Roster and History of
South Carolina Volunteers
Company I of the 25th Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers was originally made up of the Clarendon Guard when they were mustered into the Confederate Army. The Clarendon Guard volunteered its services to the state prior to the outbreak of the War but was not accepted until later. Some of the members (who are not listed here) joined Hampton's Legion. The Clarendon Guard was organized in November of 1861, in the service of the State of South Carolina, and mustered into Confederate Service on 1 January 1862 as Captain E. N. Plowden's Company C, 21st Regiment, South Carolina. Volunteer E. N. Plowden had been reelected Captain on 1 January 1862; he resigned 1 May 1862 and was succeeded by Captain Butler. After the unit was accepted into service on 1 January 1862 , it served steadfastly until the end of the war. The unit was last shown as Company C, 21st Regiment, in the Monthly Report for 30 June 1862.
Also known as the Eutaw Regiment, the Twenty-Fifth was organized during the winter of 1861-1862 with men from the 11th Battalion who were from Charleston and with men such as the Clarendon Guard who were from the middle region of the state of South Carolina. Under the command of General Johnson Hagood in September, 1863 the 25th Regiment was deployed in the defense of Charleston for much of the war. The 25th Regiment was mustered into Confederate service on 22 July 1862.
Hagood's Brigade served on the islands adjacent to Charleston until May of 1864. They were stationed at Camp Pemberton on James Island and rotated with other units to Fort Sumter, Fort Johnson, Fort Lamar at Successionville, Wagner Battery and Gregg Battery on Morris Island. The regiment lost 4 killed and 14 wounded at Secessionville, and there were 16 killed, 124 wounded and 3 missing on Morris Island from July 10 to September 6, 1863. At this time the regiment contained 36 officers and 491 men. Some of the members of the 25th Regiment were captured on 7 September 1863 at the fall of Battery Wagner(Fort Wagner).
Upon being sent to Virginia during the spring of 1864 following the Charleston campaign the regiment numbered 764 men. The 25th Regiment played a major role in the defense of Petersburg, including the battles of Drewry's Bluff, the Bermuda Hundreds, Cold Harbor, Walthall Junction, The Battle of the Crater, and the Battle of Weldon Railroad. At Weldon Railroad there were 2 killed, 29 wounded, and 70 missing. After the disaster at Weldon Railroad on 21 August 1864, the 25th Regiment participated in the engagement at Fort Harrison.
By late 1864, Wilmington, North Carolina was the only surviving major seaport in the South. As the only seaport in the Confederacy, Wilmington had become as vital as Richmond. In December of 1864 the 25th Regiment was sent to Wilmington, North Carolina to help defend Fort Fisher. Fort Fisher overlooked the Cape Fear River on one side and the Atlantic Ocean on the other. Fort Fisher protected the blockade runners bringing imported munnitions and supplies vital to the confederate army waiting at the Virginia front. It was not an easy voyage. The three transport ships loaded with regiments from South Carolina ran aground and when they finally floated free during high tide the transport crews refused to land the troops because they were so afraid of the Federal naval bombardment. The steamers were spotted by the Federal fleet and two of the steamers retreated when the ememy began their fire. One ship landed its troops when the troops on board forced the ship's crew to take them to Battery Buchanan at gunpoint. The ship that landed with reinforcements for Wilmington carried deatchments of the 21st and 11th South Carolina Infantry and the entire 25th South Carolina Infantry. All were seasoned combat veterans. they had endured bloody fighting and heavy bombardment in other battles, but what they encountered at Wilimington was nothing like they had ever faced before.
Captain James F. Izlar led the way. They moved out fast, in single line. For more than a mile they endured shot and shell from every direction and behind them they left a trail of dead and wounded South Carolinians. The troops were thinned out by casualties and the demorilized. Many hid in the seaface bombproof wall along the way and despite threats and pleas from their officers refused to come out and fight Finally, the naval fire slackened and some left the bombproofs and joined the stuggle to hold off the Federals.. Once Captain Izler reached the fort, he could account for barely 100 men.
Once the fight was over the total of Confederate casualties in the Fort Fisher Campaign was around 2,300 dead, wounded, and captured. All of the men present at Fort Fisher were captured. The captured troops were separated into 150-man groups and spent the first night, cold and wet on the beach. They were given rations and some were heard to say about the Union coffee, "This is the first we've tasted since early in 1862." The men of the 25th had endured and fought on rations for the last year that "might have caused a mutiny had they been served to the Union army." The men who were victors held great admiration for the gallant men whom war had made their prisoners.
The day after the fall of Fort Fisher the caputured Confederate troops began to be shipped North to prison camps. The voyage north was cold and punishing. Conditions in the prisons were not much better than aboard ship. They were assigned to tents without a fire and were given only a blanket to survive in the cold, sleet, and snow of a northern winter. A great many of those taken prisoner by the Union Army died of exposure and pneumonia at the infamous Elmira, New York Federal Prison Camp. The few who later served in the regiment surrendered in April, 1865.
According to the official record of Company I, 15 members died of disease, 7 were killed at the Battle of Weldon Railroad, 16 died in Elmira Prison Camp in New York, 3 died at Point Lookout Prison, and nine were wounded.
The field officers of the Twenty-Fifth Regiment were Colonel Charles H. Simonton, Lieutenant Colonel John G. Pressley, and Major John V. Glover. The South Carolina troops from Hagood's Brigade at the Battle of Fort Fisher were the 11th, 21st, 25th, 27th, and the 7th Battalion.
The 25th Regiment was surrendered by General Joseph E. Johnson at Durham Station, North Carolina on April 26, 1865.
The 25th Infantry Regiment participated in the following battles:
#Wounded at Battery Wagner on Morris Island between August 20 and September 6, 1863
*Direct ancestors of Cynthia Ridgeway Parker
** Thomas E. Gamble enlisted on May 16, 1862 and served with Company I until he was caputured at Ft. Fisher.
He died at Elmira Prison on April
and is buried there.
# # Confederate Deaths in Jackson, Mississippi ref: Volume II of Deaths of Confederate Soldiers in Confederate Hospitals by Raymond W. Watkins
## #Buried at Blandford Cemetery,
Va. ref: Confederate Burials Vol VII
If you have any information to add to this data, please let me know.
Lt. Colonel John Gotea Pressley
Born 24 May 1833, South Carolina
Died 5 July
Pressley is mentioned three times in the Official Records as as "cool, intelligent, reliable, and skillful." Upon leading his regiment on a charge against Union forces on 6 May 1864, he was hit in the upper arm and knocked down. When his men came to his aid, he ordered them "to leave me be and continue the charge." He was commended by his Brigader Commander for distinguished gallantry. Due to a new surgical procedure, he kept his wounded arm, but it was useless for the rest of his life. After the war he was obliged to emigrate away from South Carolina and removed to California where he was a lawyer and later a Superior Court Judge. Lt. Colonel Pressley was well known and respected locally
Tombstone of Julia Burckmyer Pressley, wife of John Pressley
(Information about and photograpbs of Lt. Colonel Pressley's grave site, provided by Charles L Christian , Commander local SUV Camp and Docent of the Old Rural Cemetery, Santa Rosa, California)
Captain E.N. Plowden
It is not known what led Captain E. N. Plowden to resign. It may well have been his objection to the reorganization. Even after his resignation, Captain Plowden must have remained with the unit for a period of time. In a letter to his wife, dated June 4th, 1862, John Covert Plowden (E. N. Plowden's first cousin), writing from James Island, referred to "Cpt. Edgar" being "here this morning" and mentioned "Yankee artillery firing" on the unit.In the obituary of Edgar Nelson Plowden, which appeared in The Manning Times, p. 7, 10 October 1906, Editor Louis Appelt stated that he had served as "Captain of Company I, 25th SCV." The earlier designation of The Clarendon Guards as Company C, 21st SCV, had already been lost.
Captain Edgar Nelson Plowden and his brother, Lieutenant E. Ruthven Plowden, are better known for their role in burning Brewington Bridge and destroying the causeway across Pocotaligo, on 7 April 1865, thus preventing Potter's column from branching out into "Salem" -- up Brewington Road (see Allen D. Thigpen's The Illustrated Recollections of Potter's Raid April 5-21, 1865, pp. 59-69).
(Information about Captain Edgar Nelson Plowden from Henry L. DuRant .)
The grave site of Corporal Harvey Vinson Haley, Co I 25th SCV, CSA
Born in 1834 Clarendon County, South Carolina
Son of Peter Timothy Ridgeway Haley
and Margaret M. Ridgeway
Died 12 March 1865, Elmira, New York
He died a
prisoner of war
in Elmira Prison Camp, New York State.
his brothers for Confederate service in Company I of the 25th Regiment
of the South Carolina Volunteers at Camp Harlee, Georgetown, South
on January 1, 1862 for 3 years or the duration of the war. Prior to
he had served in the Clarendon Guard. (Web Master, Cindy Parker, is a
of H.V. Haley and of his two brothers, Isaac and Friendly Haley.)
Muster Roll of Company I as pertaining to H.V. Haley
Oct. 31, 1862: present
Nov. and Dec. 1862: no remarks
Jan. and Feb. 1863: no remarks
Mar. and April, 1863: no remarks
May and June, 1863: no remarks
July and Aug, 1863.: no remarks
Sept. and Oct.,1863: Promoted to 2nd Corporal from 3rd on the 2nd of Oct. 1863.
Nov. and Dec. 1863: On duty at Ft. Sumter since 29 Dec.
Jan. and Feb., 1864: Returned from Ft. Sumter 9 Jan. '64
(During the spring of 1864, the 25th Regiment moved to Virginia.)
Mar. to Aug. 31, 1864: present
April 20 and 28, 1864: Clothing was issued to H.V. Haley
May 22, 1864: Furloughed for 60 days
Aug. 12, 1864: Clothing was issued to H.V. Haley
Oct. 31, 1864: present
Jan. 15, 1865: Captured at Ft. Fisher
Jan. 30, 1865: Received at Elmira, New York as Prisoner of War
Mar. 12, 1865: Died of diarrhea
Mar. 13, 1865: Buried at Elmira Prison in grave #1963
(Note: Grave numbers at Elmira were changed.
The tombstone marker does not have the same number as the records show.)
by Henry Timrod
Sleep sweetly in your humble graves,
Sleep, martyrs of a fallen cause;
Though yet no marble column craves
The pilgrim here to pause.
In seeds of laurel in the earth
The blossom of your fame is blown,
And somewhere, waiting for its birth,
The shaft is in the stone!
Meanwhile, behalf the tardy years
Which keep in trust your storied tombs,
Behold, your sisters bring their tears,
And these memorial blooms.
Small tributes! but your shades will smile
More proudly on these wreaths to-day,
Than when some cannon-moulded pile
Shall overlook this bay.
Stoop, angels, hither from the skies,
There is no holier spot of ground
Than where defeated valor lies,
By mourning beauty crowned.
Old Sumter District, SCGenWeb Home Pages
Palmetto State Roots Web Sites
1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005
The data included on the web pages created by Cynthia Ridgeway Parker may be freely used to further one's knowledge and understanding of family origins. The information included on this page is from the personal research of Cynthia Parker or from information donated by others to be shared via a Palmetto State Roots web page. The information from this web page may not be published or distributed in any form, electronically or printed without written permission from the webmaster. You are welcome to print a copy for your own personal use or for donation to your local genealogical society or library. All printed copies must retain this disclaimer. The url may be shared and linked to.
This page was updated on November 11, 2008 in Sumter, South Carolina.