Major Time Periods in Nordic History.
Please note that these time
periods are not clearly defined in time. It varies greatly in
different regions. The time scale applies to the Nordic countries
only. The Mediterranean region have had the same periods but long
before the Nordic countries, e.g. the Bronze age in Persia (today Iraq) started abt 3 000
B.C, 1 600 years before the Nordic region.
||Each of the
modern periods below (after the middle ages) have its own
characteristics, different in art, sculpture, building,
literature and music. I will refrain from trying to
describe this. The time periods are not at all exact since
they are different for different art forms.
|Late 19th century
||Sweden changed from the
Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar on 17 February
1753. At that time, eleven days were omitted to bring the
calendar into line with the solar year. The day after 17
February 1753 became 1 March 1753.
|1750 - 1800
|1600 - 1750
|1400 - 1600
||Revival of classical (Roman
and Greek) art
||Magnus Ladulås institutes
national law superseding the previous provincial laws.
|1050 - 1521
Vasa is elected riksföreståndare (ruler) 1521,
elected first king 1523.
All church property is taken over by the crown.
|793 - 1050
fishing but great travels, mostly by boat ("viking
ships"), far away, e.g. Mediterranean sea, Russia,
Iceland, British Isles, N America. The era ends by the arrival of
Christianity, replacing the earlier Nordic Mythology. The
period is characterized by catholic Christianity, feudal
society, knights and wars.
|400 - 550
||Age of Great Migrations
||Huge populations move around
|Birth of Jesus Christ
|Abt 450 BC -
predominantly made of iron
|Abt 1 400 BC -
"jewellery" predominantly made of bronze (alloy of
copper and tin in different proportions depending on
|Abt 2 000 BC -
||Most of Norway
and Sweden are free from ice
|Abt 4 300 BC -
predominantly made of stone. Flintstone used in the later
periods. People begin to settle down, farming land and
keeping domestic animals. People move north following the
slowly receding ice.
|Abt 6 800 BC -
||Ice has melted
away from Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Finland). Large
parts of Sweden is however for a long period still under
water. The silt deposits provide excellent farm land in
almost all of Sweden. The country has literally "risen
from the sea" when the weight of the ice was removed.
|15 000 - 10 000
||Ice edge in
Denmark and Skåne starts melting. After reaching a line
from Oslo through middle of Sweden into southern Finland it
stopped for abt 800 years causing special ground
formations. The enormous volumes of water produced, the
weight of the several km thick ice have left traces in the
Nordic nature that can still be seen.
|Abt 70 000 BC -
||Latest (last ?) Ice age
area covered by ice extending into northern Germany and
covering British Isles and large parts of Russia.
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|Last updated by
||© Fredrik Haeffner, 2003-5