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St. Basil CathedralThe city is believed to have been founded in 1147 by Prince Yury Dolgoruky, who built a hunting lodge on the site, high on the hill above the confluence of the Moscow and Neglina Rivers. This lodge gradually developed into a small settlement and then a minor citadel when wooden fortifications and towers were added in 1156.

Pictured above is the famous St. Basil Cathedral, built in the 16th century on Red Square by Ivan the Terrible, to commemorate his successful military campaign against the Tartar Mongols in the besieged city of Kazan. Its mass of brightly painted onion domes and turrets is now one of Moscow's best-known landmarks.






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