American Indian Place Names
In Rhode Island:

Past & Present


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A

Name
Historical & Geographical Information
Translation
Absalona hill. Two to three miles east of Chepachet [in Glocester]. Indian man named Absalom?
A’Wumps, A’Waumps Pond, Providence County, Burriville. See Allum for Nipmuck Name The fox (Quinebaug[1] tribe Indian Chief or Sachem)
Absalone See Absalona  
Absalonomiscut a TRACT of land on the west side of Johnston. The Seven Mile line ran parallel with Mooshassuck and Providence river, at Fox point. Johnston, west of this line, was called Absalonomiscut. See city records. Place of the fish trap; where fish are caught in a weir
Achagomiconset See Ashagomiconset  
Achetonsick See Assapumsic  
Acoaxet Ancient Wampanoag village See Acokesit
Acokesit RIVER. Judge Brayton thinks it is Acoaxet [in Little Compton]. At fishing promontory; at the place of young pines?; place of small fields?
Acontaug See Aguntaug  
Acquabapogue See Aquabapaug  
Acquebapaug See Aquabapaug  
Acquedneck See Aquidneck  
Acquednecke See Aquidneck  
Acquedneessucks See Aquednesuk  
Acquedneseth See Quidnesit  
Acqueebapaguck See Aquabapaug  
Acqueednuck River (a branch of the Pawtuxet), Washington County, Coventry Place beyond the hill
Acquidneck See Aquidneck  
Acquidnesit, Acquidneset See Quidnesit  
Agawan Hunt Club Golf Course, Providence County, East Providence Low land; overflowed by water; place to unload canoes
Aguntang See Aguntaug  
Aguntaug BROOK, near an island called Mincamekek, in Cedar-swamp near or in a great pond two miles due East from Westerly bridge, called Puscomattas pond, or Borden's pond. [Potter, page 65] Runs to the S. bend of Pawcatuck river, and thence to the North bend, at Ashawa [in Ashaway]. Under tree; big tree place
Aguspemokick See Aquopimokuk  
Akoaxet RIVER, in Little Compton, about five miles S. E. from Seconnet. At fishing promontory; at the place of young or small pines?; place of small fields?
Alum, Allum, Allumps See A’Wumps for Pequot name (Now Wallum Lake) Dog
Amataconet Providence County, Lincoln Observation place?; meeting place?
Anackatuseck River, Kent County ? Place where brooks join?
Anackatusicke See Anackatuseck  
Anaquacut, Anaquacutt See Annaquacutt  
Anaquatucket RIVER. Orkatucket. S. and S. West of Wickford, and within one mile of it. The road to Boston Neck and Tower Hill crosses it a mile S. from Wickford. At the end of the river; at end of the tidal current; overflowing river?
Anawan, Annawan[2], Anawon See Anawanscut He commands
Anawanscut See Annawanscut  
Annaquacutt POND, and FARM of 446 acres; sold for the benefit of Col. Angell's regiment. R. I. schedules, June 1791. In Tiverton. At the end of the river
Annaquatucket See Anaquatucket  
Annawamscutt See Annawanscut  
Annawanscut CREEK, in Barrington [Bristol per GNIS database], near the brick-kilns, and leads from them into the bay, a little N. of Nayatt point. Rock summit?; end of the rocks; ruler’s hill?; commander’s rock
Annawomscutt See Annawanscut  
Annoccotuckett See Anaquatucket  
Annocotuckett See Anaquatucket  
Annogatucket See Anaquatucket  
Annogotucket See Anaquatucket  
Anowanscut See Annawanscut  
Anshanduck See Antashantuck  
Antaghantic NECK. Three miles west of Providence tide water shore, and about the west side of Neutaconcanut hill, near the river. [Land titles, Vol. 2, page 324.] Turning backwards river (oxbows)
Antashantuc See Antashantuck  
Antashantuck Neck and Pond, Providence County, Providence Well forested place
Antushantuck See Antashantuck  
Apehungansett See Apponaug  or Ponaganset?  
Apehungunset See Apponaug  
Aponack See Apponaug  
Aponaganset See Apponaug  
Aponahock See Apponaug  
Aponake See Apponaug  
Aponaugh See Apponaug  
Aponihoak See Apponaug  
Apponagansett See Apponaug  
Apponaug VILLAGE, named from a small river, so called, running into the head of Greenwich Bay, at Coweset [in East Greenwich]. The meaning of the word is shell-fish. Opponenauhock, now Apponaug. It was a great place of resort to the Indians, as appears by banks of clam-shell dust left by them. Where he roasts oysters
Apponog See Apponaug  
Aqethnec, Aquethnek See Aquidneck  
Aquabapaug POND, near the head of Pawcatuck river, near and below Chipchug. S. W. from S. Kingstown depot, one mile. Probably Worden's Pond. The name means muddy water. At the head of the pond; the pond before (another pond or land tract?)
Aquantaug Brook, Washington County, Westerly Under the trees; big trees
Aquebapaug See Aquabapaug  
Aquedenesick See Aquidnesuk  
Aquedneck See Aquidneck  
Aquedneset See Aquidnesuk  
Aquednesset See Aquidnesuk  
Aquednet Washington County, Coventry At the island
Aquednick See Aquidneck  
Aquedoneck See Aquidneck  
Aqueedennuck, Aqueedenuck See Aqueednuck  
Aqueednuck Kent County, Coventry Place beyond (or at the end of) the hill
Aquethnick See Aquidneck  
Aquetneck See Aquidneck  
Aquetnet See Aquidneck  
Aquiday See Aquidneck  
Aquidesit See Quidnesit  
Aquidneck[3] Island, Newport  County, Narrgansett Bay On (some kind of) island; at the island
Aquidnesset See Quidnesit  
Aquidnesuk, Aquidnesuc ISLAND, now Small or Dutch Island [in Narragansett Bay], near Potter's factory, at S. Kingstown ferry. It was occupied by the Dutch sent from N. Y. as a fur trading place, before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth, or about 1616. At the small island
Aquidnic See Aquidneck  
Aquidy  or Aquidnic, NEWPORT [in Narragansett Bay], or rather Rhode Island, sometimes written Aquethnick, the middle syllable guttural. The word means longest island. It was deeded to Coddington by Canonicus and Miantinomy. At the island (See Aquidneck)
Aquitamosit See  Aquitawoset  
Aquitawoset a TRACT of land purchased by Atherton, N. and N. E. of Wickford. Same as Aquidnesit or Quidnesit. It is the shore between Potowomut and Cocumscusset or Wickford. At the small island
Aquitawosit See  Aquitawoset  
Aquitoweset See  Aquitawoset  
Aquntaug See Aguntaug  
Aquopimokuk, Aquopimekuk ISLAND, now GOULD'S Island[4], off Newport [in Narragansett Bay], once owned by Sachem Koskotop, who sold[5] it to Gould. It is the most northern isle off Newport Bay, being nearly a mile N. W. from the Alms-house at Coaster's Harbor . At the short narrow straits which separate the island from the mainland
Aquopimoquk See Aquopimokuk  
Asa Pond, Kingston and Swamp & Brook, Pawtucket Stone or stoney
Asamequin See Osamequin  
Asapumsick See Assapumsik  
Ascoamacot See Misquamacut  
Ascoamacott, Ascoamicutt See Misquamacut  
As-coc-a-nox-suck See Akoaxet?  
Ascomackock See Misquamacut  
Ascomacut SAME as Misquamacut, Westerly See Misquamacut
Ascomicut See Misquamacut  
Ashagomiconset LAND through which Aguntaug brook runs before it enters the S. bend of Pawcatuck river. This Ashagomiconset land and two ponds form a line that runs through the middle of Westerly. Where there are green meadows [for pasture]
Ashamu Dance Building, Providence Water spring?
Ashanduck See Antashantuck  
Ashanteaug Rocks, Washington County Where lobsters are
Ashawa or wake or wague, RIVER, runs to Potter's bridge and Ashawa village [in Ashaway]. It enters Pawcatuck river near its N. bend. From this junction the State line of Connecticut runs due N., and below, this river forms the State line to the ocean. Land in the middle; land between
Ashawag See Ashawa  
Ashawake See Ashawa  
Ashawaug See Ashawa  
Ashawawague See Ashawa  
Ashawawake See Ashawa  
Ashaway River and Village, Washington County, Ashaway See Ashawa
Ashawogue See Ashawa  
Ashawoque See Ashawa  
Ashumequin See Osamequin  
Ashunaiunk RIVER, in Richmond, probably Beaver river. It rises north of Ten Rod road, enters the N. side of Richmond at Reynold's factory, passes parallel with the Usquebaug, E. side of Shannock hill, to near Clarke's mill. Rock point; stony point; stony stream?
Ashwauge See Ashawa  
Askomackock See Misquamacut  
Askomicutt See Misquamacut  
Aspanansuck Washington County, Exeter High place; brook near the high hill?
Aspatnansuck or Hakewamepinke, the residence of Wawaloam, wife of Miantinomy. Potter, page 248. Supposed to be at Exeter hill, on Ten Rod road. End of dry field; edge of the bank
Aspotucket Providence County [corruption of Pawtucket ?] At the fishnet cove; at the high place; at the falls?
Assanapset Brook, Providence County, Providence Where the nest was held down by rocks; at the small rocky stream (see Assapumsik?)
Assapumpseat See Assapumsik  
Assapumpset See Assapumsik  
Assapumset See Assapumsik  
Assapumsic See Assapumsik  
Assapumsik BROOK, or spring, East from the great Elm in Johnston [Providence ?—GNIS database]. Only a few rods distant N. E. is an Indian retreat, in a ledge of rocks. Place where wild hemp is gathered to make cords or nets; great meadow; stoney crossing place
Assopumsett See Assapumsik  
Astomacut See Misquamacut  
Asuhmequin See Osamequin  
Asumequin See Osamequin  
Aswauge See Ashawa  
Awashunks See Awoshonks  
Awoshonks SWAMP, S. [& Park] end of Little Compton, a mile or two N. E,. from Seconnet point. The Indian queen named Awoshonks resided near it. Woman who rules (Sakonnet Tribe Sachem)
Azoiquoneset[6] or Nonequasset, ISLAND [in Narragansett Bay]. Fox island, two miles S. E. from Wickford. It means Spruce Pitch island. Spruce-pitch small-island place 
Azorquonseut See Azoiquoneset  
Azoruonesut See Azoiquoneset  

B

Name
Historical & Geographical Information
Translation
Bapetaushant See Bapetaushat  
Bapetaushat TRACT. N. W. corner of Charlestown, adjoining Machaquamaganset. [See Potter's History, 249.]  Hollow place; cave hiding place 
Bapetaushaut  See Bapetaushat  
Basskutoquoge See Bassoqutoquaug  
Bassokutoquage See Bassoqutoquaug  
Bassoqutoquaug, Bassoqutoquog a SACHEMDOM; or Basskutoquoge [in Exeter]. [Potter, page 63, and Land Evidence, Vol. 1st, page 33.] This was sachemdom under Koskotop, who sold Aquopimekuk island to Gould. Where trees were split; river branch place
Boxet POND, near Tippecan pond, West Greenwich. Same as Wixerboxet Small pond

[1] Quinebaug = "Long Pond".
[2] Annawan was a Wampanoag Captain during King Philip’s War (1675-6).
[3] See Goddard (2002) for linguistic derivation of translation;region comprises the three towns of Portsmouth, Middletown and Newport, and presently called "Rhode Island". A number of spelling variants exist.
[4] Occasionaly written Gold’s Island in older records?
[5] A clear misunderstanding of Native American ways regarding "buying,"  "selling" land.
[6] See Sonanoxet for other names referring to Fox Island.

© 2003 Francis J. O'Brien, Jr., Newport, RI

This material my be used for personal use, and may be quoted in publication, as long as these sources are cited: 1) Dr. Francis Joseph O'Brien, Jr., author, and; 2) Rhode Island USGenWeb (RIGenWeb) Project.
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