|Spelling of Swedish language - some historical notes.|
(spoken) language is constantly developing - or better:
people are changing the language - and spelling changes
gradually. Anders von Höpken phrased this very elegantly
in his acceptance speech when elected to the Svenska
Akademin in 1786:
"Det står ej uti vår magt att skapa et annat språk än folket i allmänhet talar"
(It is not in our power to create a language other than that spoken by most people
Svenska Akademin is the official normative board for Swedish language and literature).
In 1869 the Nordiska rättstavningsmötet (Nordic meeting on correct spelling) set off movements for the modernisation of Swedish spelling. After lengthy debates the government decided on rättstavningsreformen (spelling reform) in 1906 - in parts opposed by the Svenska Akademin. This prescribed several major changes and a revised dictionary was published in 1921 but the new rules were used in most schools long before that.
|Simple guide to know which Nordic language is used|
|Please note that this is NOT 100 %
A few cautionary notes:
1 This applies only to Nordic languages (see
A few other European languages use the letters used for identification here, e.g. Turkish uses ö, German uses ä and ö but not å etc.
NOTE: Your browser may not show the special letters in
column 2 properly depending on the language settings in
|If you find||it is probably|
|ö (o umlaut)||Swedish|
|å (a-circle) AND ø (o-slash)||Norwegian|
|ø (o-slash) BUT NO å (a-circle)||Danish|
|many accented letters and especially ð or þ||Icelandic|
|several words with double "i" and double "k"||probably
|Last updated by||F Hae||2005-05-11 18:05||© Fredrik Haeffner, 2001-5|