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1. Levi Crawford, Private/ Company B/ 16th U.S. Infantry. 
   Served March 1864 thru March 1865.

2. William Meyers, Private/ Company B/ 20th U.S. Infantry.
   Mahony City.
   Served July 6, 1870 to July 6, 1875.

3. Charles L. Doepel, Sgt/ Company I/ 8th U.S. Infantry.
   Served Feb. 7 1863 to Feb. 17, 1869
   Died Feb. 5, 1937.

4. John Hoban, Private/ Company C/ 33rd. U.S. Infantry
   Served Feb. 27, 1867
   Died April 15, 1917.

5. Cornelius Sheffler, Sgt/ Company A/ 16th U.S. Infantry.
   Served Feb. 28, 1867

6. John Smith, Private/ Company D/ 33rd U.S. Infantry.
   Feb. 24, 1867.
   Died. Jan. 27, 1929.

7. Roy D. Hagenbuch, Private/ Company I/ 17th U.S. Infantry.
   Served June 8, 1877

8. Joseph Moses, Private/ Company A/ 3rd. California Infantry.
   Served April 17, 1873.

9. C.A. Kershner, Private/ Company G/ 30th U.S. Infantry.
   Wounded Feb. 3, 1867 in the left hand by an arrow in an   
   engagement with Indians at Ash Hollow, Colo. Territory.
   Served. Ft. Sedgwick, Colo.

10. Peter Eagan, Private Company G. 30th U.S. Infantry.
    Wounded Feb. 3, 1867 In the hip by an Indian arrow at   
	Ash Hollow Colo.
    Served At Ft. Sedgwick, Colo.

11. Patrick Boyle, Private/ Company F/ 30th U.S. Infantry.
    Wounded in the left cheek by an Indian arrow in the     
	engagement at Ash Hollow, Colo.

12. Joseph Morris
    Co. A 3rd Calif Infantry Volunteers
Miners Journal
April 16, 1873

Editor Miners Journal:
having read in your paper an account of the massacre of General Canby and others by the Modoc Indians, in Yureka California, I would like to state to you that I lived among the Indians a number of years and a more treacherous people I never knew.

In 1861 and 1862 I fought them all along the northern borders of California, from Humboldt Bay to Shasta Buites, and I will give you an instance of how they treat white people when they fall in their hands. In the year 1862 we were camped on the north bank of the Eel river in Humboldt County Cal., when a rancher came riding into camp, his horse covered with foam, telling us that a party had been attacked on the north bank of Mad river, and some of them killed.

We immediately started in pursuit, and before night came to the place were the fight took place. We found one man dead, and the red fiends had torn his breast open and cut out his heart and carried it away with them. Another one was mortally wounded, being shot with not less than 20 arrows in different parts of his body.

After covering up the dead and carrying for the wounded one, we followed the trail of the Indians, and by noon of the next day we came upon the band, and after a short skirmish, in which we killed 17 Indians ( the others having taken flight) and recovering most of the cattle which they had stolen, we returned to where we had left the dead and wounded, and made litters from the brush, and carried them into the settlement on Yeager Creek.

I could tell you of a number of atrocities committed by Indians, which I have seen, and which can be vouched for by every man in our company: but I think this is a fair sample of what you may expect from the "noble red man," when he has the advantage on you.

Joseph Morris
Late of Co. A, 3rd Regiment, Infantry, California Vol.


1. Edward Leib, Lt.-Lt. Col./ 5th U.S. Cavalry.
   Served. In the 5th U.S. Cav. from June 1861 to 1877.
   Died May, 22, 1892.

2. Bernard Reilly, Lt. 5th U.S. Cav./ Company I.
   Served From 1868 to 1876.

3. William H.H. Werner, Private, 2d California Cavalry.
   Served during the Civil War, 1861-1865 Chasing Indians   
   in California.

4. Jacob Goho, Private,/ Company K 7th U.S. Cavalry.
   Served. Sept. 3, 1871

5. Robert J. Nesbitt. Corp./ 8th U.S. Cavalry.
   Served. Fort. McRoy, N.M.  Discharged May 18 1874.

6. Judge Pott. Lt./ State Militia/ Josephine County Calif.
   Served, In the Rogue Indian war, had his horse shot from under him.

7. James Blair, 1st Sgt./ Company I, 1st U.S. Cavalry.
   Schuylkill County.
   Served 1872-1876?
   Won the Congressional Medal of Honor For Gallant conduct     
   during campaigns and engagements with Apaches. Issued 12     
   April 1875.

8. Jacob Gunther, Corporal/ 8th U.S. Cavalry/ Company E.
   Schuylkill County.
   Served Arizona, 1868 and 1869.
   Won the Congressional Medal of Honor for Bravery in Scouts     
   and actions against Indians. Issued 6 September 1869.

Camp Winfield Scott Nev.
May 1st 1868

Lt. Charles Hobart
A.A.A.G. District of Nevada
I have the honor to report on the 20th attimo, a citizen residing in the vicinity of the post reported at seven o'clock a.m. reported that a horse of his died within one hundred yards his dwelling in a pasture had been cut loose the night previous and led off by the indians. I ordered Lt. Hunter to take three enlisted men and one indian guide in pursuit believing however at the time that the horse had strayed or was taken by some white man.

I cautioned Lt. Hunter that in case he struck the track and became satisfied that indians were the perpetrators of the thief to be cautious and not allow himself to be drawn in to a snare. The owner of the missing horse accompanied the detactment, mounted on a government horse furnished to him by more orders.

At 11 o'clock a.m. same date another report reached camp that three yokes of cattle belonging to a citizen residing within one mile and a half of the place from which the horse was taken, were also missing, no longer doubting that Indians were the perpetrators I immediately ordered Lt. Lafferty temporarily attached to the post to proceed with six enlisted men and one days rations in the direction taken by Lt. Hunter and having struck his trail to follow up. And afford him such assistance as circumstances might require.

No tidings were received from either party until six o'clock a.m. a citizen came in and reported that a detachment under Lt. Hunter had been surprised by Indians in a canyon eight miles from camp, all their horses being shot dead and they themselves badly wounded, were keeping the Indians at bay in a cave. Lt. Lafferty having not yet made his appearance. I requested Major Kearns U.S. Paymaster, who happened to be present at the post to pay the garrison to take command of the camp, leaving him thirteen men, and with the remaining ten in number

I left camp within five minutes after I had received the fatal news. Lt. Lafferty met me on his return some six hundred yards from camp and reported that he had failed to take Lt. Hunters trail and having learned that the reported three yoke of cattle had turned up all safe, he was under the impression that the first report of Indians excited more in the imagination of the citizens than in reality, and under this impression he returned to camp expecting to find Lt. Hunter also returned. I left therefore Lt. Lafferty in charge of the camp.

I proceeded at the gallop under the guide of the Indian guide and the citizen who had made their escape from the place of action on foot. I reached the mouth of the canon eight miles from camp at sundown and after a march of five miles more through intricate defiles I reached the reported beleaguered party at dusk. An oblong cave some one hundred feet in circumference surrounded on the side by high and perpendicular rocks affording a solitary entrance of not more than six feet in width had fortunately offered a temporary refuge to the retreating detachment, that was hotly pursued by the blood thirsty foes but owing to the coolness and intrepidity of Lt. Hunter who although severely wounded, and more rolling than walking covered the retreat of his wounded men with his spencer carbine.

The cowardly savages although seventeen in number and apparently well armed with repeating rifles as the nature of the wounds they inflicted attest dared not attack the four men now under shelter. I found one man private Reid as the only capable for defense, and he was pacing his beat at the mouth of the cave. Lt. Hunter, Sergt. Kelly and private Ward were stretched at full length on the rough rocks, the former with carbine in his hand, the two latter growning under excruciating pain.

Lt. Hunter who with all sense cheerful and composed received a gunshot wound in the right upper hip, the ball of a small caliber ranging inwardly toward the bladder, where it still remains, another ball struck him across the chest perforating all his clothes and undershirt and inflicted a slight wound on his right wrist, his right ankle badly strained causing him more inconviences and pain. The more serious wounded Sergt. Kelly was struck by a large conical bullet injuring his collar bone and the first rib. Private Ward shot through the lungs by a similar bullet to that of Kelly's since died.

I did my utmost to make the wounded as comfortable as possible under existing circumstances the night being cold and the snow several feet deep in the cave, Lt. Hunter although suffering severally from his wounds mounted a horse and with an escort of five men proceeded to ranch in the valley six miles distant from the cave.

Before scouting from the camp I ordered Act. Asst. Surgeon Haye's to accompany my detachment with surgical instruments and medical relieves as might be required, these to be carried with him on horse back also an ambulance to proceed as far as the nature of the ground would permit, which was to the mouth of the canyon. Act. Asst. Hayes failed to make his appearance when his services were most needed. Although I had taken all dire precautions to have him piloted to the ground in case he lost his way in the darkness. The only cover I was in possession of was a pair of my blankets and six saddle blankets with which to keep the wounded men from freezing. The emergency of the case and great ? carry assistance to the wounded made us forget both overcoats and blankets, as well as canteens. Water was brought to the wounded which they carried all the time from a half mile off in boots furnished by their comrades. Shirts and drawers were used as bandages of compresses to stop the flow of blood, the night was passed in anxiety and suffering by the sick and well.

This was the written report in Gunther's file at the National Archives.

9. Jack Crawford, Scout/ With General Wessley Merrit.
   Served, 1866-1876
   Wrote the book the Poet Scout.

10. Samuel Mason, Private-Sgt./ 5th. U.S. Cavalry
    Served, 1866 to 1876 stationed at Fort D.A. Russell,        
	Wyoming Territory. Also 5 years in Nebraska.
    He was the son of George Mason, Prominent Coal Dealer.


1. Henry A. Smith Private/ Light Battery U.S. Artillery.
   Served: Two three year enlistments from 1888 to 1895.
   Was present at the Battle of Wounded Knee, South Dakota     
   December 29, 1890.  
   Well known and liked in the area.
2. Henry Ofernsler, Private/ Battery I/ 2d U.S. Artillery.
   Schuylkill County.
   Discharged, Jan. 29,1866.

Infantry Part 2.

1. Frank Burkehart, 18th U.S. Infantry. 
   Schuylkill County.
   Served for 21 years U.S. Army. Indian Fighter.
   Denver 1888.

2  Patrick Boran 
   Schuylkill County.
   Spent 4 years fighting Indians.

3. William Hartz, West Pointer.
   Regular Army.
   Schuylkill County.

4. William Auman, 2d LT. U.S. Infantry, 
   May 6 1866, Newport Barracks Ky.
   Wounded at camp Cook Montana.
   Schuylkill County.

5. Roland Augustus Luther, Capt./ 2d U.S. Infantry
   1st. Lt. 2d U.S. 1st. Lt. 1838, Capt. in 1847 served in     
   Florida  war, with the Creek Indians, and General Taylor     

6. Edward Wynkoop, Indian agent. Throughout the Great Sioux     
   war. And other Indian Problems, 
The Frontier Cavalry 

Men who Served From Schuylkill County 1860-1890

1.   Brvt. Lt. Col. Edward Lieb
     Co. M 5th U.S. Cavalry
     Pottsville, Pa. Died May 22, 1892

2.   Lt. Bernard Reilly
     Co. I, 5th U.S. Cavalry
     Pottsville, Pa.
     Died In Philadelphia, PA.

3.   Sgt. Samuel Mason
     Co.  5th U.S. Cavalry
     Pottsville, Pa.
     He was stationed at Ft. D.A. Russel, Wyoming Ter.
     He also served for five years in Nebraska.
     He was the son of George Mason, a prominent coal dealer
     in Schuylkill County.

4.   Pvt. George E. Adams
     Co. L, 7th U.S. Cavalry
     Jan. 27, 74-June 25, 1876
     Enlisted at Ft. Lincoln,By Lt. John Watson
     Minersville, Pa.
     Kiled with Gen. Custer at The Little Big Horn June 25, 1876.

5.   Pvt. Jacob Goho,
     Co. K, 7th U.S. Cavalry
     Served Sept. 1868- Sept. 3, 1871
     Nuremberg, Pa.

6.   Corp. Robert J. Nesbitt
     Co.  8th U.S. Cavalry
     Fishbach, Pottsville, Pa.
     1871- May 18, 1874
     Served In New Mexico.

7.   Corp. Jacob Gunther
     Co. E 8th U.S. Cavalry
     Schuylkill County, PA.
     While serving in Arizona in 1868, 1869 he was awarded  
	 the Congressional Medal Of Honor for bravery in   
	 scout and actions against Indians. Issued Sept. 6, 1869.

8.   Pvt. William H.H. Werner
     2nd Calif. Cavalry
     Pottsville, Pa.
     Served during the Civil War chasing Indians in California.

9.   Lt. Judge Pott
     Calif. State Militia. Josephine County Calif.
     Pottsville, Pa.
     Served in the Rogue Indian War, had his horse shot out       
	 from under him.

10.  Pvt. William Heath
     Girardville, Pa.
     7th U.S. Cavalry, listed as killed at the Little Horn,  
	 but survived, the story relates that Heath became separated       
     from Company L, rescued by a family of settlers by thename of Ennis, 
     and returned home to Girardville in 1877,       
     after wintering over in the Ennis residence. 
     William never related what happened to him during this separation from       
     his company. 

11.  Pvt. Herman Knauch
       Brandonville Pa.
       Co. F 7th u.S. Cavalry 
       Killed in Action June 25th  1876 with General Custer on the Little Big Horn.


1.   Jack Crawford, Captain Jack.
     Scout with Buffalo Bill, 5th U.S. Cavalry
     Becomes Chief Scout, after Buffalo Bill Cody retires.
     Minersville, Girardville, Pa.
     Famous Indian Scout, wrote book The Poet Scout.

George Adams Schuylkill Countian Killed at the Battle Of the Little Big Horn June 25, 1876
On June 25, 1876 one of the biggest military defeats suffered by the U.S. Army occured at the Little Big Horn river Dakota Territory. General George Armstrong Custer and 261 soldiers of the famed Seventh Cavalry were annialiated by Sioux and Cheyenne warriors.

Riding with company L of the 7th Cavalry was a Schuylkill countian, Private George E. Adams, who was born in Minersville, Pa. Adams was slaughtered with his company while fighting a rear guard action on a dusty and wind swept hill known as Calhoun Hill, named Adam's company commander Lt. James Calhoun.

This narrative is a historic look at what Adams would have experienced during his two years and 4 months in the Seventh U.S.Cavalry during the great plains war of 1876. Adams never left any written record of his exploits as a trooper with the 7th cavalry. There are no letters to any of the local newspapers.

The only proof we have is Adams' enlistment papers were he lists his birth place as Minersville Pennsylvania.

During the month of June 1876 most of the country was in preperation for the upcoming Centennial to be celebrated in Philadelphia, Schuylkill county was also in preperation for the 100th anniversary of independance day, but something more important to the local inhabitants was front page news in the county. The trial of the alleged Molly Maguire, Munley and the daily court room drama.
The problem with the Indians was not unknown to the people of Schuylkill county, reports were sent to the Miners Journal by Col. Edward Lieb and Lieut. Bernard Reilly, both members of the 5th U.S. Cavalry serving on the western frontier. There was only a small mention of the on going campaign against the hostile Indians printed in the local papers. On July 7th the first word reached Schuylkill county that something had gone seriously wrong out west, the news stated that General George Custer and his whole command was wiped out by hostile Indians.

Christofer Ferguson Born in Minersville March 15 1851.
In 1882 he enlisted in the regular army at Abany New York. in March. He was ordered to join the company stationed at Fort Sisseton, in Dakota territory, where four companies were maintained, and during the two years of service their he had a few skirmishes. He was next stationed at fort Totten, DT on Devils LAke, and after another two years was transferred to Fort D.A. Russel, near Cheyenne Wyoming, where the company took part in the skirmish agaignst Sitting Bull, in 1890, Prior to this, in 1883 Mr Fergusion had met and was aquinted with the old chief personally. After 13 years he came home and lived in Shenandoah

This list is not complete please email Stu Richards if you have any realtives in the Indian Wars. Or any questions feel free to email me.

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