SAMUEL LEMON REED, ESQ., a rising and progressive young attorney-at-law of Ebensburg, who, from the energy and ability already displayed, is destined to figure conspicuously among the attorneys of the State of Pennsylvania, is a son of Samuel and Ella (Simpson) Reed, and was born March 13, 1864, in Blacklick township, Cambria county, Pennsylvania.
William Reed (grandfather) was a native of Connecticut, and, like many of the New Englanders, was a sailor in early life, but relinquished that occupation, and migrated to Cambria county, settling upon a tract of land situated on the old Clay Pike, in Cambria township. At that time that section of the country was sparsely populated, and the improvements were very slight, consisting usually of a patch of cleared land, and there with a log but or a cabin rudely constructed upon it as the habitation of the early settlers. Mr. Reed was a pioneer, and set about with that enterprising spirit which is characteristic of the New Englanders, to clear up and convert the forests into a home, a fit place for the dwelling of man. He passed through the trials and hardships incident to a pioneer life, but, by unyielding and indefatigable efforts, succeeded in clearing up a good farm and establishing a comfortable home. He died in 1846, aged fifty-six years, having had the pleasure of witnessing a complete metamorphosis of the country. The forest which was originally inhabited by wild beasts and wilder men-the savage Indians-was transformed into productive farms, yielding up bountiful harvests; and the cabins were supplanted by beautiful houses, constructed in modern style of architecture, with comfortable and commodious furnishings.
Mr. Reed served in the war of 1812-15, under the command of General William Henry Harrison, and was a valiant soldier. He was a pioneer of Methodism, and his home was headquarters not only for the ministers of his own church, but for all other denominations as well, and services were frequently held in his house, prior to the construction of churches in that section. Politically he was an old-line whig, and was looked upon as the leader in his neighborhood in religion, politics and business, his neighbors frequently seeking his advice and opinion on these and various other subjects,
Samuel Reed (father) was born upon the old Reed homestead in 1824, the year in which Lafayette visited America. He obtained such education as the public schools of his day afforded, and then engaged in agricultural pursuits, together with stock-raising and droving, his life avocations. Through the purchase of his brother's and sister's interest lie became the owner of the old homestead, upon which lie resided all his life, his death occurring March 14, 1890. He was a successful business man, acquiring an ample competency for his time. He was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which he was class-leader, and of whose Sabbath-school he was superintendent. A loyal and staunch republican, he always took an active part it the organization and work of his party, usually representing his precinct in the county conventions. He was a strong advocate for the free-school system, believed in the education of the masses, and for many, years served as a member of the school board. A man in whom the people reposed the most implicit confidence, he filled all the local offices of his town ship, but never sought political preferment He was a soldier in the late war; enlisted in 1864 in company I, Two Hundred and Eleventh regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer infantry; served to the close of that conflict, and was a member of John A. Jones Post G. A. R.
Mr. Reed married first Christina Orner, and they were the parents of three children: Arabella, wedded George W. Strong, of Tyrone this State; Tillie J., deceased, was the wife of Aaron Rishel; and one that died in infancy. His second and last matrimonial alliance was with Ellen Simpson and resulted in the birth of nine children: Annie, married George Martis, a farmer of Blacklick township; Etta E. wedded J. C. Rishel, a merchant, of Punxsutawney, Jefferson county, this State; Samuel L. is the subject of this biography; Kate B. became the wife of James C:. Raulston, a farmer of Indiana county, this State; Sofa E. married William Gillispie, a merchant of Strongtown, Indiana county; Lizzie C. is the wife of Curtis McDonald, an engineer running on the Pennsylvania railroad, and residing at Conemaugh, this county; Aramita died young; and Tillie and Theresa are at home.
Samuel Lemon Reed wedded, October 18, 1893, Elizabeth Evans, a daughter of the late John O. Evans, of Ebensburg. He was educated in the public schools, the Ebensburg academy, and an academy at Strongtown, Indiana county. Having obtained a good academic education, he engaged in teaching for a period of seven years. He taught in his native township, where, by reason of his superior talent as an instructor, his salary was increased each succeeding year in order to retain his valuable services. In 1888 he went before the board of examiners, and passed successfully the preliminary law examination, and immediately entered upon the study of law, under the preceptorship of the late George M. Reed. Naturally possessed of a legal turn of mind and close, studious habits, he made rapid progress in his studies, and in July, 1890 was admitted to the bar of Cambria county. The two succeeding years he practiced alone but, upon the death of his preceptor, in 1892, formed a partnership with Mathiot Reade, which partnership has continued up to the present time, 1896.
Politically he is a republican; religiously a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and fraternally a member of Lieutenant Hugh Jones Post, No. 227, Sons of Veterans, at Ebensburg.
Mr. Reed, in connection with Wm. L. Reed, of Johnstown, has
secured a patent upon a Railway Gate below described. "This
improvement relates to certain improvements in railway gates,
such as are employed at crossings, etc., to close the road on
the approach and passing of a train; and the object of the invention
is to provide a device, simple in character and inexpensive in
construction, which shall be adapted to be operated automatically
by the train as it approaches the crossing in such a way as to
close the gates, the device being so arranged that the gates are
also automatically opened when the train has passed the crossing."
Source: Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Cambia County.
Note: from the headstones of Lloyd Cemetery, Ebensburg,
PA, Sec. C, Row 15
REED, Samuel Lemmon ----- Mar 13, 1864 - Oct 13, 1934
REED, Elizabeth (EVANS) -- Oct 15, 1873 - May 25, 1933
Hon. Samuel Lemmon Reed, president judge of the Orphans' Court
of Cambria County, and president of the American National Bank
of Ebensburg, is one of the most prominent professional men and
representative citizens of the community, in which he ahs spent
his entire life. He was born in Blacklick Township, Cambria County,
March 13, 1864, and is the son of Samuel and Ellen (Simson) Reed.
Samuel Reed, deceased, was a native of Cambria County, and his wife was born in Indiana County, Pa. He was a prosperous farmer and dealer in live stock. He died March 14, 1890, and his wife died Nov. 15, 1916. They are buried at Belsano, Cambria County. To Mr. and Mrs. Reed were born the following children: Isabel Strong, lives at Tyrone, Pa.; Matilda Rishel, deceased; Annie E Mardis, deceased; Ettie E Rishel, lives at Indiana, Pa.; Katie B. Halston, deceased; Sophie E. Gillespie, lives in Pittsburgh; Elizabeth C McDowell, lives at Conemaugh, Pa.; and Samuel Lemmon, the subject of this sketch.
Samuel Lemmon Reed spent his boyhood in Blacklick Township and attended the district schools. He also attended Strongstown Academy for two terms, and the summer sessions of Ebensburg Normal School. He started teaching school when 17 years of age and in 1888 passed the preliminary examinations for the study of law. He read law with the late George M. Reade, Esq., and was admitted to the bar Aug. 2. 1890. In 1892 he formed a partnership with Mathiot Reade, Esq., which continued until 1900, when Mr. Reed went abroad with his wife. Upon his return to Ebensburg he resumed the practice of law and continued until June 11, 1919, when Governor Sproul appointed him president judge of the Orphans' Court, Cambria County. He was nominated and elected the same fall and continued to fill this office in a most capable and trustworthy manner. He also presided in common pleas and quarter session courts for several of the counties, and especially at Philadelphia.
Mr. Reed has been one of the directors of the American National Bank of Ebensburg since its incorporation, and since 1911 has served as president of the institution.
On Oct. 18, 1893, Mr. Reed was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth Evans, of Ebensburg, the daughter of John O. and Lydia (Davis) Evans. Mr. Evans was born in Wales, and his wife was a native of Ebensburg. He died in 1876 and his wife died in 1915. Mr. and Mrs. Reed have no children.
In politics Mr. Reed is identified with the Republican party. He served as school director for nine years, as president of the Ebensburg School Board for five years, and as supervisor of the census for the Sixteenth District of Pennsylvania in 1910. He holds membership in the Congregational Church and Sons of Veterans.
Source: Gable, John E., "History of Cambria County Pennsylvania in Two Volumes Illustrated, Volume Two," Historical Publishing Company, Topeka - Indianapolis, 1926, p. 797.
Judge Samuel Lemmon Reed, aged 70, of Ebensburg, president of the orphans. Court of Cambria County since 1919, died at 9 o'clock this morning in St. Francis Hospital in Pittsburgh, where he had been a patient since Tuesday. Death was attributed to a complication of diseases, including jaundice.
Although his health had been impaired for some time, Judge
Reed's condition was such that he was able to attend to his duties
on the bench up to and including last week.
Judge Reed became alarmed about his physical condition, however, on Monday and consulted his physician and life-long friend, Dr. D. S. Rice of Ebensburg, who ordered that he immediately consult Dr. Alexander Colwell of Pittsburgh, president of the State Medical Association and professor of medical practice at the University of Pittsburgh.
Judge Reed was removed to St. Francis Hospital on Tuesday and his condition became serious a short time later. Relatives were summoned to his bedside yesterday, when attending physicians realized that Judge Reed had but a short time to live. Judge Reed sank into a coma last night and died in his sleep.
At his bedside at the time of his death today were two sisters, Mrs. Sophie Gillespie of Belsano and Mrs. Elizabeth McDowell of Ebensburg, and his sister-in-law, Mrs. Louis Hummel, also of Ebensburg.
Funeral Not Completed
Funeral arrangements have not been completed, but probably will be conducted Monday or Tuesday afternoon at the Reed home on Center Street. Interment will be in the Lloyd Cemetery, Ebensburg, where Judge Reed erected a mausoleum last year.
The death of Judge Reed removes from Cambria County one of its best-known citizens, who had figured prominently in the legal and political life of the county for many years. In addition to his duties on the bench, Judge Reed also was active in civic circles and was prominently identified with the banking business for many years. He had extensive real estate holdings in Ebensburg and various other parts of Cambria County.
Judge Reed, realizing that his health was not the best, took a trip to Europe several months ago, believing that the rest would be beneficial to him. After his return to Ebensburg his condition improved for a time.
Samuel Lemmon Reed was born in Blacklick Township, the son of Samuel and Ellen (Simpson) Reed on March 13, 1864. He was the third child of a family of 10.
He was reared at home and was educated in the common schools and at the Strongstown Academy and the Ebensburg Normal Institute. When 17 years of age, he became a teacher and for seven years taught in the schools of Blacklick Township. During the summer months he worked on the farm of his father. While working as a teacher, Judge Reed took up the study of law. In 1888, he entered the law office of George M. Reade of Ebensburg. He passed the bar examination on July 7, 1890.
Had Office in Ebensburg
Following his admission to the bar, he opened an office in Ebensburg and two years later formed a partnership with Mathiot Reade, son of his preceptor. This partnership was dissolved in 1900, when Mr. Reed retired from the firm and took a trip to Europe. Within a year, he returned and opened a law office in Ebensburg.
On October 18, 1893, Mr. Reed was married to Miss Elizabeth Evans of Ebensburg, daughter of John O. and Lydia (Davis) Evans. Mrs. Reed died on December 3, 1933, in Washington, D.C. She is buried in Lloyd's Cemetery, Ebensburg. Judge and Mrs. Reed had no children.
Judge Reed was for 23 years president of the American National Bank of Ebensburg, holding that position at the time of his death. He was a lifelong Republican.
Appointed to Bench in 1919
During the World War, Judge Reed served on the Selective Draft Board of Cambria County. He was a member of the Ebensburg-Cambria Township School Board for nine years. On June 11, 1919, he was named president judge of the orphans' court of Cambria County by Governor Sproul. In the fall of that year, he was elected to the full term of 10 years. In 1929, he was reelected for another 10-year term. He was well known in other judicial districts of the State.
He was a member of the Congregational Church of Ebensburg and the Patriotic Sons of Veterans.
Judge Reed was of distinguished ancestry. His grandfather, William Reed was a native of Connecticut and during his younger days was a sailor. He migrated to Cambria County and settled on a tract of land on the old Clay Pike in Cambria Township. During the war of 1812, he served under General William Henry Harrison and was known as a valiant soldier. He was a pioneer of Methodism, but his home was a gathering place for not only ministers of that faith but for all denominations.
Samuel Reed, Judge Reed's father, was born on the old Reed homestead in 1824. He was engaged in stock raising. He was a staunch advocated of the free school system. He was a veteran of the Civil War, having served in Company I, 211th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. He died March 14, 1890, and his wife died November 15, 1916. They are buried at Belsano.
Four sisters survive Judge Reed. They are: Mrs. Elizabeth McDowell,
who has made her home with Judge Reed here since the death of
Mrs. Reed; Mrs. Tillie Shaffer of Pittsburgh, Mrs. Sophie Gillespie
of Belsano and Mrs. Frank Hoy of Conemaugh.
Judge Reed's father died March 14 1890. He was an active church worker and was a staunch Republican, taking an active part in the organization and work of his party, and representing his precinct in many of the county conventions in those days.
The Judge's father served in practically all of the elective offices of the township where he made his home. Judge Reed's father was twice married. His first wife was Christina Orner.
Judge Samuel Lemmon Reed, in connection with William L. Read of Johnstown, secured a patent upon a railway gate many years ago. The gate is described as follows: "This improvement relates to certain improvements in railway gates, such as are employed at crossings, etc. to close the road on the approach and passing of a train; and the object of the invention is to provide a device, simple in character and inexpensive in construction, which shall be adapted to be operated automatically by the train as it approaches the crossing in such a way as to close the gates, the device being so arranged that the gates are also automatically opened when the train has passed the crossing."
Governor Gifford Pinchot will appoint a successor to Judge Reed. The successor, however, will not serve the unexpired term of Judge Reed, but will serve until January, 1936, when the jurist chosen for a full 10-year term will take office.
Associates of Judge Reed Pay Tribute to His Memory
Sincere tributes to the memory of Judge Samuel Lemmon Reed were paid today by those most closely associated with him in the conduct of his official duties. As a mark of respect the courts of the county stand adjourned until Wednesday morning.
Supreme Court Justice John W. Kephart said: "The death of Judge Reed comes as a great shock. With other members of the supreme court I have reviewed many of his decisions. We unanimously regarded him as one of the strongest judges in the State. He grew with his position each year, steadily advancing in the efficiency of his work and we in this county will feel his loss deeply as the years go on."
"It is hard for me to put into words the deep regret I feel in the death of Judge Reed", said President Judge John H. McCann. "He was a very dear friend of mine and one of the most intimate friendships of my life. I was registered in his office as a law student during my undergraduate days and the friendship formed then has continued throughout the years. His death is a great personal loss to the people of the county.
"Judge Reed was an able and courageous judge and did as much work in the common pleas and quarter sessions as any other member of the judiciary in Pennsylvania. Even while ill during the last term of criminal court he insisted on helping out every day. His assistance in the courts of common pleas and quarter sessions has helped materially to keep our lists up to date."
"In the death of Judge Reed Cambria County lost a faithful honest public servant."
"The passing of Judge Reed was so sudden and unexpected as to be quite unrealizable. We sat with him on Monday last and although there were traces of illness in his face, yet with Spartan courage he concealed his real condition and continued he work to the very last,' said Judge Charles C. Greer.
"Forty years' association with this man gives one full opportunity correctly to appraise his character of life.
"Judge Reed will be remembered perhaps first of all for devotion to duty. He took his work both as lawyer and jurist always with great seriousness and gave his profession the best that was in him. Perhaps no common pleas judge is better known in the entire Commonwealth, and certainly none is held in higher esteem. Second only to his profession was his interest in his church-a quiet but earnest worker in the Vineyard of His Master. His domestic life was of a piece with his other activities, kindly, devoted and unostentatious. The recent loss of his life-long companion left its mark upon him, and doubtless weakened his resistance to disease.
"It is not given to many of us to fill such a place of usefulness and responsibility as that occupied by Judge Reed. His real monument has already been erected in the record made by him as a jurist. His place is secure in the annals of the county of his birth, and where his life work has been performed.
"It may truly be said of him that he has come to his grave in full age, like as a shock of grain cometh in its seed. He rests from his labors and his works do follow him."
"I knew Judge Samuel Lemmon Reed ever since I was a small boy," said Judge Ivan J. McKenrick. "He had many admirable qualities. As a man, he was most genial and sociable with those he knew. He had a keen sense of humor, his traits were artistic, he enjoyed travel, but loved his home.
"As a judge he was industrious and careful to a high degree.
He was willing to assume responsibility and never shirked a duty,
My association with him on the bench for nearly five years brought us into almost daily contact. While we did not always agree, we remained the best of friends.
"In his sudden passing, our county has lost a distinguished citizen and we who worked with him, a loyal friend.
"Judge Reed was faithful to every duty. We shall miss his presence and his wise counsel."
H. S. Endsley, president of the Cambria County Bar Association,
informed of Judge Reed's passing said:
"Judge Reed's unexpected death comes as a terrible shock to his many friends, to the members of the bar, and to the public. Judge Reed was an able jurist and his industry was prodigious not only enabling him to keep clear the docket of his own court but permitting him to try cases at every term in the common pleas. His social qualities when one comes to know him well were lovable, and his character in every respect was above reproach."
(The Tribune, Johnstown, PA, October 13 , 1934)