|Craftsmen's Training||Employee Recruitment|
|Lärling -> Gesäll
The training stages of craftsmen
The training to become a skilled craftsman, like shoe-maker, carpenter, tailor, blacksmith etc. can be separated into 3 stages.
You start off as a lärling = trainee, apprentice. In the old times this meant that you were accepted by a master of the trade and you learned the skills by working for him under his supervision. As craftsmen schools later become available this stage also include theoretical education.
When a lärling was deemed ready he was allowed to present his gesällprov = a piece of work showing as much as possible of his skills. For a carpenter this could be an elaborate secretaire (writing-desk) with hidden compartments.
The work was presented to a jury and some other type of examination was often performed as well. In modern times this examination is standardized and includes both theoretical and practical tests. After passing this test the lärling is named gesäll and is awarded a diploma, the gesällbrev.
With this you are considered fully qualified to work in the trade. After working for several years, preferably with a master you can take a master exam (mästarprov) and if you pass you are awarded a diploma, mästarbrev and can use the title mästare (master)
In the old times only a few persons of each trade were
allowed by the guilds to set up shop in each area.
As far as I know there are no archives saving copies of those diplomas. There may however be a register of the people who passed the exams. Someone please tell me !
Regulation of May 10, 1813
|Employer required to report unemployed
On Febr 27, 1804 a regulation was issued stating that employers will be fined 6 riksdaler, 32 skilling if they lodge or hide an unemployed person.
In the labour laws of 1838 the priest is forbidden to issue a flyttningsbevis if an employed person fails to present a certificate of termination of employment.
In old times the information about vacant positions or "help wanted" certainly travelled only by word-of-mouth since most people could not read. As reading skills rapidly improved in the early 18th century (thanks to the husförhör) there could be posters, e.g. by the church which everyone visited at least once a week.
Vårmarknad & Höstmarknad
Public employment agencies
Private job centres
There will be further articles on the subject coming up. You can influence the content by sending questions / requests to me.
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|Last updated by||F Hae||2005-07-07 00:48||© Fredrik Haeffner, 2001-4|