James Dew, AKA: Due
[ca. bet. 1747 – 1752, SC/Ga. – ca. 1809, Darlington, South Carolina]
by Steven W. Due, Sept. 23rd 2006
The following genealogy represents my considered opinion based on thirty years of study. In the case of James Due, no single document provides us with a proof of his origin that will meet the standards ordinarily expected in a genealogy. However, a vast body of circumstantial evidence persuades me that the following descendant line depicted is essentially sound. Sons named James Dew consistently descend through seven generations of this family line, excepting for the generation of Robert Dew [1685/7 – 1722] who perished before he could name a James in his line. He was only married about five, or six years before his death in August of 1722, his wife perished before August of 1722. – Steve Due
Father: Capt. William Dewes [ca. 1721, St. Phillips, Charleston, Carolina – ca. 1786, Dewees Island, Charleston, SC about 64 years of age,] a wealthy Indian Merchant of Charleston, SC, and elsewhere. More about him follows in text.
Mother: Elizabeth Brown [ca. after 1736 – ca. bef. 1771 at age 35 or less,] a 3rd wife, (or concubine) of William Dewes that he took soon after his former 2nd wife of Charleston, Lois Wilkins perished. They are known to have resided in Savannah, Georgia (He was recorded as an Indian Trader there in 1755,) and then near Augusta in the forks of Uchee Creek before 1758.
Records indicate that she was likely a mixed blooded Irish-Indian tribal daughter of the Irishman Patrick Brown, a Fur Trader whose last trading post was in Augusta, Georgia, & his unidentified Indian concubine. The name of William Dewe’s 3rd spouse is thought to be Elizabeth Brown. Their issue is believed to be:
1. James Due [ca. 1751, Savannah, Ga. – ca. 1809, Darlington, SC] married Ann Rhodes, married Christiana Gordon.
2. Seth Due [ca. 1754, Savannah, Ga. – aft. 1818, Columbus, NC], married Lydia Ray.
It is noticed that James & Seth haunted the same region in the overlap lands of SC/NC disputed when Carolina was divided, and that James had sons who visited Wilmington. Seth also had children who came to Darlington, SC.
Elizabeth Brown, Dew’s existence, if not specific identity, is implied & predicted by the Wills of Patrick Brown, and others traders. Her given name is simply a good guess based on the name of a descendent daughter.
Paternal Grandfather: Robert Dews [ca. 1685, St. Peters All Saints, Parish, Barbados, WI – Sept. 1st 1722, St. Phillips Parish, Charleston, Carolina, at about 37 years of age] a Bricklayer of Barbados. He married Mary Baker in late 1716. He executed the Will of her grandfather William Rousham, Sr. in January of 1717.
Paternal Grandmother: Mary Baker [ca. 1700, Archdale Hall, Ashley River, Carolina – ca. 1722, St. Phillips Parish, Charleston, Carolina, at about 22 years of age] Relationships are proved by Robert’s Will, other Will bequests, and Church records for early Carolina. Issue of Robert Dewes & Mary Baker:
1. Bethel Dewes [Ch: Jan. 21st 1718, St. Andrews Parish, Dorchester, SC – ca. 1759, Charleston, SC] married May 8th 1740 to Margaret Crosskeys, daughter of John Crosskeys & Sarah Matthews.
2. William Dewes [ca. 1721, Dorchester, SC – ca. 1786, Dewees Island, Charleston, SC] Indian Merchant.
Likely 1st married Mary Haig, daughter of George Haig, and his Indian concubine;
2nd married on Oct. 2nd 1744 at St. Georges Parish, Dorchester, SC to Lois Wilkins, spinster, daughter
of William Wilkins, and Sarah Matthews, Croskeys, a remarried widow;
Likely 3rd married Elizabeth Brown, daughter of Patrick Brown; and
Likely 4th married to Jane Musgrove, Mongin a former concubine of Capt. David Mongin, a possible
daughter of John Musgrove, & and his unknown 1st Indian concubine.
Robert & Mary Dewes both died at a relatively young age, probably of the fever bred by mosquitoes in coastal marshland plantations.
Maternal Grandfather: Patrick Brown
Maternal Grandmother: unidentified mixed Indian concubine, possible daughter of Cherokee – Chickasaw Trader, Robert Lang, and Melasante, his Cherokee wife.
Paternal Great Grandfather: Capt. Thomas Dewe [ch: Oct. 8th 1626, Kington Lisle, Berkshire, Eng. – ca. 1689, St. Peter all Saints Parish, Barbados, WI, at about 63 years of age.]
Paternal Great Grandmother: 3rd wife Mary McKenzie [ca. 1642, Scotland – aft. 1687, St. Peter all Saints Parish, Barbados, WI, over 45 years of age.]. Proof of her identity has not been found, but her origin is implicated as follows.
It seems that the last wife of Capt. Thomas Dewes gave her last daughter remaining in Barbados Jemima, sister of Robert Dewes, her family ring bearing the Latin Motto “Luceo Non Oro” meaning “I shine, not burn,” depicting a stag’s head. Jemima passed this ring down to her surviving son John Skene before her death.
This Motto, and stag’s head specifically identifies the McKenzie Clan of Seaforth Scotland. Scottish law governing the use of Clan Arms, Badges, and family signet rings, used to seal documents, were quite specific, and were enforced. Severe penalty could result for abuse. However the rules governing the use of the Tartan that also identified family clan were generally quite lax because improper wearing of the Tartan could have few, if any legal ramifications, but such impropriety would have been considered silly and absurd.
It is believed that Jemima was first married to John Kenny, a clergyman of Barbados. He descended from a Sept of this same McKenzie Clan. But Kenny’s signet ring that identified his clan could only be inherited rightfully by his offspring unless his line became extinct. According to clan rules, only a direct descendent of this clan would be authorized to wear, or bear it. Even the elements of a family Sept could bear this clan symbol only by presenting it in the form of a Badge. But in the case of extinction (no surviving heirs,) any clan signet ring would become the inherited property of the closest kin among the collateral family of the specific clan of the decedent’s extinct line.
After Kenny perished, Jemima married next to Alexander Skene. Late in her life, Jemima gave this family signet ring, bearing the Seaforth McKenzie Motto, to her son John Skene, this indicating that it came from her mother’s line.
John Kenny was not of her son’s John Skene’s direct line, nor was this McKenzie clan known to be antecedent of his father Alexander Skene.
Mary was also the name of Jemima’s older deceased sister, and therefore, their mother is therefore thought to be Mary McKenzie.
Despite recognizing that I may have erroneously assumed her given name, I have still not been able to find Thomas Dew’s spouse in the Peerage of Scotland records, although there are tantalizing hints. Scotch families were exiled then in great numbers. Many were scattered into the West Indies, other colonies, and places. It is estimated that some 3,500 Scots came to Barbados, alone, by the mid to late 15th century.
Note that during the 1680 census of Barbados Thomas Doo (sic), and his son Thomas Doo (sic,) were the only males of the Dew, or Dewe family who are known with absolute certainty to be residing there as heads of household. A Jane Doo (sic) an apparent widow of Richard, was also counted there in her household. No doubt there were others. All were counted in the Parish of St. Peters all Saints, and probably lived on the same plantation.
Proof of Robert’s parents has not been found. However the relationship of Robert Dews to certain of his siblings is implied in Charleston records that have been found. The Will (ca. 1698) of Capt. Thomas Dewes has not been discovered. It was probably lost. We expect that it would have given us the necessary proof, but proof that it once existed is given in Maryland records whereas Edward Fisher, apparent husband of one of Thomas’s daughters, was named an heir in this Will. We also observe that Robert was quite likely to be a son of one of the adult males counted on the 1680 census of Barbados. Both male heads of household were named Thomas, a father and son, but since no record of the younger Thomas has been found after 1680 it is presumed that the younger son Ensign Thomas Dewe either perished, or returned to England. Therefore the elder Thomas must be considered Robert’s Dew’s father.
The issue of Capt. Thomas Dewe is believed to be:
1. James Dew [ch: May 9th 1650, Sparsholt, Berkshire, Eng. – after 1685, Virginia] married Mary, James was the issue of Capt. Thomas Dewe & second wife Annie.
2. Mary Ann Dew [ca. 1655, England, or Virginia – July 26th 1700, “Elms Plantation” Goose Creek, Berkley, SC] issue of Capt. Thomas Dewe’s 2nd wife Annie, or 3rd wife Mary McKenzie.
1st married John Smyth, merchant of Barbados who perished in 1682 in Carolina;
2nd married Dec. 7th 1682, Carolina to Arthur Middleton, Esq., Planter, who perished in 1685, Berkley, SC;
3rd married ca. 1686 Charleston, SC to Ralph Izard, Merchant of London.
3. Ensign Thomas Dew [ca. bef. 1658 – aft.1681] a Barbados militia officer 1679-80. Nothing more
4. Ensign David Dew [ca. bef. 1660 – aft. 1681] a Barbados militia officer 1679-80. Noting more
5. Sarah Dew [bef. 1660, Eng. – aft. 1720, SC]
1st married Richard Fowell, a Mariner in Barbados who perished ca. 1678 in Barbados;
2nd married before June 19th 1679 in Barbados to Edward Middleton, brother of Arthur Middleton;
3rd married ca. 1685, SC, to Job Howe, who perished in 1707, SC.
6. ___ Dew [ca. 1665, Eng. – aft. 1689, Dorchester, Maryland]
She married Edward Fisher, son of Thomas Fisher who was in the Barbados militia in 1679.
Capt. George Dew, Sr. [bef. 1670, Barbados, WI – ca. 1703, Bermuda, WI, age 33 or thereabouts] Mariner, & Privateer, He married Ann Welch, daughter of John Welch, & wife Ann Dewe.
7. Jemima Dew [ca. 1677, Barbados, WI – aft. 1739, St. George’s Parish, Dorchester, SC]
Probably 1st married John Kenny, clergyman of Barbados who perished by ca. 1698 in Barbados;
2nd married on Jan. 26th 1698, Barbados, WI to Alexander Skene, Esq., the Secretary of Barbados who perished ca. 1740, Charleston, SC.
8. Robert Dew [ca. 1685, Barbados, WI – Sept. 1st 1722, St. Phillips Parish, Charleston, SC] Bricklayer.
He married ca. 1717, Charleston, SC to Mary Baker, daughter of William Baker & wife Susannah Rousham.
Maternal Great Great Grandfather: William Rousham, Sr. [bef. 1651, England – bef. Nov. 28th 1717, Charleston, Carolina, at least 66 years of age.]
Maternal Great Great Grandfather: Jordan Probst [bef. 1660, England – ca. 1702, Charleston, Carolina, at least 42 years of age.]
Paternal Great Great Grandfather: Col. Thomas Dewes [ca.1601/02, Berkshire, England – ca. 1691, York, Va., about 89 or 90 years of age.]
Paternal Great Great Grandmother: Elizabeth Bennett [ca. 1603, London, England – ca. 1667, Kidlington, Oxfordshire, England, at 64 years of age.]
They were the first of his family to plant in the “New World.” His spouse is believed to be Elizabeth Bennett [ca. 1603, England – ca. 1667, England] who married Thomas Dewe no later than 1620 in England. Elizabeth is thought likely a daughter of Robert Bennett, and his unidentified wife who perhaps issued from a Sept of the Cromwell family. This seems implied in the record, but cannot be proved.
There exists evidence that Col. Thomas & Elizabeth Dewes had six surviving children that were old enough to travel with their father on a long sea voyage during the years of 1631, and 1632. They were called his “servants” on the ships manifest. This designation enabled them to travel with their father without any additional fee, but they needed to be old enough to travel with paternal supervision alone. Two of these children are thought to be Andrew Dewes (b. ca. 1625,) and Thomas Dewes (b. ca. 1626,) but it seems that there were four other older children whose identities, and ultimate fate are unknown. Perhaps they perished before becoming adults, or remained in England after getting an education there. All of the Colonel’s sons perished before his own death in 1691.
Robert Bennett & family arrived in Virginia with Thomas Dewe & wife Elizabeth in February 1622 on the “Seaflower.” On Mar. 22nd 1622 there was an Indian attack at “Bennett’s Welcome,” the Warraskoyak plantation of his wealthy & influential brother Edward Bennett a London Merchant who was the first Treasurer of the Virginia Company of London. This plantation had been occupied for less than a month, and was still under development. Being virtually destroyed in the attack, it was abandoned and the survivors were removed to Jamestown. On Feb. 16th 1623, Thomas Doe ux Doe (sic) Dewe were counted living in the Maine River District of James Citty. Robert Bennett & all in his household perished in about August of 1623. Conditions were so bad that Thomas Doe (sic) and his family departed for England on the “Ann” that arrived in Virginia on August 7th 1623.
Robert Bennett’s wife and children have never been identified. It has not been possible to prove the identity of Col. Thomas Dewe’s wife Elizabeth in surviving records, but we do know that there was another earlier marriage between the Col. Thomas Dewe’s uncle Richard Dewe to an Elizabeth Bennett in England. There also was many transactions recorded conducted between these two families in England during the previous century. They were close family friends and relations, so there is a viable basis for this speculation.
The first four unidentified children of Thomas & Elizabeth Dewe were born between 1620 and 1624 still living in 1632. The last three children are speculative, and unproved. The issue of Col. Thomas Dewe & wife Elizabeth (Bennett?) are believed to be:
1. unknown Dewe [ca. 1621, London – aft. 1632]
2. unknown Dewe [ca. 1622, Virginia – aft. 1632]
3. unknown Dewe [ca. 1623, Virginia – aft. 1632]
Thomas Dew & Elizabeth came to Virginia with Robert Bennett’s family, and arrived on the Seaflower in Feburary of 1622. Conditions there were bad. On March 22nd 1622 a terrible Indian Massacre at the Warraskoyak plantation “Bennett’s Welcome” killed 54 settlers. The survivors were removed to Jamestown because the plantation was destroyed. Thomas & Elizabeth may have been survivors of this attack. Thomas & Elizabeth Dewe were living at the Maine River in James Citty, Virginia on Feb. 16th 1623 where they were recorded as Thomas Doe, ux Doe. Robert Bennett, his wife and young children all perished by about August of 1623. At least one of the unidentified children above was born in Virginia. Thomas Dewe & family departed Virginia on the Ann in about August of 1623.
4. unknown Dewe [ca. 1624, London – aft. 1632]
Thomas Dewe & family returned via the “Ann” to London in about September, or October, of 1623, so the above child may have been born in London. Thomas Dewe’s father Thomas was ill, and made his nuncupative Will on Mar. 13th 1624 and perished before April 1st 1624 in London. Thomas Dewe was not mentioned as being present when his father’s Will was spoken, but he needed to be at hand to help his mother Annie settle his father’s estate, and comfort her, and his siblings. His residence appears to be in Berkshire for at least the next two years. Perhaps his mother retired to her residence there. Thomas Dewe became involved as a merchant in London attempting to supply the desperate needs of the Virginia Colony, and he did not return to colonial planting until the spring of 1627.
5. Andrew Dewe [ca. 1625, Berkshire, Eng. – Apr. 28th 1661, Rappahannock, Va.]
He married Ann Duncombe, daughter of Thomas Duncombe, & Ann Barber.
6. Thomas Dewe [ch: Oct. 8th 1626, Kingston Lisle, Berkshire, Eng. – ca. 1689, St. Peters All Saints,
Barbados, WI] The following marriages are considered likely his:
1st married Oct. 2nd 1643 Berkshire, England to Joane Ward. She perished without surviving issue;
2nd married ca. 1644, Berkshire, England, to Annie;
3rd married ca. 1655, England to Mary McKenzie.
Thomas Dewe voyaged to Somers Island to begin plantation Tobacco production in early 1627 and returned in June of 1628. He may have taken some of his oldest children with him, but it is likely that Elizabeth stayed behind in England considering the absence of any surviving children born for next six years. In June of 1628 Thomas Dewe signed a Petition in London for tax relief from duty on Tobacco imported from Somers Island. He signed for himself and children upon this Petition.
On Oct. 16th 1629 Thomas Dewe was in Virginia as a Burgess for Archer’s Hope, where he was given as Thomas Doe (sic.)
Thomas Doe (sic) Dewe, a London Merchant, arrived from Virginia in England Oct. 6th 1630 on the Friendship with 7,000 pounds of Tobacco.
7. Elizabeth Dewe [ca. 1632, Eng. - ?]
Early in 1631, Thomas Dewe, wife Elizabeth, and six children arrived at Association Island.
On Feb. 6th 1631, Elizabeth Dewe, at Association Island, made arrangements for Thomas Dewe to leave from Association Island to Old Providence Island with their six children, and that she was to go on the next ship.
They were both back in London in 1632. Thomas Dewe continued to Amsterdam probably to market his Tobacco for a higher profit. In Nov. 1632 Elizabeth Dew arranged passage for her husband from Amsterdam to Old Providence Island with six children, and for herself to go on the next ship.
In December 1632 Thomas Dewe, Merchant, returned to London in the Dainty with 500 Pounds of Tobacco.
In 1633 Thomas Dewe was representing Lower Norfolk, Virginia at a Grand Assembly.
8. Ann Dewe [ch: Nov. 21st 1634, St. Andrew, Holborn, London, Eng. – aft. 1703, St. Georges Is., Somers Islands, WI] It is suspected that she married John Welch.
On Jan. 12th 1634 Thomas Dewe was in Virginia.
On Feb. 12th 1634 Thomas Dewe was in London. He was on Official business for the London Company inquiry, and was also disbursing Tobacco. He may have remained in London because his mother Annie was ill. Elizabeth and children also came to England for this family crisis.
9. Richard Dewe [ca. perhaps in August of 1635, Nanesmond, Lower Norfolk, Va. – ca. 1680, St. Peters All Saints, Barbados, WI] The following marriages are considered likely his:
1st It is believed he married in London ca. 1658 to Elinor, who perished having a son David Dewe who lived 18 months;
2nd It is believed he married in Bristol, England to Jane Napper, a daughter of Commission Agent John Napper.
Thomas Dewe, and wife Elizabeth were both in England. Their ship of arrival is unidentified
It is believed that his mother Annie perished about this time, and her remaining sons started to leave England to plant in the New World colonies.
In May 1635 Joseph Dewe, age 22, went from London to St. Kitts on the Matthew.
In May 1635 Thomas Dewes, Planter of Old Providence, departed from Old Providence on the “Expectation.” to Virginia. He was not noticed on the incoming manifest from London, so must have arrived on an earlier ship.
On July 13th 1635 Elizabeth Dewe, age 32, left London for Virginia with her 9 month old daughter Ann Dewe on the Alice. She issued Richard Dewe, perhaps in late July or early August, not long after returning to Virginia from England.
Thomas Dewe made a voyage to England on an unidentified ship to sell Tobacco.
In August of 1635 Thomas Dewe, age 33, was transported to Virginia on the Safety.
Elizabeth became pregnant with John Dewe almost immediately after Thomas returned from England.
In 1635 Ralph Dewe came to Virginia.
10. John Dewe [Apr. 8th 1636, Nanesmond, Lower Norfolk, Va. – Oct. 1678, Isle of Wight, Va.]
His mother Elizabeth Dewe returned to England taking her children away for their educations, and she may have wanted a break from being constantly pregnant except for periods of separation from her husband involving business. Her last birth appears to have been premature. Elizabeth was now 33 years of age. It is believed she dwelled in Kidlington, Oxfordshire where they maintained a residence, but perhaps at times she met with her husband at Port in Devon, or elsewhere when he arrived from the Virginia plantations on Tobacco business. Her husband was occupied in both Virginia government, and operating thousands of acres of plantations in Virginia using slave, and indentured labor within a short period of time.
In 1636, John Dewe came to Virginia, but by 1638 was a landowner in Barbados. He was an uncle of the above son John Dewe.
John Dewe married ca. 1674, Virginia, to Elizabeth Shearer, daughter of John Shearer, & wife Elizabeth Parnell.
11. Edward Dewe [ca. ?, Kidlington, Oxfordshire, Eng. – bef. 1691] Husbandman of Warminster, arrested and sent to Barbados in 1659 where he became a Mariner. Came to Carolina as a Seaman on the Blessing on Aug. 17th 1771 to Stonoe Creek. Nothing more is known.
12. Francis Dewe [ca. ?, Kidlington, Oxfordshire, Eng. – bef. 1691, Barbados, WI] Apprenticed in Bristol, England, sent to Barbados on Jan. 6th 1679 on the Rainbow indentured five years to Bristol Commission Agent John Hopton. In 1686 Francis Dew was arrested in England and deported from Devon, England to Barbados.
13. Nicholas Dewe [ch: Nov. 20th 1642, Devon, England – bef. 1691.]
Col. Thomas Dewes born in Berkshire about 1601, and raised from the age of six on Fleet Street in London to adulthood.
Maternal Great Great Grandfather: Richard Baker
Maternal Great Great Grandmother: Elizabeth Wilson
Paternal Great Great Great Grandfather: London Guild Stationer Thomas Dewes [ca. 1584, Harwell, Berkshire, Eng. – ca. Mar. 1624, Fleet Street, London, Eng., at about 40 years of age.]
Paternal Great Great Great Grandmother: Annie Helmes [ch: Mar. 10th 1581, Chipping, Lancashire, Eng. – ca. 1635, Berkshire, Eng., at about 59 years of age.]
She was a younger sister of the previous Stationer of St. Dunstans Bookstore John Helmes who perished in ca. 1617. John Helmes [ 1567, Lancashire, Eng. – 1717, Fleet Street, London, Eng.] was the Master under whom Thomas Dewes apprenticed for the previous ten years, or thereabouts. His widow Annie Brittain, Helmes freed Thomas Dewes from bondage as a Stationer’s Apprentice when her husband perished, and she expedited his appointment as a new member of the London Stationers Guild. Widow Annie Brittain, Helmes, a Stationer herself, then became the Silent Partner of her brother-in-law Thomas Dewes at the Bookstore he operated until his death.
Guild Stationer Thomas Dewe, or Dew operated this Bookstore located at St. Dunstans in the West on Fleet Street in London until he died in 1625. He perished several years before his father Edward Dewe of Harwell in Berkshire, who perished leaving a Will in Harwell ca. 1632.
The Stationer Thomas Dewe [1584, Harwell, Berkshire, Eng. – bef. April 1st 1624, London, Eng.] did not specifically identify his wife’s maiden name in his nuncupative Will of 1624, but she was identified in the written document filed in Canterbury as Annie H. Dew, (The middle initial given in a spouses name traditionally originated from the first letter of her maiden name.) His London Will also did not specify the names of his children mentioned only in general, but he implied who several of his children were, and they are also implied in other records:
Paternal Great Great Great Grandfather: Robert Bennett [ca. ch: Apr. 27th 1571, Wiveliscombe, Somerset, Eng. – 1623, Bennett’s Hope plantation in Warrascoyack, Virginia, at about 52 years of age.]
Paternal Great Great Great Grandmother: unknown [ ca. 1580, England – ca. 1623, Bennett’s Hope plantation, Warrascoyack, Virginia, at about 43 years of age.] perhaps a daughter of a Cromwell Sept.
Paternal Great Great Great Great Grandfather: Edward Dewes [ca. 1652, Lockinge, Berkshire, Eng. – ca. 1632, Harwell, Berkshire, England, at about 70 years of age.), a Yeoman.
Paternal Great Great Great Great Grandmother: Agnes Loder [ca. 1567, Harwell, Berkshire, Eng. – ca. bef. 1632, Harwell, Berkshire, Eng. Less than 65 years of age.], a daughter of Robert Loder.
Edward Dewe had become wealthy by leasing and subleasing pastureland along the Thames River. Hitherto open for common public use since before the Iron Age, these grazing lands and pastures were only recently fenced.
The Patriarch Edward outlived his oldest son, the Stationer Thomas Dew, but while they both still lived Edward gave legacies to his oldest son, and to his grandsons of this line. These living legacies from Edward Dewe, expressed to them as their inheritance settlement, were their shares of the Virginia Company of London. Shares in such Royal Chartered Companies that fostered plantations in new English colonies were quite popular at the time, and considered a good investment.
Only the surviving daughters of Stationer Thomas Dew were mentioned in Edward’s Will because he had already settled the inheritance of all the males in this line.
Therefore incentive to make these legacies profitable prompted the sons of Stationer Thomas Dew to go forth and plant in the Caribbean, and Virginia colonies. These young men had great expectations of wealth and success. The eldest son, Thomas was the first, but other siblings followed him in this new world quest.
More about his Father:
Capt. William Dewes was orphaned near Charles Town, South Carolina at about two years of age. William’s parents were both buried at a churchyard in St. Phillips Parish by 1722. William’s father Robert Dews bequeathed large tracts of plantation estate, some town lots near or in Charles Town, and eleven slaves each, to his young sons William & Bethel Dews. Robert Dews appointed the widowed sister of his brother-in-law Alexander Skene, named Madam Lilia Haig as guardian of his young sons, and charged her with their upbringing, and good education. Lilia was a capable woman of means, and of high moral character. It is clear that Robert Dews was a man of considerable means, and he left legacies representing significant wealth to his sons made the Wards of Lilia Haig (sic) Hague during their minority.
In 1743 Bethel Dewe filed an infringement suit in the form of a Petition regarding a Charleston Town Lot that he testified his grandfather (William Baker) left him that was granted some 70 years ago, or in about 1672. This was several years before his grandfather William Baker arrived in Carolina. Therefore this town lot had been passed down to his grandparents William Baker & Susannah Rousham from William Rousham, Sr. who probably arrived in Carolina on a ship that came the year after the first fleet arrived in 1671.
Lilia Haig’s brother Alexander Skene was married to Robert Dew’s sister Jemima Dewes,
During The 1725 church census of St. George’s Parish, SC the following were some of those counted:
Head of Household white men, women, & children slaves: men, women, & children
Thomas Smith “D” [1-1-5] [0-0-0]
Lilia Haig [1-1-2] [15-6-7]
Sush. Baker “D” [3-3-5] [26-17-18]
Walter Izard [2-1-4] [29-23-39]
“widow” Izard [0-1-2] [2-1-2]
Jos’h Blake [1-1-3] [16-17-20]
The above household of Lilia Haig depicts herself, an adult male George Haig (sic) Hague, and two children Bethel, and William Dewes. She also has 18 slaves, and 22 of them are from the inherited estate of her Wards.
The household of her brother Alexander Skene, Esq., shows himself, two adult sons (Alexander, & John), wife Jemima Dewes, Kenny, Skene, and a daughter Lilia Skene.
William Dewes, and his brother Bethel, grew up in the Haig household with a much older George Haig, who it is believed was Lilia’s stepson, the issue of an earlier marriage of her deceased husband Obadiah Haig. George Haig was not named in Lilia Haig’s Will as he was not her son, and she had given him his father’s legacy when he first came of age.
George Haig was born before 1700, probably in Barbados. He acted as a surrogate father to the orphans of Robert Dews. He also acted as Overseer of the plantation lands, slaves, and other property. This family was known to be oriented toward the Quaker viewpoint. George Haig became a Surveyor who apprenticed under Carolina Surveyor George Hunter, and Haig also became a member of the Carolina Judiciary. Haig and Hunter were also extensively involved in the Indian fur trade before 1717 because it was the most lucrative business in Carolina. After George Hunter became Surveyor General of Carolina, it fell to George Haig to do most of the actual field survey work. As most Traders did, it is likely that George Haig issued offspring among the Indian tribes with whom he traded. He may have taken as his first concubine an Indian daughter of his older Master & mentor George Hunter.
When William & Bethel Dewes were just lads, it is believed that they were employed by George Haig as his chain carriers, and horse packmen who accompanied him during his frequent trading trips, and official land surveys of the Carolina frontier, mostly in or near Indian lands. In the interim they worked on the active plantations when they were out of school, and learned the plantation skills. George Haig apparently had half-siblings within the Cherokee Tribe from his father’s early trade expeditions from Barbados into pre-Darian Carolina. George Haig is often found noted in the new Townships of Amelia, Sax Gotha, and at Fort Congaree both when surveying land, and in trade business. Quite early in 1736 Haig was involved in a trade partnership with Patrick Brown & James Adair that was operated out of Fort Congaree. William Dewes, at 15 years if age, and already consorting with a tribal wife, may have been part of the crews of horse packman used by these Traders. Patrick Brown, and his brother Thomas Brown were early Irishmen among the Indian fur Traders at Fort Congaree. Capt. George R. Haig eventually married last to an Irishwoman named Elizabeth Seawright, and he was operating a trading post at Fort Congaree where he resided until he was captured and killed by northern Indians in February of 1748. Patrick Brown & Thomas Corker Executed his Will.
William Dewes first childbearing relationship:
About 1735 when he was about 14 years of age, it is thought that William Dewes consorted with one of George Haig’s mixed blooded Indian daughters named Mary Haig. They issued two children. Their relationship was ended by a tribal divorce, or the death of Mary Haig.
1. Mary Dew/Due [ca. 1735, SC - ?]
She was married ca. 1747 in North Carolina to William Williamson [1707, Isle of Wight, Va. – 1767, Prince George’s Parish, Craven County, South Carolina] while William Dewes was on a trading trip. William Williamson was also a trader, and owned land in North Carolina. He took Mary back to Virginia where she issued Thomas Williamson who married Elizabeth Hinds and are later found in Darlington, SC. They were the parents of Bright Williamson & William “Wiley” Williamson. These great nephews of James Due were intimately involved with his family when they were all living in the vicinity of Mechanicsville, Darlington, SC a few years after the Revolutionary War was over.
2. Benjamin Dew/Due [ca. 1738, SC – Dec. 31st 1759, Fort Prince George,
Cherokee Nation, (present day Pickens County) SC.] He is not known to have married or to have produced issue. Benjamin Dew/Due enlisted in the SC militia like his father. Apparently his first duty assignment was to guard the frontier settlement of Welch Neck on the Pee Dee River during the French-Indian War.
This War was started by Virginians intruding into French claimed territory of the Ohio valley beyond the Allegany Mountains. During early engagements the French & their Indian allies defeated British forces. When Edward Braddock was defeated at the Battle of Monongahela in 1755, the Virginians sought an alliance with the Cherokees to enlist their aid in fighting the French. An alliance was soon formed and consequently Cherokees warriors defended the western frontier on behalf of the British for three years. Meanwhile British Supt. of Indian Affairs, Edmund Atkin was generally insulting and abusive to the Cherokees people in his official capacity. Despite this affront by Atkin, Attacullaculla brought a large number of Cherokee warriors to Winchester, Virginia to help the Virginians make an assault on Fort Duquesne in 1758. But a new commander had been appointed, and General Forbes grossly misunderstood Indian warfare methods. As a result Forbes insulted and badly mistreated his Cherokee allies so profoundly that they quit his command on Nov. 15th 1758, just 10 days before Fort Duquesne was to be attacked. The Cherokees started home. Forbes was angry, and sent his men to intercept the Cherokees, take their horses, and arms intending to send them home from Virginia on foot, and defenseless. Shortly afterwards some Virginia “back woodsmen” attacked and killed about 12 of the unarmed Cherokee warriors while they were walking home. The young warriors immediately wanted war with the English, but Attacullaculla restrained them until English authorities could be consulted to obtain appropriate reparations. But ultimately all Cherokee diplomatic efforts to obtain such reparations from Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina failed. Finally Attacullaculla could no longer restrain his young warriors. They began to attack and slaughter English frontiersmen in the Long Canes, and other places. Two soldiers at Fort Loudon were killed. The Great Cherokee War was beginning. Upon hearing of these Cherokee attacks, & frontier massacres SC Governor Lyttleton called for his militia to muster at Fort Congaree for an Expedition against the Cherokees.
Meanwhile, Attacullaculla sent headman Oconostota and 31 other chieftains went to Charleston as a Peace Envoy in order to try to find a solution to the problem. But upon their arrival the Governor would not talk to them except to say that he would make his demands known when they reached Cherokee country. He required that the Cherokee Envoy accompany him to Fort Congaree where the militia was mustered. At Congaree he took the large Envoy of Indian dignitaries hostage, and forced them to march behind his militia column as his prisoners.
Benjamin Dew/Due witnessed a Deed in May 1758, from Jacob Buckholtz, Sr. to Rev. Robert Williams, 250 acres on both sides of Pigeon Creek, Craven County, in the Welch Tract on the south side of Pee Dee River. In 1769 this area became part of the Cheraw District, SC. Jacob Buckholtz was also a soldier in Governor Lyttleton’s SC militia during the expedition against the Cherokees. Benjamin Dew/Due mustered at Fort Congaree with his cousin Thomas Williamson, and with Jacob Buckholtz.
Benjamin Dew/Due, Thomas Williamson, George Haig, Jr., and Jacob Buckholtz were all soldiers in Lyttleton’s expedition against the Cherokees at the start of the Great Cherokee War. They were among the soldiers that built Fort Ninety-Six in the barnyard of trader Robert Goudy after it was Ordered by the Governor on Nov. 22nd 1759. The agreement to build this fort was negotiated with the owner Robert Goudy by George Haig, jr. Skirmishes with young Cherokee warriors occurred along the path to point ninety-six, and several militia soldiers were wounded. The invalids were left to man Fort Ninety-Six.
The day after this Fort was finished, the expedition departed, and stopped at “Dewe’s Corner” the trading post of Capt. William Dewes located about a mile west of Robert Goudy’s on the Cherokee path to Charleston. This was the last time Benjamin Dew/Due saw any of his family there.
When the Expeditionary Force reached Fort Prince George, near Keowee town, Lyttleton locked his Indian hostages in a small cramped room in the Fort, and called for headman Attacullaculla. He demanded that Attacullaculla turn over 24 Cherokees accused of killing white settlers. On a promise to do what he could, Attacullaculla secured the release of Oconastota, and 7 other headmen that were being held hostage, but 22 others were still held captive. Two of the accused Cherokees were delivered, and an agreement was made on Dec. 26th 1759 that the remainder would soon be delivered. Lyttleton was satisfied, and left Fort Prince George for Charleston. However, Attacullaculla found that the other accused warriors had fled, and so he was unable to comply with his promise, and he knew that war was now unavoidable.
Benjamin Dew/Due was killed on Dec. 31st 1759 near Fort Prince George as a Private in Capt. Evan’s Company of Colonel Powell’s Regiment of Gov. Lyttleton’s South Carolina militia at the beginning of major hostilities in the Great Cherokee War. Benjamin was in the nearby woods hunting meat for the militia when Cherokees killed him. His cousin Thomas Williamson was killed within a week or two of Benjamin’s death, also while hunting meat. The Fort had not yet been attacked, but the commander was attempting to stockpile provisions in case a siege occurred.
Oconastota called for a conference with Officers and men of Fort Prince George. The parties met on Feb. 16th 1760 on the opposite bank of the Savannah River (The Cherokees called it the Keowee River.) At a prearranged signal Cherokee warriors hidden in ambush fired on the soldiers from the Fort severely wounding all four. The Cherokees stormed the Fort, and in reprisal the soldiers killed all of the Cherokees still held hostages. The wounded Officer died, and the Fort fell under a long siege. Soon Fort Loudoun, located in the Tennessee River valley having a garrison of Scotch Highlanders, among them Capt. John Stuart, also fell under a siege of starvation. The Great Cherokee War began in its full fury, and it lasted until Sept. of 1761.
William Dewes, at age 21, was commissioned a Captain in the South Carolina militia about 1742. He is noticed mentioned in several entries in the Journal of the Commons House of Assembly of Carolina through 1743. It was during this period that his guardian and aunt Lilia Haig perished, her Will being made and probated in 1742.
Capt. William Dewe’s second childbearing relationship:
On Oct. 2nd 1744 Capt. William Dewes of St. George’s Parish, SC married one of his cousins Lois Wilkins, spinster, a daughter of William Wilkins, & wife Sarah Matthews. This was the only documented English marriage found for him found in SC records. His marriages to mixed blooded Indian wives were not recorded because by English law all interracial marriages were unsanctioned. However they were accepted and simply overlooked by Carolinians, as well as most other colonials. His issue by Lois Wilkins, probably two or three children before she perished, resulted in only one surviving son Robert Dews born about 1745 who became a Cherokee trader mentioned in Cherokee genealogist Emmitt Starr’s History of the Cherokees.
1. Robert Dews [ca. 1745, Charleston, SC – ca. bet. 1800-1810 Richmond, Ga.]
Cherokee Genealogist Emmitt Starr noted Robert Dews as a Trader among the Cherokees.
He “took up with” or married:
1st to Susannah Catherine Emory,
2nd to Elizabeth Emory,
3rd apparently to Nancy Augusta Tassel, and
4th last to an unidentified traders daughter.
In 1759 when he was 15 years old, Robert Dew entered a brief relationship with Susannah Catherine Emory, Stuart. She was born about 1744 in Tomathly, NC, and was only about 16 years old. She was a daughter of Robert Emory and Susannah Catherine Grant. Her grandfather was Ludovic Grant.
At 14 years of age, Susannah Catherine Emory embraced Captain John Stuart in a former relationship. In 1758 she issued a son who would become known as Bushyhead. John Stuart, born 1718 in Inverness, Scotland, was much older than Susannah Catherine Grant, and he already had an English born wife Sarah Fenwick, Stuart and children at Charleston. Captain Stuart had been assigned active duty at Fort Loudon from July 15th 1756 to March 27th 1757. But before February of 1758 he was sent to Beaufort District to fortify a Cannon House on Beaufort Island in order to counter the threat of a French attack by sea. After he departed Susannah Catherine Emory soon took up with young Robert Dews, a son of Merchant William Dews.
In 1759 Robert Dew, who was known as Tahlonteeskee among the Cherokees, and Susannah Catherine Emory issued a son who became known as Tahlonteeskee. That same year, the Great Cherokee War broke open in terrible violence. It separated and scattered Cherokee families. The Indian Merchants took refuge where they might find safety. Robert Dew and Sarah Catherine Emory were separated by this war that lasted until September of 1761.
During the Great Cherokee War, a young Virginian named John Jolly served in the military in the fight against the Cherokees. As a result of his military service, he met Sarah Catherine Emory. After the war they engaged in a relationship that produced a son John Jolly who born sometime between 1761 and 1763. Virginian John Jolly assisted the Grant family after the war. Susannah Catherine Emory soon perished in 1765, probably of smallpox, and her children hardly knew either of their biological parents. Relatives in the Long Hair clan raised her sons to manhood.
In much later times Tahlonteeskee, and John Jolly were mentioned as brothers, sons of Robert Dews. This is because the matriarchal Cherokees, having seven clans, traced their ancestry through their mother’s clan. They were a communal people where children were raised collectively by their clan. Although the Cherokees were quite aware of half and step kinships, these distinctions were not given much consideration. Siblings who had the same mother were simply regarded as brothers & sisters, regardless of their biological father. By extension, this practice included more distant relatives in the clan. A husband always joined his wife’s clan regardless of the clan of his own mother. Likewise the father of one in a family with stepchildren was the father of all, but observed clan origin in such matters. Orphans caused by death or long absence were reared in the clan, and all matters regarding marriage, childrearing, and related things were under the oversight, and ultimate authority of a powerful Clan headwoman, and her council. The council house was eight-sided building with a door in one side, and seven sides reserved one for each clan.
After the war in 1662, the Carolina Journal of Commons House of Assembly reported in their proceedings that Robert Dew about 17 years of age was working at the Trading Post “Dewe’s Corner” owned by Capt William Dewe’s a Charleston Merchant, and that Ezekiel Buffington, Elias Harlan, and Richard Fields were also working there. This trading Post was built sometime before the Great Cherokee War began, and had been plundered during the war.
In about 1667/8, Robert Dews, also known to the Cherokees as Tahlunteeskee, took up with Elizabeth Emory, a quarter blooded Cherokee daughter of William Emory & wife Mary Grant, also one of Ludovic Grant’s Cherokee daughters. They knew each other from family in Charleston. Elizabeth was recently involved with Ezekiel Buffington, who had a wife and children down on Turkey Creek in Abbeville. He was working at Dewes Corner along with his uncle Elias Harlan. She issued a daughter Mary Buffington, sometimes called Dew. When his father perished in Abbeville, Ezekiel Buffington left Elizabeth Emory to tend affairs at the plantation, and when he returned to find his Cherokee wife had taken up with Robert Dew, he moved in with her sister, Mary Grant, Fawling widow of William Rim Fawling.
Robert Dews & Elizabeth Emory were estranged after issuing a daughter Elizabeth
Virginia “Jennie” Due born in about 1768/71. Apparently Elizabeth Emory took up with Capt. John Rogers while Robert Dew was away for an extended period. Perhaps he had been sent to trade in upper Georgia since he made a Grant request in that region about 1768/9 mentioned below. But before 1777 he was apparently assigned to trade on the Tennessee River Valley, and he is found at Hiawassee Island that year.
In a matriarchal society Cherokee woman had completely different views than the English about what constituted proper social and marital behavior. They claimed the right to choose with whom they slept, and polygamy although not common was certainly accepted. Many traders had wives & families in the white settlements, and also in the tribe. Their tribal wives were well aware of the situation, and did not object
Robert Dews took a third tribal wife. Records suggest that she was a daughter of Old Tassel. I believe that she was his youngest daughter Nancy Augusta Tassel, and they most likely issued children but their identity is unclear. Perhaps “Dew” & “Ahuateskee” Otterlifter Dew, both men found on 1817 Treaty Roll records (The latter is also found on 1835 Treaty Roll records.,) were some of his children. If they were Robert Dew’s sons by Nancy Augusta then both would have been over 40 years of age in 1817. Apparently Nancy Augusta Tassel first took up with a man named (John?) Otterlifter whose name was attached to one of Robert’s sons, before she met Alexander Dromgoole. Perhaps he was the same man who married Susannah Harlan. Another of Robert’s children may have been Nancy “Nannie the Pain,” said to be born in 1775, but identified as Dromgoole from her mother’s last consort Alexander Dromgoole. Her mother took up with Dromgoole (after Robert Dew left Hiawassee Island in 1777,) but after the Revolutionary War. This daughter married Doublehead as his last wife.
In 1768/69 Robert Dew Petitioned for a Georgia Land Grant, 100 acres of land in the Forks of Uchee Creek where he stated that “he had formerly lived.” This was land previously occupied by his father Capt. William Dewes located on the old Indian Trading Path that served the Cherokees, and led to the Creek Indians, and other tribes further south and west. It is located in present day Columbia County, Georgia that was formerly Richmond County, but during the time of this Petition it was located in St. Paul’s Parish, Georgia. The Cherokees, and Indian Fur Traders primarily occupied this region since the Battle of Taliwa in 1755 whereby the Cherokees repulsed the Creeks from northern Georgia. If Robert Dew removed to this land for purposes of trade, this might explain his separation from Elizabeth Emory.
On April 17th 1769 Edward Bernard & Thomas Waters, Indian Traders, and co-partners of Granville County, SC, bought 200 acres of land on the Savannah River from James McClenachan, Yeoman of Charleston, SC. Bryant Ward & James Morgan, neighbors to this land were Witnesses to this Deed.
Thomas Waters had been in this area since before 1768 when he acquired 200 acres from Charles White, and Bryant Ward was a Witness to this conveyance.
Thomas Waters was still in this area after July 20th 1777 when he acquired an additional 100 acres from Samuel Glover, and again Bryant Ward was a Witness to this Deed. It was an area called the “Long Swamp.”
Bryant (sic) Brian Ward was a former Virginian militiaman who married the Cherokee widow of Kingfisher, headman of the Cherokees at the Battle of Taliwa between a large number of Creek warriors, and less than half that number of Cherokees fought in 1755.
Kingfisher was killed in battle, and Nancy, his wife, rallied the Cherokee warriors to victory. The Creeks were driven out of a large area of northern Georgia as a result of this battle, and Nancy became a powerful and a respected Cherokee woman who married Bryant Ward. Bryant Ward & Nancy were the parents of Elizabeth Ward who first married Trader Bernard Hughes. After Hughes she married Joseph Martin, a Virginian found in Anson County, NC in 1773. Martin became a wealthy Trader, and later was a member of the Virginia militia. Joseph Martin was the Magistrate who heard testimony proving the LW&T of Henry Rhodes in Dobbs County, NC when in 1774 one of the named Executors James Dew could not be located for the probate.
In June of 1777, the Revolutionary War complicated matters of marriage, allegiance and loyalty for Trader Robert Dews. He previously removed his trade business away from his father’s old Trading Post at “Dewe’s Corner” on the eastern boundary of the Cherokee Nation. Apparently he traded in upper Georgia a few years, but he was now at Hiawassee Island among the Overhill Cherokee in the Tennessee River basin. His livelihood required that he support British authorities, but his relatives and their neighbors along the frontier were at risk of death at the hands of a band of Chickamauga Cherokees under the leadership of Dragging Canoe who fiercely supported an English prohibition against colonial expansion into Indian lands. Dew was often used to interpret letters from English Agents to the Cherokees, and to write their responses.
Dews learned of a plan to attack and slaughter frontier settlers from a letter from Alexander Cameron at Pensacola to Dragging Canoe. He felt compelled to secretly divulge this plan to a Whig Envoy named Newell recently arrived for “talks” from Fort Patrick.
Dews found an opportunity and he passed this intelligence to the Envoy in secret, but soon Newell foolishly announced in the villager he knew about the planed attacks. Immediately the lives of local traders were at risk of death by vengeance of Dragging Canoe. All of them were under suspicion, and Dragging Canoe wanted scalps.
Old Tassel, and Bloody Fellow interceded on behalf of Robert Dews, and were determined to save him. Their friendship and loyalty suggests that they were currently his in-laws. Dews finally escaped and secretly made his way to Fort Patrick on the Holston Island in the upper Tennessee River where Whig Col. Christian took his deposition. A runner reported that Envoy Newell had been scalped and killed by Dragging Canoe shortly after he left Hiawassee Island, long before he could report findings back to his command.
Since his former trade assignment at Hiawassee Island was no longer safe, in 1777 Robert Dews departed to the “Long Swamp” of Georgia, where he charged items at the trading post of Tory Col. Thomas Waters a Trader married to mixed Cherokee Sally Hughes. After Robert Dews left Hiawassee Island, Nancy Augusta Tassel apparently took up with “Otterlifter” until she met her last husband Alexander Dromgoole.
On some pretense, Dews was able to get reassigned to trade in Georgia. Fortunately the roll he had played in disrupting plans of John Stuart to slaughter rebellious colonial frontiersmen using the warrior forces of Dragging Canoe, and then grant their lands to Loyalists, was never disclosed. Had it been discovered, Cherokees warriors under the command of Dragging Canoe, or Tories would have hunted Dews down and assassinated him.
In 1779 Robert Dews is found trading at the village of Ustanilli on the Cusawatee River now located in Gordon County, Georgia downstream from the Long Swamp. Ustanilli was situated just below the confluence of the Conasauga River, and Etowah Rivers on the Coosawatee, all being headwaters of the Coosa River in Georgia before it flowed into present day State of Alabama.
On April 9th 1779 Robert Dews dispatched a letter from Ustanilli that was sent by a Cherokee messenger to Alexander Cameron at Pensacola, Florida. He reported intelligence about activities in the Cherokee Nation recently. At the end of this letter he made a personal request. Dews said that the river had too many traders, and among them he was the last to arrive. He made a plea for transfer to trade elsewhere, and asked to be assigned at Tuskeegee saying that many of his old customers were there. (It was an old abandoned Creek village having a name that meant “Warrior Place” located on the lower Tennessee River. Bloody Fellow recently settled Tuskeegee in 1777 just after the incident at Hiawassee Island forced trader Robert Dews to leave.)
But instead of assigning Dews a new trade location, English authorities Ordered him to go to Pensacola, Florida, and assume duty as a new Deputy Commissioner for Indian Affairs after the recent death of Commissioner John Stewart. It seems that Charles Stewart, recently named Commissioner of Indian Affairs, had recommended the appointment of Dews. This appointment was approved by Whitehall.
The genealogy of John Stewart is of interest. He was born Sept. 25th 1718 in Inverness, Scotland, and perished Mar. 21st 1779 at Santa Rosa, Pensacola, Florida, and was a son of John Stewart & Christiana MacLeod of Inverness. John Stewart attended school in London, England at age 17. It appears that his father, with a second wife, Mary came to St. Helena Parish, Colleton, Carolina in 1733 where he acquired land and became member of the Commons House of Assembly. In 1735 he first found employment in Spain at San Lucas de Barrameda, the old Andalusia Port at the mouth of the Gadalquivir River, where he worked three years. Afterwards he served a term in the Royal Navy as a Captain’s Clerk on the “Centurian.” He immigrated to South Carolina in the spring of 1748 where in Charleston he went into (trading?) business with Patrick Reid. The next year he returned to England where he married Sarah Fenwick and brought her to Carolina where most of their children were born. Reid died in April 1754, and the creditors came after John Stuart in 1755, leaving him in financial ruin. Stewart went to Georgia, and in 1757 he was a Captain in command of a Company in a garrison of militia at Fort Loudon until February of 1758. While on this assignment he took a young concubine Susannah Catherine Emory, a mixed Cherokee daughter of Robert Emory & Mary Grant. They issued a son later known as Bushyhead born after Stuart left Keowee being assigned to fortify a battery on Beaufort Island. Soon thereafter Susannah Catherine Emory took up with the young Robert Dew. Capt. Stuart returned to Fort Loudon in 1759 before it came under siege by Cherokees. When this Fort fell, his friend, headman Attacullaculla, saved Stuart’s life. Afterward John Stewart also served in the British Army at Capt. Byrd’s Camp in 1760. At the time his brother Henry was Supt. of Indian Affairs. When the Great Cherokee War ended John Stewart was appointed Supt. of Indian Affairs, and stationed on the Ohio River managing affairs with the Choctaws & Chickasaws in 1763. In 1775 he was sent to San Augustine, Florida where he became the British Supt. of Indian Affairs during the Revolutionary War until his death in 1779.
There is some cause to believe that his mother Christiana MacLeod had a brother named Alexander Macleod who immigrated to the colonies where he married Mary Gordon. (It is speculated she was a sister of Alexander Gilbert Gordon.) They issued sons named Alexander McLeod, and Daniel G. McLeod. A grandson named Daniel Gordon MacLeod married Sarah Due, a daughter of James Due & Christiana Gordon in Darlington, SC. The later aspects of this genealogy are unproved.
Meanwhile Nancy Augusta Tassel, after 1777 waiting for her husband Robert Dews to return to the Overhill Cherokee towns, finally divorced him for abandonment. First she seems to have taken up with a man named “Otterlifter’ whose name was attached to one of Robert’s sons. She later married Alexander Dromgoole after 1782. He was a Virginia militiaman turned Trader after the Revolutionary War ended. Her daughter Nancy “Nannie the Pain” was probably the issue of Robert Dew although she was later identified as Dromgoole, and she married to Doublehead as his last wife. She was said born in 1775, long before Dews left in 1777, and before Alexander Dromgoole took up with her mother Nancy Augusta Tassel, after the Revolutionary War.
When the Spanish retook control of western Florida in 1781, Englishmen who participated in an attempted repulsion of the Spanish during the unsuccessful Natchez Rebellion had to flee from Spanish retribution & reprisals. Many of them first fled to Tennessee. Some made their way back to England. Robert Dews was not among those identified that returned to England, nor of those who escaped to the Caribbean. He was still a relatively young man at 36 years of age
Dews had become a Persona non-gratis, a former Tory by reputation, and office. He knew he would now be resented, despised and threatened by many citizens of the fledgling new Nation of the United States of America. He became reclusive, and sought the renewed association of old friends, relatives, and others who would protect him from his past. His selfless action at Hiawassee Island in 1777 that perhaps saved untold lives of frontier settlers at the hands of Dragging Canoe was an act made at the risk of his own life, but it would have little impact in counteracting his former position as a Deputy Commissioner for England during the War. He would simply be hated as a Tory.
He apparently changed his name from Dews to Due, as many of his relatives did during the War, and made his way back into the mostly Cherokee lands of upper Georgia, and managed to escape the reprisals of Col. Sevier, Col. Pickens, and others, who systematically attacked and sacked many of the Cherokee villages which had supported the English during the War. Col. Evan Shelby destroyed the Cherokee town of Long Swamp in 1797. Col. Pickens destroyed the town of Tuskeegee. These were but two of the many villages destroyed in reprisals.
It is believed that the Robert Due who was counted on the 1790 census of Edgefield County, SC just across the Savannah River from Columbia County, Georgia is actually the old Indian Trader, Robert Dews. During this census he was counted with a third wife, probably a trader’s daughter, and children. If he still lived in 1800 then he was probably dwelling in nearby Georgia where no census records survive until 1830.
This part of Georgia had a powerful pull on members of the formerly Dew, now family of James Due of Darlington, SC. This pull was may have exerted by Old Trader Robert Dew/Due, and also some cousins the children of another Trader related to the Dues by the marriage of Zachariah Fenn to Alsey McCoy. But I consider the greater influence of a brother of James Due living in this area to be responsible for this family gravitation.
One of Robert Dew’s sons issued of his last wife is thought to be Francis Due found on records on May 1st 1814 in Richmond County, Georgia where he Administered the estate of Raimond Pagneul.
Capt. William Dewe’s third childbearing relationship:
His spouse Lois Wilkins probably perished shortly after 1745 in a failed childbirth. Capt William Dewes soon took a third spouse, or concubine to care for his children. The records of South Carolina show that he was an Indian Merchant of Savannah, Georgia, in partnership with Patrick Brown a Trader of Augusta, Georgia, Daniel Clark a Trader of Augusta, Ga., Thomas Corker merchant of Charleston, SC, and Lachland McGilvray a Trader of Augusta, Georgia who came from Dumaglass, Scotland, all Partners who were named Executors of the Will of Patrick Brown made in Charlestown, SC in 1755.
It is also noticed that Capt. William Dewes acquired land on Argyle Island, a river island on the Savannah River in about 1748. In that same year Patrick Brown of Augusta, and Congaree, acquired a tract of land on the adjacent river Island called Onslow Island.
It seems strongly suggested that Capt. William Dewes was married to one of Patrick Brown’s mixed blooded Indian daughters as his third consort, or spouse.
Patrick Brown’s only male heir was of his Irish wife left behind in Dublin named Alexander Brown whom he named as heir to his remaining estate lands in his Will of 1755.
Since Dewes was not mentioned in the Wills made by the remaining partners it seems confirmed that he probably married one of Patrick Brown’s tribal daughters. Her name is believed to be Elizabeth Brown, and between 1755 and 1758 they are implied (by the Petition of Robert Dews) to be dwelling in the Forks of the Uchee River not far from Augusta, Georgia engaged in Indian Trade.
By 1758, William Dewes removed to a new trading post called “Dewe’s Corner” just west of Robert Goudy on the trading path from Charleston to the Cherokees at the village of Keowee. It was located on the “Yellow Water” a branch of the Savannah River. Robert Goudy owned the adjacent land in 1765.
On Sept. 25th 1760, a Georgia land Grant to John Morell seems to prove that Capt. William Dews, Trader, still owned land on Wilmington Island, Chatham County, Georgia that year: “John Morell, 500 acres on Wilmington Island, Christ Church Parish, Chatham Co., Ga., granted on Sept 25th, 1760, land bounded on south by William Dews, on all other sides by Warsaw (sic) Wassaw River, and Tybee Creek, and marshes of same.” [Grant Book B, pa. 512] It was land Dews probably owned since before 1755 when he was noted as a Merchant & Indian Trader at Savannah, Georgia.
John Morell was a French immigrant who entered SC between 1750 and 1760. His son who came with him from France went to Virginia where he married in 1785. By 1785 John Morell had become an influential man who was President of the Executive Council of the State of Georgia.
But in 1760, Capt. William Dewes, wealthy Indian Merchant, purchased all or part of Timicau Island at the estate sale & creditor settlement with the heirs of Thomas Plunkett, deceased. The sale was Ordered by the Court in order to settle the estate of Thomas Plunkett.
And in 1761, Elizabeth Scully, Plunkett, widow, who formerly married Thomas Plunkett on June 3rd 1759 at St. Phillips, Charleston, SC, relinquished her dower rights for Timicau Island to William Dewees (sic) Dewes, sold by Cornelius Dewees, a shipwright from Germantown, Pennsylvania. Cornelius was a former co-owner & Partner of Thomas Plunkett previously holding both Timicau Island, and a shipyard thereupon. This Island became commonly known first as Dewes Island, then as Dewees Island after the shipbuilder. It is almost certain that Dewes, and Dewees, not known to be in any way related by blood, continued the shipbuilding operation there in partnership for a period of time. Their surnames were often both confused as Dewees thereafter.
In 1785 Capt. William Dewes, a Royalist in his views, was then living in Charleston, and was exiled from the city of Charleston to nearby Dewees Island for continuing to resist the local authorities that he considered illegitimate. It is said to be the island where he perished in 1786, so he must have still maintained a property interest there at the time of his death.
It is believed that Elizabeth Brown gave issue to the following surviving children of Capt. William Dewes:
1. James Dew/Due [ca. 1747-1752, SC, or Ga. – ca. 1809, Darlington, SC]
He married Ann Rhodes, and Christiana Gordon.
2. Seth Dew/Due [ca. 1754, Ga. – ca. 1818, Columbus County, NC]
He married Lydia Ray.
Their oldest surviving brother, Robert Dew by 1766 had more or less taken over the Indian Trade
Business at “Dewe’s Corner.” His stepmother Elizabeth Brown, Dewe had apparently perished.
Capt. David Mungen perished in Charleston, SC in 1766, and was buried there.
Capt. William Dewe’s fourth childbearing relationship:
Capt. William Dewes was married a fourth time to Jane, former mixed Indian concubine of Capt. David Mongin. This is implied because Governor Lord George Montague issued a Citation for Capt. William Dewes, Richard Pendarvis, Archibald Wilkins, & John Wilkins to appear on Friday Feb. 15th 1771 to declare what they knew about the Execution of David Mungen’s Will granted on Feb. 2nd 1771. [Catherine Spoad, Mungen, his widow, contested his Will. Her husband by whom she had no issue was a very wealthy man who was nicknamed “Money Mongin.”]
On Feb. 15th 1771 the Honorable Governor Montague ruled that David Mungen was of sound mind when he made his Will. All the parties issued this Citation appear to be cousins, and at least two of them married daughters of David Mungen, a long time plantation owner, and a resident of Daufuskie Island, Beaufort, SC near Savannah, Ga. And all the parties cited except for Dewes were David’s neighbors and also lived on Daufuskie Island, and we know that Dewes once lived at nearby Savannah, Ga. But apparently the Governor was made aware that Dewes was Guardian Ad Litem of one of David’s minor unwed daughters who had legal standing in this case.
Jane’s identity has not been established, but there is some speculation that she could have been an unknown daughter of old Indian Trader John Musgrove by a first Cherokee concubine before he married his French-Creek wife Mary Musgrove. The reason for this speculation is that in later generations a John Due Musgrove appears in the record that seems to indicate such an early liaison by a trader named Musgrove actually took place, it and provides a basis for William Dewe’s relationship to his apparent daughter Jane.
Issue of Jane by Capt. William Dewes is believed to be:
1. John R. Due [bef. 1770 – bet. 1790 & 1820 in Moore County, NC.
2. Elizabeth Due, [ca. 1770, Savannah, Ga. – 1824, Savannah, Ga.] who married a shipwright named Thomas Rice. He had a shipyard in Savannah.
By 1772 James Due, at about 21 years of age, or thereabouts, appears to have worked for merchant and trader Alexander Gilbert Gordon, Gentleman at 50 years of age, who now resided in Craven County, SC, but it appears that he was still maintaining a trade business at Cape Fear, or Wilmington in Anson County, NC, and also at Charlestown, SC, perhaps using the Pee Dee River as a convenient trade route for goods. However, it is noticed that James Dew could actually have been working for his eldest son Robert Gordon also noted as a merchant of Anson County. The Gordon family and the Dewes family were quite familiar with each other through their former common Mercantile & Trade activities.
Previously dwelling in North Carolina for a period long enough for him to be called for Jury Duty, on April 16th 1772, James Dew sat on a panel which appointed Samuel Wise as Administrator in the case of Ellerby –vs.- Thornberry. The next day he sat on a panel to decide a dispute between Virginia Trader Joseph Martin, and a local merchant Richard Farr in Anson County.
James Dew was apparently first married to a daughter of Henry Rhodes, of Dobbs County, NC, and he was named an Executor of Henry Rhode’s Will made in 1773. In 1774 Henry Rhodes perished, and Joseph Martin a Trader from Virginia, recently of Anson County, was the Magistrate who heard testimony proving his Will in Dobbs County, NC, but Executor James Dew could not be found during the probate. Alternates were used.
Robert Gordon it seems was still importing textiles and trade items from England, and exporting Indian Furs to make profit. European textiles, and products, especially clothing, were important trade items among the Indians, and were more popular among the Cherokees than other tribes. The absence of James Dew during the probate of Henry Rhodes seems to have been trade related.
His brother Seth Dew/Due apparently followed James Dew/Due to Anson County, NC, but Seth does not appear on the record until the 1790 census of Wilmington, NC where he appears with a wife, four sons & four daughters. He is later found in Columbus County, NC that was formed from Anson, where he died after 1818. But Seth Dew/Due had descendants who later came to Darlington, SC.
Brothers James & Seth Dew developed differences in their views with their father about the need for colonial Independence from England. These differences estranged them, and they began to use the name Due to avoid being associated with their father’s Revolutionary War politics. We know that their presumed father, Capt. William Dewes was a Royalist, and it is believed that he was the same man, a William Dewes who supplied food to the Tories in Georgia during the war. Unfortunately, it seems that Capt. William Dewes continued to resist the new American government at Charleston when the war was over, and he was said exiled to Dewes, or Dewees Island for his nuisance behavior. Somehow he was omitted from the Tory and Royalist lists. It is said that he perished in this exile condition about 1786, but no Will or Probate of his estate has ever been found. Perhaps he found a way to dispose or sell off his estate, and devise it among his chosen heirs outside the oversight of the new US Court system that he did not accept as a legitimate authority. We know that he had plenty of relatives occupying positions of power in this new government, and they may have tried to help make things easier for him. There is no record that his estate was seized for Tory or Royalist activity. But the unfortunate absence of a Will, a Probate, Deeds, or any other documents naming his heirs prevent us from proving the identity of his survivors, some of which were certainly at odds with their father over the Revolutionary War.
Subject: James Dew/Due:
A summary of his early years:
By the time James Dew was old enough to go outside and play alone, he was often at the feet of his father William Dewes during his trade activities. James was about five years old when his father was planting and trading on Wilmington Island, just outside of Savannah, Georgia, and at Argyle Island some 10 miles up the Savannah River. During that year James Dew’s grandfather the Irish Trader Patrick Brown, with whom his father was a partner in Indian trade, perished at Augusta, Georgia, or at Charleston where he might have sought medical attention. Before James Dew was eight years old, his father was trading on land in the forks of the Euchee River in Richmond County, Georgia, not far out of Augusta. This trade location was on an old trading path to Lower Cherokees, and various tribes south and west.
Then about 1758 his father built a new trading post called “Dewes Corner” a mile west of the store and farm of Irishman Robert Goudey a trader, and lender who occupied this location since the mid 1750s.. This trading post was conveniently located at the eastern boundary of the Cherokee Nation on the great trading path from Charleston to the Cherokees at Keowee, and the overhill towns on the Tennessee River.
Unfortunately the very next year a great war with the Cherokees began and it lasted until September of 1761. His older half-brother Benjamin Dew was killed as a soldier in the SC militia at the start of this war.
James Dew was about 11 years old in 1761 when his father repaired or rebuilt the trading post at “Dewes Corner,” and restocked it. It had been plundered, and damaged during the Cherokee war. The next year Robert Dew, the 17 year-old half-brother of James Dew, was working for his father at this trading post. Elias Harlan, and his nephew Ezekiel Buffington, as well as Richard Fields were also employed at “Dewes Corner” in 1762.
But by this time Capt William Dewes was entertaining various other interests in South Carolina. In 1760 he purchased all or part of Timicau Island at the estate sale of Thomas Plunkett, dec’d, and became involved in a shipbuilding yard with shipwright Cornelius DeWees, (no relation) formerly a partner with Plunkett. It also appears that he obtained nearby island holdings having good stands of shipbuilding timber.
Robert Dew began to take over his father’s Indian Trade business with the Cherokees at Keowee, and the overhill towns. But James Dew, at age 12, accompanied his father almost everywhere. James became well acquainted with all the merchants, and Indian traders with which his father had contact or business. He also became familiar with many of the Indians he met, often from faraway places. It is without doubt that in this way James Dew became acquainted and involved with the Gordon family of the Pee Dee River who had mercantile trade business in Charleston, Cape Fear, and Wilmington.
By the time James Dew was seventeen years old in 1767 he was probably occupied working with the Gordons in the trade business. Alexander Gilbert Gordon, and his son Robert imported good textiles, and clothing made from it, that was so much in demand by Indians, especially the Cherokees. Likely James was running a train of horses, and a crew of young men as packers, bringing trade goods of this sort to his brother Robert Dew at “Dewes Corne.,” After delivery he brought a load of fur pelts, or deer skins back to market. James may have serviced other traders with delivery & pack service as well.
Records concerning James Dew:
The first colonial record which names James Dew was dated April 16th 1772 implying that he was of legal age, appearing to be born before 1751. He served on a Jury in Anson County, NC which appointed Samuel Wise Administrator in the case of Ellerby -vs- Thornberry.
On the next day, April 17th 1772, James Dew served on a Jury to decide a dispute between Joseph Martin, and Richard Farr. Verdict: 3 Pounds, 2 Shillings, & 6 Pence. The dispute is thought to be one of Trade items. Both Joseph Martin & Richard Farr were Indian merchants & traders.
The third colonial record that named James Dew was dated Dec. 21st 1773 wherein he was named Executor of the Will of Henry Rhodes, whose Will of that date was filed in Dobbs County, NC. Henry Rhodes perished on Jan. 6th, 1774, and his Will was probated on Jan. 25th 1774 in Dobbs County, NC. Magistrate Joseph Martin heard testimony that proved the Will of Henry Rhodes, but Executor James Dew was not to be found at the time of probate.
For the next nine years no records are found naming James Dew, or Due, until 1783. In 1785 he was paid for providing Beef and other goods to the Continental Army of South Carolina at unspecified times during the Revolutionary War. His trail became cold, and tells us he was probably on the frontier attempting to maintain his aspect of trade. This required him to take a neutral attitude about the war. But James was a Whig at heart, and differed with his father over it. When the fighting intensified in South Carolina he was probably forced to retire to relative safety at the Pee Dee River where his business associates the Gordon family lived. Members of this family were known Patriots.
We know that in about 1782 James Due was married to Christiana Gordon, a daughter of Alexander Gilbert Gordon in the Cheraw District of South Carolina. It was the year that the Revolutionary War ended. This is provable by the birth periods of their issue, and various Wills and probate records, even though there is no marriage record found for their betrothal. I suspect that Christiana Gordon, and her mother Mary, had been keeping his daughter Ann Due while he was often away on business over the past years. Ann Due, a daughter of Ann Rhodes, was about eight or nine years of age when James married Christiana. James Due is found on Jury Duty in 1783 in the Cheraw District.
A Pledger family historian called Alexander Gilbert Gordon “Chief of the Gordon Clan.” According to an old Gordon Bible found in the Library at Salt Lake City, Utah, he was born on April 4th 1723 in the Head Borough of Shire Moray, Scotland. The old Bible called it “Shire Morrow.” He was a son of William Gordon, & wife Christiana Stuart [Nov. 12th 1696, Ledcreich, Scotland – before 1739, Scotland?] This cannot be proved by the peerage of Scotland, but there is no doubt that his mother was a sister of Patrick Stuart.
According to this Bible, Alexander Gilbert Gordon left Scotland at age 15, meaning about 1738 or 1739. This certainly suggests that he may have arrived at Cape Fear, NC on the “Thistle” possibly either with his parents, or with a guardian, his uncle Patrick Stuart. Over 300 Scotch Highlanders came with Stuart on the “Thistle.” Among them was his brother William Stuart.
The old Gordon Bible describes an obscure period saying that “after a ramble of seven years by land and sea Alexander Gilbert Gordon arrived by ship about 1745 in South Carolina.” Records do show that Alexander Gilbert Gordon was in South Carolina at about age 21, or 22, but of age, he may have left the oversight of his uncle Patrick Stuart by then. But it is possible he was also a young mariner, too.
It seems implicit in the record that several of his Gordon relatives were already dwelling in Craven County, SC in 1745, and this is where Alexander Gilbert Gordon seems to first appear as a Court Clerk recording several Deeds especially in the new Welch Neck settlement established on the Pee Dee River in about 1744.
The first known resident there was Thomas Ellerby. With his brother John, he came from Virginia, to Anson, & Bladen Counties before appearing in South Carolina. Thomas Ellerby built a mill in 1742 that happened to be near the site selected for occupation of Welch Neck settlers. At this point we must recall that this area was claimed by both the now divided colonies of both North and South Carolina, an area that was formerly just Carolina, and records exist showing that this area was in both colonies until the border dispute was finally settled.
John Ellerby died in 1752, and on April 23rd 1759 Alexander Gordon received a Grant “In Trust for the Orphans of John Ellerby,”250 acres in Anson County, on north side of the Pee Dee River, joining John Ellerby, dec’d. This land was probably found by survey to be in South Carolina.
Alexander Gilbert Gordon, merchant of Anson County, married first to Elizabeth Ellerby, a daughter of Capt. Thomas Ellerby. They were married in about 1752, and said betrothed in Marion County, SC. They issued a son before her death:
1. Robert Gordon [ca. 1754,Anson co., NC - ?]
On Jan. 3rd 1775 Alexander Gordon, and his wife Mary, and son Robert Gordon of St. David’s Parish, Craven County, SC, sold to Thomas Lide of the same place, Planter, for 3,500 Pounds, SC money, 546.5 acres; one tract of land containing 300 acres on the northeast side of the Pee Dee, adjacent lands now possessed by John Husbands on a Creek commonly known by the name of Hanier’s Creek, or Husbands Creek and also the plantation on which I now live on the northeast side of the Pee Dee River, 246.5 acres, 100 acres of which is adjacent to land now belonging to Francis Gillespie, Willed to Elizabeth Gordon and conveyed to me by Robert Gordon, 50 acres formerly granted to John Ellerbe conveyed to me by Edward Ellerbe adjacent to the lands mentioned, a tract of 96.5 acres conveyed to me by William Black.
Alexander Gordon (LS), Mary Gordon (LS), Robert Gordon (LS)
Wit. Calvin Spencer, Sarah Foster
Proved in Cheraw District before Charles Augustus Steward (sic,) JP, by the Oath of Calvin Spencer, Jan. 4th 1775. Recorded April 3rd 1775 [SC Deeds, Book. Q-4, p. 264-267]
Then on May 5th 1755, Alexander Gilbert Gordon married Mary “Molly”McCoy/McKay, a daughter of John McCoy/McKay & wife Alas, her father a man who may have also arrived with his own brother, or father, William McKay on the “Thistle ”in 1739, but this has not been firmly established. They issued at least six daughters:
1. May Gordon[ca. 1756, Anson co., NC – ca. 1756, Anson co., NC]
2. Christian Gordon [ca. 1757, Anson co., NC – ca. 1757, Anson co., NC]
3. William Gordon [Mar. 12th 1758, Anson co., NC – aft. 1797] married Mary Gregg
[William Gordon served as a Sergeant in the 2nd & 6th Virginia Continental Lines in a Company from Lunenberg, Virginia with Hubbard Stephens during the Revolutionary War. Stephens bought land in the Cheraws District, SC formerly granted to Alexander Gilbert Gordon. In 1790 William Gordon was counted on the census in New Hanover County, NC with a wife, a son, a daughter, and one slave.]
4. Mary Gordon [ca. 1762, Anson Co., NC - ?] married May 10th 1787 to Joseph Brown
5. Christiana Gordon [ca. 1764, Anson co., NC – aft. 1820, SC] married ca. 1782 to James Dew/Due
6. Sarah Gordon [ca. 1766, Anson co., NC – ca. 1817, Marlboro, SC], married George Wright
Remember that the area of their births may actually found to be in South Carolina by a later survey.
Alexander Gilbert Gordon’s in-laws were John McCoy and his wife Alas (sic) Alice.
On Mar. 13th 1745/46 at Cape Fear, NC, proving their headrights for land, persons from Bladen County were:
John McCoy, with 5 whites, and three blacks.
John McCoy, for William McCoy, 3 whites.
On Sept. 19th 1749 John McCoy, Abra Boyd, & Jacob Denkens witnessed a Deed from John Stafford to William Kemp, 50 Pounds on south side of Pee Dee River in Anson County, NC.
On Oct. 11th 1749 John McCoy issued a Grant on west side of the Great Pee Dee River, and on the Little River, and on the upper side of same. [Book 5, page 396, & Book 10, pa. 245]
On Mar. 8th 1750/51 John McCoy, Caleb Howell, & E. Cartlidge were witnesses of a sale from John Willis for 50 Pistols money of Virginia paid by Thomas Harrington for one Negro “York” [NC Deed Abstracts, Holcombe, Vol. A., page 22, Anson County]
On Dec. 6th 1753 John McCoy was mentioned as adjacent landowner in a Deed from Andrew Mooreman, Jr. to Townsend Robinson, 10 Pounds money of Great Britain, 246 acres on both sides of the Little River of the Pee Dee River, joining John McCoy’s corner, Henry Down’s line, Abraham Boyd’s line, originally granted Mooreman on Aug. 31st 1753. Note that Townsend’s sister Catherine Robinson, Mooreman was the wife of Andrew Mooreman of Georgia.
On Jan. 16th 1754 John McCoy made a Deed to Tilman Helms in Anson County, NC. In this transaction he was mentioned twice, once as McCoy, and once as McKay.
John McCoy, March 15th 1756, 300 acres of land in Anson County, joining William McCoy on south bank of Pee Dee River, and a tract of land granted to Edmond Cartlidge, now McCoy’s plantation. [NC Patent Book 15, Grant #4849, page 113]
John McCoy/McKay, & wife Alas (sic) Alice issued a family of seven daughters:
1. Ann McCoy, married John Red
2. Alcey McCoy, married Zachariah Fenn.
Zachariah Fenn was born ca. Dec. 30th 1730 in Richmond, Virginia, a son of Henry Fann, & Winfred Gathings. Zachariah was interested in the Indian Fur Trade business. He married Alcey McCoy before 1750 in Anson County, NC and took her back to Virginia, where he received a Certificate for 38 acres of land on both sides of Reedy Branch in Dinwiddie County, Virginia on April 18th 1753. In 1758-59 Zachariah Fenn accompanied Edmond Atkin, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, formerly a Charleston merchant in partnership wirh John Atkin, into the Territory of the Alabama Indians. Zachariah Fenn, Indian Trader enlisted in the Continental Army in SC, and he received Bounty Land in Washington, and Richmond Counties of Georgia after the War. Before Alcey McCoy perished they issued the following children:
1. Travis Fenn [ca. 1750, Dinwiddie, Va. – 1819, Laurens, SC], married Mary
2. Eli Fenn
3. Winfred Fenn [ca. 1778, Ga. - ?] married John Fryar.
Zachariah Fenn married second to Nancy Wright. They issued a family of seven that included
4. Henry Ward Fenn
Zachariah Fenn made his Will in 1799 in Jefferson County, Ga. He perished in 1801, and was buried in Warren County, Georgia on “the Old Mel Tanner place.” His Will stated that he wanted his estate to be divided among his 7 youngest children since he settled his estate with his first family when he married last.
3. Mary “Molly” McCoy [ca. 1740, Anson Co., Carolina – March 29th 1797, Marlboro,
SC] married Alexander Gilbert Gordon on May 1st.1755.
4. Mildred McCoy, [ca. 1741, Anson County, NC – ca. 1909, Tennessee] married Phillip Alston about 1766 in Anson County, NC. Phillip Alston was born ca. Feb. 18th 1741 in Edgecombe County, NC, a son of Solomon Alston & Mary Ann Hinton. Phillip and Milly were married about 1766 in Anson County. They issued a children:
1. Elizabeth Alston, who married John Gilbert
2. John McCoy Alston
3. Frances “Frankey” Alston who married James Dromgoole, brother of Alexander.
4. Phillip Alston, Jr. who married Zilpha Ann Downs.
Phillip Alston and wife Milly removed to the Natchez District near Pensacola, Florida, being found there between 1776 and 1781. When the Spanish took western Florida from the English in 1781, Phillip Alston was one of those Englishmen who participated in the Natchez Rebellion against the Spanish, which failed, and he was forced to flee to Tennessee, taking some of his children but in great urgency leaving Milly, and other children behind. Milly, thinking she had been abandoned took up with a Trader believed to be Capt. Bullard, who was killed by Cherokees in 1788, and issued a son William Bullard mentioned in the Will of Mary McCoy, Gordon in South Carolina. Milly is also found dwelling next to James Due during the 1790 census of Cheraw District, SC. Later Milly removed to Tennessee and reunited with Phillip Alston after she found out where he was.
5. Elizabeth McCoy
6. Frances McCoy
7. Sarah McCoy, married Carney Wright.
Carney Wright was born ca. 1745, of a place and parents undetermined. He married Sarah McCoy ca. 1764 in Anson County, NC. On Dec. 16th 1769 Carney Wright received a Land Patent for 200 acres in Anson County, NC, southwest side of the Pee Dee River, on Island Creek, joining Christopher Clark, and James Liles. On July 10th 1771, Carney Wright made a Deed to Robert Gordon, proved by Carney Wright in Anson County, NC. On Oct. 9th 1771, Carney Wright, a bond of “Ordinary Liscense.” His Bondsmen were John Parsons, Benjamin Hinson of Anson County. In 1776, Carney Wright was a Private, Light Horseman, in the Company of Captain Thomas Wade of Anson County, SC, during the Revolutionary War. On Jan. 14th 1777, Carney Wright, a Deed from Joseph Still, acknowledged. On this same date Carney Wright made a Deed to Michael Crawford in Anson County, NC. It was probably the same land. On Dec. 2nd 1782 Carney Wright was a buyer at the estate sale of Robert Jarman in Anson County, NC. In 1785 Carney Wright was a road overseer in Marlboro County, SC. In 1788 Carney Wright implied as a relative of John Wright in Anson County, NC.
During the Census of 1790 in Cheraws District of SC:
Carney Wright 1M [over 16]
1 F [all ages]
1 M [under 16]
1 M [under 16]
1 M [under 16]
1 F [all ages]
1 F [all ages]
1 F [all ages]
1 F [all ages]
1 F [all ages]
11 slaves, all ages and sexes
In 1790 Carney Wright sues Hubbert Skeven in Marlboro, SC.
In 1792 Carney Wright perished in Marlboro County, SC. John Wilson, James
Gillespie, & William Wright Administered his estate.
The issue known of Carney Wright and Sarah McCoy, Wright are:
1. Frances Wright [ca. 1765, Marlboro, SC – ca. 1838, Marlboro, SC] married Robert Lide, a son of Thomas Lide & Mary Caroline Foster.
2. Rebecca Wright [ca. 1766, Marlboro, SC - ?] , married John Burch, married James Irby.
3. William Wright [ca. 1775, Marlboro, SC – ?] married
4. Joseph Wright [ca. 1775, Marlboro (a twin) – May 5th 1840, Oak Grove, Montgomery, Ala.] married Mary Ann Twitty. One of his sons a William Carney Wright was an Engineer and built the bridge across the Coosa River at Wetumpka, Alabama.
5. Mary Wright [ca 1776, Marlboro, SC - ?] married Alexander Lamb ca. 1798 in Marlboro, SC.
On June 4th 1810, Executive Department, Monday, on Application Ordered that Passports
Be prepared for the following persons to pass through the Creek Nation of Indians, to wit…One for Mr. Charles Irby, and one for Mr. William Wright, all of Marlboro County, SC which were presented and signed. The Matriarch, Sarah McCoy, Wright accompanied them to Alabama.
On March 31st 1817, Marlboro, SC: The Will of Sarah Wright, dec’d, on Nov. 8th 1816, widow of Carney Wright Witnessed by J. Gillespie, James Irby, & John R. Due, son of James Due. Her Will was proved by James Gillespie, James Irby, and John R. Due, son of James Due. Specified in her Will were:
“Executors & sons: William Wright
Grandchildren: Sarah Burch
Sarah Ann Lide
In 1663, Alexander Gilbert Gordon owned lots in the Town of Prince George, Anson County, NC, on the Pee Dee River.
In 1766, Alexander Gilbert Gordon was still counted as an Anson County, NC merchant.
In 1768, Alexander Gilbert Gordon was appointed a Church Warden in St. David’s Parish, Craven County, SC. It is doubtful that he moved, but was probably in the same place.
In 1772, Alexander Gilbert Gordon, and his cousin Catherine Stuart, Little, wife of William Little, Executed the Will of his deceased uncle Patrick Stuart whose Will was filed in Cheraw District, SC, but had formerly dwelt in Bladen County, NC. Patrick Stuart was buried in the Churchyard of St. David’s in Cheraw District, SC. Catherine Stuart, Little was Pat’s daughter.
In 1777, Alexander Gilbert Gordon enlisted in McRee’s Company, part of the 6th Regiment of South Carolina militia during the Revolutionary War. He was discharged in 1778.
In 1779 Alexander Gilbert Gordon was on a Jury List in Cheraw District, SC.
According to the affidavit of William Ricketts, concerning the Pension Application of Charles Hinson: Charles Hinson stated that “…I became a substitute for a man named Gordon under Capt. Thomas Ellibee at Cheraw District, South Carolina, for two months some time in February of 1782...”
In about 1782, James Due married Christiana Gordon, daughter of Alexander Gilbert Gordon, and wife Mary “Molly” McCoy, Gordon in Cheraw District, Marlboro, SC. James Dew, never used his former surname Dew again after the Revolutionary War started, but henceforth used the name Due.
In 1783, James Due was on Jury Duty in the Cheraw District, SC.
In 1785, James Due was compensated for providing goods and services to the Continental Army three times during the Revolutionary War.
On April 7th 1785, Alexander Gilbert Gordon perished in the Cheraw District of South Carolina. He was buried in the St David’s churchyard cemetery. His Will was probated in Moore County, North Carolina. I have not acquired a copy of his Will, nor do I know its details.
During the March Term of 1786, James Due, Carney Wright, William Wright, et al, were members of a Pettit Jury in the Cheraws District of South Carolina. And during this same Term
Mary Gordon, widow of Alexander Gilbert Gordon, Deeded 75 acres to James Due. Witnesses were William Gordon, and James Reid.
During the June Term of 1787, James Due, William Gordon, Abner Broach, and John Husbands were all fined $2.00 for failure to appear for Jury Duty in the Cheraw District, SC.
During the September Term of 1787, James Due was sued by Ely Kershaw, Executor of (Ely Kershaw?) in the Cheraw District, SC.
During the March Term of 1789, James Due made Surety Bond for Jonathan Wright in the Cheraw District, SC.
During the September Term of 1789, James Due was sued by Joseph Brown, & wife Mary Gordon, Brown, who was Due’s sister-in-law in the Cheraw District.
6. Sarah McLeod, wife of Daniel G. Mcleod.