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This page is to help you in determining the locations of where your ancestors may have lived.  The geographical aspect of genealogical research has many people 'stumped' when it comes to determining a family's location. (For instance, there is a land area in McMinn County that has been in three counties.)

Tennessee was formed in 1796.  Before that time parts of this state was in North Carolina.  Before statehood the region of northeast Tennessee was the Watauga Settlements and the State of Franklin.  The county of Tennessee also existed prior to statehood. 

Tennessee County, North Carolina was in existence from 1783-1796

The frequent Cherokee treaties had much to do with subsequent county formations and county line changes.  One can never ignore this fact when researching in Tennessee.

(Treaty Lands indicates a land cession from Native American tribes--usually Cherokee and Chickasaw, some Creek)

(Pre-statehood dates indicate these were formed while still a part of North Carolina and/or the State of Franklin)

This list of dates is probably incomplete.  We advise you to check with local historians for a complete listing.

County Name Date Formed County Seat Date Boundaries Reformed Formed From
Anderson 1801 Clinton 1806, 1807, 1817, 1850 Knox, Grainger

 

Bedford 1807 Shelbyville 1809, 1836, 1855, 1871  

Rutherford, Treaty Lands

 

Benton 1835 Camden 1855 Humphreys

 

Bledsoe 1807 Pikeville 1855-56, 1871 Roane & Treaty Lands

 

Blount 1795

(pre-statehood)

Maryville 1870  

Knox

 

Bradley 1836 Cleveland 1838, 1871, 1920  

Treaty Lands

 

 

Campbell

 

1806 Jacksboro 1849, 1850 Anderson, Claiborne
Cannon

 

1836 Woodbury 1837 Rutherford, Smith, Warren

 

Carroll 1821-1822 Huntingdon    

Treaty Lands

 

Carter 1796 Elizabethton 1836, 1870  

Washington

 

 

Cheatham

 

1856 Ashland City   Davidson, Dickson, Montgomery, Robertson
 

Chester

 

1879 Henderson   Hardeman, Henderson, McNairy, Madison
 

Claiborne

 

1801 Tazewell 1806, 1844, 1850 Grainger, Hawkins
 

Clay

 

1870 Celina   Jackson, Overton
 

Cocke

 

1797 Newport   Jefferson
 

Coffee

 

1836 Manchester 1844 Bedford, Warren, Franklin
 

Crockett

 

1871 Alamo   Dyer, Gibson, Madison, Haywood
 

Cumberland

 

1855-1856 Crossville 1807 Bledsoe, Morgan, Fentress, Rhea, Putnam, White
 

Davidson

 

1783

(pre-statehood)

Nashville 1786, 1799, 1803, 1856 Cumberland District & Washington County, North Carolina
 

Decatur

 

1845-1846 Decaturville   Perry
 

DeKalb

 

1837-1838 Smithville   Cannon, Jackson, Warren, White
 

Dickson

 

1803 Charlotte 1807, 1856, 1874 Montgomery, Robertson
 

Dyer

 

1823 Dyersburg 1835, 1871 Treaty Lands
Fayette 1824 Somerville  

 

Treaty Lands
Fentress 1823 Jamestown 1842, 1849, 1854, 1855, 1879

 

White, Overton, Morgan
Franklin 1807 Winchester 1836, 1844, 1871

 

Rutherford & Treaty Lands
Gibson 1823 Trenton 1871

 

Treaty Lands
Giles 1809-1810 Pulaski 1836

 

Treaty Lands
Grainger 1796 Rutledge 1801, 1870, 1850

 

Hawkins, Knox
Greene 1783

(pre-statehood)

Greeneville 1792, 1870

 

Washington
Grundy 1844 Altamont  

 

Warren, Franklin, Coffee
Hamblen 1870 Morristown  

 

Greene, Grainger, Jefferson
Hamilton 1819 Chattanooga 1857, 1871, 1920

 

Rhea & Treaty Land
Hancock 1844 Sneedville 1879

 

Claiborne, Hawkins
Hardeman 1823 Bolivar (aka Big Hatchie)  

 

Treaty Land
Hardin 1819-1820 Hardinsville (1820-1830) & Savannah 1823

 

Treaty Land
Hawkins 1786

(pre-statehood)

Rogersville 1792, 1801, 1844

 

Sullivan
Haywood 1823 Brownsville  

1835, 1871

Treaty Land
Henderson 1821 Lexington 1879

 

Treaty Land
Henry 1821 Paris  

 

Treaty Land
Hickman 1807 Vernon (1810-1822) & Centerville 1817, 1843, 1870

 

Dickson
Houston 1874 Arlington (1872-1878) & Erin  

 

Stewart, Humphries, Montgomery, Dickson
Humphreys 1809 Reynoldsburg (1812-1836) & Waverly 1817, 1855, 1874

 

Stewart
Jackson 1801 Fort Blount (1802-1806), Williamsburg (1806-1819 & Gainesboro 1806, 1807, 1837, 1842, 1554, 1870

 

Smith & Treaty Land
James 1871-1920 (abolished) Ooltewah  

 

Hamilton & Bradley
Jefferson 1792 (pre-statehood) Dandridge 1797, 1857, 1870

 

Greene & Hawkins
Johnson 1836 Mountain City (aka Taylorsville)  

 

Carter
Knox 1792

(pre-statehood)

Knoxville 1795, 1801, 1850

 

Greene, Hawkins
Lake 1870 Tiptonville  

 

Obion
Lauderdale 1835 Ripley  

 

Tipton, Dyer, Haywood
Lawrence 1817 Lawrenceburg  

 

Hickman, Treaty Land
Lewis 1843 Gordon (1844-1878), Newberry (1848-1897) & Howenwald  

 

Hickman
Lincoln 1809 Fayetteville 1836, 1871

 

Bedford
Loudon 1870 Loudon  

 

McMinn, Roane, Monroe, Blount
Macon 1842 Lafayette 1870

 

Sumner, Smith
Madison 1821 Jackson 1871, 1879

 

Treaty Land
Marion 1817 Cheekville (1818-1820 & Jasper 1857

 

Treaty Land
Marshall 1836 Lewisburg  

 

Maury, Lincoln, Giles, Bedford
Maury 1897 Columbia 1836

 

Williamson & Treaty Land
McMinn 1819 Calhoun (1829-23) & Athens 1836, 1838, 1870

 

Treaty Land

(Hiwassee Purchase)

McNairy 1823 Purdy (1825-1890) & Selmer 1879

 

Hardin
Meigs 1836 Decatur 1870

 

Rhea, McMinn
Monroe 1819 Morganton (1820-22) & Madisonville 1870 Treaty Land (Hiwassee Purchase)
Montgomery 1796 Clarksville 1803, 1856, 1874

 

(Abolished Tennessee County)
Moore 1871 Lynchburg 1807

 

Lincoln, Franklin, Bedford
Morgan 1817 Montgomery (1818-1870) & Wartburg  

1823, 1835, 1849

 

Anderson & Roane
Obion 1823 Troy (1824-1890) & Union City 1870

 

Treaty Land
Overton 1806 Monroe (1810-1835) & Livingston 1823, 1842, 1854, 1870, 1879

 

Jackson and Treaty Land
Perry 1819 Perryville (1821 - 1846), Bethel or Harrisburg (1846-1848) & Linden 1846

 

Hickman, Humphreys
Pickett 1879 Smyrna (1881-1882) & Byrdstown  

 

Overton & Fentress
Polk 1839 Benton  

 

Bradley, McMinn (& Cherokee County, North Carolina)
Putnam 1842 (abolished then re-established 1854 Cookeville 1855

 

Fentress, Jackson, Overton, Smith & White
Rhea 1807 Dayton  

1819, 1836, 1855

 

Roane & (Meigs)  Treaty Land Hiwassee Purchase
Roane 1801 Kingston  

1807, 1817, 1819, 1855, 1870

 

 Knox and Treaty Land
Robertson 1796 Springfield 1803, 1856

 

Tennessee & Sumner
Rutherford 1803 Murphesboro 1807, 1836, 1855

 

Davidson, Williamson & Wilson
Scott 1849 Huntsville  

 

Anderson, Campbell, Fentress, Morgan
Sequatchie 1857 Dunlap  

 

Warren, Marion, Hamilton
Sevier 1794 (pre-statehood) Sevierville  

 

Jefferson
Shelby 1819 Memphis   Treaty Land

 

Smith 1799 Carthage 1801, 1807, 1836, 1842, 1854, 1870

 

Sumner & Treaty Land
Stewart 1803 Dover 1809, 1874

 

Montgomery
 

Sullivan

 

1779 (pre-statehood) Blountville 1786

 

Washington
 

Sumner

 

1786 (pre-statehood) Gallatin 1796, 1799, 1842, 1870 Davidson
 

Tipton

 

1823 Covington 1835 Treaty Land
 

Trousdale

 

1870 Hartsville   Wilson, Sumner, Smith & Macon
 

Unicoi

 

1875 Erwin   Washington & Carter
 

Union

 

1850 Maynardville   Knox, Grainger, Claiborne, Campbell, Anderson
 

Vanburen

 

1840 Spencer   Warren & White
 

Warren

 

1807-1808 McMinnville 1836, 1837, 1840, 1844, 1857 Jackson, White, Smith, Treaty Land
 

Washington

 

1777 (pre-statehood) Jonesborough 1783, 1796, 1799, 1870 Washington District, North Carolina
 

Wayne

 

1817 Waynesboro   Hickman
 

Weakley

 

1823 Dresden   Treaty Land
 

White

 

1806 Sparta 1807, 1823, 1837, 1840, 1842, 1854, 1855 Smith & Jackson
 

Williamson

 

1799 Franklin 1803, 1897 Davidson
 

Wilson

 

1799 Lebanon 1803, 1870 Sumner