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Chester County, Tennessee Genealogy

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Chester County

Chester County is located in West Tennessee, one of the state's three "grand divisions."
Chester County was created in 1879 from Hardeman, Henderson, McNairy and Madison counties,
and named in honor of Robert I. Chester (1793-1892). The county seat is located at Henderson.

Chester County History The treaty which opened West Tennessee for settlement was signed on October 19, 1818 by Isaac Shelby, Andrew Jackson and the leaders of the Chickasaw Indians. The Chickasaws were allowed to exclusively use the territory for hunting for two more years. Once settlers were allowed within the territory, progress was rapid, as evidenced by the fact that the area courts were organized in the Fall of 1823 and the first census was held in 1830.

The first settlers came from Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, North Alabama, and, largely, Middle Tennessee. The first settlement in the area was Mifflin. Colonel J. Purdy migrated to the county from Pennsylvania; the town of Mifflin was named after a town in his home state. Goodspeed's History of Tennessee

Area records prior to Chester County's 1879 founding can be found at the parent counties (Hardeman, Henderson, McNairy and Madison).

A Pictorial History of Chester County This limited edition hardbound book has been published by the Chester County Historical Society, and contains historical highlights and over a thousand old photos of the county since its formation. Copies can be ordered from the publisher, Turner Publishing, for $39.95 + $6.00 shipping. 1-800-788-3350

Chester County Queries
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  • Surnames being Researched in Chester County

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Page last updated Sunday, July 13, 2008.