Compiled by Dan Burrows
"I put these 130 items together from many sources and used it as a handout for our local
Orange County (NY) Genealogical Society. I was asked by many recipients if the chart
could be forwarded to other lists or used in local newsletters. The answer is yes -
please share this information." - Dan Burrows
Accomptant - Accountant.
Almoner - Giver of charity to the needy.
Amanuensis - Secretary or stenographer.
Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repairs.
Bailie - Bailiff.
Baxter - Baker.
Bluestocking - Female writer.
Boniface - Keeper of an inn.
Brazier - One who works with brass.
Brewster - Beer manufacturer.
Brightsmith - Metal Worker.
Burgonmaster - Mayor.
Caulker - One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to make them watertight
by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced by taking old ropes apart.
Chaisemaker - Carriage maker.
Chandler - Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries, ship
Chiffonnier - Wig maker.
Clark - Clerk.
Clerk - Clergyman, cleric.
Clicker - The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who
received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due
form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine
Cohen - Priest.
Collier - Coal miner.
Colporteur - Peddler of books.
Cooper - One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels,
Cordwainer - Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba
Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables.
Crocker - Potter.
Crowner - Coroner.
Currier - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather
by incorporating oil or grease.
Docker - Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo.
Dowser - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick.
Draper - A dealer in dry goods.
Drayman - One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads.
Dresser - A surgeon's assistant in a hospital.
Drover - One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle.
Duffer - Peddler.
Factor - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another;
Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate.
Farrier - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses.
Faulkner - Falconer.
Fell monger - One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather-making.
Fletcher - One who made bows and arrows
Fuller - One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening,
heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth.
Gaoler - A keeper of the gaol, a jailer.
Glazier - Window glassman.
Hacker - Maker of hoes.
Hatcheler - One who combed out or carded flax.
Haymonger - Dealer in hay.
Hayward - Keeper of fences.
Higgler - Itinerant peddler.
Hillier - Roof tiler.
Hind - A farm laborer.
Holster - A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn.
Hooker - Reaper.
Hooper - One who made hoops for casks and barrels.
Huckster - Sells small wares.
Husbandman - A farmer who cultivated the land.
Jagger - Fish peddler.
Journeyman - One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to
serve a master, but hired by the day.
Joyner/Joiner - A skilled carpenter.
Keeler - Bargeman.
Kempster - Wool comber.
Lardner - Keeper of the cupboard.
Lavender - Washer woman.
Lederer - Leather maker.
Leech - Physician.
Longshoreman - Stevedore.
Lormer - Maker of horse gear.
Malender - Farmer.
Maltster - Brewer.
Manciple - A steward.
Mason - Bricklayer.
Mintmaster - One who issued local currency.
Monger - Seller of goods (ale, fish).
Muleskinner - Teamster.
Neatherder - Herds cows.
Ordinary - Keeper; Innkeeper with fixed prices.
Pattern Maker - A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with
a pattern cut into the end.
Peregrinator - Itinerant wanderer.
Peruker - A wig maker.
Pettifogger - A shyster lawyer.
Pigman - Crockery dealer.
Plumber - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained
Porter - Door keeper.
Puddler - Wrought iron worker.
Quarrier - Quarry worker.
Rigger - Hoist tackle worker.
Ripper - Seller of fish.
Roper - Maker of rope or nets.
Saddler - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses.
Sawbones - Physician.
Sawyer - One who saws; carpenter.
Schumacker - Shoemaker.
Scribler - A minor or worthless author.
Scrivener - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public.
Scrutiner - Election judge.
Shrieve - Sheriff.
Slater - Roofer.
Slopseller - Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop.
Snobscat/Snob - One who repaired shoes.
Sorter - Tailor.
Spinster - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman.
Spurrer - Maker of spurs.
Squire - Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace.
Stuff gown - Junior barrister.
Stuff gownsman - Junior barrister.
Supercargo - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial
concerns of the ship.
Tanner - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather.
Tapley - One who puts the tap in an ale cask.
Tasker - Reaper.
Teamster - One who drives a team for hauling.
Thatcher - Roofer.
Tide waiter - Customs inspector.
Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman.
Tipstaff - Policeman.
Travers - Toll bridge collection.
Tucker - Cleaner of cloth goods.
Turner - A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles.
Victualer - An tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food.
Vulcan - Blacksmith.
Wagoner - Teamster not for hire.
Wainwright - Wagon maker.
Waiter - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on
goods brought in.
Waterman - Boatman who plies for hire.
Webster - Operator of looms.
Wharfinger - Owner of a wharf.
Wheelwright - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work.
Whitewing - Street sweeper.
Whitster - Bleach of cloth.
Wright - Workman, especially a construction worker.
Yeoman - Farmer who owns his own land.
Submitted by Jerry Johnson.