Reiver Family Names and where they lived



Tevidale, Esdale, Liddesdale, Ewisdale, Nedisdale, and Annandereaill,
are dales/valleys that figure prominently in the
mother of all curses.
authored and delivered by the Archbishop of Glasgow 500 years ago

I believe most of those towns must still be there on the border, though
perhaps now known by modern names.

Can someone who lives on the border and are familiar with the ancient
towns there, please let me know the modern names of the towns?

Most of the names under old spelling do not produce search results on
Google or the other majors, except by referencing back to the curse
which has been posted on many websites.

I want to write a history on each of those towns and post same on this
Berwickshire webpage for everyone of interest to read.

Don Kelly


Hi Don

I think I may be able to help.

The ancient names you mention are not towns, they are dales - valleys. These are the modern names and I give a town in each.

Tevidale        Teviotdale        Kelso
Esdale           Eskdale           Langholm
Liddesdale     Liddesdale      also Langholm
Ewisdale        Ewesdale        also Langholm
Nedisdale      Nithsdale        Dumfries
Annandereaill     Annandale   Annan

If you go to
www.multimap.com  you will be able to home in on these towns
and so locate the dales.

May I suggest when next time you use Google,  search for Border Reivers. You will find my site there:
www.borderreivers.co.uk

 

KINGS OF SCOTLAND

Alpín MacEchdach ( 825 - 834 )

831 - Diarmait of Iona goes to Ireland with relics of St Columba
834 - Alpín MacEchdach killed in Galloway. His son Kenneth succeeds him.
 
Kenneth MacAlpin ( 834 - 859 )
834 - Kenneth succeeds his father Alpin MacEchdach
839 - Eóganan mac Óengusa and his brother Bran killed in battle with Vikings end of dominance of Fortriu.
844 - Kenneth MacAlpin becomes the dominant king of the lands of Dál Riata and of the Picts which would become known as Scotia,
849 - Kenneth MacAlpin moves St Columba's relics to Dunkeld making it an important Christian Centre
858 - Death of Kenneth MacAlpin
 
Constantine I ( 863 - 877 )

870 - Alt Clut, Dumbarton Rock, captured by the Norse-Gael or Viking leaders Amlaíb Conung and Ímar after six month's of siege
 
 
 
Aedh ( 877 - 878 )

878 - Kenneth MacAlpin's son Áedh killed; Eochaid becomes king.
 
Eochaid ( 879 - 889 )

889 - Death of Eochaid; Donald II grandson of Kenneth becomes king.
 
 
Donald II ( 889 - 900 )

c.890 - Exodus of the Strathclyde Britons to Gwynedd (in Wales).
 
Constantine II ( 900 - 943 )

900 - Constantine II succeeds Donald II
904 - Constantine's forces defeat Vikings at the Battle of Strathearn
937 - Battle of Brunanburh: Alliance of Scots, Celts, Danes, and Vikings, defeated by Aethelstan of England who takes the title of King of all Britain
943 - King Edmund of England extends his rule into southern Scotland,
943 - Abdication of Constantine II
 
 
Malcolm I ( 943 - 954 )

943 - Malcolm I becomes king
954 - Malcolm I killed by men of Moray
 
 
Indulf ( 954 - 962 )

954 - Indulf captures Edinburgh from Northumbria.
 
Malcolm III ( 954 - 1034 )

1018 - Malcolm II defeats a force of English and Vikings at Carham, and extends Scottish rule into Lothian and Northumbria.
 
Duncan I ( 1034 - 1040 )

1034 - Duncan I succeeds to the Scottish throne
1040 - Duncan is killed in a civil war. His cousin, Macbeth, succeeds
 
Macbeth ( 1040 - 1057 )

1040 - Macbeth becomes king
1050 - Macbeth goes on a pilgrimage to Rome
1054 - Macbeth’s forces defeated at Dunsinane by a combined army of English, Norse and lowland Scots under Siward Earl of Northumberland
1057 - Macbeth is slain at the Battle of Lumphanan by Malcolm, son of Duncan I

 
Lulach ( 1057 - 1058 )

1057 - Lulach, Macbeth's stepson, ascended the throne and was crowned at Scone
1058 - King Lulach killed by Malcolm III at Essie, Strathbogie
 
 
Malcolm III ( 1058 - 1093 )

1058 - Malcolm III (Canmore) crowned
1069 - Malcolms married his 2nd wife Margaret of Wessex daughter Edgar the Aetheling who had been deposed by William I the Conqueror
1070 - Malcolm attacks Northumbria and Cumbria intent on expanding his kingdom into northern England.
1091 - The Norman forces of King William II of England advance North and capture Carlisle and Cumbria
1092 - At Abernethy Malcolm is forced to submit to the Normans who take his son Duncan and brother-in-law Edgar Aetheling as hostages
1093 - Malcolm invades England but is killed at the Battle of Alnwick. He is succeeded by his brother Donald II (Donald Blane)
 
 
Donald III ( 1093 - 1094 )

1093 - Donald III (Donald Bane) become king
1094 - Donald Bane is driven out by Duncan, Malcolm's III's son, who becomes Duncan II. He is killed a few months later at the Battle of Monthechin, Kincardine, and Donald Bane returns

 
Duncan II ( 1094 )

1094 - Duncan II becomes king. He is killed a few months later at the Battle of Monthechin, Kincardine, and Donald Bane returns
 
 
Donald III ( 1093 - 1094 )

1094 - Donald III regains the throne and jointly rules with Edmund.
1097 - Donald is overthrown, blinded and imprisoned by Edgar. Edmund flees to Montecute Abbey in Somerset.
 
 
Edgar ( 1097 - 1107 )

1097 - Edgar deposes his uncle Donald and brother Edmund and becomes king
1098 - Edgar cedes the Western Isles to Magnus Barefoot
1100 - Edith known as Matilda, daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland, marries King Henry I of England.
1107 - Edgar dies and is succeeded by his younger brother, Alexander I
 
 
 
Alexander I ( 1107 - 1124 )

1107 - Alexander I become king
1114 - Alexander aids Henry I in his Welsh campaigns
1124 - Alexander dies and is succeeded by David I

 
 
David I ( 1124 - 1153 )

1124 - David I becomes king and introduces the feudal system of landholding to much of Scotland.
1138 - David I of Scotland invades England in support of his niece, Matilda wife of King Stephen of England, but is defeated at the Battle of the Standard in Yorkshire.
1139 - Treaty of Durham in which David I is recognised as King of an independent Scotland by King Stephen of England.
1153 - David I dies and is succeeded by his grandson Malcolm IV

 
Malcolm IV ( 1153 - 1165 )

1153 - Malcolm IV becomes king
1156 - Somerled defeats the Norse King of Mann and the Isles establishing his own semi-independent rule as Innse Gall - King of the Hebrides.
1157 - Henry II of England takes back lands in Northern England granted to David I. The border is fixed at the Solway and Tweed very close to where it is today.
1164 - Somerled is defeated by the Scottish crown in the Battle of Renfrew.
1165 - Malcolm IV dies at Jedburgh Castle and is succeeded by his brother, William the Lion

 
 
 
Wlliam I, The Lion ( 1165 - 1214 )

1165 - William the Lion become king
1173 - William the Lion invades England but is captured by Henry II at Alnwick and forced to surrender Scottish independence
1174 - William I signs the Treaty of Falaise in which he swears allegiance to Henry II of England.
1185 - William pays Richard I of England money to finance his crusades to the Holy Land.
1189 - Scotland is recognized as independent by Richard I of England
1192 - The Pope decress that the Scottish Church is answerable directly to him and not through the English Archbishop of York.

 
 
Alexander II ( 1214 - 1249 )

1214 - Accession of Alexander II, son of William the Lion
1216 - Alexander joins the barons of England against King John. A Scottish army marches to Dover and joins Prince Louis of France who captures the Tower of London before being driven back in 1217
1217 - Peace treaty with England guarantees peace for almost 20 years
1221 - Alexander marries Joan daughter of King John of England
1233 - Building of Glasgow cathedral starts
1234 - Galloway's independent existence ends with the death of Alan Lord of Galloway.
1235 - First Scottish Parliament known as the Three Estates meets at Kirkliston
1237 - Southern border of Scotland established in the Treaty of York.
1249 - Alexander launches an expedition to gain the Western Isles but dies on Isle of Kerrara, Oban Bay, before the expedition sets sail. He is succeeded by his son, Alexander III
 
 
 
Alexander III ( 1249 - 1286 )

1249 - Alexander III becomes king and is crowned on the Stone of Destiny
1263 - Alexander III defeats Viking army at the Battle of Largs
1263 - King Haakon of Norway (which at that time included Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles) dies on Orkney
1266 - Norway cedes the Western Isles to Scotland in the Treaty of Perth.
1282 - Devorgilla, Countess of Galloway, mother of John Balliol, founds Balliol College, Oxford.
1286 - Alexander dies in riding accident leaving the throne to his four-year-old granddaughter, Margaret
 
 
 
Margaret, Maid of Norway ( 1286 - 1290 )

1286 - Margaret, Maid of Norway, inherits the throne from her grandfather Alexander
1290 - Margaret dies in the Orkneys en route from Norway to Scotland. Edward I of England is asked to select a successor
 
 
John Balliol ( 1292 - 1296 )

1291 - Claimants to the Scottish throne met King Edward I of England at Norham on Tweed to resolve succession
1292 - Edward I of England grants the Scottish throne to John Balliol.
1295 - Treaty between King John Balliol of Scotland and King Philippe IV of France which promised mutual help against the English - the start of the "Auld Alliance".
1296 - Edward invades Scotland, defeats the Scots at Dunbar and deposes Balliol. He then takes over the throne of Scotland and removes the Stone of Scone to Westminster.
 
 
Alpín MacEchdach ( 825 - 834 )

831 - Diarmait of Iona goes to Ireland with relics of St Columba
834 - Alpín MacEchdach killed in Galloway. His son Kenneth succeeds him.

 
Kenneth MacAlpin ( 834 - 859 )

834 - Kenneth succeeds his father Alpin MacEchdach
839 - Eóganan mac Óengusa and his brother Bran killed in battle with Vikings end of dominance of Fortriu.
844 - Kenneth MacAlpin becomes the dominant king of the lands of Dál Riata and of the Picts which would become known as Scotia,
849 - Kenneth MacAlpin moves St Columba's relics to Dunkeld making it an important Christian Centre
858 - Death of Kenneth MacAlpin

 
Constantine I ( 863 - 877 )

870 - Alt Clut, Dumbarton Rock, captured by the Norse-Gael or Viking leaders Amlaíb Conung and Ímar after six month's of siege

 
Aedh ( 877 - 878 )

878 - Kenneth MacAlpin's son Áedh killed; Eochaid becomes king.

 
Eochaid ( 879 - 889 )

889 - Death of Eochaid; Donald II grandson of Kenneth becomes king.

 
Donald II ( 889 - 900 )

c.890 - Exodus of the Strathclyde Britons to Gwynedd (in Wales).

 
Constantine II ( 900 - 943 )

900 - Constantine II succeeds Donald II
904 - Constantine's forces defeat Vikings at the Battle of Strathearn
937 - Battle of Brunanburh: Alliance of Scots, Celts, Danes, and Vikings, defeated by Aethelstan of England who takes the title of King of all Britain
943 - King Edmund of England extends his rule into southern Scotland,
943 - Abdication of Constantine II

 
Malcolm I ( 943 - 954 )

943 - Malcolm I becomes king
954 - Malcolm I killed by men of Moray

 
Indulf ( 954 - 962 )

954 - Indulf captures Edinburgh from Northumbria.

 
Malcolm III ( 954 - 1034 )

1018 - Malcolm II defeats a force of English and Vikings at Carham, and extends Scottish rule into Lothian and Northumbria.

 
Duncan I ( 1034 - 1040 )

1034 - Duncan I succeeds to the Scottish throne
1040 - Duncan is killed in a civil war. His cousin, Macbeth, succeeds

 
Macbeth ( 1040 - 1057 )

1040 - Macbeth becomes king
1050 - Macbeth goes on a pilgrimage to Rome
1054 - Macbeth’s forces defeated at Dunsinane by a combined army of English, Norse and lowland Scots under Siward Earl of Northumberland
1057 - Macbeth is slain at the Battle of Lumphanan by Malcolm, son of Duncan I

 
Lulach ( 1057 - 1058 )

1057 - Lulach, Macbeth's stepson, ascended the throne and was crowned at Scone
1058 - King Lulach killed by Malcolm III at Essie, Strathbogie

 
Malcolm III ( 1058 - 1093 )

1058 - Malcolm III (Canmore) crowned
1069 - Malcolms married his 2nd wife Margaret of Wessex daughter Edgar the Aetheling who had been deposed by William I the Conqueror
1070 - Malcolm attacks Northumbria and Cumbria intent on expanding his kingdom into northern England.
1091 - The Norman forces of King William II of England advance North and capture Carlisle and Cumbria
1092 - At Abernethy Malcolm is forced to submit to the Normans who take his son Duncan and brother-in-law Edgar Aetheling as hostages
1093 - Malcolm invades England but is killed at the Battle of Alnwick. He is succeeded by his brother Donald II (Donald Blane)

 
Donald III ( 1093 - 1094 )

1093 - Donald III (Donald Bane) become king
1094 - Donald Bane is driven out by Duncan, Malcolm's III's son, who becomes Duncan II. He is killed a few months later at the Battle of Monthechin, Kincardine, and Donald Bane returns

 
Duncan II ( 1094 )

1094 - Duncan II becomes king. He is killed a few months later at the Battle of Monthechin, Kincardine, and Donald Bane returns

 
Donald III ( 1093 - 1094 )

1094 - Donald III regains the throne and jointly rules with Edmund.
1097 - Donald is overthrown, blinded and imprisoned by Edgar. Edmund flees to Montecute Abbey in Somerset.

 
Edgar ( 1097 - 1107 )

1097 - Edgar deposes his uncle Donald and brother Edmund and becomes king
1098 - Edgar cedes the Western Isles to Magnus Barefoot
1100 - Edith known as Matilda, daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland, marries King Henry I of England.
1107 - Edgar dies and is succeeded by his younger brother, Alexander I

 
Alexander I ( 1107 - 1124 )

1107 - Alexander I become king
1114 - Alexander aids Henry I in his Welsh campaigns
1124 - Alexander dies and is succeeded by David I

 
David I ( 1124 - 1153 )

1124 - David I becomes king and introduces the feudal system of landholding to much of Scotland.
1138 - David I of Scotland invades England in support of his niece, Matilda wife of King Stephen of England, but is defeated at the Battle of the Standard in Yorkshire.
1139 - Treaty of Durham in which David I is recognised as King of an independent Scotland by King Stephen of England.
1153 - David I dies and is succeeded by his grandson Malcolm IV

 
Malcolm IV ( 1153 - 1165 )

1153 - Malcolm IV becomes king
1156 - Somerled defeats the Norse King of Mann and the Isles establishing his own semi-independent rule as Innse Gall - King of the Hebrides.
1157 - Henry II of England takes back lands in Northern England granted to David I. The border is fixed at the Solway and Tweed very close to where it is today.
1164 - Somerled is defeated by the Scottish crown in the Battle of Renfrew.
1165 - Malcolm IV dies at Jedburgh Castle and is succeeded by his brother, William the Lion

 
Wlliam I, The Lion ( 1165 - 1214 )

1165 - William the Lion become king
1173 - William the Lion invades England but is captured by Henry II at Alnwick and forced to surrender Scottish independence
1174 - William I signs the Treaty of Falaise in which he swears allegiance to Henry II of England.
1185 - William pays Richard I of England money to finance his crusades to the Holy Land.
1189 - Scotland is recognized as independent by Richard I of England
1192 - The Pope decress that the Scottish Church is answerable directly to him and not through the English Archbishop of York.

 
Alexander II ( 1214 - 1249 )

1214 - Accession of Alexander II, son of William the Lion
1216 - Alexander joins the barons of England against King John. A Scottish army marches to Dover and joins Prince Louis of France who captures the Tower of London before being driven back in 1217
1217 - Peace treaty with England guarantees peace for almost 20 years
1221 - Alexander marries Joan daughter of King John of England
1233 - Building of Glasgow cathedral starts
1234 - Galloway's independent existence ends with the death of Alan Lord of Galloway.
1235 - First Scottish Parliament known as the Three Estates meets at Kirkliston
1237 - Southern border of Scotland established in the Treaty of York.
1249 - Alexander launches an expedition to gain the Western Isles but dies on Isle of Kerrara, Oban Bay, before the expedition sets sail. He is succeeded by his son, Alexander III

 
Alexander III ( 1249 - 1286 )

1249 - Alexander III becomes king and is crowned on the Stone of Destiny
1263 - Alexander III defeats Viking army at the Battle of Largs
1263 - King Haakon of Norway (which at that time included Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles) dies on Orkney
1266 - Norway cedes the Western Isles to Scotland in the Treaty of Perth.
1282 - Devorgilla, Countess of Galloway, mother of John Balliol, founds Balliol College, Oxford.
1286 - Alexander dies in riding accident leaving the throne to his four-year-old granddaughter, Margaret

 
Margaret, Maid of Norway ( 1286 - 1290 )

1286 - Margaret, Maid of Norway, inherits the throne from her grandfather Alexander
1290 - Margaret dies in the Orkneys en route from Norway to Scotland. Edward I of England is asked to select a successor

 
John Balliol ( 1292 - 1296 )

1291 - Claimants to the Scottish throne met King Edward I of England at Norham on Tweed to resolve succession
1292 - Edward I of England grants the Scottish throne to John Balliol.
1295 - Treaty between King John Balliol of Scotland and King Philippe IV of France which promised mutual help against the English - the start of the "Auld Alliance".
1296 - Edward invades Scotland, defeats the Scots at Dunbar and deposes Balliol. He then takes over the throne of Scotland and removes the Stone of Scone to Westminster.

 
Robert the Bruce ( 1306 - 1329 )

1296 - - 1306 Interregnum period with no Scottish monarch and rule by Edward I of England.
1297 - Andrew de Moray and William Wallace lead the Scots to victory over England at Stirling Bridge.
1298 - Edward invades Scotland again and defeats William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk
1303 - France and England make peace, releasing forces to attack Scotland
1304 - Stirling Castle, the last of the Scottish castles to be captured by Edward I
1305 - Wallace is captured and taken to London, where he is tried for treason, and hanged, drawn, and quartered
1306 - Robert Bruce is crowned king at Scone but is driven into hiding by the English occupation army of Edward I
1307 - Edward I sets out to invade Scotland but dies on his way north. Bruce begins campaign to drive the English out of Scotland
1307 - English forces defeated by Bruce at Loudon Hill
1309 - King Robert the Bruce convenes his first parliament, at St Andrew
1311 - The Scots plunder the North of England
1314 - Bruce besieges Stirling Castle. An English army sent to break the siege is routed at the Battle of Bannockburn
1318 - Robert the Bruce captures Berwick on Tweed.
1320 - Nobles assert Scottish independence in the Declaration of Arbroath.
1323 - Truce between Bruce and Edward II fails to stop warfare between the two countries
1328 - Treaty of Edinburgh between King Robert I and Edward III which recognised Scotland's independence, ending the 30 years of Wars of Independence.
1329 - Robert the Bruce dies at Cardross Castle possibly of leprosy.
 
 
 
Robert II ( 1371 - 1390 )

1371 - Robert Stewart, the first Stewart King of Scotland becomes king
1384 - Truce is arranged between England, Scotland, and France. Scotland refuses to recognize truce.

Scottish war resumes
1388 - Battle of Otterburn in which Scots defeat Henry Percy (Harry Hotspur)
1390 - Robert II dies and is succeeded by his son John, who becomes Robert III.