Dominion Lands Policy for settlement
Dominion Land Grant Information
*---Homesteads granted to settlers were 160 acres of land, and required a $10.00 fee for the Letters Patent. Males 18 years or older could apply or a male or female head of the family. Before receiving title to the land, they had to file evidence that they were British subjects by birth or naturalization.
Proving the land
*---Settlers had to live on their homesteads for a three year period, clearing and farming some of the land and making improvements. They had an option to purchase the quarter section next to theirs as a pre-emption, by paying the market price of the time which was about $2.00 acre. Even numbered sections were reserved for homesteads and pre-emptions, while odd-numbered sections were sold.
Various Dominion Land Acts
*---The Dominion Government made an agreement with the Hudson Bay Company for land take over. The HBC were to receive 1\20 of fertile land so for every fifth township, all of section 8 and 3/4 of section 26 were set aside as HBC lands.
The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 provided that the Company shouldreceive all of section 8 in each township, all of section 26 in each township with a number divisible by 5, and the southern half and the northwest quarter of
section 26 in all other townships. In some townships HBC land was in sections other than 8 or 26. This happened if, for example, the Dominion Government required these sections for its own purposes.
*--Provisions were made that Sections 11 and 29 of each township were school sections.
*--Railway grants gave odd numbered sections to the C.P.R. for 24 miles on either side of the railroad. Later the sale of the remaining odd numbered sections were used to build the Hudson Bay Railroad.
*--Grazing Land could be obtained for 1 cent an acre for two years and gave up to 100,000 acres.<
*--The Soldier Settlement Act gave a free quarter section to veterans.
160 acres = Quarter Section = Homestead = 1/2 mile x 1/2 mile
1 acre = 4,840 square yards
1 mile = 1,760 yards
1 kilometer = 0.621 mile