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SweGGate History
Major Time Periods in Nordic History.

Please note that these time periods are not clearly defined in time. It varies greatly in different regions. The time scale applies to the Nordic countries only. The Mediterranean region have had the same periods but long before the Nordic countries, e.g. the Bronze age in Persia (today Iraq) started abt 3 000 B.C, 1 600 years before the Nordic region.

Time Period Period Name Characteristics
Current time   Each of the modern periods below (after the middle ages) have its own characteristics, different in art, sculpture, building, literature and music. I will refrain from trying to describe this. The time periods are not at all exact since they are different for different art forms.
Late 19th century Realism  
1800 - Romanticism  
1753 Calendar change ! Sweden changed from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar on 17 February 1753. At that time, eleven days were omitted to bring the calendar into line with the solar year. The day after 17 February 1753 became 1 March 1753.
1750 - 1800 Classicism  
1600 - 1750 Baroque  
1400 - 1600 Renaissance Revival of classical (Roman and Greek) art
1350 National laws Magnus Ladulås institutes national law superseding the previous provincial laws.
1050 - 1521 Middle ages Nobleman Gustav Vasa is elected riksföreståndare (ruler) 1521, elected first king 1523.
All church property is taken over by the crown.
793 - 1050 The Viking Era Farming, hunting, fishing but great travels, mostly by boat ("viking ships"), far away, e.g. Mediterranean sea, Russia, Iceland, British Isles, N America. The era ends by the arrival of Christianity, replacing the earlier Nordic Mythology. The period is characterized by catholic Christianity, feudal society, knights and wars.
400 - 550 Age of Great Migrations Huge populations move around Europe.
Birth of Jesus Christ  
Abt 450 BC - Iron age Tools predominantly made of iron
Abt 1 400 BC - Bronze age Tools and "jewellery" predominantly made of bronze (alloy of copper and tin in different proportions depending on purpose.
Abt 2 000 BC -   Most of Norway and Sweden are free from ice
Abt 4 300 BC - Stone age Tools predominantly made of stone. Flintstone used in the later periods. People begin to settle down, farming land and keeping domestic animals. People move north following the slowly receding ice.
Abt 6 800 BC -   Ice has melted away from Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Finland). Large parts of Sweden is however for a long period still under water. The silt deposits provide excellent farm land in almost all of Sweden. The country has literally "risen from the sea" when the weight of the ice was removed.
15 000 - 10 000 BC -   Ice edge in Denmark and Skåne starts melting. After reaching a line from Oslo through middle of Sweden into southern Finland it stopped for abt 800 years causing special ground formations. The enormous volumes of water produced, the weight of the several km thick ice have left traces in the Nordic nature that can still be seen.
Abt 70 000 BC - Latest (last ?) Ice age Entire Nordic area covered by ice extending into northern Germany and covering British Isles and large parts of Russia.

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Last updated by F Hae 2005-05-22 21:44 © Fredrik Haeffner, 2003-5