Dr. Johnson's Harrison Notes January 1997 Part 1SearchesFamily TreesMailing
HARRISON NOTES January 1997
Charles W. Johnson.
8514 Rockmoor, San Antonio, Texas 78230
© 1997 Charles W. Johnson, M.D.
MEMOIRS OF CATHERINE BROWN, A Christian Indian of the Cherokee Nation, by Rufus
Anderson, A.M. Originally published 1825. This is a small book of 132 pages
about a devout Cherokee young woman of unusual scholarly capabilities, who lived
in the vicinity of Thomas Harrison who got a reservation of 640 acres. He lived
on the Tennessee River in Alabama and about whom much of my last Harrison Notes
was devoted. I was hoping that this book would have something to say about
Thomas Harrison but it does not. This is largely a collection of letters she
wrote to the various missionaries and teachers with whom she was so closely
attached. She grew up with no knowledge of the English language even though her
parents were not full blooded Cherokees. She also had no idea of Christianity.
That soon changed and she went to Brainerd School operated by Presbyterian
Missionaries about 100 miles east of her home. Her interest was scholarship at
first, at which she was an excellent student, but she also became a devout
Christian and teacher back home at Crow Path. She was born about 1800 but died
1823 at age 23 of tuberculosis.
The writing she did and published in this book was religious in nature which is
somewhat dissapointing to genealogy since she has very little to say about her
neighbors or the trials and tribulations of the Cherokee who were in the process
of being displaced by whites, many of whom were thieves and scoundrels and not
restrained by their fellow whites. The Cherokee village of Crow Path was
somewhat scattered and probably more of a collection of small farms in a
beautiful setting which is now Guntersville State Park and a TVA lake created by
Guntersville Dam, called Guntersville Lake. This is in Marshall County, Alabama
not far from Huntsville.
p 30. Letter of Catherine from Brainerd 1818. All the Cherokee brothers and
sisters are well. Three of the scholars, viz. Lydia Lowry, and Alice and Peggy
Wilson we hope have obtained an interest in the Savior. Mr. Wilson came here,
and wished to take his daughters on a visit to Mr. Brown's. (He later sent word
he was withdrawing his daughters from school).
p 38. Letter from Chiefs of Creek Path. We the headmen of Creek Path town,
Cherokee Nation, have this day assembled ourselves together for the purpose of
devising some plan for the education of our children. We daily witness the good
effects arising from education, and therefore are extremely anxious to have a
school in our neighborhood. (They got two: one for males taught by Mr. Butrick
and one for females taught by Catherine).
p 52. Catherine mentions one of her sisters, Mrs. Gilbreath. (Very interesting
in that Rev. Thomas Harrison of Buncombe to St. Clair Co. IL was married to a
Gil-breath of Mecklenburg and Buncombe !1! - related?)
p 62. Catherine's diary. July 1, 1821. (Attended church services and communion
during the day). P.M. Went to Mr. G's where Mr. Potter preaches once in two
weeks. Most of the people present were whites, from the other side of the river.
It was pleasant to hear a sermon preached without an interpreter... p 63. Sept
4, 1821. I am now with my sister, with whom I expect to spend a few days. I hope
the Lord will make our communion sweet. Visited at Mr. ___ 's but had no
opportunity of conversing with Mrs.____on religious subjects as we intended to
have done. Mr.____said he had seen so many different ways among professed
Christians, that it was hard to tell who was right. I felt too ignorant to
instruct such a well educated man; though I
knew that there is but one way under heaven, whereby men can be saved, and that
is by coming to Him, who came to seek and to save that which was lost.
... Sept 9, 1821. Returned yesterday from sister G's ....comment: I am guessing
that the blanks above are G's and G stands for Gunter - Edward Gunter, who
operated the ferry and for whom Gunter's landing and Gunter's Lake and
Guntersville is named. Thanas Harrison lived 2 miles from Edward Gunter who was
a chief who went to Oklahoma and was prominent there. I could be wrong. I am
guessing that when she refers to Sister G. she means sister in the Biblical
sense but of course she did have an actual sister Mrs G - Gilbreath. Another
possibility is that the blanks where there is no initial could be H - Harrison,
who was "such a well educated man".
p 82. She refers to brother W. meaning her brother Walter and brother A. who
apparently was not her real brother but a Cherokee named John Arch who was an
assistant pastor and her brother David who also went into the ministry and went
east to be educated at Cornwall, Conneticutt. Walter was a trader but gave it up
p 85. A letter from Catherine to her brother David away at school and she at
Brainerd in 1823, for a visit...I left home last week, in company with Mr.
Boudinot (Editor and publisher of the Cherokee Newspaper made famous by Sequoyah
and his alphabet and written language for the Cherokee), and sister Susan (I
think one of her favorite Cherokee pupils - but she did have a real sister
p 95. As she was very ill and dying. They were taking her to Dr. Campbell
probably in Huntsville, down the Tennessee River. She was unable to endure a
carriage for this long ride so they carried her from home, six miles on a litter
to the Tennessee River where she was transported by boat 40 miles down river and
they disembarked at Trianna and then by litter again about 5 miles to Dr.
Campbell's. These were mostly Cherokees who did not speak English very well and
they were concerned that with all the arrangements for this trip to have someone
along who could speak English well. This may not have been to Huntsville, though
Dr. Campbell, with whom she stayed until death did live there but not
necessarily at this time. Catherine wrote a letter from her sick-bed dated June
13, 1823 from Limestone.
p 124. BROWN GENEALOGY. Her father was John Brown, son of a man named Brown who
had long been dead. Maybe he was white or part Indian. The mother of John Brown
was a full blooded Cherokee as was the mother of Mrs. Brown, but her father was
white. They lived as Cherokees with no knowledge of the English language or
customs. Catherine's brother Dick was a Colonel in the Creek War and commanded
many warriors under General Jackson and he was severely wounded at the Battle of
Her father was married three times with three sets of children. The third wife
was Betsy or also called Wattee who moved to Arkansas Territory as did her
parents after her death. One of these children was Polly who was Mrs. Gilbreath.
Polly was pious.
The second wife and third wife were both at the same time but the second, Sarah
had previously been married to a Webber. They had a daughter Mrs. Looney.
ROBERT ARMSTRONG'S SURVEY BOOK OF CHEROKEE LANDS BY James L. Douthat. These are
surveys done of lands created from the treaty of 27 February 1817. This is not
from original survey notes but previously written up and in the Chattanooga
Public Library. These are not in chronological order and to offer further
confusion many are dated the same day but many miles apart and impossible for
him to do on the day stated. Sometimes the plats drawn do
not match the description with the plats. Often it is impossible to locate these
plats accurately due to lack of reference points.
These grants were given by John C. Calhoun, Secy of War - an attempt to
"Americanize" the Cherokee and each recipient had to become a US citizen. This
eliminated Cherokee Nation lands in the east, except for one tract, #26
indicated on a map which was a triangular tract bounded by the Tennessee River,
the Georgia border and the corner of GA, TN and NC. But this was later given up
in 1835 with the removal of the Cherokees to Arkansas Territory.
These surveys are for 640 acres each and include areas of TN, AL and GA and
maybe bits of NC.
Thomas Harrison is listed as entitled to 640 acres but no plat or survey is
shown. Does this mean that he was then dead and his heirs of a different name
have it listed under their name? Or does this imply that the 640 acre plat for
Thomas Harrison was not where he lived on the TN River in AL, but in Marion
County, TN where either the same Thomas Harrison or a different Thomas Harrison
got the reservation? Or, was the Cherokee name for Thanas used - whatever that
I can identify some neighbors of Thomas in Alabama and also some in Marion
County, TN. These are often in groups of neighbors adjacent to each other. Many
of these border on the Tennessee River or tributaries thereof.
p 35. James Brown. p 38 William Brown, p 43 John Brown. These should be of the
family of Catherine Brown with whose book I began this paper. They were
evidently important, operating several ferries on the Tennesse River and on the
North side of the river.
p 46 Edward Gunter. (2 miles from Thomas Harrison). He is on a short list of the
most prominent people who got their 640 acre reservations in fee simple
p 39 George Lowry on Battle Creek. p 40 Elizabeth. Pack at an intersection of
the Georgia Road and the Valley Road. (she was a Lowry). p 41 Elizabeth Lowry on
Battle Creek, Georgia Road and her boat landing of the Tennessee River. p 45
James Lowry on Battle Creek. These are all in Marion County, TN and I believe
all adjacent to one or the other. These Lowrys and Elizabeth Pack were all on
that short list to get their reservations in fee simple.
GEORGIA GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY, Vol 5, 1968. This is a special extra
Indian Issue prepared by James Puckett, an historian with a book to be
forthcoming. Though an historian he also has a hobby of genealogy. He is also
author of other articles on Indians of GA and of the eastern Cherokee.
He comments that the Cherokee Nation was the western frontier before they were
removed and that national barrier included much of Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee
and Western NC and SC. That frontier was like other frontiers with many pioneers
pushing west all the time and with little consideration for the fact that the
land was already occupied by another nation. He starts with sane genealogy of
p 417. John Ross, Principal Chief for over 40 years was 1/8th Cherokee and the
son of Daniel Ross, a Scotsman... John Martin was the nephew of General Joseph
Martin, the first US Indian Agent of the area and was descendant of Nancy Ward,
"beloved woman" of the Cherokee (sort of like a goddess). He was first Chief
Justice and Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation. Joseph Vann "Rich Joe", was son of
James Vann and wife Peggy, who was daughter of Walter Scott. Full bloods
included: Elias Boudinot, Editor of the Cherokee Phoenix, orator, teacher and
minister. His brotehr was Stand Watie, a Brigadier General in the Confederate
Army, and the last to surrender to the Yankees. Major Ridge, an orator and
leader. His son John Ridge and Elias
Boudinot married prominent white women in Cornwall Connecticut (where Catherine
Brown's brother David went to study for the ministry)
Principal Chief John Ross married Quatie (Elizabeth BROWN Henley). They had a
daughter Jane who married Return Jonathan Meigs, Head of the Indian Agency.
Chief John had a brother Andrew m Susan LOWREY, a sister Margaret m Elijah Hicks
(famous educated chief) and a sister Maria who m JONATHAN MULKEY... Recall that
Thomas Harrison who owned the land in Sullivan Co. TN on Horse Creek, sold it
with the help of Jonathan Mulkey to whom he had given Power of Attorney. (Most
Jonathan Mulkeys I have run into were Baptist preachers and I understand that
this was one such. Perhaps this one was white but with this marriage, very
likely they had a son Jonathan who was considered a Cherokee, though probably
had very little Cherokee blood, like 1/16th or So.
p 419. A strange document in the National Archives is unsigned but in the
handwriting of Return Jonathan Meigs. It is headed "Charles Fox Taylor's
Pedigree" and dated Nov 14, 1811. Meigs tells about him being a British Army
Captain with extensive Armorial entitlements and married a Cherokee woman and
became a very prominent Cherokee leader even though he had no Indian blood.
A Reservation simply meant that a plot of land was reserved for certain
influential tribal members, usually 640 acres and if desired included US
p 420. This is a letter from Saml A. Wales to Gov. George Gilmer of GA
responding to the Governor's request for information about John Martin and the
two Wat Adairs written in 1831. Mr. Wales knew these people for many years. He
says: John Martin, Treasurer of the Nation was the son of a white man, John
Martin. His mother was a half breed and thus John Martin was '-i Cherokee and a
fine gentleman. (He lived at luxurious Carter's Quarter at New Echota, the
Cherokee Capital and was very wealthy. It was here that Rev. Jeremiah Harrison
moved and preached. Rev. Jeremiah's daughter Lydia married Rev. Joab Humphries,
apparently of this area. I also learn later on in this issue that some Humphries
are Cherokee)... Wat Adair, the Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation is the son
of a white man by the name of Edward Adair and his mother was a half breed. His
father lived Pendleton Dist. SC. As soon as Wat could be removed from his
mother, he was reared in his father's home as a white, was educated in the
finest schools in SC and inherited his father's whole and considerable estate,
though he squandered it in a few years. Wat was the Sheriff of Pendleton
District and so very popular that he could have received any office the District
was able to give. But he took a reserve in Hall County, GA under the last
Cherokee Treaty and lived there until 1824 when it was sold to the US
Government. Since then he has lived among the Cherokees and married a neice of
John Martin. (This was Red Wat Adair - with red hair as I understand)... Black
Wat Adair is the son of a white man named John Adair who was a brother of Edward
Adair. His mother was a half breed and he too grew up in Pendleton Distict SC.
He married into a very respecable family; Thompson and moved to this county (The
County that Clarksville,, GA is in). He too had a reserve in this county and it
too was sold in 1824. The Thompsons are whites living in the Cherokee Nation and
they are the brothers of black Wat's wife. Thompsons also married Martins and
the neices of Martins. A son of Black Wats also married a daughter of Martin...
none of these people have any Indian appearance.
p 421. Another letter to Gov. Gilmer from Benjamin Cleveland from Clarksville,
GA 1831. It gives similar information about Martins and the Wats Adairs.
(Incidentally, these Adairs descend from the famous very early
Indian trader and writer James Adair who settled in Laurens County, SC and I
know a number of experts on Adairs who are similarly descended) ... The father
of John Martin was a native of Virginia and the brother of General Joseph
Martin. The writer has known John Martin since they were both age 10 and they
went to school together. He was raised mainly by a brother in law who was a very
decent white man. His father died before he was grown. Both of the Wats Adairs
and John Martin were US Citizens through the treaty of 1818. The Adairs were
p 421. A list of tenants under Doublehead's Claim at Muscle Shoals 1809. by
Return J. Meigs. There are 20 Lessees under Doublehead and under one of these
Lessees; Clark D. Hall, he has 18 sub - lessees. (Doublehead apparently had a
good thing going with bribes and such and numerous Cherokee Chiefs considered
him a traitor to the cause). No names that excite me on this list but one is
Doctor Daniel Potter whom Catherine Brown mentions as a preacher she heard at
Mr. G's. Ther are also a number of Butlers and Catherine mentions a Doctor
Butler. These are all white names. Meigs makes the comment: A number of people
have expended their all in building and making improvements on the land.
p 422. A list of White Men employed amongst the Cherokees... not very exciting..
some skilled people such as blacksmiths and mill operators, ferries and school
teachers listed with their employer who are among the elite of the Cherokee -
nothing exciting . ... a brief article about Louis Philippe, Duke of Orleans and
later King of France, came to America in 1797 and wanted to see Indians. He was
taken to Tellico Blockhouse for the visit and there met with Cherokees including
John Watts, War Chief and Little Turkey, Peace Chief and hundreds of Cherokee
who put on a ball game with hundreds playing this rather violent game. The Duke
made a wager of six gallons of brandy. He became so carried away with the game
(or brandy?) that he fell off of his horse, just sitting there watching and he
was injured. He bled himself as was his custom and felt better. The Cherokee
were interested in this bleeding treatment and begged him to bleed one of the
chiefs who was feeling very ill. The chief immediately improved and to reward
the future King he was given the honor of sleeping between the Chief's
grandmother and his great aunt, the oldest and most venerated squaws of the
p 423. Permits to hire white persons and their employees.. no date but
apparently a document of the Cherokee Nation. These are issued to the wealthy
Cherokee who wish to hire such and the names of the people they were authorized
to hire. Nothing remarkable here. No Harrisons or others of note.
p 424. White Men with Indian Families. This gives names, location and comments
as to their economic status. on this list are:
Ton Ben Adair of Hightower, "well to do". and married to Peggy, widow of James
Vann, sold house at 00thealooga to Moravian Mission Board, where Jahn Gambold
began the mission, still standing a few miles south of Calhoun, Rev. Gambold is
buried there. (This is not Spring Place where Rev. Nathan Harrison was and Rev.
and Mrs. Gambold ran the Moravian Mission and School. The Georgians chased the
Moravians out and Spring Place and the Mission became the seat of government of
the county, and the courthouse. But later the Moravians were let back in and
this site was evidently their new mission school. This would be closer to where
Rev. Jeremiah Harrison preached and daughter Lydia married Rev. Joab Humphries
and moved back to Chatsworth, three miles from Springplace to build Harrison
Methodist Chapel, named in honor of Rev. Humphries' wife Lydia's father.
Also on this list is #23. ___ Humphries living at Hightower of modest
circumstances. Also at Hightower was Rev. James Trott, Methodist.
p 425. List of persons who have taken the prescribed oath and are permitted to
continue thereby their residence in that part of GEORGIA occupied by Cherokees.
No date. This is a list of several pages including:
John Black, miller with 3 children.
Stephen and William Carell single, farmers.
James Humphries farmer with wife and 3 children
This list, it is noted, includes white men with Indian families who do not want
to be citizens of the Cherokee nation but remain GA citizens.
p 430. List of prisoners taken by the Cherokees - no date. Only 6 persons but
including GEORGE BROWN, age 15 from the Tennessee River. These are all children
with George Brown the eldest.
p 433. Cherokee census of 1835, east of the Mississippi. This is also known as
the HENDERSON ROLL, which I have gone into before and recently but this is not
the complete information but just the names prepared for intended removal to
Indian Territory. Worth reviewing.
9 Adairs, 5 Browns, Elias Boudinot, 3 Davis including John, Isaac and
Maxwell Chambers.. this is the same name as the very prominent man of Salisbury,
Rowan Co. NC, 1 Gains, ALEX GILBREATH.. the only Gilbreath on the census, so
likely the husband of Polly, the sister of Catherine Brown whose first name is
not given in her book, James, John, John, Sally, Rose and Jack Hawkins . .???
I have run into my wife's Buncombe Hawkins in Georgia about this time. They went
to Murray County GA between 1830 when they were in Buncombe and 1840 when they
were in Murray. This included two John Hawkins probably father and son and with
them a very elderly woman who is back in Buncombe in 1850, blind and born in VA
and named Elizabeth Hawkins. Many children and many slaves in GA but no trace
after 1840 for the John Hawkins. James and William Hawkins also dissappeared
between 1830-1840 and I figured to Georgia, but James returned to Buncombe by
1860... Does this mean that the Buncombe Hawkins had Cherokee blood??? We know
one, probably related, who did marry a Cherokee . ...My wife's gg grandparents
were Thomas Harrison m Arm Lord and Thomas Hawkins who m Dorothy Worley. They
lived next door to each other and produced Jesse Harrison and Caroline Hawkins
who were my wife's great grandparents. Did both have Cherokee blood?
Jonathan Mulkey, already discussed.
Mannings. There were Manning/Hawkins marriages. Mannings Cherokee blood too?
Timberlakes, including Richard Timberlake, which is the same name as a very
early and famous explorer, Lt. Richard Timberlake of VA. It appears he left a
little white blood among the Cherokees.
p 436. Captain John Brown's Company, Col. Gideon Morgan Jr.'s Regiment of
Cherokees. (This the brother or uncle of Catherine Brown who apparently later
became Colonel or called that). A list of 110 soldiers mostly with Indian names,
but some white sounding such as Richard Timberlake, Thomas Manning. I recognize
many of these names who got reservations along the TN River system.
p 438. The FEDERAL ROAD. This went from Athens, GA to the Cherokee Agency of
Col. Meigs. There was much delay and much controversy over this by the Cherokees
since it favored some individuals and not others and in general was opposed by
most Cherokees. Yet it finally got built. After being built, the agreement was
that the US Govt would maintain it, but they did not and the Cherokee involved
petitioned the US to let them maintain it on their own, to keep it operable.
p 439. The Wofford Settlement. The first US treaty with the Cherokee
was Hopewell in 1785 at Kiowee in SC. This established the Hopewell Treaty line
but Colonel William Wofford of the recent Revolution with family and friends
came to Franklin County, GA (There were two Thomas Harrisons there but both were
there before Wofford). In 1790 he established a settlement there named for him
on land he bought. It turned out that his settlement was across the border into
Cherokee land. 'this was discovered 13 years later by Benjamin Hawkins, the
Indian Agent, and he notified the Cherokee and the settlers that this broached
the Hopewell Treaty which he had negotiated. The Cherokees were upset and
demanded the settlers be moved out with the exception of Thomas Hopper, an old
man, with an elderly wife who was a Cherokee. They also agreed that one from
each family was permitted to remain until Christmas to gather their crops they
had already planted, and that white women may stay with their red husbands
because men love women and women love men. But the matter was negotiated and the
Wofford Strip, 4 miles wide by 34 miles long was purchased by the US with money
and yearly payments to the Cherokee called an annuity. They paid $5,000 in cash
but somehow the treaty got lost and none of the annuity payments were made. Both
sides forgot about this for about 20 years! Col Wofford made a list of the
settlers in 1804. The list included: Robert, William and James Brown. Carroll,
Manning, Castleberry (connections with Harrisons in Mecklenburg, NC)
__p 445. (more about the Reservees under the treaties of 1818-1819 in which
Thomas Harrison was granted 640 acres on the TN River). This lists persons now
in office in the Cherokee Nation:
__John Ross, principal chief
__John Martin of Georgia, National Treasurer and present delegate to Congress.
(US or Cherokee Congress?)
__Walter S. Adair, GA, Judge of the Supreme Court
__Walter Adair, GA, Circuit Judge
__John Duncan, former circuit judge
__Andrew Ross, Judge Supreme Court
__John Miller National interpreter (see later, relative of Sam Houston)
__Richard Taylor late delegate to Congress
__EDWARD GUNTER, one of their national senate.
__George Ward,____"__" "__"__"
__George Lowry, assistant principal chief
The list names 107 with Life Reservations, such as Thanas Harrison for 640 acres
and names 39 others with "fee simple" reservations (preferred and to the most
important people such as the above list of officers. However, in ROBERT
ARMSTRONG'S SURVEY BOOK, there were 110 surveys for these reservations, meaning
that 36 authorized were not done by Robert Armstrong, apparently and Thomas
Harrison not on Armstrong's list, as 35 others were not on Armstrong's list.
Why? Did sane of the recipients change their minds? Die? Yet we know that Thomas
Harrison or at least his heirs did get the reservation. Perhaps could have been
cancelled if Thomas or heirs abandoned it or took up land in Indian Territory. p
449. Letter from Sam Houston to Governor McMinn of Tennessee 1823 (Sam Houston
was Gov. of TN but I do not recall just when and he was involved with the
Cherokee Agency both in the East and the West before he was Governor of Texas).
He was writing Gov. McMinn to encourage him to become the replacement for Return
J. Meigs when he died or resigned because of old age - which had not yet
happened but soon would. McMinn did replace him). He says: You are kind enough
to mention my relative JOHN MILLER, with many other of my friends... and commend
me to him. (John Miller is listed on numerous
documents as interpreter in treaties and delegations. He held office (above) as
national interpreter, but he also got a 640 acre reservation "for life" as did
Thomas Harrison, so probably married to a Cherokee or part Cherokee, but Houston
calls him a relative)
p 453. Will of James Vann. This is not relevant but interesting. He was the very
wealthy Chief of Spring Place, GA and supporter of the Moravian Mission there.
His will of 1808 was very simple and short, His beloved wife Peggy, daughter of
the late Walter Scott, decd was to get all the furniture. Everything else went
to his son Joseph... The Cherokee National Council met about this will and said
that it was illegal and that his wife should have a larger share than just the
furniture and that his other children: Mary, Robert, Lilly McNair, Sally, and
Jimmy should have a fair share and something should be done for Jesse Vann to
take care of the farm and ferry at Chatahouchie. This was signed by 16 Cherokee
Council Members. This was done. I think he had more than one wife and perhaps
the other children were by the previous wife.
p 455. James Vann was a very able interpreter. He did not do loose translations,
but insisted that the speaker give one sentence at a time that he would
accurately translate one sentence at a time. This also permitted the recording
of Indian speeches. Some are repeated here and are very impressive with motion,
logic, history and future expectations.
p 456. Rev. J.B. McFerrin of Tennessee covered a circuit from Knoxville to the
Chattahoochie River. Once every four months in 1836 he stood on a stump at the
corner of 5th Avenue and First Street (Rome GA) and preached to a mixed crowd of
whites, blacks and Indians. On one occasion John Ross (Principal Chief) was
converted and became a Methodist, much to the despair of the Cherokees.
Comment: If I am not mistaken this Rev. McFerrin is the author of a classic book
on East TN Methodist History. He was very familiar with Harrisons of Greene
County, TN and considered this the most important center of E. TN Methodism. I
also think I recall that he frequently quoted William Garrett who along with his
son wrote a history on the same subject. I have never found the Garrett book
though it is often quoted by other writers. A William Garrett was married to a
Harrison, a daughter of Joseph and Margaret Hill Harrison of Buncombe. In
McFerrin's book he does not cover Georgia or NC, so no opportunity to write
about the Reverend Harrisons there.
p 462. Muster list of Murray County Rangers 1838 under command of Col William
Bishop. There are 60 listed including Harrison Davis, Thomas LOWRY, ROBERT
BROWN, John S. MARTIN, John and William S. Oates. Some of those are also names
of Indians but these were notorious, undisciplined, unshaven, dirty, and foul
talking young men who were out to "get" Cherokees. Col. Bishop was the local
dictator and took over the former Spring Place Moravian School as his
headquarters. I mention Oates because an Oates was County Clerk in that
structure and he was mentioned in the will of Rev. Nathan Thomas Harrison as
owing some money to him. Rev. Harrison had a number of people who owed him