These early census records show that Richard and Celana had two more children than the five mentioned so far. One is a daughter born between about 1821 and 1825 that remains unidentified and the other is a son born between about 1805 and 1810 that I shall discuss next. Richard has two sons before 1810, one of whom is Hiram. William also has two sons before 1810. There is considerable ambiguity between Obediah Sisco and Calvin Sisco, both are born about 1808 and both live in this part of Orleans County. It is reasonable to expect that if one of them is Richard's son then the other is Williamís. Calvin marries in Troy [] on March 17th, 1830, is living in Jay later that year [], is in Westfield by 1840 [] and is back in Troy thereafter. Calvinís early presence in Jay implies he is William's son but his subsequent presence in Westfield implies Richard. Obediah marries in Westfield [] in 1826, is in Richford in 1830 [], Jay in 1840 [], Potton, Quebec, in 1842 and Moira, New York after that. His marriage in Westfield implies he is Richardís son but living in Jay implies William. The real clue in my opinion is Obediahís presence in Moira, New York. Richardís brother, William, has a proven son, Marvin []. By 1860 Marvin has removed to Bangor, New York [] – only 13 miles from Moira. Obediah buries two of his own sonís in Brushton [, ], just outside Moira. One of these sons is named Marvin, a name that is uncommon in the Sisco family and thus seems to reflect Obediahís brother. Thus Calvin would have to be Richardís son. There is also a communication with another researcher who stated that his aunt, who was a 2nd great grand-daughter of Calvin, stated that Richard was Calvinís father. Unfortunately, my correspondent could not say how she would have known this. Her own birth was at least 40 years after Calvinís death and also after the death of both her own great grandfather and her grandfather. I am unsure how much credence to place on a statement that is this remote from the individuals concerned. None the less, it does not conflict with the circumstantial evidence presented. Benjamin Sisco, Calvinís grandson, is reputed to have had a colorful life. Iím uncertain which of two newspapers carried his death notice but either the Richford Journal or the Richford Gazette of July 19th, 1901, pp. 3 states: Ben C Sisco, owner of the Mansonville, Quťbec hotel died suddenly of heart disease. "He had been driving, and while turning his team into the hotel barn, the reins dropped from his hand and he fell over dead." Behind the story is an anecdotal claim by a descendant that he was inclined to drink a lot and was given to riding his horse furiously up and down main street.

Richard appears to have had two children by Sarah Garland. The son was Albert Sylvester Sisco [] who died in Seattle. Albert is also identified through an assertion [] by his grand-daughter. The second child was a daughter enumerated in 1830 that remains unknown to me.

One of Richardís sons is worth further mention. I believe that Hiram married twice, although this is vehemently denied by some researchers. Hiram married Matilda Garland [] in Troy in 1830. Hiram only appears in the census record for 1840 [] and 1860 []. In 1860 his wife is enumerated as Juliette who is born in NY about 1812. The grave of his son, Narval [], confirms that the mother was called Matilda. The most plausible interpretation of these facts is that Hiram was married to Matilda, who was born between 1800 and 1810, and that living with her when he was enumerated at Glover in 1840. That record shows two infants, a male and a female. Hiram and Matilda are still living in Glover [] in 1851. Up to this time no record refers to Hiramís wife by any other name than Matilda. After this Hiram removes to Franklin, NY, where he is enumerated with a wife called Juliette in 1860. I believe that Matilda died and that Hiram remarried to Juliette.

William Sisco

William, is with his father in Swanton in 1805. In 1809 [] he is warned out of Westford, Chittenden County, and by 1810 he is enumerated at Jericho []. He does not reach Orleans County till after that. In 1820 he is enumerated [] in Troy and by 1840 is in Jay [], VT. (Note that because the 1820 census is alphabetized, adjacency to his brother, Richard, in that record does not imply proximity of residence.) Use of correlations in the early census records was discussed previously. That for William and his son is shown in Table 2. William married Ruth Fox, who is identified from her sonís death record [] and her own []. The date of that marriage, which probably occurred in Swanton or Westford, is derived from the ages of their children. Ruth declares that she was born in Massachusetts so her parents would be a family that removed from there to Vermont between the late 1780s and the early 1800s. I have not been able to isolate such a family.

Three children appear to have been born before 1810, one of which may have died between 1810 and 1820. When we were examining Richard Siscoís family I showed that Obediah, rather than Calvin, was likely to be Williamís child. Obediahís wife, Emeline Wilson [], gets progressively younger with each census enumeration. She was probably born in the late 1790s and sensitive about being older than Obediah.

A child called William is conjectured to be William and Ruthís child. He is enumerated at Jay in 1840 with a wife and infant son. After that he removes to Compton, Quebec. Some of this third generation Williamís family is noted in a family bible held by Margaret Birkett (refer to ), grand-daughter of the Rev. Gordon Sisco and great great grand-daughter of this William Sisco and Elizabeth Bickford. Williamís date of birth and a statement that he is the child of William Sisco and Ruth Fox has been attributed to that bible but there is no such information on the pages of that bible that I have seen. (Don Hopkins kindly sent me a copy of the Family Record from that bible so that I might examine it.) I believe that Margaret may have located the claimed information in some other documents, but as the true source is not known I consider this to be a claim only. The Sisco Memorial Church in Coaticook, originally a Methodist congregation, commemorates the Rev. Gordon Sisco who was a prominent member of that congregation. In 1993 the building was sold to the town and converted to an arts and cultural center.

William Sisco and Ruth Fox had a son called Erin who was born about 1814 [] who also removed to Quebec. Their daughter, Rosena [] who married Silas Ovitt [, ], and their son, Harrison [] who married Janet Gardyne [], both remained in Jay. Rosenaís son, Hosea Ovitt, married Lydia Ames [] who, following Hoseaís death, married his cousin Alfred Sisco []. Harrisonís son, James [] married Hannah Hadlock []. On October 6th, 1863 Hannah Hadlock has an illegitimate daughter []. That daughter marries on October 6th, 1880 [] yet gives her mother's name as Fannie Judd and father James Sisco. The State record of this marriage [] omits the mother's name although the town record does provide it. As James was only fifteen when this daughter was born, a prior marriage to a Hannah Judd is extremely unlikely. However, Hannah was aged 19 when this daughter was born. I suspect that the father may have had the last name Judd. William and Ruthís son, Marvin [], became a minister and removed to Brandon, Vermont. Their youngest child, Stephen [], first followed his brother to Compton [] but by 1870 has removed south to Manchester, New Hampshire [, ] and probably died in Warner [] after 1900.

Chapter 2

William and Northern Vermont

I choose to discuss William Sisco's family next as, of the two brothers; it is the most completely identified. In Chapter 1 I showed that the Charlestown town records [] could be used to prove that William was the son of Richard Sisco. I shall discuss later how William came to be in Vermont, but his death record [] on January 12th, 1832 shows that he was born about 1849 and thus probably in Rhode Island.

The Time in New Hampshire

Before I can explain Williamís, Eleazerís or any of their descendantís life in New Hampshire I need to review some local history and geography. The records used come from, or refer to, the modern day towns of Croydon, Goshen, Newbury, Newport, Sunapee, and Unity. These are adjoining towns in a region that was frontier land when the Sisco families entered it.

  • Croydon, chartered in 1763, is the only town that has retained its original name.
  • The grant for Newbury in 1753 named it Dantzic. In 1754 an adjoining piece of land was granted as Hereford. That grant was renewed in 1772 combining both Dantzic and Hereford into Fisherfield which was incorporated in 1778. The name was changed to Newbury in 1830.
  • Newport was granted in 1753 as Grenville but was regranted in 1761 as Newport.
  • Sunapee was first settled by Oliver Corey and known as Coreyís Town. He was a grantee on the 1768 charter naming the town Saville. The town was incorporated as Wendell in 1781 and the name Sunapee was substituted by the Legislature in 1850. The name Wendell remains in use today as a village within Sunapee.
  • Unity was chartered in 1753 as Buckingham and incorporated as Unity in 1764.
  • Goshen was first settled in 1768 when it was part of Saville. Then in 1791 the southern portion of Wendell was combined with parts of Fisherfield, Lempster, Unity and Newport to form a new town called Goshen.

William is first mentioned in the Charlestown town records [] that show he arrived in Charlestown in November of 1766 and a warrant to leave town was served on January 30th, 1767 (Figure 4). He did leave town but it may not have been immediate. At town meeting on December 2nd, 1769, the 4th agenda item shows that Timothy Putnam had failed to collect meeting house taxes [] from Silas Whitcomb and William Sisco before they left town. (The meeting voted to discharge the debt so Timothy was not held responsible for it.) After leaving Charlestown William appears to have gone about twenty five miles farther north and east as he is next found as a signer of the New Hampshire Revolutionary Association [] in 1776. This indicates that he was in "Sunapee" at the time – i.e. Saville aka. Wendell. I do not know why William and Eleazer left Rhode Island or whether Charlestown was their originally intended destination had they not been warned out. John Bartlett researched the origins of Saville and writes []: We learned that in 1771 John Wendell advertised for settlers for New Hampshire towns in the Providence (R.I.) Gazette, at the suggestion of Governor Wentworth, "with some results." While there is evidence that some early settlers were from Smithfield, Rhode Island, this advertisement could not have been William and Eleazerís motivation as they were already in New Hampshire by 1766.

Williamís precise location in Wendell is identified in this excerpt from the Sunapee Town Record, Volume 1, page 18:

State of Newhampshire a Survey of highway

We, the subscribers being Called thereto with Assistance of Elijah woodward Surveior have Laid oute highway in the township of Wendell and County of Cheshire in Said State - Beginning at Newport at the foot of the hill Above William Sisco house, Running West twenty Degrees South twenty Rods thence West twenty Degrees North twelve Rods thence West fifty three Degrees North five Rods thence west thirty three Degrees North twenty Six Rods thence ten Degrees South forty None Rods thence West thirty five Degrees North twenty four Rods thence West five Degrees South Sixteen Rods thence West fifteen Degrees South Sixteen Rods the Above work was Compleated august ye twenty Sixth A - 1786 - in order for Record Survaers fees £0 - 1 - 4 - 0

We know that William is on the side of a hill near the Newport town line. At 320 rods to one mile this was a little over one half mile long. The problem is that going West from a starting point near the Newport line takes one deeper into Newport, not into Wendell! I have pondered this dilemma for several years, also trying to fit that description of the road onto a modern map of the town. The best that I have managed is shown in Figure 5. I conjecture that William was probably living on the lower slopes of Youngís Hill. I fully agree that the fit is not good. IN defense of my argument I reason that roads created so early in the towns life would primarily be on trading routes, the most significant of which would follow the Sugar River. It is a major highway today and certainly would have undergone substantial straightening and modification that would have obscured the earlier work. What I have conjectured is an approximate fit and the description matches the terrain features well. The remaining problem is that the road "ends" at the Newport line and does not "begin" at that line! Further research may uncover lot number information for William that might clarify this or possibly even an early map of the town showing the road itself.

Sometime between October 1788 [] and 1790 [], William caused a family record to be created in the Sunapee Town records. The earliest event in this family record is his marriage on September 7th, 1773 to Abigail Rand, at least 15 years prior to the record. I make this point because two of the dates in the record conflict. Richard cannot be born on March 22nd, 1775 if his elder sister was born on September 29th, 1774. The Sunapee record is itself a transcription, leading to suspicion that a transcription error was made. However, after locating the original record, that also contains the date conflict – see Appendix E, Figure 2. As subsequent children, Susannah and Samuel are born at one year intervals I think it most likely that Richard's birth year is correct. This leads to the conclusion that Catherine was probably born September 29th, 1773, not September 29th, 1774. The date of William's marriage on the 7th September is suspect as it is so close to the birth of their first child. In William's Pension Application (Figure 1, page 7), Abigail Rand states;

… she was married to the said William Sisco on the 30th day of September but the year in which she was married she does not recollect. Best it was before the commencement of the Revolutionary War that she was seventeen years of age on the 10th day of March previous to her marriage.

Women do not readily forget the anniversary of their marriage! Fortunately we also have Abigailís baptismal record recording her baptism on November 30th, 1755. That would place her birth on March 10th, 1755 and her marriage at age seventeen would then be September 30th, 1772. This is consistent with Catherine Sisco, the eldest child, being born on September 29th, 1773. The family record also shows that William appeared to remove from Saville to that of Wendell between 1780 and 1783. That is an incorrect assumption as Sunapee was known by the name Saville until 1781 when it changed its name to Wendell.

Cheshire Ss. Savill Sepr ye 7th 1773 Mr Willm Sisco and Mrs. Abigail Rand
were married by Benja Giles Esqr

Their Daughter Catharn Sisco born in Savill Septr 29th 1774

Richard Sisco Son of Willm Sisco born to him by his wife Abigal Sisco in Savill
March ye 22 1775

their Daughter Susannah Sisco Born in Savill March 24th 1776

their son Samuel Sisco born in Savill June 5th 1777

their Son William Sisco born in Savill July ye 7th 1780

their Daughter Filande born in Wendall Septr 6th 1783

their Daughter Elisabeth Sisco born in Wendall Septr 25th 1785

Willm Siscos Daughter Rebeckar born in Wendall Octobr ye 18th - 1788

William indicates that he was married in Saville. In Abigailís declaration contained in Williamís pension papers she states that William lived in Unity when he enlisted. I think she was mistaken. Her parents, Benjamin Rand and Catherine Chandler, had their home in Goshen [], probably in the vicinity of Randís Pond []. If you refer back to the previous summary of the town names you will see that the town of Goshen was formed from parts of Saville and Unity. This may have confused Abigailís memory.

At this juncture it is worth discussing family records. Early birth records are often really family records and treated as equivalent. They are not. Whereas a true birth or marriage record is made close to the time of the event and is generally a singular record (typical exceptions are for twins) a family record includes many events and is made after the latest event. Thus it may be many years after the first event. A family record usually has the advantage of including all family members alive at that time but has the disadvantage of errors due to confusion or memory lapse. Consider the case in point. William went to the town clerk to record his family. He told the clerk of nine events. He did not have these already prepared on a piece of paper because he could not read or write. He was trying to remember which dates went with which event, some events being fifteen years ago. We canít even be sure that the clerk recorded these exactly as told. Its not surprising his marriage date is incorrect. I also wonder if his daughter, Catherine, was actually born on September 7th and that William mixed her birthday with his own anniversary and was just off by one day for the latter!

The Revolutionary War

William had an extensive involvement in the Revolutionary war. Williamís declaration on the second page of his pension application (Appendix E, Figure 1) states:

… I entered the service in the revolutionary Army the first Campaign before Boston in the eight months service in Captain Samuel Masseyís Company in Coln George Reeds Regiment New Hampshire line, before the eight months were exposed I was returned by my officers as inlisted during the War. although I did not list in the Spring of 1776 I entered in Capt Isaac Fairwells Company in Coln Silleyís Regiment in Genl Sulivans Brigade N.H. line in which Company I continued till the Close of the War. A little before the end of the War I received a furlough for four months to visit my family, on my return to the Army in about two months after I left it, I met my company returning from having been discharged, I accordingly returned with them and did not receive my discharge …

His widow, Abigail further states:

… who was a private soldier in the army of the Revolution; that according to the best of her recollection, some time previous to the engagement on Bunker Hill, her said Husband entered the service as a volunteer and served as such in the battle of Bunker Hill, and that he was absent eight or nine months, does not recall whether he served the whole time as a volunteer or not but believes he was enlisted a part of the time. That he afterwards enlisted for three years or during the war & served in Col. Cilleyís Regt. and continued in the army til near the close of the war, that he often related to her the particulars of his service; his being with Gen Sullivan in the expedition against the Indians at the West & also his being in the Battle of Monmouth Rhode Island …

This summary shows extensive service. Examination of service records held in the New Hampshire State Library at Concord supplement it. He first enlisted in Col. David Hobartís Reg. of New Hampshire Militia on July 21st, 1777, serving under Capt. Abel Walker [, ] till September 23rd, 1777. During this initial period of service he saw action at the Battle of Bennington on August 16th, 1777. Its is noteworthy that Col. David Hobartís Regt. attacked and quickly overran the Tory redoubt south of the river which was being defended by Capt. Justus Sherwoodís 3rd Co. that included Christian Schoolcraft [] and his sons, James and Adam. I shall show later that James Schoolcraftís daughter seems to have married William Siscoís son! William is mustered into the Continental Army in May 1778 for three years for the town of Croydon [, , ] in Col. Joseph Cilleyís 1st New Hampshire Regiment. That date implies that he would have fought in the battle of Monmouth on June 28th, 1778, which is confirmed by his widowís statement included in Williamís pension application. We might have had a physical description of William [] except that his vital details were omitted from his Companyís size roll. I wonder if this roll was compiled while he was furloughed just prior to the discharge of his Company. On February 14th, 1781 he is shown in the return of the 1st Regiment, as a private in Capt. Isaac Farwellís 7th Company []. His pay for some of this service included $120.40 [] and $80.00 [, ]. Samuel Sisco, also shown in these records is Williamís nephew, not his son by that name. This pay was in Continental currency, which depreciated so rapidly that it was virtually worthless by the end of the war and by May 1781 had ceased circulation! To add insult to injury, the bounty that William was supposed to have received from the town of Croydon for his service was in fact deducted from his service pay [, ], and they charged him in the high value British currency, not the now worthless Continental one! I wonder if this treatment might have contributed to Williamís decision to remove to Vermont shortly after the War. It does seem that there was a lot of financial maneuvering going on at this time. While itís far from clear that the town of Northwood was directly involved, that townís records do contain a transcript of several items from the House of Representatives, one of which is a judgment in favor of Croydon, concerning Williamís bounty, paid with interest.

At the time of writing, Wikipedia states "With news of the Battle of Lexington and Concord, George Reid marched with his militia company to Boston, Massachusetts and commanded a company of the 1st New Hampshire Regiment at the Battle of Bunker Hill." This is consistent with the first eight months service that William mentions. Combining all the foregoing evidence it seems that he initially volunteered and served for eight months that included the Battle of Bunker Hill. Then, after a short break, on July 21st, 1777, he enlisted for a period of two months and a few days and fought in the Battle of Bennington. He then had another break before enlisting in May 1778 for three years of which he served almost the entire period and fought at the battle of Monmouth. He was never formally discharged as his company was discharged in his absence while he was on furlough. The History of Goshen New Hampshire [] presents this same summary with a few more background insights.

Through Vermont to Franklin and Additions to the Family

By 1790 [] William is living in Weathersfield, Vermont, some twenty five miles away and just west of the Connecticut River. In William's Pension Application a statement by Dorcas Glover, indicates that William lived in Weathersfield for four or five years before removing to Swanton.

I Dorcas Glover … formerly lived in Weathersfield in the State of Vermont in the year 1791 at the same time one William Sisco & Abigail his wife lived on my fatherís farm in said Weathersfield and that I was well acquainted with the family & that they lived there for the space of four or five years they then removed to to [sic] Swanton in Vermont & resided there a few years from thence to said Franklin …

This sequence is consistent with a similar declaration by Abigail. As he could not have arrived in Weathersfield till 1789 he probably did not leave before 1795. His presence in Swanton is confirmed by tax records for 1802 []. His son, Samuel, is with him and although the 1802 grand list does not include any land tax for either William or Samuel, Samuel sells 100 acres of Lot 181 to Silas Hathaway in 1803 []. Samuel is still on the Grand List in 1804 [], although William is not. In 1805 William is back on the list [], his son Samuel is still there and another son, William Jr. is also on the list. By 1807 William and Samuel are in Franklin where they receive a warning out [] (Figure 3). William must have made his peace with the town as, despite the warning out, they both seem to have remained primarily in Franklin for the rest of their lives. For the bicentennial of the town in 1989, Martha Towle prepared "A History of Franklin" []. That book recounts:

William Sisco took up a claim, later owned by Asa Hammond and descendants. It is said that Mr. Sisco had been known to walk to the town of Swanton, fifteen miles from his home, work for a bushel of potatoes and carry them home on his back.

I have not located that claim but Asa Hammond and his wife established their home on State Park Rd. next to the present day Hammond farm [] (State Highway 236, about half way down the east side of Lake Carmi). The Sisco family name was affixed to the landscape in Franklin as Sisco Brook drains from the north shore of Lake Carmi into the Pike River that runs north into Quebec and through Frelighsburg, Stanbridge and out to Missisquoi Bay. Although Williamís pension application is filed from Troy on May 12th, 1818, I think this was probably while staying with his eldest son, Richard, who may have been helping or advising the now seventy year old William. I have not found any evidence that he lived there for any period of time and he is enumerated at Franklin [] in 1820.

Weathersfield did not record births in the 1790s so we cannot obtain direct information on the growth of Williamís already substantial family. However, five more children are identified when William and his son Samuel are warned out of Franklin [] in 1807. The name "Parrit" is a strange one. I believe it was intended to be "Harrit", aka. Harriet, who married [] in 1812. Of these children, Benjamin is born about 1789 [] and Abigail is born June 16th, 1795 []. Children are usually listed in age sequence in warnings out suggesting that Mariah and Chandler were born between 1790 and 1794 and that Harriet would be born about 1796. Harriet would not be born after 1796 as she marries in 1812. This means that Benjamin, Maria, Chandler and Abigail would probably have been born in Weathersfield. Harriet may have been born in Swanton.

In William's Pension Application, he states:

On this eleventh day of July 1820 … William Scifsco of Franklin aged 70 years … My family consists of my wife age is 68 years two daughters one fifteen the other twelve …

One of these children was born about 1805 and one about 1808. Their mother would have been aged 50 for the first and 53 for the second. Not impossible but unlikely in those days. Also puzzling is that the previously youngest known child was Harriet born in 1796 so we have a nine year hiatus in the births. I do not believe these last two children are William's. I think it likely that they are two grand daughters who are living with him. I suspect they are actually Samantha [, ] and Diantha Sisco [] Samuel's children, as the ages correspond. I will explain where this fits into the bigger picture later when I discuss Samuel.

The South Franklin cemetery contains several members of this family. The listing is not complete as some stones are broken and laying face down. I have inspected each stone, including the damaged ones, and the following is a correct statement of the information on those markers and their relative positions in row ten, along the back fence. (Since my visit a photographic record of these markers has been made available on the Internet.)

South Franklin cemetery, Franklin, VT - Row 10:

Stone #1: William Sisco Died Jan 12 1832 in the 83 year of his age.

Stone #2: Abigail wife of Wm Sisco Died Jan 12 1838 in the 85th year of her age.

Stone #3: [broken stone] Rebecca Sisco died 1 June 1876.

Stone #4: Diantha Sisco died July 7 1850 AE 43 years.

Stone #5: Harriet M Willey died Dec 26 1844 AE 22 yrs 2 mo & 18 days.

Stone #6: [broken stone] Sarah Ann 1853 AE 13 yrs.

Stone #7: Rebecca A daughter of Nathan & Abigail Wiley died Aug 13th, 1858 AE 25 y 8 m 15 d.

Stone #8: Abigail Cisco wife of Nathan Willey died Nov 18 1858 AE 63 yr 5 mo & 2 days.

Stone #9: Nathan Willey died Dec 17 1861 AE 86 yrs & 8 mos.

William and Abigailís Children

During the foregoing discussion I have identified all of William and Abigailís children. This section will discuss each in turn and their families to the extent to which it is known. As will most genealogical research, the focus is on the family name under study so that unfortunately the families of the female children are far less understood. William and Abigailís children separated into two groups. Most stayed in and around Franklin, near their parents. Three of the older children settled to the East in the towns along the upper Missisquoi River in Orleans County. It may be that they had left home before William had reached Franklin and thus did not have an obvious tie to that town. Later, some of these children and their descendants can be found in Quebec, New York and Michigan.

Franklin, Vermont

Samuel Sisco

Samuel, the second of William and Abigailís sons, is with his father in Swanton between 1802 and 1805 after which he is in Franklin [, ] where, based on the birth records of his children, he appears to have remained. His wife is only referred to as "Annis" in the available records but I shall examine this further in a moment. Four of Samuelís children have been positively identified. Benjamin, Esther and Samantha are named in the Warning Out []. It is believed they were born in the order named as that was usual when making such records. As Samantha was born in 1805, we can expect that Esther was born before 1805 and that Benjamin was born before 1804. Shortly after the Warning Out, Diantha is born [] so it seems that Samuel was able to remain in town.

My research into the Schoolcraft families [] caused me to formulate the following conjecture – that Samuelís wife Annis was Annis Schoolcraft; that Samuel died around 1816 and Annis died a few years later. Following their deaths two of their children were raised by their paternal grandparents and a fifth, to be discussed, by her maternal grandparents. Several factors came together to form this conjecture. Annis is not a common name. It is an early form of the name Agnes. If you try to find persons called Annis in Franklin County there are not that many. Annis Schoolcraft is one that shows up in Georgia [] when she is warned out in 1817. (Georgia is near Franklin and, as we shall see, there is motivation to find Annis in that town.) The phrase "Annis Schoolcraft and her family" implies she had children and thus that she was probably born before the turn of the century. It was not uncommon for widows and their children to be warned out when they had no visible means of support. However, it is also curious that James Schoolcraft was also warned out of Georgia [] just a couple of years earlier. Coincidences like that are indicative of a family relationship between the two. The male lines in James Schoolcraftís family are well understood as I explain elsewhere []. There is no possibility that Annis is a Schoolcraft widow from within that family. However, we also know that James is stated to have had two daughters, neither of which has been positively identified. Annis is an appropriate age to be one of those daughters, and has the same name as James Schoolcraftís sister-in-law! Furthermore, Jamesí 1790 census record [], taken one year after his marriage, shows two females – presumably a wife and a daughter. The daughter would have been born about 1789, the same year as James was married []. The combination of these factors makes it probable that Annis is Jamesí daughter. Her presence in Georgia with a family thus implies she is a widow with children who has reverted to using her maiden name following her husbandís death. Many widows did this.

Earlier in Chapter 2 I showed how William Siscoís statement in his pension application included two "daughters" whose ages corresponded with Samuel and Annisí children: Samantha, born December 5th, 1805; and Diantha, born February 21st, 1808. I also explained that William and his wife seemed too old to be the parents. Williamís statement was made on July 11th, 1820. James Schoolcraft is enumerated at Georgia in 1820 [] with two younger females in the household. Both these females can be explained if Annis Schoolcraft, born about 1789, has a daughter born after 1810 and both are living with James. (James Schoolcraft is unlikely to be the father of a child born after 1810 because of his age.) By 1825 [] only that youngest child remains in James Schoolcraftís household. Identification of that youngest child is tricky but essential to understand. One has to start with the death of another child [] that proves a Louisa Schoolcraft married John Truax. Her approximate age can be determined by a census record [] and her birth date confirmed by her death record []. Louisa Schoolcraft was born on November 30th, 1815. Unfortunately the death record does not properly identify the parents but this information was probably not known to the informant. That situation is fairly common with death records. Itís probably only coincidental but Louisa actually declares as Baptist in 1861 [], her presumed parentsí religion. Very few Schoolcraft descendants declare as Baptist although evidence suggests it was common amongst the Sisco descendants. The foregoing, taken in combination, leads to the conjecture that:

  1. Samuel Sisco married Annis Schoolcraft, possibly about 1803 or 1804;
  2. Samuel Sisco died in either 1815 or 1816 – within nine months of Louisaís birth and before Annis is warned out of Georgia;
  3. Annis Schoolcraft died between 1820 and 1825;
  4. Louisa [Sisco] Schoolcraft was Annisí daughter but raised, possibly adopted, by her maternal grand-parents and thus used the name Schoolcraft;
  5. Two other daughters, Samantha and Diantha, were taken in sometime between 1817 and 1820 to be raised by their paternal grand-parents;
  6. The two other children, Benjamin and Esther, would have been teenagers by 1820 and may have been working for some other household or may have died. No further information has been found for either of them.

Benjamin Sisco

Benjamin is the oldest of William's children for whom we do not have an explicit birth record. He, and four children born later, is proven to be William and Abigailís child through the Franklin Town record [] when William is warned out of town. From the 1850 census [], Benjaminís death record [], and Dorcas Gloverís statement [] in Williamís pension application we are able to infer that Benjamin was probably born about 1789 when William was in Weathersfield. Benjamin appears to have left home between 1807 [] and 1813 [] and returned to Weathersfield. While in Weathersfield he seems to have met and married Orvilla Judd [], who may have been related to Benjaminís brother-in-law Jules Judd []. After being warned out of Weathersfield he first went to Swanton [] where he appears on the tax lists for 1815 and 1816. Then he seems to have returned to Franklin [] where he dies [] in 1863. His son's marriage record shows that son to be living in Irasburg [] in January 1834. This might imply that Benjamin was also in Orleans Co. in the 1830s, but with other relatives living there this is a very inconclusive situation. Benjamin was married twice more. Sometime between 1814 and 1838 he married Nancy Potter []. His third marriage was to Mary Kirby [] in Franklin on November 5th, 1839, and is the only marriage that was recorded. Before her marriage to Benjamin, Mary was married to Jacob Truax by whom she had at least three children; Anna Maria [], William Johnson [] and Caroline []. Caroline married Edwin Towle and following Benjaminís death, Mary is living with Caroline [].

Harriet Sisco

Harriet Sisco marries Josiah Warner [] in Franklin on April 27th, 1812. We may suppose with reasonable probability that Harriet would be at least fifteen and thus born before 1797. This would make us suspect that she was William and Abigailís daughter. The Franklin Town record [] has been discussed before. The last child in that warning out is "Parrit". The record is not the clearest handwriting (see Figure 3) but it does not appear to be "Harrit". None the less, this coincidence does make me believe that Parrit and Harrit are one and the same. Possibly the person who created the Town Record mis-heard the name – we cannot know. Harriet's birth is estimated as follows. The sequence of children in warnings out places her after Abigail, born 1795. Her marriage in 1812 suggests she was born before 1797. The statement by Dorcas Glover in the pension application shows William was in Weathersfield at least till 1794 before moving to Swanton. I think it probable that Harriet was born in Swanton about 1796. Iíve not been able to locate any record of Josiah or Harriet after their marriage.

Abigail Sisco

Abigail is identified in the Franklin Town record [] and from her death record []. Her death record also proves that she was born about June 15th, 1795 and thus probably in Weathersfield. She married Nathan Willey [] before 1821 [] and they had at least five children between then and 1840. Most of this family is buried in the South Franklin cemetery.

Susannah, Filande, Elizabeth and Rebecca Sisco

Very little is known of these daughters of William and Abigail. They are the last of Williamís children for whom we have explicit birth records [, , , ]. In Rebeccaís case we also know when she died [] but that is all. It is not known if any of them married nor when the others died.

Chandler and Maria Sisco

These two children are identified in the Franklin Town record [] but no other mention of them has been found. They were probably born between 1790 and 1794 in Weathersfield.

The Upper Missisquoi River

Catherine Sisco

Catherine was the first born child on September 29th, 1773, recorded in Saville [] (Sunapee). I discussed previously why I thought that the record was misstated by one year. Catherineís marriage to Jules Judd [] is also recorded in Sunapee, although it is noted that Jules was from Weathersfield, VT. As Catherineís parents have been living in Weathersfield for several years, which is undoubtedly where Catherine and Jules met, I wonder if this was just a case that they chose to make a record in Sunapee because no record keeping was available in Vermont. I.e. The marriage probably occurred in Vermont. The 1800 census [] indicates that they had two children, one male and one female, by 1800 and had removed back to Claremont, NH. I do not know what happened to this early family as I have only managed to locate two female children, both born much later. There is no sign of Jules in 1810. By 1820 [] he has gone to Newport, VT, near to Catherineís brothers and there are four young children and three teenagers. However, this record is untrustworthy as it either does not show Catherine or mis-enumerates her as a male. By 1830 [] he is in Richford, VT, and the family is large and extended to the degree that I hesitate to draw any conclusions. No record is known of Catherineís death but Jules dies December 15th, 1861 in Stanstead [, ], Quebec.

The Jules and Catherine Juddís family is shadowy and a number of other researchers have tried very hard to discover it. Most of what I know has been at the prompting of those others. The early census record is only useful as a judge of size. I have not been able to locate him in the Federal census for 1850 or 1860 nor in the Quebec Provincial census of 1852 or 1861. This is despite his death in the region and thus the assumption that he remained there since 1830. Jules is the son of Ebenezer Judd and Phebe Warner, born about 1772 []. Two daughters can be proven, Abigail [] and Phebe [] who married Benjamin Place []. Abigail married three times. The first is to Washington Brown, proven by their daughterís marriage [], and four children are known. Her second marriage was to an unidentified person with the last name "Bangs". This is inferred from her third marriage [] to George Dean. An 1860 census record [] for George Dean shows a total of ten children, all are using the name "Dean". From the 1850 census [] for George Dean, with his first wife, we can see he had four children before 1850, Candice, Selina, Charlotte and Lovina. This implies that the children called Mary Ann and Melissa are Abigail's children. The 1870 census for George Dean lists Alvin Bangs. Thus we can see that he is Abigail's child. I believe that the Alvin Dean from 1860 was dropped as Alvin Bangs is listed as an idiot in 1870 and George may have preferred not to have Alvin considered as his son.

Richard Sisco

Richard first married Celana Thomas [] on January 19th, 1804 in Weathersfield. He had apparently remained in that town after his parents had removed to Swanton. The early census records suggest that Celana was born between about 1775 and 1785. Celana is presumed to have died before Richard's second marriage. He married Sarah Garland in Troy [] on February 26th, 1826. The early census records, shown in Table 1 and discussed shortly, imply an unidentified daughter was born between 1821 and 1825. Possibly Celana died of birth complications. A total of nine children are implied, seven by Celana Thomas and two by Sarah Garland. (The record for 1810 also includes a young adult female who may be a sibling of Richard or Celana.) It would be remiss of me not to mention at this point that the Vermont Historical Gazetteer does name seven children for Richard. However, I believe someone has confused two families as none of those names from the Gazetteer can be shown to be Richardís children and those children that can be positively identified as Richardís are not amongst the names in the Gazetteer!

In 1810 [], 1820 [] and 1830 [] Richard is enumerated at Troy but a letter by his son indicates that his original home was in Westfield []:

Vermont Historical Gazetteer: Westmore, Orleans Co., Vermont, pp. 364 Letter from Hiram Sisco:

Bloomingdale [Essex Co., NY], March 27, [year unstated]

Mr. Thurber - I received your letter last evening. I will write in answer to it this morning. I was the first male child born in the town of Westfield. Lucinda Barber was the first child born in the town of Westfield. I think there were but three families in town when I was born, viz. Mr. Barber's, Mr. Jos. Stoughton's, and my father's family - Richard Sisco. I was born on Stoughton's meadow in some shanty near the river. You will see by my writing, that I was brought up in the woods, where there was no schools. My father often told me I was entitled to a lot of land for being the first boy born in town.

Signed: Hiram Sisco.

Troy is on the headwaters of the Missisquoi River and 1.7 miles north east of Westfield. The river runs close to the road between the two towns. Other entries in the Vermont Historical Gazetteer state that Richard first came to Westfield in 1804 but built a new home, nearby, a couple of years later. Maybe the first was in Westfield and the second in Troy. I believe the statement by Richardís son is indicative that Richard was probably living close to the south end of Troy. After 1830 it is thought Richard may have gone to Union in Branch County, Michigan, where a son [] and a daughter [, ] from his first marriage, and a son [] by his second marriage, had gone.

There is positive identification for three of Richardís sons by Celana: Hiram [], William Henry [] and Charles []. A daughter called Mahala is probable based on an assertion made a descendant that "Aunt Mahalie Whitkin [Mahala Rebecca Whitcomb] was possibly a half- sister of Grandfather Albert Sisco". A daughter called Celana is claimed, but by a source that does not disclose its own source of this information. While I can prove that Ira Colburn had a wife called Celana who died in Glover, I cannot prove that Celanaís maiden name was Sisco.

It is reasonable to suppose that children are likely to be living with their parents at the time of their marriage. They are likely to choose spouses who live nearby and are likely to initially remain near their parents. From the foregoing it seems that children marrying and remaining in Orleans County would most probably be children of either Richard or William. The early census records can be used to show a count of children in different age brackets and also where the family was located at the time a child married. This is illustrated in Table 1 for Richard and in Table 2 for his brother, William. Those children that have been positively identified from other sources are shown in normal font. Those shown in italics are conjectured or claimed. By 1830, and more so in 1840, the older children are living independent of their parents. The citations indicate which census record that was used.

Male 26-44[] 26-44[] 50-59[] Richard Sisco (1775- )
Male 0-9 10-15 30-39[] Hiram (1805-1862)
Male 0-9 10-15 20-29[] 30-39[] Calvin (1808-)
Male 0-9 15-19 20-29[] William Henry (1810-1904)
Male 26-44[] 26-44[] 60-70[] William Sisco (1780-1858)
Male 0-9 10-15 20-29[] 30-39[] Obediah (1808- )
Male 0-9 10-15 30-39[] William (1809-1870)
Male 0-9 20-29[] Erin (1814- )