|SweGGate Guide to Church
How to Read: Husförhörslängder
a *** SweGGate StarGuide *** ®
|General guide (below)||Right hand side page||Special Notes & |
|General||Volumes||Order of Records||Page Nbrs||Place Index|
|Page Title||Columns||Left Page||Right Page|
layout varies greatly from place to place and time to time but
the description below is accurate for most of them.
Many notes are abridged to save space and ink. Often home-made abbreviations were used. Places in or close to the parish were almost always abridged to a few letters not using standards. To find those study the ortsregister / byaregister to see all names in the parish.
Use your imagination and try to think like the people who wrote the note!
"What everyone knows needs no specification"
are commonly pre-printed, folio format bound books.
Each book, called a volume, usually covers either 5 or 10
When the volume was started the priest or klockare copied every person from the previous volume into the new one. To make room for new people 1-2 pages were intentionally left blank at the end of each village section. There was also blank space left between the family records for the same reason. It is important to notice the handwriting and order of these original entries since later entries are usually recognized by different ink or handwriting or when the later note is inserted between original notes. Thus you can determine the time order of events.
In the SVAR catalogues the code is "AI:" + a serial number for the volume
|Order of records||
Village -> Farm -> Household -> Family -> Other persons
The first sort order is the place
of residence in the order village -> farm or in
towns township -> housing blocks -> address. For each
location people are
registered in households. A household registry
starts with a family and then all other
persons living in the same place / farm, like employees.
|Page numbering||PAGE LAYOUT
In early HFL:s the page layout is variable and usually the complete record fits on one page. As records later are extended and more info is recorded the layout usually spans both the left and right hand pages = a "double-page" or spread. The Latin term used for this is folio.
follows the layout so that single page layout counts pages and folio layout counts folios.
Each folio has a number in a corner, usually at the top.
While most HFL:s number only each folio you will find some numbering each page - always when each page has room for a complete record but sometimes even when folio layout is used.
Most other types of church books have complete records on each page and so count pages instead.
|REFERENCING another page/folio
commonly uses abbreviations:, "pag." or "fol."
"p." or "pag" for [Latin] pagina = page.
"f." or "fol" for [Latin] folio = "double-page" / spread.
|MISSING PAGE NUMBERS - separate guide>>|
|Note that GenLine has its own serial page numbering with no relation to the actual numbers. Do not confuse those and never use that one in references in your records.|
|Ortregister = Place index||At the beginning
of each volume there is usually a place index - a list of
all villages in the parish and the starting page number for
each. Also named "Byaregister" or "Orts- och
Detail guide here.
Important: watch out if you see more than one page ref for one village. (more)
the top of the first page of each village you will
find the name of the village (sometimes on the following
pages too). Immediately after the name you may find the size of the
village / farm is given, counted in mantal (abbrev.
"mtl") and the land type (kr / kr sk / sk
for krono, kronoskatte and skatte
In the volumes for the last years of the 19th century (often only the 1890-95 volume) the names of the individual farms / houses are given as titles either at the top of a page or further down.
|Column headings||In the early books these were
hand-written and varied a lot. Always read and understand the heading or
you might have dates on the wrong event.
As pre-printed books become common from the first half of the 19th century the headings become more standardized but may vary at least between dioceses and over time
|Left page||The LEFT page
commonly has columns for
Title, name ("Namn"), birth date ("Född") and place ("plats"), death date ("Död"), moving IN ("Inflyttad" or "Hitflyttad"), vaccination ("Vacc") and sometimes moving OUT ("Utflyttad")
|Right page||>> separate guide >>|
|Last updated by||F Hae||2005-06-04 12:12||© Fredrik Haeffner, 2001-5|