South Carolina in the War of the RebellionDecember 20th, 1860, to July 9th, 1868
While South Carolina's Role in the War of the Rebellion (American Civil War, War Between the States, etc... they were even debating the name of the War while it was still going on
) is well known in regards to it's Confederate Volunteers. Not as much is known or published about those men from the State that served in the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps of the United States of America. The following is some pieces of information regarding the men of South Carolina who remained loyal to the United States during the years 1860 to 1866.
"South Carolina is to small to be a nation, and too big to be an insane asylum." - Judge Pettigru, Charleston, S.C., December 1860
Actions & Engagements in South Carolina, 1861 to 1865
During the course of the War South Carolina was, early on, one of the first battlefields with the firing on Fort Sumter. As a result of the symbolic importance of Fort Sumter the State, and particularly the Charleston area, became a focal point for the Union’s War effort on the Eastern Seaboard, and a large part of the actions from the Carolina’s down to the Florida coast were designed in one way or the other to draw troops away from South Carolina to accomplish this goal. With the entrance of Major General William T. Sherman’s Army into South Carolina in January of 1865 there came with the advance a series of running actions in the path of the army. The following is a listing of the Battles, Skirmishes, Actions, and various other engagements and expeditions that were fought from 1861 to 1865 throughout the State of South Carolina.
South Carolina Volunteers, 1861 to 1865
While the State had no white Companies, Battalions, or Regiments in the United States Army during the War, but only individual volunteers, there were several Colored Regiment's raised in the State, or with Colored men of South Carolina. The following is a listing of those Volunteers from 1860 to 1866.
The 1st South Carolina (Colored) Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Beaufort, South Carolina, ca. 1862-1863.
South Carolina Volunteers in the U.S. Army
South Carolina Volunteers in the U.S. Navy & Marine Corps
1st South Carolina Colored Infantry Regiment (Reorg. 33rd U.S.C.T.)
2nd South Carolina Colored Infantry Regiment (Reorg. 34th U.S.C.T.)
3rd South Carolina Colored Infantry Regiment (Reorg. 21st U.S.C.T.)
4th South Carolina Colored Infantry Regiment (Reorg. 21st U.S.C.T.)
5th South Carolina Colored Infantry Regiment (Reorg. 21st U.S.C.T.)
21st United States Colored Troop Regiment
33rd United States Colored Troop Regiment
34th United States Colored Troop Regiment
103rd United States Colored Troop Regiment
104th United States Colored Troop Regiment
128th United States Colored Troop Regiment
135th United States Colored Troop Regiment
Battery G, 2nd United States Colored Troop Light Artillery Regiment
- “A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion.
” Frederick H. Dyer, The Dyer Publishing Company, Des Moines, Iowa, 1908.
- “Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army for the years 1861, ’62, ’63, ’65, ’65.
” Adjutant Generals Office, Washington, D.C., July 16th, 1867.
- Compiled Records Showing Service of Military Units in Volunteer Union Organizations; The National Archives Microfilm Publications.
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