|SweGGate Theme: Military|
|Rank||Used in period||Comments|
|Förare||16th - early 19th century||Literal meaning: guide. Modern: driver (of car, train etc)
Junior officer. Main tasks were to
1 assist the fänrik.
2 carry the company banner (the phrase föra fanan = carry the banner) during march but handed it over to the fänrik during battle
3 organize march roads and camp locations
4 oversee the military aspect of care for the sick and wounded. The medical tasks were performed by the fältskär
Do not confuse with furir (below)
(described in De la Chapelle's book 1669 and Söderman's book 1679)
|Furir||16th - 20th century||[from old words for animal food] Junior officer.
Main tasks were to
1 organize camp and lodging for military units (or royal travelling party)
2 acquire food for animals and personnel
Later a rank in the army (cf 1940)
|Fältväbel||early 1600 - 1833||[from Ger feldwebel] a position in an army company = the senior (counting service years) underofficer (non-commissioned officer). The title was changed to fanjunkare in 1833. (Note that fanjunkare is also a rank - not necessarily in the position named fanjunkare)|
|Bardskär||middle ages||[from Ger bart = beard, scherer = cutter]
originally a barber who, when he was part of a military unit, also
performed surgical procedures like cutting open infected wounds,
Also barskärare, bårdskärare.
|Fältskär||1571 - 1896||[fält = (n) field, skär from skära
= (v) cut]. From 1571 the formal military title for the "bardskär".
Their tasks were mainly medical assistants performing koppning, åderlåtning,
lavemang, badning (baths) etc. Also named badare
There have been civilian fältskär as well
|Last updated by||F Hae||2004-12-29 08:06||© Fredrik Haeffner, 2005|