Occupation Chart


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Old Titles
Description


Accomptant


Accountant


Almoner


Giver of charity to the needy


Amanuensis


Secretary or stenographer


Artificer


A soldier mechanic who does repairs


Bailie


Bailiff


Baxter


Baker


Bluestocking


Female writer


Boniface


Keeper of an inn


Brazier


One who works with brass


Brewster


Beer manufacturer


Brightsmith


Metal Worker


Burgonmaster


Mayor


Caulker


One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows)or seams to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart


Chaisemaker


Carriage maker


Chandler


Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries


Chiffonnier


Wig maker


Clark


Clerk


Clerk


Clergyman; cleric


Clicker


The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.


Cohen


Priest


Collier


Coal miner


Colporteur


Peddler of books


Cooper


One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.


Cordwainer


Shoemaker - originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain


Costermonger


Peddler of fruits and vegetables


Crocker


Potter


Crowner


Coroner


Currier


One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease


Docker


Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo


Dowser


One who finds water using a rod or witching stick


Draper


A dealer in dry goods


Drayman


One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads


Dresser


A surgeon's assistant in a hospital


Drover


One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle


Duffer


Peddler


Factor


Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate


Farrier


A blacksmith, one who shoes horses


Faulkner


Falconer


Fell monger


One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making


Fletcher


One who made bows and arrows


Fuller


One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth


Gaoler


A keeper of the goal, a jailer


Glazier


Window glassman


Hacker


Maker of hoes


Hatcheler


One who combed out or carded flax


Haymonger


Dealer in hay


Hayward


Keeper of fences


Higgler


Itinerant peddler


Hillier


Roof tiler


Hind


A farm laborer


Holster


A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn


Hooker


Reaper


Hooper


One who made hoops for casks and barrels


Huckster


Sells small wares


Husbandman


A farmer who cultivated the land


Jagger


Fish peddler


Journeyman


One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day


Joyner / Joiner


A skilled carpenter


Keeler


Bargeman


Kempster


Wool comber


Lardner


Keeper of the cupboard


Lavender


Washer woman


Lederer


Leather maker


Leech


Physician


Longshoreman


Stevedore


Lormer


Maker of horse gear


Malender


Farmer


Maltster


Brewer


Manciple


A steward


Mason


Bricklayer


Mintmaster


One who issued local currency


Monger


Seller of goods (ale, fish)


Muleskinner


Teamster


Neatherder


Herds cows


Ordinary Keeper


Innkeeper with fixed prices


Pattern Maker


A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end


Peregrinator


Itinerant wanderer


Peruker


A wig maker


Pettifogger


A shyster lawyer


Pigman


Crockery dealer


Plumber


One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.


Porter


Door keeper


Puddler


Wrought iron worker


Quarrier


Quarry worker


Rigger


Hoist tackle worker


Ripper


Seller of fish


Roper


Maker of rope or nets


Saddler


One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses


Sawbones


Physician


Sawyer


One who saws; carpenter


Schumacker


Shoemaker


Scribler


A minor or worthless author


Scrivener


Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public


Scrutiner


Election judge


Shrieve


Sheriff


Slater


Roofer


Slopseller


Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop


Snobscat / Snob


One who repaired shoes


Sorter


Tailor


Spinster


A woman who spins or an unmarried woman


Spurrer


Maker of spurs


Squire


Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace


Stuff gown


Junior barrister


Stuff gownsman


Junior barrister


Supercargo


Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship


Tanner


One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather


Tapley


One who puts the tap in an ale cask


Tasker


Reaper


Teamster


One who drives a team for hauling


Thatcher


Roofer


Tide waiter


Customs inspector


Tinker


Am itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman


Tipstaff


Policeman


Travers


Toll bridge collection


Tucker


Cleaner of cloth goods


Turner


A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles


Victualer


A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food supplies


Vulcan


Blacksmith


Wagoner


Teamster not for hire


Wainwright


Wagon maker


Waiter


Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in


Waterman


Boatman who plies for hire


Webster


Operator of looms


Wharfinger


Owner of a wharf


Wheelwright


One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.


Whitesmith


Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work


Whitewing


Street sweeper


Whitster


Bleacher of cloth


Wright


Workman, especially a construction worker


Yeoman


Farmer who owns his own land



Compiled by Dan Burrows and used with permission. dburrows1@juno.com This chart may be freely copied.


A carter was/is a person who carts-carries goods in a vehicle. The origin of the word is c( h)arcar , a hawker, a peddlar of goods.