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Time Book for Big Bend Coal Co. 1899

This time book covers the year of 1899 for the Big Bend Coal Company in Twin Rocks, PA and contains the names of 229 individuals and businesses that were paid wages, salaries or expenses during the year. This book was one of several that were abandoned in the old company store building, now the Lanzendorfer Building in Twin Rocks, PA. I believe that the book was kept by W.C. Smith, whose name appears in the book and is written on the inside back cover. He was general manager and superintendent of several mines in the area. On the first page of the book is a summary for coal orders for the month of January, 1899. Below is a summary by employee/account by month for the year of 1899. At the top of the summary are the salaried personnel and general expenses and "outside" workers. The "inside" workers are arranged alphabetically by last name.

Contained in the book are several blank monthly report forms of the M. B. Courtwright & Co., dealers in General Merchandise and Mine Supplies, General Office Gallitzen, Pa, with stores in Gallitzen, Hastings, Nant-Y-Glo, and Bens Creek, PA. On a letterhead from the Courtwight Company is a letter (1901):

Dear Will,
Fill out enclosed blank for Jany & Feby of this year
and make it a point to get statement out each month
as soon as you can each month.
Yours,
M.B. Courtwright

The time book divides the month into 2 two-week periods; 1-15, and 16 to end of month, the pay periods for the mine. The normal work day was 10 hours and the wages ranged from $0.70 to $2.50 per day. Wages for "inside work" ranged from 1.25 to 2.50.

The mine foreman received a salary of $32.50 per month. During the year there were three different mine foreman: Watkins, Hawxby, and Nicholson.

Typical daily wages were:
$1.50 blacksmithing, shoveling snow,
$1.60 weighing, dumping; night engineer;
$1.75 general repairs & road work; barn boss; driving heading; on rock; machine helper
$2.25 machine runner

Separate accounts were maintained for rock removal and these people on "Yardage" accounts were paid $0.25 to $0.75 per yd.

At an average of $1.75 per day a worker would make $35 per month, but few achieved that. The work was not steady and there appeared to be a high turnover of employees. Only 19 employees made more than $100 for the entire year. Only J. Harry Dorricott, night engineer, was on the payroll for a continuous 12 months and earned $645.33. Of the inside laborers Joseph Strenka, machine operator, worked the longest -- 11 months, and earned the highest wages-- $364.36

Total wages and expenses for the mine rose from $498 in January, 1899, to $1,050 in December, 1899, and total expenditures for the year were $9,517.04

It is interesting to note the cost of supplies; ties (4 cents each) and props (3 cents each) were purchased from Dan Kerr and A.F. McAllister. Other lumber was purchased from W.E. Wagner and J.A. Shoemaker. Hay for the mules, was purchased from J.A. Gray at $10.00 per ton, while one hundred bushels of oats were purchased for $34.28.

A.E. Bender and James Dunn apparently operated hotels or boarding houses and were paid for board bills for the surveyors and "Pittsburgh men".

To the Ebensburg Mountaineer Herald, one of the few recognizable names on the list, printing bills of $13.36 were incurred.

Big Bend Coal Co. Time Book 1899
Line    First Name  Last Name          Description                      Jan      Feb      Mar      Apr      May      Jun      Jul      Aug      Sep      Oct      Nov        Dec       Total
1       W.C.        Smith              Salary, expenses                41.60    40.00    11.64             11.38    11.00    10.00    11.25    16.65    11.60    17.76      18.00     200.88
2       Jno. C.     Dingwall           Improvements & engineering      39.20    56.60    62.00    56.00    66.00    63.37    10.50                                                    353.67
3       J. Harry    Dorricott          Night Engineer                  52.00    45.60    49.60    46.40    54.24    56.52    60.64    61.37    54.15    54.81    55.00      55.00     645.33
4       W.N.        Fair               Day engineer                    22.50                                                                                                           22.50
5
6       Cecil       Beckwith                                                             19.80                                                                                         19.80
7       A.E.        Bender             Board for Pgh men                8.40                                                                                                            8.40
8       Wm.         Bland                                               3.99     3.64                                                                                                   7.63
9       W.          Burkstresser                                                                           26.25                                                                       26.25
10      Herman      Crouse                                                                                                   51.60    22.42                                            74.02
11      Jno.        Dare               Shoveling snow                   0.30                                                                                                            0.30
12      Thos. E.    Davis                                                                                   0.75    28.80     6.40                                                     35.95
13      Motell      Davis                                                                                   6.77                                                                        6.77
14      Isaac       Davis                                                                                                                                         8.00                  8.00
15      John        Dempsey                                                     13.60    30.60                                                                                         44.20
16      James       Dunn               Board bill, surveyors           11.75     8.65                                                                                                  20.40
17      Andy        Farbaugh                                                                               28.00    41.57    39.10    20.29    20.86    35.88    10.14                195.84
18      B. M.       Foust                                                                                                             11.50     4.60                                   16.10
19      Jno. A.     Gray               hay @ $10.00/ton                16.20    13.32     5.22    14.95     8.97    12.25    22.22              6.30    23.15    24.30       6.00     152.88
20      Wm.         Green              Shoveling snow                   0.45                                                                                                            0.45
21      Edw.        Hessong            Blacksmith, driving, yardage     5.56                      14.96     2.40                                                                       22.92
22      Harry/Henry Johns                                                                                                                                        28.00      48.20      76.20
23      Ed          Keane              Board                                                                                                             4.80               13.36      18.16
24      Doss        Kernry             Driver, barn boss, feeding mul  43.50    32.12    33.77    37.30    44.55    53.91    51.67    22.52              3.40                         322.74
25      Daniel      Kerr               ties@4cents, props@3cents       15.60     4.61     8.08     7.04                                                                                35.33
26      A. F.       McAllister         ties @3.5 cents, 4.0 after Jul 1899                        30.94    43.02    13.82    14.04     3.88     8.20    18.04     8.12      12.00     152.06
27      Jacob       McFaith            Blacksmith                                3.00    36.00    30.97     8.32                                                             4.65      82.94
28      Jas.        McFaith            Blacksmithing                    8.05                                1.25                                                                        9.30
29      Peter       McGlum             Helping blacksmith, yardage                                 6.32                                                                                 6.32
30      Thos.       McQueary           Driving, haulage                                   4.30     3.50    17.70     4.30              0.35    11.10    19.20                          60.45
31      Ebensburg   Mountaineer        Printing bill                                                                 3.00                      10.36                                   13.36
32      W.J.        Rose & Sons        Lumber bill                                                                  16.05                                                              16.05
33      Phil        Seabring                                                                               21.00    45.03    39.52    25.46                                           131.01
34      H. A.       Shoemaker          Cutting box                                                                            2.50                                                      2.50
35      J. A.       Shoemaker          Lumber bill                                                                   9.06    10.56                      14.85     8.10                 42.57
36      Ed          Smith              Drayage                          5.40              2.35              3.05                                                             1.50      12.30
37      J.B.        Snyder             Weighing, dumping, etc.         17.28                                                                                                           17.28
38      Danl.       Steffey                                             1.60     1.60                                                                                                   3.20
39      S.          Tibbott            100 bu oats                                                                                                               34.28                 34.28
40      W. E.       Wagoner & Bro.     Lumber bill                               9.66     4.44                       6.28              2.00                                            22.38
41
42      Jas.        Shirt              Gen repairs, roadman,pipeman    46.19    21.87    45.32    44.97    50.75    23.34    47.77    26.32                                           306.53
43      Jno.        Hunter             Salary, Weigh Boss              32.50    65.00    54.66    38.32    20.82                                                                      211.30
44      J.W.        Watkins            Mine foreman                    32.50                                                                                                           32.50
45      Smith       Hawxby             Salary, mine foreman                                       23.85    65.00    65.00    65.00    30.00                                           248.85
46      Jim/Jant.   Nicholson          Cutting, surveying, foreman                                                                    55.80    59.50    52.65    63.00      32.62     263.57
47
48      Sam         Adams              Cutting                                                                                        27.00    57.75    61.75    58.50      57.50     262.50
49      Frank       Allen                                                                                                                                                   16.00      16.00
50      John        Allen                                                                                                                                        10.00                 10.00
51      Andy        Allinder           On rock                                                              8.55    11.70                                                              20.25
52      Jno.        Anderson                                                                                7.65                                                                        7.65
53      Paul        Arnbrern           Yardage                          3.90                                                                                                            3.90
54      Fred        Arndt              New heading                                                                                    27.67    63.25    37.75    25.10       1.90     155.67
55      Nick        Anili              New heading                                                                                                                           4.00       4.00
56      Steve       Ballock            Lifting bottom, new heading                                          4.00                                                                        4.00
57      Charles     Banky              Box cars
58      Lawrence    Bearer                                                      18.20     9.62                                                                                         27.82
59      H.          Beer               On pipeline                      1.50                                                                                                            1.50
60      Mike        Bendic             Yardage, rock                                                                                            2.50     3.68                           6.18
61      Andy        Belly                                                                          1.75                                                                                 1.75
62      Albert      Bodenski           Box, rock                                                                                                        12.97    27.20      38.00      78.17
63      Jas         Bodenski           New heading                                                                                                                          10.20      10.20
64      Albert      Bodnic             Rock                                                                                                     1.90                                    1.90
65      Andy        Bola                                                                                                               3.60                                             3.60
66      Geo.        Boyle                                                                          9.10    27.82                                                                       36.92
67      Wm.         Bradley            Cutting                                                                                        14.75                                            14.75
68      Jos.        Brown              Yardage, cutting                                                                       2.50     0.60                                             3.10
69      Wm          Brown              Box cars, new heading                                                                                            29.81    44.40      34.80     109.01
70      Jas.        Brutzman           Box                                                                                                                        8.84                  8.84
71      Fred H.     Burgh              Driver, on pipeline              4.35                               23.70    33.49    17.98     2.97                                            82.49
72      John        Burgh              Helper                                                               0.87                                                                        0.87
73      P.F.        Burgh              Yardage, on air line, on roll    7.25                                1.80     1.50     5.40                                                     15.95
74      Louis       Busselli                                                                      14.35                                                                                14.35
75                  Butty              New heading                                                                                                                5.40                  5.40
76      Mike        Calloba            Haulage                                                                                        13.20    45.29    48.40    41.50      39.00     187.39
77      Patsy       Capitainer                                                                     1.75                                                                                 1.75
78      H. C.       Chaplin            Box cars, rock, feeding mules                                                                                     0.34    38.68      50.40      89.42
79      Andy        Chock              Yardage                                                                                         3.50              1.84                           5.34
80      Chris       Clinton            New heading                                                                           11.26     8.00                                            19.26
81      Peter       Comas                                               1.50    14.25                                                                                                  15.75
82      Harry       Conrad                                                                                 10.35                                                                       10.35
83      Mike        Codrady            Box                                                                                                               4.03     3.16                  7.19
84      Jno.        Cook               On rock                                                    17.50    48.64    42.00    41.00    33.40                                           182.54
85      John        Craighton          New heading                                                                           15.73                                8.00      43.00      66.73
86      Evan D.     Davis              Salary                                                     41.15                                                                                41.15
87      Joe         Davis              Lifting bottom, new heading                                          4.17                                                                        4.17
88      Angela      D'Angela                                                                       1.75                                                                                 1.75
89      Tony        D'Arenzia                                                                      3.50                                                                                 3.50
90      Jas.        Dally                                                                          1.75                                                                                 1.75
91      John        Delozier           Cutting                                                                                        23.00                                            23.00
92      George      Demka              Yardage                                                                                5.00     4.00                                             9.00
93      Javk        Dimmenni                                                                       1.75                                                                                 1.75
94      Jno.        Donaldson                                           1.60     0.87                                                                                                   2.47
95      Wm.         Dukes              On roll, gob coal, box cars                                          1.50     2.25     7.92    25.59    49.72    28.36                         115.34
96      John        Dunn                                                                                                              12.88     6.58                                   19.46
97      John        Duntza             Yardage & rock                                                                                                    8.00                           8.00
98      Jno.        Durky              Yardage                                                                                         5.00     0.82                                    5.82
99      Thos.       Elley                                                                                                     1.40                                                      1.40
100     Evan D.     Evans                                                                17.34                                                                                         17.34
101     W.S.        Feltman            Yardage                                                                                                                               1.00       1.00
102     Jno.        Fierce             Box                                                                                            11.20    39.00    48.01    11.60                109.81
103     Fred        Fitz Harris                                                                             2.40                                                                        2.40
104     John E.     Flick              Box cars, rolls                                                                       10.14     6.24             15.40     8.40      12.50      52.68
105     B.F.        Fresh              Rock, coal hauling, yardage      6.75     5.62     1.25                                                                                         13.62
106     Thos.       Gardner                                                                                 6.00                                                                        6.00
107     Jno.        Garrity                                             5.00                                                                                                            5.00
108     John        Gerber                                                                                                                                                  16.00      16.00
109     John        Gerika                                                                                                                      4.00                                    4.00
110     John        Glenn                                                                                                                                                   10.80      10.80
111     A.          Good                                                                                                                                                     2.00       2.00
112     H. E.       Good               Box, yardage, rock, new heading                                                                                   1.34    44.23      32.40      77.97
113     Frank       Grimes             Cutting                                                                                                  2.10                                    2.10
114     Jno.        Gyretsa            Yardage                                                                                5.00      -                         1.80                  6.80
115     Thos.       Harbor             Cutting                                                                                        15.60                                            15.60
116     Isaac       Harvey             Driving on rock,cutter, yardag   2.87     4.00                                        18.15    10.25     1.00              2.01                 38.28
117     Joseph      Hendrickson        Rockman                                                                      11.70                                                              11.70
118     Jacob       Henry              New heading                                                                                                               18.00      38.00      56.00
119     John        Henry              New heading, furnace                                                                                                      18.00      54.80      72.80
120     Wasko       Hrobeck            Box cars, yardage, rock                                                                8.13    10.32     9.10    15.39     0.51                 43.45
121     Jacob       Hesketh            On roll                                                              4.00                                                                        4.00
122     Wm.         Hesketh            Driver                                    1.75              2.25    11.72                                                                       15.72
123     Jos.        Hina                                                        14.25                                                                                                  14.25
124     Andy        Isican             Yardage & clay vein                                                  3.00     6.00     2.75                                                     11.75
125     Gabriel     Isican             Yardage, box cars                         7.00     3.50     5.63     2.67              2.99                                                     21.79
126     Jno.        Isican             On Roll                                                                       6.00     2.75                                                      8.75
127     Thos.       Jarrat                                                       1.75                                                                                                   1.75
128     A.          Johns                                                                                                                                                   13.00      13.00
129     John        Johns              Rolls                                                                                                                                 1.75       1.75
130     Matt        Johnson            Mach. runner, new heading                 9.00     8.32    28.34    45.22                                                             4.00      94.88
131     Andy        Joseph             Rock, coal hauling, yardage      9.25     5.63                                                                                                  14.88
132     Jas.        Judge              On roll, coal, box car                                               3.75     0.96    28.06     9.67                                            42.44
133     Steve       Kechi                                              10.50    16.50                                                                                                  27.00
134     Thos.       Kelly                                                                                                     1.66      -                                               1.66
135     Steve       Kranki             Yardage                                                                                         5.00     1.00                                    6.00
136     Robt.       Kurtley            New heading                                                                                                                9.00       8.20      17.20
137     France      Lacour             Cutting                                                                                        11.80                                            11.80
138     Frank       Lambkin                                             0.80                                                                                                            0.80
139     Jno.        Lobush             On roll                                                              2.85              1.50                                                      4.35
140     T. J.       Lowrie             On roll, gob coal, rock, cutting                                    31.14    50.00    41.00    33.40                                           155.54
141     Mike        Lucas              On rock                                                                                         9.20     9.50     1.90                          20.60
142     Danl.       Lynch                                                                                   0.75                                                                        0.75
143     Jas.        Lynn               Box cars, new heading                                                                                                     11.15      25.74      36.89
144     Jas.        McCallum                                                     1.75                                                                                                   1.75
145     Jas.        McCarty            Mach. helper, side track                          25.55    18.37              0.80                                                              44.72
146     Patsy       McCarty            On roll, side track                                                          10.90                                                              10.90
147     Tim         McCarty            Rock, coal hauling, yardage      6.75     5.62     8.19     7.55             12.81     7.42     2.66                                            51.00
148     Tom         McCarty, Jr.                                                                                              5.80                                                      5.80
149     Edw.        McCauley                                                                                                           9.50                                             9.50
150     Thos. M     McCreery                                                                                                                                     22.74      22.25      44.99
151     Matt        McEwan             On rock                                                    17.50    15.75                                                                       33.25
152     Edw.        McLeanley                                                                                                         10.00                                  3.99      13.99
153     Jas.        McLearty           Box car                                                                               96.00                                                     96.00
154     Ely         McQueary                                                                                                                             2.40                           2.40
155     Mike        McVoy                                                                                                     1.75      -                                               1.75
156     Peter       McVoy                                                                                           16.50    58.75    39.35                                           114.60
157     Danl.       Mohney                                                                                                                                       24.00      52.50      76.50
158     Jacob       Maskulka                                                                                                           4.00    44.60    42.00    48.43      30.35     169.38
159     David       Matchin            On roll, gob coal                                           6.00    10.25                                                                       16.25
160     Lester      Matchin            Driver,napper                                                        8.77     2.87                                                              11.64
161     John        Mays               Rolls, yardage                                                                                                                        1.75       1.75
162     Frank       Meredith                                                                                                                                                26.71      26.71
163     Frank       Miller             Rock, coal hauling, yardage, g   8.50     5.63     5.30     0.60    19.92    16.80    46.19    43.89    41.60    33.00    17.20                238.63
164     Peter       Miller                                                                                           4.00                                                               4.00
165     Danl.       Mooney                                                                                                                               5.00    26.75                 31.75
166     Mike        Morarty                                                                                          9.20    19.00                                                     28.20
167     Andrew      Morris             Yardage, crossing roll           2.33     7.87     7.00     3.00                                                                                20.20
168     Jesse       Mulhollen          Haulage, new heading                                                                                     5.32     8.67    45.20      19.40      78.59
169     Peter       Mullen             Cutting, sidetrack                                                                    31.70    39.50                                 17.85      89.05
170     D.C.        Murphy             Rolls                                                                                 10.14     6.62              4.20                          20.96
171     Adam        Nanse              On roll, gob coal                                           2.00     0.75                                                                        2.75
172     Jos.        Nina                                                1.50                                                                                                            1.50
173     Wm.         Neugent            On roll, coal, side track, box car                                   3.75     0.96     0.96                                                      5.67
174     Andy        Ochran             Box cars, new heading                                                                                                     12.07      16.56      28.63
175     Jos.        Oill               On roll, gob coal                                           6.00     6.00              0.99                                                     12.99
176     Jno.        Ontko              On rock, cutting                                                                                9.60    40.20                                   49.80
177     Henry       Perry                                                                                  28.95    14.40    15.73                                                     59.08
178     Joe         Patonka            New heading                                                                                                                           1.80       1.80
179     John        Perstr             Box cars                                                                                                                   7.53                  7.53
180     Mike        Persti             New heading                                                                                                                9.00                  9.00
181     Paul        Peter              On rock, on roll                                                     2.85              1.50      -                                               4.35
182     H. L.       Peterson                                                                                3.60                                                                        3.60
183     Andy        Petock             Box cars, rock                                                                                  0.49     6.64     9.75     6.80                 23.68
184     Peter       Petrick            Box cars, yardage, cutting, rock                                                      12.63    18.64     9.10     8.60                          48.97
185     Mike        Polinky            Heading work                              4.50    36.60     3.00     4.25                                                                       48.35
186     Elmer       Porter                                                       2.25     3.75     2.00     1.33                                                                        9.33
187     John        Pusty              New heading                                                                                                                2.00      17.82      19.82
188     John        Rabic                                                                                                                      24.25    22.50    32.51      21.73     100.99
189     Mike        Rabic              Rock                                                                                                                       2.30                  2.30
190     Hiram       Rager              Yardage                                            6.50                                3.66                               11.44       1.00      22.60
191     Sam         Rager              Side track, rolls                                  6.50                       1.22     6.97     8.00     1.00              0.51                 24.20
192     Walter      Rager              Yardage                          2.50     2.25     1.75                                                                                          6.50
193     Wm.         Rager              Driving on rock & yardage, rol   0.87     3.00     0.83    12.47                                                                                17.17
194     Chas.       Rass                                                                           1.75                                                                                 1.75
195     L.N. "Kid"  Reynolds                                                                                        28.66    42.29    37.00     0.80                                  108.75
196     Benj. F.    Rose/Rhodes        On roll, box cars, cutting                                                   13.75    10.81    26.74     1.00                                   52.30
197     Simon       Ribaugh                                                      6.00                                                                                                   6.00
198     Jno.        Robic              Cutting                                                                                        14.00    24.50    38.00    24.00                100.50
199     Mike        Rogers                                                                                                    3.50    14.90     2.00                                   20.40
200     Jas.        Roudebush          Mach. helper, box cars                   17.85    45.84    46.02    31.09             17.87                                                    158.67
201     Andy        Robinson                                                    25.42    42.50             17.77    27.31                                                             113.00
202     Joe         Rumshaw            Box cars                                                                                                          2.04    11.33                 13.37
203     Jno.        Scoran             Yardage                          2.33     8.63     8.50                                                                                         19.46
204     W. J.       Shaffer            New heading                                                                                                               16.00      31.00      47.00
205     Willis      Smith              New heading                                                                                                               26.60       4.00      30.60
206     George      Solosh             Heading work                              4.50    36.60    25.80                                                                                66.90
207     Joe         Sonsetty                                                                       3.85                                                                                 3.85
208     Freeman     Soper                                                                                  10.85    18.20                                                              29.05
209     Frank       Sponsky                                                                                                   1.25                                                      1.25
210     Andrew      Stanka                                              9.75    16.50                                                                                                  26.25
211     John        Strechic           New heading                                                                                                                5.40       1.80       7.20
212     Jos.        Strenka            Mach runner, cutter, haulage             23.17    59.85    52.42    48.37    66.41    63.75    21.80    11.20     4.20     3.00      10.19     364.36
213     Alvin       Stevens                                                                                                                                       3.37                  3.37
214     Chas.       Stephens           Trapping                                                                                                                   5.67                  5.67
215     Chris       Stevens/Stephens   Yardage, rock, box                                                                                                1.60    11.51                 13.11
216     Elery       Stephens                                                                                                                                      1.69                  1.69
217     Jos.        Sutcliffe          Box                                                                                                                        3.06                  3.06
218     Elmer       Susnick            Box                                                                                                               0.68                           0.68
219     Mike        Terna              On roll, box cars                                                    3.00    13.35     2.31     1.15                                            19.81
220     Simon       Tackle             Box                                                                                                               1.02                           1.02
221     A. B.       Thorton            Roads                                                                                                            39.20    50.80      50.40     140.40
222     Wm.         Thorton            Haulage                                                                                                 15.54    12.39    15.61      12.57      56.11
223     Jno.        Tote                                                                                                               3.60                                             3.60
224     Jos.        Valushic (Starry)  Crossing roll                                               1.50                                                                                 1.50
225     Jas.        Walker                                                                                                                                                               -
226     Joe         Washer             Rock                                                                                                                       3.42                  3.42
227     Jno.        Weedish            Yardage                          3.90                                                                                                            3.90
228     Thos. C.    Wesca              Yardage, clay vein, cutting                                          1.17              1.82     4.29                                             7.28
229     Walter      Wilkinson          Cutting                                                     3.85    38.84    48.51    22.80    12.20                                           126.20
230     Andy        Williams                                                                       3.25                                                                                 3.25
231     Albert      Wise                                                         6.00                                                                                                   6.00
232     Jno.        Yakebusky          Box cars                                                                                        6.99     6.32     0.34                          13.65
                    Total                                             498.27   559.03   703.07   703.02   990.03   925.55   895.30   955.92   719.30   792.94   724.62   1,049.99   9,517.04

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