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COMPARISON OF WASHINGTON, PA / "LITTLE WASHINGTON" 
AND WASHINGTON, D. C.

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FACTS WASHINGTON, PA / "LITTLE WASHINGTON"  WASHINGTON, D. C. / THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
     
STATUS A third-class city.  A Borough and the County Seat of Washington County PA A City and the Capital of the USA, but not a State
WORLD-STATUS Barely known except when national figures visit (ex. JFK ; Obama) High status as Capital of USA
  No embassies; no foreign dignitaries would know "Little Washington" Ebassies galore!  174 Resident Embassies http://www.embassy.org/embassies/
GOVERNED BY / VOTING Mayor; City Council; County Commissioners; citizenry voting local to national levels. Has Mayor and City Council, D. C. is under the exclusive legislation of the Congress, per Article One, Section 8 of the United States Constitution.  Washington, D.C., residents have lacked voting representation in the Congress throughout history.
OFFICIAL WEBSITE http://www.washingtonpa.us/ (city)  www.co.washington.pa.us/ (county) http://www.dc.gov/
COURT HOUSE WEB SITE  www.co.washington.pa.us Numerous courts
LOCATION about 25-28 m. S.W. of Pittsburgh 
and about 30 m. N.E. of Wheeling, West Virginia, on Chartiers Creek.
on the north-east bank of the Potomac river at the head of tide and navigation, 40 m. S.W. of Baltimore, 135 m. S.W. of Philadelphia, and 225 m. S.W. of New York.
GPS / COORDINATES Latitude: 40.17 N, Longitude: 80.25 W Latitude: 38.91 N, Longitude: 77.01 W
HISTORY The site was part of a tract bought in 1771 by David Hoge and was known at first as Catfish camp after an Indian chief, Tingooqua or Catfish. Platted in October 1781 as Bassettown to honor Richard Bassett (d. 1815), a member of the Federal constitutional convention of 1787 and of the United States Senate 1789-1793, and governor of Delaware 1798-1801. The village was re-platted November 1784 and renamed for General Washington who had owned a large part of the site.  
INDIAN SETTLEMENTS Yes. From Catfish Creek to Red Bank Yes.  4000 B.P., around the Anacostia River; The Patawomeck (loosely affiliated with the Powhatan) lived on the Virginia side, as well as on Theodore Roosevelt Island, while the Piscataway (also known as Conoy) tribe of Algonquians resided on the Maryland side.[3] Native settlements within the present-day District of Columbia included Nacostines, at Anacostia, who were affiliated with the Conoy.[4] Another village was located between Little Falls and Georgetown,[3] and English fur trader Henry Fleet documented a Nacotchtank village called Tohoga on the site of present-day Georgetown. (Wikipedia)
EARLY EXPLORERS Yes. 1740 two brothers of German Baptist (Brethren) faith explored Dunkard Creek area; captured by Indians and taken to Canada. 17th century (1600s) including explorations by Captain John Smith in 1608
INCORPORATED  Incorporated in 1924 ; Washington County PA was formed March 28, 1781 Incorporated on May 3, 1802
  Opened for settlement in 1768. The evolution of Washington County is as follows: From 1750 to 1770 Cumberland County; from 1771 to 1773 Bedford County; from 1773 to 1781 Westmoreland County; March 28, 1781 Washington County. Prior to 1781, Virginia also claimed Southwestern Pennsylvania. Virginia created the District of West Augusta and divided what is known as Washington County in to three counties. Yohogania, Monongalia and Ohio. Researchers looking for history prior to 1781 should consider Augusta County, Virginia records. Yohogania County, Virginia, records are in Washington Co., Pennsylvania, intermingled with Pennsylvania records in the earliest dockets; Monongalia County, Virginia, records (pre-1796 were lost in fire) are in Morgantown, West Virginia; Ohio County, Virginia, are in Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia. See Historical Society George Thompson and Thomas Gerrard, who were granted the Blue Plains tract in 1662, along with Saint Elizabeth, and other tracts in Anacostia, Capitol Hill, and other areas down to the Potomac River 

Thompson sold his Capitol Hill properties in 1670, including Duddington Manor, to Thomas Notley; The Duddington property was handed down over the generations to Daniel Carroll, of Duddington.  As European settlers arrived, they clashed with the Native Americans over grazing rights. In 1697, Maryland authorities built a fort within what is now the District of Columbia, and two years later, the Conoy relocated to the west, near Point of Rocks. (Wikipedia)
LAND AREA Land area of 863.6 square miles (Court House Web Site) Area, 60 sq. m. (exclusive of 10 sq. M. of water surface)
LAND SIZE Elevation: 1100 feet
Land area: 2.94 square miles. 
Elevation: 18 feet
Land area: 61.4 square miles. 
LARGE WATERWAYS None; Monongahela River is in the County; Washington Dams near the city limits Potomac River; Chesapeake Bay
MINOR WATERWAYS Chartiers Creek and many others ?
CLIMATE Cool in the Fall ; Mild to Moderate Winters; Moderate to Hot Summers Cool in the Fall ; Mild to Moderate Winters; Moderate to Hot Summers
POPULATION  SIZE Population in July 2007: 14,690. Population change since 2000: -3.2% Population in July 2007: 588,292. Population change since 2000: +2.3%
ANCESTRIES German (20.8%), Irish (18.5%), Italian (13.8%), English (9.5%), Polish (6.4%), Scotch-Irish (5.5%). Irish (4.9%), German (4.8%), English (4.4%), Subsaharan African (2.8%), Italian (2.2%), United States (1.7%).
MAIN ZIP CODES  One for the city: - 15301 20001, 20002, 20003, 20004, 20005, 20006, 20007, 20008, 20009, 20010, 20011, 20012, 20013, 20015, 20016, 20017, 20018, 20019, 20020, 20024, 20026, 20029, 20030, 20032, 20033, 20035, 20036, 20037, 20038, 20039, 20040, 20041, 20042, 20043, 20044, 20045, 20046, 20047, 20049, 20050, 20051, 20052, 20053, 20055, 20056, 20057, 20058, 20059, 20060, 20061, 20062, 20063, 20064, 20065, 20066, 20067, 20068, 20069, 20070, 20071, 20073, 20074, 20075, 20076, 20077, 20078, 20080, 20081, 20082, 20088, 20090, 20091, 20097, 20098, 20099, 20201, 20202, 20203, 20204, 20206, 20207, 20208, 20210, 20211, 20212, 20213, 20214, 20215, 20216, 20217, 20218, 20219, 20220, 20221, 20222, 20223, 20224, 20226, 20227, 20228, 20229, 20230, 20231, 20232, 20233, 20235, 20238, 20239, 20240, 20241, 20242, 20244, 20245, 20250, 20251, 20254, 20260, 20261, 20262, 20265, 20266, 20268, 20270, 20277, 20289, 20299, 20301, 20303, 20306, 20307, 20310, 20314, 20315, 20317, 20318, 20319, 20330, 20332, 20336, 20337, 20338, 20340, 20350, 20370, 20372, 20373, 20374, 20375, 20380, 20388, 20389, 20390, 20391, 20392, 20393, 20394, 20395, 20398, 20401, 20402, 20403, 20404, 20405, 20406, 20407, 20408, 20409, 20410, 20411, 20412, 20413, 20414, 20415, 20416, 20418, 20419, 20420, 20421, 20422, 20423, 20424, 20425, 20426, 20427, 20428, 20429, 20431, 20433, 20434, 20435, 20436, 20437, 20439, 20440, 20441, 20442, 20444, 20447, 20451, 20453, 20456, 20460, 20463, 20468, 20469, 20470, 20472, 20501, 20502, 20503, 20504, 20505, 20506, 20507, 20508, 20510, 20515, 20520, 20521, 20522, 20523, 20524, 20525, 20526, 20527, 20530, 20531, 20532, 20533, 20534, 20535, 20536, 20537, 20538, 20539, 20540, 20541, 20542, 20543, 20544, 20546, 20547, 20548, 20549, 20550, 20551, 20552, 20553, 20554, 20555, 20557, 20558, 20559, 20560, 20565, 20566, 20570, 20571, 20572, 20573, 20575, 20576, 20577, 20578, 20579, 20580, 20581, 20585, 20586, 20590, 20591, 20593, 20594, 20597, 20599.
     
MAIN  INDUSTRIES NOW Coal mining; Coke production ; Farming ; Educational services ; Health care ; Religious, civic organizations ; Retail business  Political endeavors; Professional, scientific, and technical services; 
Public administration ; 
Accommodation and food services ; Educational services ; Health care 
Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations;
Construction ;Administrative and support and waste management services ;
Finance and insurance ; Lawyers
MAIN  INDUSTRIES PAST Coal mining; Coke production ; Steel production; Glass factories; Railroad ;  Farming ; Education; RCA factory ; Retail business Political endeavors; Lawyers ; Farming ; Accommodation and food services ; Religious ; other support services
Accommodation and food services Adequate Monumental
IMMIGRATION Low now; higher in 1800s due to mines High, especially with professional services, politicians
EMIGRATION Influx from Pittsburgh; Now known as Pittsburgh's new suburbia High, from nationwide
WARS ; ACTIONS No, but men served in many. Attacked during the War of 1812 in " the Burning of Washington."
Pentagon attacked on 911
HISTORICAL FEATS Whiskey Rebellion ; David Bradford ;  Burned by British General in War of 1812
SLAVERY Underground Railroad (height: 1810 to 1850) Hiding Places ; racism active through the 1950's to 1960s Slavery abolished in D. C. on April 16, 1862, but the city remained segregated until the 1950s. 
MONUMENTS Small, within city and nearby towns HIGH - Monuments canvas the Mall
RIOTING / PROTESTS Scenes of protest by miners and other unionized work forces. Has seen many racial riots and numerous marches and protests by various groups.
TOURISM Historical or Nature (hunting, fishing, boating) interests High, historical and political
PASTTIMES  Hunting, fishing Visiting Monuments & Museums, Art Galleries, Concert Halls, and tourist watching.
HISTORICAL SOCIETY Washington County Historical Society
49 E Maiden St.
Washington, PA 15301
(724) 225-6740
www.wchspa.org/ 
Size: small
Historical Society of Washington, DC
801 K Street NW
Washington, DC 20001
(202) 383-1850
www.historydc.org
Size: large

 

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Website updated by current webmaster from 2005 continuously through current year ; See Site History

To submit material for the website or to report a broken link, start your subject line with "WCPA" followed by specific subject and email me at:  Washington.Co.Pa.Webmaster AT gmail.com     ( washington.co.pa.webmaster "AT" gmail.com ).   I spend most of my time adding new material so please allow at least 14 days for a reply.

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2006 to 2012 ;  2013 Judith Ann Florian, all rights reserved.  Website is updated weekly or monthly, as I receive submissions or when I complete a transcribing project. The materials (files) located on this website are the property of the webmaster and the contributors. Material is for personal research and may NOT  be included in any for-fee collection or publication.

History of this website - The first PAGenWeb Washington County coordinator was Jean Suplick Matuson [who developed Chartiers.com. She was followed by Georgeann Malowney [who took over Chartiers.com], then Peggy Tebbetts, and lastly, Christina Hunt who each held prior copyrights over this website.  Each coordinator has contributed much to the preservation of Washington County genealogical information/history.

This Washington County PA website is a current member of PAGenWeb and the USGenWeb.