Department of Georgia & South Carolina
Grand Army of the Republic

The following is historical information on the Department of Georgia and South Carolina of the Grand Army of the Republic, as more information is available it will be included in the following. If you have additional information please feel free to contact the Webmaster.


Department Commander
Posts of the Department
Department Timeline
Post Histories
Beaufort G.A.R. Hall
Resources


Department Commanders

TERM
NAME
RESIDENCE
POST
DIED
1889 to 1890
John R. Lewis
Atlanta, Georgia
No. 1
February 8th, 1900
1890 to 1891
David T. Porter
Savannah, Georgia
-
February 2nd, 1892
1891 to 1892
Albert E. Sholes
Augusta, Georgia
No. 2
-
1892 to 1893
Thomas F. Gleason
Savannah, Georgia
No. 3
-
1893 to 1894
Thomas F. Gleason
Savannah, Georgia
No. 3
-
1894 to 1895
C.T. Watson
National Military Home, Ohio
-
-
1895 to 1896
L.B. Nelson
-
No. 1
August 28th, 1903
1896 to 1897
John Lincoln Clem
Washington, D.C.
-
May 13th, 1937
1897 to 1898
James P. Averill
-
-
October 12th, 1904
1898 to 1899
James O. Ladd
Summerville, South Carolina
No. 7
-
1899 to 1900
Alexander Mattison
Atlanta, Georgia
-
March 20th, 1923
1900 to 1901
Simon A. Darnell
Atlanta, Georgia
-
September 10th, 1906
1901 to 1902
Lewis Thayer
Fitzgerald, Georgia
No. 14
-
1902 to 1903
William M. Scott
Atlanta, Georgia
-
August 29th, 1926
1903 to 1904
F.D. Lee
Fitzgerald, Georgia
-
-
1904 to 1905
James A. Commeford
Marietta, Georgia
No. 1
November 22nd, 1914
1905 to 1906
Charles F. Fairbanks
Atlanta, Georgia
No. 1
June 14th, 1914
1906 to 1907
William H. Kimball
-
No. 4
-
1907 to 1908
O.P. Webster
-
No. 17
August 5th, 1914
1908 to 1909
Leander Scott
Fitzgerald, Georgia
-
January 21st, 1917
1909 to 1910
Charles R. Haskins
Atlanta, Georgia
-
-
1910 to 1911
S.C. Brown
-
No. 17
-
1911 to 1912
F.A. (F.H.) Jones
Tallapoosa, Georgia
No. 4
-
1912 to 1913
Crowell H. Brooks
Fitzgerald, Georgia
No. 17
August 6th, 1916
1913 to 1914
Philip Q. Stoner
Soldiers Home, California
-
-
1914 to 1915
I.C. Wade
Cornelia, Georgia
-
-
1915 to 1916
William B. Todd
Fitzgerald, Georgia
No. 1
October 14th, 1919
1916 to 1917
Robert S. Smith
Tallapoosa, Georgia
-
March 18th, 1920
1917 to 1918
George E. Whitman
Fitzgerald, Georgia
-
-
1918 to 1919
W.P. Randall
Atlanta, Georgia
-
-
1919 to 1920
J.M. (J.W.) Mosher
Fitzgerald, Georgia
No. 17
-
1920 to 1921
Ira M. Swartz
Portland, Oregon
-
-
1921 to 1922
C.J. Hitch
Fitzgerald, Georgia
-
-

John R. Lewis
1889 to 1890

John L. Clem
1896 to 1897

James P. Averill
1897 to 1898

William M. Scott
1902 to 1903


Posts of the Department

Ormsby M. Mitchel Post No. 1, Atlanta, GA
Augusta Post No. 2, Augusta, GA
Winfield S. Hancock Post No. 3, Savannah, GA
James B. Steedman Post No. 4, Tallapoosa, GA
Edward S. Jones Post No. 5, Macon, GA
Blue Ridge Post No. 6, Jasper, GA
Robert Anderson No. 7, Charleston, SC
Robert G. Shaw Post No. 8, Savannah, GA
David Hunter Post No. 9, Beaufort, SC
Charles Devens Jr. Post No. 10, Columbia, SC
James C. Beecher Post No. 11, Charleston, SC
Abraham Lincoln Post No. 12, Beaufort, SC
William N. Reed Post No. 13, Charleston, SC
Colony Post No. 14, Fitzgerald, GA
Delany Post No. 15, Brunswick, GA
William T. Sherman Post No. 13, Blue Ridge, GA
George Crouse Post No. 17, Fitzgerald, GA
John A. Logan Post No. 18, Rockmart, GA
Neal Dow Post No. 19, Fitzgerald, GA
William McKinley Post No. 19, Bluffton, SC
Russell A. Alger Post No. 20, St. George, GA


Department Timeline

December 11th, 1888: The state of Georgia is separated from the Department of Tennessee and Georgia and designated as the Provisional Department of Georgia by Commander-in-Chief William Warner, with Albert E. Sholes of Augusta, Georgia, being appointed as the Provisional Commander. The original order included into the territory of the department the State of Alabama, but this was later separated and organized into a separate department.

January 25th, 1889: The first Department Encampment is held at Atlanta, Georgia, for the purpose of organizing the department, at the time there was in the department Posts No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, with John R. Lewis of Post No. 1 being elected as the Department Commander. (Per General Orders No. 1, Provisional Department of Georgia and Alabama, Section 2, and General Orders No. 2, Provisional Department of Georgia)

August 9th, 1889: The Major Robert Anderson Post No. 7 of Charleston, South Carolina, is mustered into the department by Comrade James O. Ladd.

October 17th, 1889: The Colonel Robert G. Shaw Post No. 8 of Savannah, Georgia, is mustered into the department.

______ _, 1889: The David Hunter Post No. 9 of Beaufort, South Carolina, is transferred into the department from the Department of Virginia.

January 24th, 1890: The second Department Encampment is held at Augusta, Georgia, with David Porter being elected as the department commander. This encampment had a rough start when the Credentials Committee was unable to reach a unified opinion regarding the admitting of the delegates of the Colored Posts No. 8 and 9, this committee composed of Ast. Adjt. Gen. C.M.D. Browne, Post Commander Alfred Guiton (Post No. 2), Med. Dirc. J.W. Stone, Delegate Isaac Beckett (No. 3), and Post Commander I.D. Crawford (Post No. 5); Guiton and Browne disagreed with the other members of the committee that the two colored posts should be turned away from the Encampment, and a majority and minority report were submitted to the encampment, Guiton and Browne suggesting they be admitted while Stone, Beckett, and Crawford suggested they not be allowed and suggest that they form their own separate Department. In the ensuing debate and discussion Past Commander Gleason of Post No. 3 stated that whereas he had at first opposed the creation of a colored post in Savannah that it had had no adverse effect upon Post No. 3, and that it had actually been doing better since the creation of that post than at any time prior. Being put to a vote the minority report admitting Posts No. 8 & 9 were accepted by a vote of 20 to 4, however in accordance with the wishes of their post the delegates of Post No. 5 (I.D. Crawford, H. Burns, and Phil Heidingsfelder) withdrew from the encampment. Despite their admittance to the Encampment R. Washington of Post No. 9 introduced a resolution requesting that Camp No. 9 be re-transferred back to the Department of Virginia.

January 22nd, 1891: The third Department Encampment is held in Savannah, Georgia, with Albert E. Sholes of Post No. 2 being elected as the department commander.

April 6th, 1891: The Charles Devens Jr. Post No. 10 of Columbia, South Carolina, is mustered into the department.

_____ _, 1891: The Blue Ridge Post No. 6 has its charter temporarily suspended due to the non-payment of dues and non filing of reports to the department during the course of the year.

December 30th, 1891: The James C. Beecher Post No. 11 of Charleston, South Carolina, is mustered into the department.

January 27th, 1892: The fourth Department Encampment is held in Augusta, Georgia, with Thomas F. Gleason of Post No. 3 being elected as the department commander. The National Commander-in-Chief Palmer was present at the Encampment, and gave an address at the Planter’s Hotel that was held in his honor.

July 13th, 1892: The Abraham Lincoln Post No. 12 of Beaufort, South Carolina, is mustered into the department.

February 27th, 1893: The fifth Department Encampment is held at Savannah, Georgia, with Thomas F. Gleason of Post No. 3 being re-elected as the department commander.

_____ _, 1893: An application for the chartering of a Post in Frogmore, South Carolina, was denied by the Department Commander as a result of the opinion that it would not be in the best interest of the order to have a post at that location.

January _, 1894: The James C. Beecher Post No. 11 has its charter suspended.

February 5th, 1894: The James C. Beecher Post No. 11 has its charter revoked by the Department Commander, after having been suspended earlier in the year, this action is confirmed by the National Commander-in-Chief, the post was charged with violation of the rules and regulations, and were in open rebellions refusing to surrender their charter or any other property of the organization, and continued to holds it regular meetings.

March 19th, 1894: The sixth Department Encampment is held at Savannah, Georgia, with C.T. Watson of Post No. 1 being elected as the department commander.

December 22nd, 1895: The Colonly Post No. 14 is mustered in at Fitzgerald, Georgia, with 111 Charter members.

March 28th, 1896: The Eighth (8th) Department Encampment is held at Atlanta, Georgia.

April 10th, 1897: The William T. Sherman Post No. 16 of Blue Ridge, Georgia, is mustered by Alex Mattison with 20 charter members.

August _, 1897: The George Crouse Post No. 17 of Fitzgerald, Georgia, is mustered with 20 charter members.

December 31st, 1897: The John A. Logan Post No. 18 of Rockmart, Georgia, is mustered with 10 charter members.

January 22nd, 1898: The Neal Dow Post No. 19 of Fitzgerald, Georgia, is mustered with 16 charter members.

March 2nd, 1898: The Tenth (10th) Department Encampment is held at Atlanta, Georgia.

April 23rd, 1899: The Eleventh (11th) Department Encampment is held at Atlanta, Georgia.

1899-1900: The Edward S. Jones Post No. 5 surrenders its charter to the Department and disbands.

1899-1900: The John A. Logan Post No. 18 surrenders its charter to the Department and disbands.

March 8th, 1900: The Twelfth (12th) Department Encampment is held at Atlanta, Georgia.

April 20th, 1901: The Thirteenth (13th) Department Encampment is held at Fitzgerald, Georgia.

March 21st, 1903: The Fifteenth (15th) Department Encampment is held at Fitzgerald, Georgia.

April 21st, 1905: The Seventeenth (17th) Department Encampment is held at Atlanta, Georgia.


Brief History of the Posts of the Department

- Ormsby M. Mitchel Post No. 1, Atlanta, Georgia
The Ormsby M. Mitchel Post was organized on September 24th, 1884, in Atlanta, Georgia, as Post No. 21 of the Department of Tennessee and Georgia; on January 25th, 1889 the Post is re-designated as Post No. 1 of the Department of Georgia. On June 30th, 1894, the Post reported 90 members in good standing, and holding its meetings on the first and third Thursday nights of each month at the Knights of Pythias Hall on the corner of Alabaman and South Forsyth Streets in Atlanta, Georgia.

- Augusta Post No. 2, Augusta, Georgia
The Augusta Post was organized on November 12th, 1885, in Augusta, Georgia.

- Winfield S. Hancock Post No. 3, Savannah, Georgia
The Winfield Scott Hancock Post was organized on February 18th, 1886, in Savannah, Georgia.

- James B. Steedman Post No. 4, Tallapoosa, Georgia
The James B. Steedman Post No. 4 was organized on August 13th, 1888, in Tallapoosa, Georgia.

- Edward S. Jones Post No. 5, Macon, Georgia
The Edward S. Jones Post was organized on October 5th, 1888 in Macon, Georgia. Between 1899 and 1900 the Post surrendered its charter, after being reduced by death to only five members.

- Blue Ridge Post No. 6, Jasper, Georgia
The Blue Ridge Post was organized on November 27th, 1888, at Jasper, Georgia. In 1891 as a result of the post failing to pay the yearly dues or file any reports with the department over the past year the posts charter is suspended, and on March 28th, 1896, the Post, having failed to pay the dues for to December 31st, 1895, the department at the 8th Encampment in Atlanta, Georgia, remits them so that the Post is in good standing, however with the understanding that from that point forward the post will have to be prompt in the payment of its dues.

- Major Robert Anderson Post No. 7, Charleston, South Carolina
The Major Robert Anderson Post No. 7 of Charleston, South Carolina, was organized and mustered as a Post on August 8th, 1889, the parade ground of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor by Comrade James O. Ladd.

- Robert G. Shaw Post No. 8, Savannah, Georgia
The Colonel Robert G. Shaw Post No. 8 was organized on October 17th, 1889, in Savannah, Georgia, and mustered by the Department Junior Vice Commander David Porter, with sixteen charter members.

- David Hunter Post No. 9, Beaufort, South Carolina
The David Hunter Post was organized on January 26th, 1888, in Beaufort, South Carolina, as Post No. 21 of the Department of Virginia. In 1889 the Post was transferred into the department from the Department of Virginia, and designated as Post No. 9.

- Charles Devens Jr. Post No. 10, Columbia, South Carolina
The Charles Devens Jr. Post No. 10 was organized and mustered as a post on April 6th, 1891, at Columbia, South Carolina, by Department Senior Vice Commander James O. Ladd.

- James C. Beecher Post No. 11, Charleston, South Carolina
The James C. Beecher Post No. 11 was organized and mustered as a post on December 30th, 1891, at Charleston, South Carolina, by Department Senior Vice Commander James O. Ladd. In January of 1894, the post has its charter suspended, and on February 5th, 1894, Post has its charter revoked by the Department Commander, after having been suspended earlier in the year, this action is confirmed by the National Commander-in-Chief, the post was charged with violation of the rules and regulations, and were in open rebellions refusing to surrender their charter or any other property of the organization, and continued to holds it regular meetings.

- Abraham Lincoln Post No. 12, Beaufort, South Carolina
The Abraham Lincoln Post No. 12 was organized on July 13th, 1892, in Beaufort, South Carolina.

- William N. Reed Post No. 13, Charleston, South Carolina
The William N. Reed Post No. 13 was organized in 1894 in Charleston, South Carolina.

- Colony Post No. 14, Fitzgerald, Georgia
The Colony Post No. 14 was organized and mustered on December 22nd, 1895, at Fitzgerald, Georgia, with 111 charter members, V.P. Dillingham serving as the Post Commander and E. Robinson as the Post Adjutant.

- Delany Post No. 15, Brunswick, Georgia
The Delany Post No. 15 was organized in Brunswick, Georgia.

- William T. Sherman Post No. 16, Blue Ridge, Georgia
The William T. Sherman Post No. 16 was organized on April 10th, 1897, in Blue Ridge, Georgia, with 16 charter members; in 1900 the post is delinquent in its payment of dues to the Department. In April of 1902 the Post is officially disbanded by the Department Encampment, however none of the papers, property, have been turned over to the department.

- George Crouse Post No. 17, Fitzgerald, Georgia
The Fitzgerald (later known as the George Crouse) Post No. 17 was organized in August of 1897 at Fitzgerald, Georgia, with 20 charter members.

- John A. Logan Post No. 18, Rockmart, Georgia
The John A. Logan Post No. 18 was organized on December 31st, 1897, in Rockmart, Georgia, with 10 charter members; the Post surrendered its charter sometime between 1899 to 1900 to the department and disbands.

- Neal Dow Post No. 19, Fitzgerald, Georgia
The Neal Dow Post No. 19 was organized and mustered on January 22nd, 1898, at Fitzgerald, Georgia, with V.P. Dillingham as the Post Commander, with 16 charter members.

- William McKinley Post No. 19, Bluffton, South Carolina
The William McKinley Post No. 19 was organized in June of 1904 at Bluffton, South Carolina, with 20 charter members, and was mustered by Department Junior Vice Commander Edward Wallace.

- Russell A. Alger Post No. 20, St. George, Georgia
The Russell A. Alger Post No. 20 was organized in 1908 at St. George, Georgia.


G.A.R. Hall
Beaufort, South Carolina

The image at Left shows the Grand Army of the Republic Hall of the David Hunter Post No. 9 at 706 Newcastle Street in Beaufort, Beaufort County, South Carolina. The Hall was constructed in 1896 by the Post. In 1969 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places, and in 1973 was designated as a National Historic Landmark.


Resources

“By-Laws and Roster for 1889 of O. M. Mitchell Post, No. 1, Department of Georgia, G.A.R.” S. Lester & Company, Printers, Atlanta, Georgia, 1889.

Pages 16, 42 & 43, “Proceedings of the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Held at Cincinnati, Ohio, May 12 and 13, 1869.” Gibson Brothers Printers, Washington, D.C., 1869. [Department of Georgia, Department of South Carolina]

Pages 12 & 13, “Proceedings of the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Held at Washington, D.C., May 11 and 12, 1870.” Headquarters, Grand Army of the Republic, Washington, D.C., 1870. [Department of Georgia, Department of South Carolina]

Pages 5, 23, 60, 64, 143, “Journal of the Twentieth Annual Session of the National Encampment, Grand Army of the Republic, San Francisco, California, August 4th, 5th, and 6th, 1886.” Gibson Brothers, Printers and Bookbinders, Washington, D.C., 1886. [Department of Tennessee & Georgia]

Pages 18, 72, 106 & 107, “Journal of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Session of the National Encampment, Grand Army of the Republic, Boston, Mass., August 13th and 14th, 1890.” The Richmond and Backus Company, Detroit, Michigan, 1890.

Pages 8, 15, 99, “Journal of the Twenty-Fifth National Encampment, Silver Anniversary, Grand Army of the Republic, Detroit, Michigan, August 5th, 6th, and 7th, 1891.” The Tuttle Company Printers, Rutland, Vermont, 1891.

Page 14, “Roll of the 40th National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, August 16th and 17th, 1906.” Town Printing Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1906.

Page 18, “Journal of the Forty-Ninth National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic. Washington, D.C., September 27 to October 2, 1915.” Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1916.

“Journal of the Proceedings of the ... Annual Encampment of the Department of Georgia (States of Georgia and South Carolina) Grand Army of the Republic.” Department of Georgia, Grand Army of the Republic Atlanta, Georgia. (1889-1906; 15 volumes, portraits)

Page 14, “Roll of the Fifty-Ninth National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, Indianapolis, Indiana, September 25th-29th, 1921.” 1921."

“Roster and History of the Department of Georgia, (states of Georgia and South Carolina,) Grand Army of the Republic.” S. Lester & Company, Printers, Atlanta, Georgia, 1895-1906.

“Services in commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln.” Grand Army of the Republic. Dept. of Georgia. O.M. Mitchell Post No. 1, “Blue and Gray”" Veterans, Byrd Printing Company, Atlanta, Georgia, 1909.

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