN, Irwin, e. Feb. 15, 1865; absent sick, at m.o.
[p. 96]
BAUMAN, Frederick, e. Feb. 15, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
BEHM, Wm. F., e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
BLACK, Lewis, e. Feb. 24, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
BARTLEY, Williamson, e. Feb. 17, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865..
BARTLEY, Naaman F., e. Feb. 17, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
BARTLEY, Washington, e. Feb. 17, 1865; dis. by general order May 20, 1865.
CROOKSHANKS, J. C., e. Feb. 22, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
COVERT, Benjamin F., e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
CRITCHLOW, Jno. C., e. Feb. 20, 1865; dis. by genreal order May 23, 1865.
DRESHER, Wm., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
DOMBART, Jno., e., Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
DERSHINER, Jacob W., e. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
DUNBAR, Daniel, e. Feb. 28, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
DRESHER, Henry, e. Feb. 15, 1865; promoted to principal musician Sept. 1, 1865.
DUNCAN, Philip, e. Feb. 20, 1865.
FOREMAN, James, e. Feb. 14, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
FRY, Geo. W., e. Feb. 21, 1865; died at Nashville, Tenn., July 19, 1865.
GILLILAND, Jno. W., e. Feb. 20, 1865; absent, sick at m.o.
GRUBBS, Patterson, e. Feb. 14, 1865; dis. by general order Aug. 28, 1865.
GARVIN, Jas. R., e. Feb. 22, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
GOEHRING, Lewis, e. Feb. 14, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
GIBSON, Samuel S., e. April 4, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
GRAHAM, Wm., e. Feb. 24, 1865; dis. Aug. 24, 1865.
GOLD, Wm. J., e. Feb. 25, 1865.
HAYS, Geo., e. Feb. 17 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
HECKERT, Amos, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
HAYS, James, e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
HORN, James D., e. Feb. 23, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
HELLER, Erdman, e. Feb. 15, 1865; dis. by general order May 23, 1865.
HAMOR, Adrian C., e. Feb. 20, 1865; died at Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 12, 1865.
KIRKER, Martin L, e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
KUHN, Jas., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
KALTENBAUGH, J., e. Feb. 20, 1865; m. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
KENNEDY, Peter, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
KERR, Reason J., e. April 4, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
LERNER, Lewis, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
LAWALL, Jno., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865
LENSNER, Jno. G., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
LUTZ, Jacob, e. March 6, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
MARBURGER, Geo., e. Feb. 18, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
MOCHEL, Michael, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865
MICHAEL, Chris, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
MICHAEL, Edward, e. Feb. 15, 1865; mo. o. Sept. 11, 1865.
MILLER, Levi, J., e. Feb. 20, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
MAXLER, Francis, e. Feb. 14, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
MARTIN, Aug. N., e. Feb. 23, 1865; dis. Aug. 30, 1865.
MORGAN, Jno. H., e. Feb. 18, 1865.
MARTIN, WM. H., e. Feb. 18, 1865.
MCINTIRE, Geo., e. Feb. 23, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
MCGINLEY, Jno., e. Feb. 22, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
NEELY, Thos., e. March 6, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
NIXON, Alfred G., e. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
POWELL, Jno., e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
POWELL, Wilson, e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
PEARCE, David E., e. Feb. 17, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
PHILLIPS, Joseph, e. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
POTTS, Jas., e. Feb. 17, 1865.
RAABE, Chas., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
ROTH, Alfred J., e. Feb. 23, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
REDDICK, Chas., e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
RAABE, Christian, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
ROGERS, Chas., e. Feb. 16, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
RAMSEY, Wm., e. Feb. 18, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
RUBY, Andrew, e. Feb. 21, 1865; dis. by genreal order Sept. 8, 1865.
RENGER, Valentine, e. Feb. 25, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
RICE, Jno. B., e. March 6, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
SCHROTH, Christian, e. Feb. 15, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
SEFTON, Edward, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
SHUSTER, Gottlieb, e. Feb. 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
ST. CLAIR, Jno. W., e. Feb. 17, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
SCHAFFER, Geo. W., e. Feb. 20, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
SHELLY, Martin, e. Feb. 21, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
SPANG, Josiah R., e. Feb. 14, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
SHELL, Geo., e. Feb. 16, 1865.
TOMAY, Francis, e. Feb. 14, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
THOMPSON, Jas. W., e. Feb 15, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
THORNBURY, Samuel R., e. Feb. 25, 1865; absent, sick, at m.o.
TRIMBLE, Samuel, e. Feb. 15, 1865; dis. by general order May 23, 1865.
VANDIVOORT, Milton, e. Feb. 28, 1865.
WHITNER, Valentine, e. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.
ZWANZIGER, Jno., e. Feb. 20, 1865; m.o. Sept. 11, 1865.

COMPANY F

Corp. Samuel BORLANT, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. Daniel HUEY, e. Oct. 21, 1861; pro. to Corp. March 1, 1863; wounded near Dallas, Ga., May 27, 1864; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. Adam EKAS, e. Oct. 21, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.

PRIVATES

ASH, Michael, e. Feb. 25, 1864; trans. to Company A Oct. 16, 1864.
BREDIN, Jno., e. Sept. 15, 1863; trans. to Company A Oct. 16, 1864.
CYPHER, Jas. S., e. Oct. 21, 1861; dis. for disab. May 13, 1862.
CYPHER, W. H., e. in fall of 1864, served about nine months.
DENNY, James W., e. Oct. 21, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
DUGAN, Dennis, e. Oct. 21, 1861; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 23, 1863.
DUFF, Andrew J., e. Oct. 21, 1861; wd. June 1, 1864 near Dallas, Ga.; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 19, 1864.
GIBSON, Geo. W., e. Oct. 21, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
HASLETT, Reuben A., E. Oct. 21, 1861; Dis. for disab. June 2, 1863.
HENRY, James, e. Oct. 21, 1861; killed at Stone River Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862.
HAGANS, Jno., e. Oct. 21, 1861; killed by train at Decherd, Tenn., Aug. 4, 1863.
MESSICH, Hiram, e. Oct. 21, 1861; killed by train at Pulaski, Tenn., Aug. 9, 1862.
M'DONALD, Strother, e. Feb. 29, 1864; tr. to Company A Oct. 18, 1864.
M'LAUGHLIN, Jno. N., e. Oct. 21, 1861; wd. at Dallas, Ga., May 31, 1864; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
RONEY, Jas. M., e. Oct. 21, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
REAGAN, Jas., e. Oct. 21, 1861; dis. for disab. May 31, 1862.
RIVERS, Jno., e. Feb. 27, 1864; tr. to Company A Oct. 18, 1864.
SMITH, Wm., e. Oct. 21, 1861; dis. for disab. May 13, 1862.
SARVER, Benj., e. Oct. 21, 1861; tr. to V. R. C. April 10, 1864.
SARSE, Lewis, e. Oct. 21, 1861; killed at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862.
SILL, Conrad, e. March 31, 1864; tr. to Company A Oct. 18, 1864.
WALTERS, Coston, e. Oct. 21, 1861; died at Nashville, Tenn., March 28, 1862.

COMPANY H

Capt. Wm. S. JACK, e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 5, 1863 of wounds received at Stone River, Tenn.
Capt. Hugh A. AYRES, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pro. from 2d Lieut. to 1st Lieut. Feb. 17, 1863, to Capt. April 16, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
First Lieut. Jos. B. MECHLING, e. Oct. 12, 1861; res. Nov. 30, 1862.
First Lieut. Samuel J. M'BRIDE, e. oct. 12, 1861; pr. from 1st Sergt. to 2d Lieut. Feb. 20, 1863, to 1st Lieut. April 16, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Second Lieut. Frank F. WIEHL, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. from Sergt. April 23, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
First Sergt. James A. GILMAN, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. from Corp. to Sergt. Sept. 1, 1862, to 1st Sergt. May 1, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Sergt. Albert B. HAY, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. from private May 1, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Sergt. Lycurgus,CUMMINS e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. from Corp. Nov. 3, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Sergt. Alfred G. REED, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to 1st Lieut. Co C, 134th Regt. P. V., Aug. 15, 1862.
Sergt. Henry A. MILLER, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Sergt. Maj. Feb. 18, 1863.
Sergt. Charles F. SMITH, e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. Oct 12, 1864.
Sergt. David MACKEY, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. from private Sept. 23, 1864; tr. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
Corp. Wm BOYD, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Corp. Oct. 16, 1862; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. Wm. H. BLACK, e. Oct. 13, 1861; pr. to Corp. May 1, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. Josiah HILLIARD, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Corp. May 1, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. Jno. F. DENNY, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Corp. Aug. 22, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. D. W. HUMPHRIES, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Corp. Dec., 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. Wm. J. JOHNSTON, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Corp. Dec. 17, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
Corp. George SCHAFFNER, e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. Oct. 12, 1864
Corp. Hugh MARTIN, e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. June 27, 1862.
Corp. Wm. A. LOWREY, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. to Corp. Feb. 1, 1862; dis. March 1863, for promotion.
Corp. Harvey J. MILLER, e. Oct. 12, 1861; tr. to V. R. C. April 28, 1864.
Corp. Benj. W. TRUXALL, e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Camp Negley, Ky., Dec. 9, 1861.
Corp. Wm. J. MOORE, e. Oct. 12, 1861; pro. to Corp. Oct. 10, 1862; died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., of wounds received at Stone River; int. in nat. cem. Stone River, grave 269, Feb. 24, 1863.
Musician Jno. F. SHIRLEY, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.

PRIVATES

ALLEN, Gideon R., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1861.
ANGLES, Jacob J., e. March 14, 1863; trans. to V. R. C. July 27, 1863.

[p. 97]
ANDERSON, Wm. G., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. at Chattanooga, Tenn., May 9, 1864.
BORLAND, Robt. C., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
BLACK, Jno. C., e. Oct. 12, 1861; wd. at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
BIRCH, Wm., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
BROWN, Joseph, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
BRADEN, Alex. C., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
BLACK, Jno. A., e. Feb. 26, 1862; trans. to Company B, Oct. 18, 1864.
BIRCH, Jno., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died in Louisville, Ky., April 22, 1864; int. in nat. cem. Sec. A, range 21 grave 1.
CHRISTLEY, Wm., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
CHRISTLEY, Wm. C., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
CAMPBELL, R. D., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
CROSS, Boston B., e. Oct. 12, 1861; pr. from Sept 20, 1863, to Nov. 20, 1864; dis. March 29, 1865, to date Nov. 27, 1864.
COOPER, Stephen, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
CHRISTLEY, Neyman, e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. Oct. 12, 1864.
CLARK, James B., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. July 29, 1863.
CASSDY, Thos., e. March 14, 1863; dis. on Surg. cert. July 27, 1863.
CUNNINGHAM, T. A., e. Oct. 12, 1861; trans to Company I Oct. 31, 1861.
CAUSSINS, Jno. A., e. Aug. 28, 1862; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
CROCKER, Edwd. S., e. Oct. 13, 1861; died at Camp Wood, Ky., Feb. 23, 1862; int. in Nat. Cem., Louisville, Sec. D, range 6 grave 16.
DUNLAP, Jno. W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
DEAN, Benj. F., e. Oct. 12, 1861; pro. to principal musician Feb. 1, 1864.
DERRIMORE, Jno., e. Feb. 29, 1864; died March 30, 1864; int. in Allegheny Cem. Penn.
ESHENBAUGH, Jos. P., e. Oct. 12, 1861.
FORCHT, Henry, e. Oct. 12, 1861; wd. at Dallas, Ga. Aug. 14, 1864; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864
FRANK, Edward, e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. April 28, 1863.
FITZSIMMONS, Jno., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 11, 1863; bu. rec. Feb. 12, 1862, nat. cem. Sec. A., range 6 range 27.
HOOVET, Jno., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
HOFFMAN, Jno., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m. o. Nov. 4, 1864.
HINCHBERGER, Chin., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
KERR, Jno., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. Jan. 10, 1862.
KIDD, Jno. C., e. Feb. 15, 1864; not on m.o. roll.
LINDSEY, James W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
LONG, James C., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
LAKE, Horace, e. Oct. 12, 1861; trans. for Fourth U. S. Cav., Dec. 1, 1862.
LENKIRK, Jno., e. March 1, 1863; trans. to Company b, Oct. 18, 1864.
LEMON, Robt., e. Feb. 16, 1864; trans. to Company B, Oct. 18, 1864.
LONG, John, e. March 30, 1864; trans. to Company B, Oct. 18, 1864.
LOCKE, David E., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 28, 1862.
MORGAN, Hugh, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
MURPHY, Andrew N., e. Oct. 12, 1861; trans. to Fouth U. S. Cav. Dec. 1, 1862.
MOORE, David, e. Aug. 28, 1862; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
MOORE, Robt. C., e. Aug. 31, 1862; trans to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
MYERS, James, e. Oct. 12, 1861; killed at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 30, 1862.
MECHLING, Jacob, e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., May 26, 1863; int. in nat. cem., Stone River, Tenn.
MCCLEARY, James, e. Oct. 12, 1861; wd. at New Hope Church, Ga., May 27, 1864; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
MCQUEISTION, Dav., Jr., e. Oct. 13, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
MCQUISTION, Jno. K., e. Oct. 13, 1861; m.o. NOv. 4, 1864.
MCCANDLESS, Geo. W., e. Oct. 13, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
MCCOY, Joseph P., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
MCNEES, David L., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. July 11, 1864.
MCBRIDE, Geo. D., e. Oct. 12, 1861; trans to V. R. C. May 15, 1864.
MCQUISTION, Dav., Sr., e. Sept. 22, 1862; died at Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 8, 1864.
NEYMAN, Wm. J., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
NEELY, Wm., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis on Surg. cert. June 23, 1863.
NELSON, Elias, e. Sept. 16, 1861; trans. to Company B, Oct. 18, 1864,vet.
NULPH, James O., e. Aug. 28, 1862; trans. to Company B, Oct. 18, 1864.
PROSSER, Abrm. B., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
PARKER, Jno., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
PATTERSON, Jno. F., e. Oct. 12, 1861; trans to V. R. C. Feb. 6, 1864.
PATTON, Sam'l J., e. Sept. 1, 1864; trans to Company B, Oct. 18, 1864.
PATTERSON, Daniel, e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Woodsonville, Ky., Feb. 9, 1862.
ROSE, Geo., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
REIBER, Jno. J., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
RICHEY, A. B., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
ROTH, Geo. W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Camp Negley, Ky., Dec. 12, 1861.
RUMBAUGH, Peter K., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Lousiville, Ky., March 19, 1862; int. in nat. cem., Sec. A, range 16, grave 4.
RUNYAN, James W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; killed at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862.
REED, Sam'l, e. Aug. 5, 1863; died at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 16, 1863.
SCOTT, Robt. P., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
SHULL, Jno. W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
SMITH, Wm. A., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
STRAKELY, James L., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
SYKES, Thomas M. C., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
SYKES, Wm. c., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
SHINDLER, Adam, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
STOUGHTON, Thos. J., e. Oct. 13, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. May 20, 1863.
SCHMIDT, Carl, e. Sept. 16, 1861; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864; vet.
SHEEN, Patrick, e. July 25, 1863; trans to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
SMITH, Geo. W., e. Feb. 26, 1862; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
SHIRLEY, Jno. R., e. Feb. 28, 1864; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
SAGASER, Henry H., e. Feb. 22, 1864; trans to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
SMITH, Geo. H., e. Oct. 21, 1861; died at Camp Fry, Ky., Feb. 26, 1862.
THOMPSON, Dallas J., e. Oct. 12, 1861; wd. at Stone River, Tenn., Jan. 2, 1863; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
THOMPSON, Robert R., e. Feb. 22, 1864; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
THORNBURG, Jesse S., e. Feb. 20, 1864; trans. to Company B Oct. l8, 1864.
THORNBURG, Jno. R., e. Feb. 16, 1864; trans. to Company B Oct. 18, 1864.
TRIMBLE, Thos., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Louisville, Ky.,Dec. 24, 1861.
TRAVAIS, Geo. W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Lookout Mountain, Tenn. Dec. 20, 1863.
VAUGAN, Wm. P., e. Oct. 12, 1861; trans to V. R. C. July 27, 1863.
WELSH, Milton, e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
WILLIAMS, Jno. B., e. Oct. 12, 1861; m.o. Nov. 4, 1864.
WALLACE, Wm., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. June 23, 1863.
WHITE, Geo. W., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert. Feb. 5, 1864.
WILSON, James S., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. Oct. 12, 1864.
WALLACE, Sam'l Sr., e. Oct. 12, 1861; died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Nov. 21, 1863.
WALLACE, Sam'l Jr., e. Oct. 12, 1861.
WALKER, Hugh B., e. Oct. 12, 1861; dis. on Surg. cert April 10, 1864.

COMPANY K

ALWINE, Francis, e. in Company K in 1861; was dis. Dec. 3, 1865, having served three years and three months.

[End of Chapter 12c--Butler County During War of 1861-65, 78th Regiment: History of Butler County, Pennsylvania. With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of some of its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Waterman, Watkins, & Co., Chicago, 1883.]

Chapter 12--Butler County During War of 1861-65, 40th Regiment
Chapter 12--Butler County During the War of 1861-65, 100th Regiment
1883 Butler County History Contents
Butler County Pennsylvania USGenWeb Homepage

Edited 29 Dec 1999, 18:37