is still another list of French names that was prepared by Mr. Thomas Gaillard
of Mobile after many years of persevering research. He felt the importance
of preserving them as illustrating the hardships encountered by the refugees;
there being so few family names at present which have survived.
He inquired diligently
among the public records where names altogether unknown to his generation
were found, and he called to his assistance the memories of his friends
and acquaintances as well as their private papers.
Every care was taken
to render the list comprehensive and correct. The prefixes, such as De,
Le, La, or de la, which were part of many original French names, had been
discontinued during the first century of the Huguenot's denization in South
Carolina, which was a prolific cause of complication. As examples of this
the immigrant de Bordeaux had changed his name to Bordeaux, and de la Motte
to Motte. The spelling of names was even more often changed - such as Gignillat
to Gignilliat, Gaultier to Gautier, Dutarque to Dutart and many others.
In certain cases too the refugees had assumed other names in France to
facilitate escape, and on arriving in America with the new name which was
held for some time, the original would be eventually resumed, much confusion
as to identity being the consequence. As examples of this Lineroux changed
his name to Claremount and retained it through his life, while his descendants,
of the third generation only, have returned to the original name which
they now hold.
The list calls forcibly
to mind what must have been the terrible experiences of many of the first
comers to the wilderness of a new country with the limited means they are
known to have had. The harsh treatment too of the indigent two centuries
ago who in many cases were obliged to pledge their labor for the payment
of their passage money or suffer the indignity of imprisonment was another
cause for so many having disappeared so rapidly that no trace whatever
of them has remained.
The list is as follows:
Amanieu, Anthony (Antoine), Ardouin, Arnott, Audebert, Aunant, Aveaux,
Aveine, Avila (now written Aveilhé), Aymeni.
Bacot, Baerd, Balloh,
Balluet, Barineau, Barnot, Barrett, Basson, Baton, Bayes, Baylard, Bayle,
Bazant, Beauchamp, Beinayme, Bejean, Belau, Belier, Bellfaye, Bellot, Bellune,
Benoist, Beraud, Berteaud, Bertonneau, Beselleau, Billon, Birot, Bisset,
Blanchard, Blanchet, Bourdillon, Bochet, Bodit, Boigard, Boissiere, Boisseau
(now written Boissieux), Bollomos, Bollough, Bonhop, Bonhoste, Bonique,
Bonneau, Bonnell, Bonnett, Bounetheau, Bonnoit, Boquet, Bordajeau, Bourean,
Boshere, Boissard, Bouchillon, Bouchonneau, Boudinot, Bouneau, Boureau,
Bourquin, Bourtillon, Boyd, Boyer, Bremare, Bressau, Brigand, Broussard,
Bruguet, Bruneau, Brunet, Buche, Bulleine, Bullenat, Burelet, Burgeaud,
Cadeau, Cahusac, Caillabæuf,
Caradine, Carion, Caronne, Carrière, Carteau, Chastaigner, Chaillon,
Chardon, Charreau, Chastain, Cheavoux, Chevallier, Cherenoux, Chichen,
Chovein, Christie, Clenigny, Cluzeau, Collin, Corpet, Cordes, Cothonneau,
Couillondeau, Couillet, Courage, Courier, Couzneau, Courtis, Couturier,
Dalbraic, Darques, Dealean,
De Bost, De Beaufain, De Bordeaux, De Bourdeau, De Chaltignet, D'Elauné,
D'Harriette, De Haze, De Jean, De la Baslie, De la Conseillere, De la Motte,
De la Pleine, De Leisseline, De Leseure, De Longuomare, alias Aunant, De
Lorme, De Lysle, De Richebourg, De Rousserye, De Saussure, De Soirency,
De St. Julien, De Largny, Deyos, De Vauvent, De Veaux, Dieu, Dou, Doudion,
Donnerville, Douxsaint, Dozier, Du Bliss, Dubois, Dubose, Duc, Duqué,
Duplessis, Dupont, Dupré, Dupuis (Dupuy), Durant, Durouzeaux, Dutarque,
Faucheraud, Fauri, Fauton,
Fayssoux, Festal, Fillen, Fillieux, Flavelle, Flewry, Foissin, Fostein,
Fouchard, Fraiserant, Franchomme, Frisil, Froissine, Fromaget.
Gabeau, Gaillard, Galliot,
Gallopin, Garineau, Garnier, Gautier, Gay, Gendron, Gesque, Gilbert, Gignilliat,
Gendrat, Girardeau, Girard, Gobard, Goulard, Guiton, Gobard, Gogne, Goudin,
Gourdin, Gout, Gregorie, Griffein, Grimké, Gros, Guerrain, Guerri,
Guibal, Guichard, Guinard, Guilheran, Guilladeau, Guillaume, Gurillon.
Himeli, Horry, Huger.
Jocob, Janvier, Jeanes,
Jeannerette, Jedeau, Jaudon, Julie, Jowes, Jorette, Juing.
La Coste, Lacoulière, Lafaye, Lafitte, Lafond, Lambolle, anglicised
to Lamboll, Lampriere, Langel, Lansac, Lanneau, Lardant, La Riche, Laroche,
Lartique, La Salle, Lassade, Latorn, Laurens, Lavillat, Le Bas, Le Batte,
Libert, Le Brasseur, Le Breton, Le Brun, Le Cert, Le Chantré, Le
Clair, Legaré, Legendre, Leger, Le Grand, Le Jau, Le Jeune, Lempreur,
Le Noble, Le Noir, Lenud, Le Pierre, Le Queux, Le Roux, Le Roy, Lerrant,
Lesesne, Le Serrurier, Lessade, L'Espine, L'Estargette, Levrier, Le Sueur,
Lieubrey, Lefrago, Lineroux, alias Claremont, Livron, Lormier, Lovelle.
Maillard, Maillet, Mainville,
Maginier, Manigault, Marbæuf, alias Labrosse, Mariette, Marion, Marseau,
Martine, Maryllan, Maslet, Mayne, Mayrant, Mazyck, Mellichamp, Mouke, Montgomerie,
Moragne, Moreau, Moultrie, Monnart, Monnie, Mounier, Mouzon, Moze.
Neufville, Nicolas (Petit
bois), Nivrau, Normand.
Padon, Parapel, Pardue,
Parisse, Pasquereaux, Pécontal, Pelet, Pepin, Perdrian, Peronneau,
Peyrot, Pétineau, Petit, Peyre, Pièredon, Pelotte, Piron,
Poinsette, Poitevin, Porcher, Postell, Pouderous, Poyas, Priand, Prioleau,
Priolet, Prou, Puchette, Prudhomme.
Quanbie, Quintard, Quintyn.
Rapier, Ravenel, Regnier,
Rembert, Réquier, Ribouteau, Rivart, Robert, Rodier, Roger, Rolland,
Roquemare, Roujon, Roupelle, Royer.
Satur, Saulnier, Sarineau, Scheureré, Ségral, Sécare,
Séneschaud, Séquin, Séron, Serrazin, Serre, Sevier,
Simons, Skrine, Sortie, (Soulegre and Solaigre), Strode, Sudré.
Tample, Tarrateau, Tourron,
Tébout, Tétard, Teyssandieu, Thibaut, Thisbon, Thomas, Tesscot,
Torquet, Tousigère, Touzier, Trapier, Trezevant, Triboudet, Trouillart,
Vanal, Varin, Verditty, Verdier, Vérine, Verre, Videau, Vignaud,
Villaret, Villepontoux, Vivrau, Voshat.
Of a total of
428 names in the above list, although there are many that are preserved
as Christian names, only 34 still survive as family names. Peronneau is
the most recent one to become extinct in Charleston.
In reading over
the names, among the mass which are unknown are several which enable us
to understand from whence certain names of localities have been derived.
The name "Chichen" for example, is likely to have been held by the first
owner of Chechan plantation on the western branch of Cooper River, the
spelling having been somewhat changed, and Lambolle, a name only extinct
for about a century, was probably given to a well known street through
ownership of property therein.
Coram has been included
in the list by mistake. Its sound is not French, and it is believed to
have been English. Pardue, a name still held in Charleston which is French
to all appearances, and probably Huguenot, has been added to the list by
the committee on publication.
A friend has suggested
the following names from the above list as wrongfully included. Chicken
and Chinners as being English settlers. Chastaigner and de Chattignet,
as being the same persn, De la Plaine and Fleury also the same person,
the full name being Fleury de la Plaine, de Saussure as not being strictly
French Huguenots, but Swiss who came over with Pury as late as 1733.
The committee think that Mellichamp
and Moultrie may have been originally French names, but that they are not
correctly included in the above list. Satur and Strode are also incorrectly
in the list.
With regard to Thomas Gillard,
the compiler of the list, it is evident that he was no French scholar for
in his writing of names he shows a want of familiarity with peculiarities
in spelling that are essentially French. Among the many examples may be
cited that of Lambolle, which he spelled Lamboll in his list and to which
the committee have added an e as more correct.
It is true that he did
not prepare his list until this century, more than a hundred years after
the arrivals that followed the revocation, but the two parishes of St.
Johns' and St. Stephens from which he obtained the mass of his names have
been peopled for generations with the descendants of the original refugees
who have inter-married and lived among themselves and preserved as a consequence
in their memories the names and traditions of the past that would have
been much forgotten had new blood been infused into that region.
The Committee after
careful reflection are of the opinion that the Gaillard List is a valuable
one which should be in our Transactions and that it has been prepared with
care. In the No. 6 of our Transactions will be given an opinion as to the
cause of the disappearance of so many names with so few being recorded
as having received grants of land.
The Committee also think
that it is unjust to Mr. Gaillard to suppose that he believed Chicken to
be a French name. There is an inscription to that name among the tombstones
of Pompion Hill Chapel in St. Thomas' Parish, but the probabilities are
strongly in favor of there having been the name of Chichen among the refugees,
the holder of it having settled the plantation on the western branch of
the Cooper River, known as Chechan. There is no other explanation of the
origin of the name of the plantation.
Prepared by Mr. Thomas Gaillard (son of Captain Peter Gaillard)
1 This name is Acadian and was brought to South
Carolina from Nova Scotia in 1755.
2 Ancestor of A. H. Sevier of Arkansas, U. S.
The Ravenel & St. Julien List