Civil War Pensions
McNairy County Tennessee



James C. Sweat | Laney M. Sweat | Willis I. Sweat





Civil War Pension Papers for James C. Sweat, deceased
Private, Company G, 6th Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry
Application # 278.766; Certificate # 296.935
Claimant:  Terrell Sweat, father of James C. Sweat
Extracts prepared by Pamela Pearson; November 2003

© Compiled and contributed by: Pamela Pearson <pampearson@patmedia.net>

Declaration for an Original Pension of a Father dated 4 Oct
1880
     Terrell Sweat, age 72 and a resident of Falcon, TN,
declared that he was the father of James C. Sweat who
enlisted on 22 Sep 1862 and died near Bethel Springs on 24
Oct 1862.  He also declared that he was married to the
mother of said son at McNairy County, TN in Nov 1828 by S.
D. Pace, J.P.  The mother of said son died on 24 Nov 1877 in
McNairy County, TN.
 

Treasury Department Report dated 17 Apr 1883 (in response to
a request from the Commissioner of Pensions for evidence of
"celibacy and sonship of the soldier, identity of the
claimant as father of soldier, and death of mother")
     The report included the following:
     .)    On 9 Mar 1866, Terrell Sweat, father of James C. Sweat,
       was allowed $100 under Bounty Act dated 22 Jul 1861.  He
       also received arrears of pay to 24 Oct 1862.
     .)    Terrell Sweat filed an application dated 5 Oct 1863
       stating that he was the father of said soldier, and that his
       son died unmarried leaving no wife or child.  Samuel D.
       Hanna and John Graham witnessed that the claimant was the
       father of James C. Sweat and to the soldier's celibacy.
     .)    On 1 Aug 1868, Terrell and Louisa Sweat, parents of
       James C. Sweat, were allowed $100 under Bounty Act dated 28
       Jul 1866.
     .)    Terrell and Louisa Sweat filed an application dated 13
       July 1867 stating they were the parents of said soldier, and
       that their son died unmarried having no wife or child.
       William Chandler and Jno Woods witnessed that they knew the
       claimants to be the parents of said soldier and to the
       soldier's celibacy.
     .)    There was no evidence of the mother's death on file.
 

Claimant's Testimony dated 21 May 1883
State of Tennessee, McNairy County
     Terrell Sweat swore on oath that his son James C.
Sweat, deceased, enlisted in Company G, 6th Regiment
Tennessee Cavalry in 1862 and was taken sick in camp at
Bethel Springs, TN.  No surgeons were attached to the
command, so James was removed to his father's home and
attended by Dr. E. Thompson until he died.  Dr. Thompson had
since died and he could not obtain the testimony of any
physician in the case.
 

Affidavit of Terrell Sweat dated 21 May 1883
     Terrell Sweat, age 75 and a resident of Falcon, TN,
declared "James C. Sweat was a son of mine & that his
occupation up to time of enlistment in said 6th Reg - Tenn
Cavalry was that of a farmer & carpenter.  That he was a
part of my help, and that I consider his services reasonably
worth thirteen dollars per month".  He also stated that Dr.
Ephram Thompson "waited on him while sick" since the
Regiment did not have any surgeons and that he thinks his
bill was about fifteen dollars.
 

Comrade's Testimony of W. I. Sweat 21 May 1883
     W. I. Sweat of Falcon, TN, formerly a Private in
Company G, 6th Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry, testified that
James C. Sweat was "in good bodily health and condition" at
the time of his enlistment.  He also testified that James
was taken sick with flux and piles on or about 12 Oct 1862
and died about two weeks thereafter.
[Note:  Willis I. Sweat was the brother of James C. Sweat.]
 

Comrade's Testimony of Henry A. Wolf dated 22 May 1883
     Henry A. Wolf of Purdy, TN, formerly a Private in
Company G, 6th Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry, testified that
James C. Sweat was taken sick with flux and piles on or
about 12 Oct 1862 and died about two weeks later.
 

Proof of Disability dated 2 Oct 1884
State of Tennessee, McNairy County
     J. L. W. Boatman, age 54, and W. I. Sweat, age 43,
swore that J. C. Sweat volunteered as a Private in Company
G, 1st West Tennessee Regiment of Cavalry Volunteers and
died at home on or about September 1862 of flux.  James was
"taken down with flux and carried home by his father Terrell
Sweat, and by consent of the Col. Fielding Hurst, and only
lived a short while after he was carried home".
 

Affidavit of W. I. Sweat dated 8 Dec 1887
     W. I. Sweat testified under oath that "James Sweat was
a member of the 6th Tenn U.S. Cav Vol. and was taken sick
with flux and piles while in camp at Bethel Springs Tenn and
was sent home for care and attention and lay sick for some
time but on Nov 24th 1862 he died.  He was borned Aug 12th,
1839, he never was married but lived at home with his Father
and Mother until he went into the Army and prior to that
time he worked to support his Father and Mother.  His mother
died Nov 26, 1877.  He owned to property nor had no income
only as he worked for it which went to support his Parents
as they were feeble and had no income owned no land and but
little personal effects."
 

Affidavit of J. W. Clifton dated 6 Feb 1888
State of Tennessee, County of McNairy
     J. W. Clifton, resident of Falcon, TN, testified that
James C. Sweat was a son of Terrell Sweat, and that he knew
him before the war and until he died.  He also testified
that James was a member of the 6th Tenn U.S. Cav Vol., that
he was taken sick at Bethel Springs, and that he died in the
fall of 1862.
 

Adjutant General's Report on H. A. Wolf, W. I. Sweat, and J.
L. W. Boatman dated 5 Jun 1888
     The report substantiated the following:
     .)    J. L W. Boatman, 1st Lieutenant of Company G, 6th
       Regiment, Tenn. Cavalry Volunteers enrolled 25 Aug 1862 at
       Bethel, TN.
     .)    W. I. Sweat, Sergeant of same company, enrolled 15 Sep
       1862 at Bethel, TN.
     .)    Both men were recorded on the muster roll of 6 Mar 1863
       at Bolivar, TN (this was the first muster roll of the
       company on file).
     .)    Henry Wolf, Private in Company D of the same Regiment,
       enrolled 15 Sept 1862 at Bethel, TN.  The muster roll of
       Company D, dated 15 Nov 1862 at Bolivar, TN (the first one
       on file) reports him present.  He was transferred to Company
       G on 18 Mar 1863.
 

Declaration for Dependent Father's Pension dated 6 Apr 1891
     Terrell Sweat, age 76 and a resident of Falcon, McNairy
County, TN, swore he was the father of James C. Sweat and
that his son died at his home on 25 Oct 1862 from the
effects of flux.  Terrell was married to the mother of said
son on 17 Nov 1828 at home by Abram Murry, and she died on
15 Nov 1877 at home in McNairy County.  Terrell declared
that he was without means of support and was living in the
County Poor House.
 

War of the Rebellion - Dependent Father Pension dated 1 May
1891
     Terrell Sweat was awarded a pension of $12 per month
commencing 1 May 1891.  Notations included:
     .)    James C. Sweat enlisted 15 Sept 1862.
.)    James C. Sweat died 24 Oct 1862.
.)    His mother died 26 Nov 1877.
 

Affidavit of Dr. J. L Smith dated 16 Jun 1891
State of Tennessee, McNairy County
     Dr. J. L. Smith, age 47 and a resident of Falcon, TN,
declared that Terrell Sweat is "an inmate of the County Poor
House and has no other means of support, owns no property -
and has no income from any source whatever, and that his
physical disabilities are of a permanent character, and of
such a nature that he is entirely disabled from performing
manual labor at all, and I am confident his disabilities are
not the result of his own vicious habits, but is the result
of old age and general infirmities."
 

Affidavit of Thomas R. Sanders dated 16 Jun 1891
     Thomas R. Sanders, age 34 and a resident of McNairy
County, declared that "he is keeper of the McNairy County
Poor House and that the claimant Terrell Sweat is an Inmate
of the same.Terrell Sweat was put in the County Poor House
because he had no means of support, he is old and broke down
both in health and finance, is not able to perform manual
labor at all, and has no income from any source, does not
own any property of any kind but is altogether dependant
upon the County for sustenance, and I am satisfied his
physical condition is of a permanent character, and his
present disabilities are not due to his own vicious habits."
 

Final Notation in File dated 30 Aug 1892
     "Blank applic. for reimbursement sent to W. C.
Henderson, Ramer, Tenn together with copy of Sec 4718R8 U.S.-
W."
 

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Civil War Pension Papers for Laney M. Sweat
Corporal, Company G, 6th Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry
Application # 489.793; Certificate # 931.855
Extracts prepared by Pamela Pearson; November 2003

© Compiled and contributed by: Pamela Pearson <pampearson@patmedia.net>

"A" Declaration for Original Invalid Pension dated 31 May 1883
Laney M. Sweat, age 47 and a resident of Redland Township, Hempstead Co, AR
(Hickory Creek Post Office), swore that he enrolled on 15 Sep 1862 in Company
G, 6th Regt. Tenn Cav Vols. commanded by Captain Webb.  He was honorably
discharged at Pulaski, TN on 6 Jul 1865.  He declared he was disabled with
"rheumatism contracted while in the service in 1863 in Tenn.  I received no
treatment while in the service - was not severe enough - but contracted it
while serving.  I am very often confined to my bed - mostly in the Spring and
Fall.  About half of every year am wholly incapacitated for performing manual
labor -from its effects".   James H. Sweat (Laney's son) and Phillip Broshears
were witnesses to his declaration. [Note:  His request for a pension was
subsequently denied.]

Affidavit of Laney M. Sweat dated 23 Aug 1883 (shown as written by Alex
McDougald, J.P.; spelling mistakes included) Redland Township, Hempstead
County, Arkansas

I Laney M. Sweat lived in Macknary Co Tenn and Falcon Tenn was my PO for five
years preceeding my enlistment and until January 1876 and my occupation was
farming.  I moved to Navada County Arkansas in 1876 and Prescott was my PO
office untel February 1880 I moved to Pike Co this state and lived one year.
In 1881 I moved to Hempstead County Ark Hickery Creek was my PO office from
1880 untel this writing. I taken theumatism February 1864 at Edge Field Tenn
and I have had them ever since.  Sumtimes I am unabel to work for two monts at
a time & never abel to perform manuel labor.  I don my own doctoring with
patent medisen.  I have had no acute disease of any kind.  I have ben trying
to farm ever since I was discharged but am lade up evry Spring for about two
monts.

Laney M. Sweat (signed)

Sworn to and subscribed before me a Justice of the Peice of Hempstead County
Arkansas this the 23 day August 1883. Alex McDougald  J.P.
 
Surgeon's Certificate dated 5 Dec 1883
Dr. John D. Jordan of Prescott, Nevada Co, AR, examined Laney M. Sweat for an
invalid pension resulting from rheumatism.  The doctor described him as being
age 48, 5'8", 145 lbs., and of fair complexion.  The doctor found the claimant
"suffering from muscular rheumatism, complains of muscle tenderness of muscles
of chest and lower extremities, some tenderness in joints of lower
extremities, no swelling. Cannot discover any trouble with heart.  Claimant
states that he is not able to perform manual labor more than half his time.
Suffers much from pain in damp and cold weather. Total disability."

Affidavit to Origin of Disability dated 6 Sep 1887
W. C. Henderson, age 51 and a resident of Ramer, McNairy Co, TN, swore that he
served as a Sergeant in Co. G, 6 Reg't Tenn Cavalry with Laney M. Sweat.   He
testified that on or about the last days of December 1864, at or near
Nashville, the said soldier [Laney M. Sweat] incurred "after the food rade an
attack of rheumatism which I herd him complain of and continued to complain of
as long as said complainant lived near me which was up to the date of 1875. I
know nothing of his alleged disability since that time."

Affidavit of Jackson J. King dated 7 Sep 1887
Jackson J. King, age 48 and a resident of Falcon, McNairy Co, TN, swore that
he served as a Private in Co. G, 6 Reg't Tenn Cavalry with Laney M. Sweat.
His testimony was the same as that given by W. C. Henderson in the above
affidavit.

General Affidavit dated 23 Nov 1887
B. L. James and O. McLane, ages 34 and 35 respectively and residents of
Hempstead Co, AR, swore that they had known Laney M. Sweat for 5 to 6 years.
Both of them lived within 2 miles of him.  Both indicated they had met and
conversed with him weekly during the whole time.  Laney Sweat had complained
of rheumatism more or less the whole time.  He was also confined to his house
and bed "with very severe pains" about half of the time they had known him.

Surgeon's Affidavit and Certificate dated 17 Dec 1887
Dr. Virgil A. Wood of Wallaceburg, Hempstead Co, AR, swore that he had been
the physician of Laney M. Sweat since July 1886 and, as the neighborhood
physician, saw him frequently.  Dr. Wood stated, "His disability is rheumatism
principally of the right hip joint.  I have seen the part and the whole leg
swollen enormously.  At these times he goes on crutches."  The doctor
described him as being age 53, 5'11 _" and 162 lbs.

General Affidavit dated 6 Feb 1890
W. C. Henderson and W. I. Sweat of McNairy County, TN, swore they were well
acquainted with Laney M. Sweat up to 1875 and he was disabled as much as half
of his time with rheumatism.
[Note:  Willis I. Sweat was the brother of Laney M. Sweat]

General Affidavit dated 25 Mar 1890
D. W. Moore and J. A. McCullum of Nevada County, AR, swore that Laney M. Sweat
had suffered from rheumatism from 1875 to 1880.

Declaration for an Invalid Pension dated 22 Oct 1890
Laney M. Sweat, age 55 and a resident of Hempstead Co, AR (Hickory Creek PO),
declared he was suffering from rheumatism.  He gave his personal description
as age 55, 5'11", red complexion, sandy hair, and blue eyes. [Note:  His
request for a pension was denied.]

General Affidavit dated 25 Nov 1890
P. H. Price and J. W. Andrew, ages 48 and 27 respectively and residents of
Hempstead Co, AR, swore they were neighbors of Laney M. Sweat and had been
acquainted with him since 1879.  They stated that he had suffered from
rheumatism since they had known him.

Surgeon's Certificate dated 13 May 1891
Laney M. Sweat, age 56 and a resident of Elyville, AR, stated he had muscular
rheumatism of the arms and small of the back.  The doctor described him as
being 5"11" and 140 lbs.  The doctor found that his arm and lumbar muscles
were "quite tender on manipulation and pressure".  He found no other
disabilities.
[Note:  His request for a pension was rejected.]

General Affidavit dated 27 June 1892
Obediah McLain, age 38 and a resident of Elyville, AR, swore he had known
Laney M. Sweat for about 10 years and that within that time he had been an
invalid.  He noted "more recently I have noticed his inability to do more than
to move about the house but not able to work on the farm which is his only
resource for a living.  At this time he moves about in a very lame, crippled
manner."

General Affidavit dated 27 June 1892
Joseph Wiley Hood, age 43 and Postmaster of Elyville, AR, swore he had known
Laney M. Sweat very intimately for about 3 years and that within that time he
had been afflicted with rheumatism.  He noted "he is a poor man and has no
other way of making a living for himself and dependent family than by manual
labor.the claimant is a man of good moral character. And that his reputation
for truth is good."

Surgeon's Certificate dated 6 Dec 1893
Laney M. Sweat, age 56 and a resident of Hickory Creek, AR, stated he
contracted rheumatism during the war.  The doctor described him as being 5"11"
and 145 lbs.  The doctor found that he had muscular rheumatism in his left
leg, back and arms.

Declaration for Original Invalid Pension dated 19 Apr 1894
Laney M. Sweat, age 58 and a resident of Pike, Pike County, AR, declared he
was suffering from rheumatism.  He described himself as 5'11 «" with a red
complexion, sandy hair, and blue eyes.  E. Merrell and James H. Sweat were
witnesses to his declaration. [Note:  He received a pension of $8 per month
effective 27 Apr 1894.]

General Affidavit dated 17 Dec 1894
Laney M. Sweat, age 59 and a resident of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory, swore
he had signed his name by mark, on a claim made under the General Law, because
he had a sore finger at the time.  He also stated that he was only able to
write his name.  He noted he was born in McNairy County, TN in 1835.

Surgeon's Certificate dated 5 Feb 1896
Laney M. Sweat, age 61 and a resident of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory,
stated he had contracted rheumatism during the war and he was unable to work.
The doctor described him as being 5"10 «" and 147 lbs.  The doctor found that
he had an irregular heartbeat and had difficulty picking up objects from the
floor.

General Affidavit dated 28 Feb 1896
Winfield McClure and Arthur Earl Kelly, ages 44 and 24 respectively and
residents of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory, swore they were well acquainted
with Laney M. Sweat and knew him for the past year and eight months.  They
stated he had suffered from rheumatism during all that time, he did not have
any vicious or bad habits, he did not partake of intoxicating beverages, and
he was always temperate and regular in his habits.

Affidavit of W. C. Henderson dated 11 Apr 1896
W. C. Henderson of Essery Springs, Hardeman County, TN, stated "there was a
Laney M. Sweat in the com[pany] which was complaining with rheumatism before
we ever mustered out who was all the time excusing hisself from duty
complaining and I lived a neighbor to him for two or three years after the
war.  He complained enough then for two or three men. Me being no doctor I
could not tell how bad they affected him.  After that he moved off to Arkansas
and I have no acquaintance with him since.  Cannot tell how they are affecting
him at this time."

Questionnaire Response of D. W. Moore dated 1 Aug 1896
     D. W. Moore of Prescott, AR, responded to the following
questionnaire provided by the Bureau of Pensions:
     .)    When did you first see claimant after he returned from
       the Army, and how do you fix the date?  Answer:  "I saw him
       in about two weeks he lived about 4 miles from whair I did."
.)    Of what disability did he complain, and how was he
affected?  Answer:  "I did not hear him complain of anything
then."
.)    How frequently have you seen him since your first
acquaintance?  Answer:  "I think I have saw him ever year
until the last two years."
.)    If he has continued to suffer with such disability,
please describe the symptoms which were apparent to you, and
state to what extent he has been disabled therefrom for
manual labor during each year.  Answer:  "The first time I
herd him complane I think was in 1882 he was down with
rhumetism & not able to work.  Sens then he has bin suffered
with rhumetism ever time I saw him."
.)    My means of knowing the facts of the case are these:
"I have bin to his house & he has bin to mine & he has told
me that he was not able to work but very little work."

Questionnaire Response of J. A. McCullum dated 1 Aug 1896
     J. A. McCullum of Prescott, AR, responded to the
following questionnaire provided by the Bureau of Pensions:
     .)    When did you first see claimant after he returned from
       the Army, and how do you fix the date?  Answer:  "I saw Mr.
       Laney M. Sweat in May after the surrender."
.)    Of what disability did he complain, and how was he
affected?  Answer:  "Complained of rheumatism in legs &
back."
.)    How frequently have you seen him since your first
acquaintance?  Answer:  "Until 3 years ago I saw him
weekly."
.)    If he has continued to suffer with such disability,
please describe the symptoms which were apparent to you, and
state to what extent he has been disabled therefrom for
manual labor during each year.  Answer:  "I do not remember
the particulars but he was crippled up from rheumatism."
.)    My means of knowing the facts of the case are these:
"I saw him weekly up to 3 years ago and he complained of
rheumatism in legs & back."

Declaration for Increase of an Invalid Pension dated 28 Jul
1897
Laney M. Sweat, age 62 and a resident of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory,
requested an increase of his pension under the Act of June 27, 1890.  E. R.
Ward and W. S. Mason were witnesses to his declaration.
[Note:  His request for an increase was denied.]

Surgeon's Certificate dated 20 Jul 1898
Laney M. Sweat, age 63 and a resident of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory,
stated he "contracted rheumatism in 1863 at Edgefield Tenn, and was taken to
hospital and remained there for about one week.  The heart trouble came on
about the same time, and has lasted me ever since.  I get more disabled as age
comes on and I am unable to do manual labor."  The doctor described him as
being 5"11" and 147 lbs.  The doctor found he had rheumatism and heart
disease. [Note:  His pension was increased to $10 per month effective 20 Jul
1898]

Declaration for Increase of an Invalid Pension dated 25 Sep
1899
Laney M. Sweat, age 64 and a resident of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory,
requested an increase of his pension under the Act of June 27, 1890.  C. O.
Barton and F. H. Carr were witnesses to his declaration.
[Note:  His request for an increase was rejected.]

Physician's Affidavit dated 23 Oct 1900
Dr. T. C. Branum of Pauls Valley, Indian Territory, declared that he had known
Laney M. Sweat since July 1897. He stated that he suffered with "heart trouble
accompanied by its immediate sympathetic ailments."  He also noted that he
considered Laney M. Sweat physically unable to travel alone.

Surgeon's Certificate dated 21 Dec 1900
Laney M. Sweat, age 66 and a resident of Oconee, Indian Territory, stated that
he was suffering from rheumatism and increasingly severe smothering spells.
The doctor described him as being 5"11 «" and 145 lbs.  The doctor found that
he was totally disabled and unable to perform manual labor.

Declaration for Pension dated 10 Mar 1907
Laney M. Sweat, age 69 and a resident of Elmore, Pickens County, Indian
Territory, submitted a Declaration for Pension under the Act of February 6,
1907.  He stated that at enlistment he was 5'10" and had a fair complexion,
blue eyes, and light hair.  He was a farmer, and he was born on 30 Jan 1838
near Purdy, TN.  He had moved from Tennessee to Arkansas, then from Arkansas
to Indian Territory in 1893. Isaac Taylor and Tilford H. Eskridge, residents
of Elmore who had both know him for 3 years, were witnesses to his
declaration.
[Note:  His pension was increased to $12 per month on 15 Mar
1907.

Declaration for Pension dated 16 Nov 1909
Laney M. Sweat, age 70 and a resident of Elmore, Garvin Co, OK, submitted a
Declaration for Pension under the Act of February 6, 1907.  He stated that at
enlistment he was 5'11 _" and had a fair complexion, blue eyes, and light red
hair. He was a farmer, and he was born on 30 Jan 1839 in McNairy Co, TN.
Since leaving the service he had lived in Pike Co, AR; Oaknee, I.T.; Choctaw
Nation, I.T.; Elmore, I.T., and Elmore, OK.  C. W. Liner and W. A. Grisham,
residents of Elmore who had known him for 3 and 5 years respectively, were
witnesses to his declaration.
[Note:  By reaching the age of 70, his pension was increased
to $15 per month on 22 Nov 1909]

Declaration for Pension dated 15 Jun 1912
Laney M. Sweat, age 74 and a resident of Olney, Young Co, TX, submitted a
Declaration for Pension under the Act of February 6, 1907.  He stated that at
enlistment he was 6'1" and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light brown
hair. He was born on 30 Jan 1837, and he had moved to Texas on 25 Jul 1911.
Earl Hutchings and J. T. Hunt were witnesses to his declaration.
[Note:  His pension was increased to $30 per month on 20 Jun
1912]

Deposition Regarding Date of Birth dated 9 Apr 1913 (shown
verbatim)
State of Texas, County of Young
First National Bank of Olney, Texas
Before me the undersigned authority, this day personally came and appeared,
Laney M. Sweat, to me well known and who, after being by me duly sworn, did
depose and say that there was a bible record kept of his age and the said
bible had been destroyed by fire, and did further swear that he was 75
(Seventy Five) years old the 30th, day of Jany. 1913.
Laney M. Sweat {his mark}
Witnesses:  Earl Hutchings and Otto Deitrich
Sworned to and subscribed before me, this 9th, day of April
1913.
E. W. Hunt, Notary Public, Young County, Texas

Typed Document stamped by Pension Office on 9 Apr 1915
(shown verbatim)
     Laney M. Sweat was born January 30th, 1838.
     L. T. Caton was born July 9th, 1831 and died January
     27th, 1893.
     He was a soldier in the Confederate Army.
     Nannie H. Price was born January 5th, 1825.  She was
     first married to L. T. Caton, above named.
     She was married the second time to Laney M. Sweat,
     September 29th, 1914.
 
[Note:  His pension was increased to $40 per month on 10 Jun
       1918.]

Letter to Commissioner of Pensions from Laney M. Sweat dated
23 Feb 1920 (shown verbatim)
Hess, Okla.
Office of Dis---- Clerk, Washington D.C.
Mr. Guy O. Taylor,
Dear Sir,  I am writing you a few lines.  I am 82 years old and helpless and
ask of you to help me to obtain std 72 rating if you please.  I have been
helpless for 2 years. Let here from you at an early date.
Respectfully, Laney M. Sweat

Response from Pension Commissioner dated 20 Mar 1920
Laney Sweat was advised that $40 per month was the highest rate provided for
his age and length of service. The $72 rate was only allowed when a soldier
was disabled as a result of military service.  He had failed to furnish the
evidence necessary to prove his disability was incurred during his service.

Declaration for Pension dated 26 Mar 1921
Laney M. Sweat, age 84 and a resident of Humphrey, Jackson Co, OK, submitted a
Declaration for Pension under the Act of May 1, 1920.  Otis (or Obie) Sweat of
Altus, OK, witnessed his declaration.
[Note:  His pension was increased to $50 per month under the
Act of May 1, 1920.]

Surgeon's Certificate dated 24 Apr 1921
The doctor described Laney M. Sweat, age 83 and a resident of Humphrey, OK, as
age 83, 5"10" and 125 lbs., with a fair complexion, blue eyes, and gray hair.
The doctor found he was suffering from apoplexy, gangrene of his right foot
(including the loss of his right toe), partial paralysis of his right side,
and heart disease.  He stated, "his food has to be carried to him, he cannot
dress or undress himself alone, he cannot go out alone, he falls and cannot
get up.this claimant is so totally and permanently disabled from paralysis,
gangrene, ulcer of foot, old age, that he requires the regular personal aid
and attendance of another person and is entitled to $72 per month."
[Note:  He did not receive a pension increase.]

Letter to the Bureau of Pension dated 6 Oct 1925
          J. H. Sweat, the son of Laney M. Sweat and a
resident of Lockney, TX, reported that Laney had died on 6
Sep 1925.  The place of death was not given.
 
 
 

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USGENWEB NOTICE: In keeping with our policy of providing free
information on the Internet, data may be used by non-commercial
entities, as long as this message remains on all copied material.

These electronic pages may NOT be reproduced in any format for
profit or for presentation by other persons or organizations.
Persons or organizations desiring to use this material for
purposes other than stated above must obtain the written consent
of the file contributor.

The submitter has given permission to the USGenWeb Archives to
store the file permanently for free access. This file was
contributed for use in the USGenWeb Contributed
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Civil War Pension Papers for Willis I. Sweat
Sergeant, Company G, 6th Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry
Application # 926.241; Certificate # 769.578
Extracts prepared by Pamela Pearson; November 2003

© Compiled and contributed by: Pamela Pearson <pampearson@patmedia.net>
 

Declaration for an Invalid Pension dated 15 Jul 1890
     Willis I. Sweat, age 49 and a resident of Falcon, TN,
declared that he enrolled on 15 Dec 1862 in Company G, 6th
Regt. Tenn Cav Vols.  He was discharged at Pulaski, TN on 26
Jul 1865.  He also declared that he was partially unable "to
earn a support by reason of rheumatism and piles and general
debility".  Dr. J. L. Smith and A. J. McCullen were
witnesses to his declaration.
[Note:  It appears that Willis I. Sweat entered the service
as a Private and at some point was promoted to Sergeant.]

Neighbor's Affidavits dated 13 Dec 1890
     Z. D. Lewons, age 58 and a farmer, testified he lived
about 4 miles from Willis I. Sweat and had known him for 30
years.  He also testified that "he complains a great deal
from rheumatism and piles, I don't think he could do the
work of an able bodied man by _ , and I am satisfied his
disabilities are of a physical permanent character and not
due to his own vicious habits.  He has to depend upon his
daily labor for support, consequently his earnings are
short, and his wages for labor would not command more than
half price if that in comparison to an able bodied man's
labor."
     John A Floyd, age 60 and a farmer, testified he lived
about 3 miles from Willis I. Sweat and had known him for 10
years.  His testimony was similar to that of Z. D Lewon's.
In addition, he testified "Some days he is better than at
other times.  The rheumatism seems to come and go.  Some
days he can do part of a day's work very well and other days
he can not work at all."

Surgeon's Certificate dated 3 Jun 1891
     Willis I Sweat, age 50, stated he was suffering from
rheumatism, piles and general debility incurred in the
service.  "I contracted rheumatism in the war.  It affects
the muscles of my right arm mostly and at times the muscles
of my back.  I am worse off in damp, cloudy weather.  In a
bad attack, my arm, hand, shoulder, back and shoulder blade
all suffer.  I also have piles.  I can do ¬ labor."  The
doctor described him as being 5'11" and 135 lbs.  The doctor
found that he suffered from neuralgia and hemorrhoids.

General Affidavit dated 25 Jan 1892
     W. I. Sweat swore he had contracted neuralgia and
rheumatism in 1864 while in camp in Nashville, TN, and had
been afflicted with them every since.  They were caused from
exposure while on a food raid, which was during a very cold
and freezing time in Dec 1864.  He also said that his
neuralgia and its results were not the result of vicious
habits and were permanent.

Invalid Pension Award dated 16 May 1892
     Willis I. Sweat was awarded an invalid pension of $8
per month effective 2 Aug 1890.

Declaration for Increase of an Invalid Pension dated 20 Jun
1892
     W. I. Sweat filed a petition stating that his $8
pension was "too low and not in proportion to degree of his
disability which is rheumatism, hemorrhoids and
indigestion."  His request was denied.
 

General Affidavit of Dr. J. R. Smith dated 20 Jun 1892
     Dr. J. R. Smith, age 40 and a resident of Falcon,
testified to the disabilities of W. I. Sweat.   In addition
to rheumatism and hemorrhoids, the doctor noted that Willis
"has smothering spells and shortness of breath caused from
indigestion."

Pension Agency Questionnaire dated 4 Aug 1898
     W. I. Sweat responded to a questionnaire from the
Pension agency; his response included the following:
.)    He was married to Ibby Jane King on 27 Jan 1866 in
       McNairy County, TN, by W. H. D. Maxedon; the record of their
       marriage was recorded at the County Court Clerk's office at
       Selmer, TN.
.)    Their five living children were:  George T. born 13 Jan
1867; Ephraim T. born 8 Sep 1871; Winfield born 4 Feb 1874;
Malinda born 23 Aug 1879; and William E. born 23 Aug 1881.

Surgeon's Certificate dated 15 Nov 1899
     W. I. Sweat, age 58, stated "I have rheumatism of my
back and hips.  I also have disease of rectum and piles.  I
don't know whether I have neuralgia or not.  My digestion is
not good and I am not able to do manual labor at all."  The
doctor described him as being 5'5" and 145 lbs.  The doctor
found that he suffered from rheumatism and rectal disease;
he did not find any indication of neuralgia or indigestion.

Declaration for the Increase of an Invalid Pension dated 22
Aug 1903
     W. I. Sweat, age 62, filed another petition stating
that he was "totally disabled for the performance of manual
labor on account of old age and general debility, rheumatism
much greater."  He also indicated that he was suffering from
a "spinal affection (sic) causing great pain and rendering
him almost helpless."  The declaration was witnessed by J.
H. King and A. L. King.

Surgeon's Certificate dated 21 Oct 1903
     W. I. Sweat, age 62, stated he "had the rheumatism ever
since the war and that it has affected his joints making
them sore and stiff and that he has suffered from piles for
a long time."  The doctor described him as being 5'10" and
132 lbs., and as having a fair complexion, blue eyes, and
light hair.  The doctor found that he suffered from
rheumatism, senility, curvature of the spine, and general
debility.  In an amendment dated 18 Apr 1904, the doctor
noted that Willis was emaciated and nervous, and that he had
sallow skin.
[Note: His request for a pension increase was denied.]

Declaration for Pension dated 6 Mar 1907
     W. I. Sweat, age 66 and a resident of Selmer, submitted
a Declaration for Pension under the Act of February 6, 1907.
He stated that at enlistment he was 5'10" and had a fair
complexion, blue eyes, and sandy hair.  He was a farmer, and
he was born on 5 Mar 1841 in McNairy County, TN.  J. C.
Leonard and R. A. Carothers, who had known him for 30 years
and 25 years respectively, were witnesses to his
declaration.
[Note:  His pension was increased to $12 per month on 9 Mar
1907.]

Declaration for Pension dated 6 Mar 1911
     W. I. Sweat, age 70 and a resident of Selmer, submitted
a Declaration for Pension under the Act of February 6, 1907.
He gave the same description of himself as on 6 Mar 1907.
He stated he also lived in Hardeman County since leaving the
service.  R. A. Carothers and J. B. Graham, who had known
him for 15 and 20 years respectively, were witnesses to his
declaration.
[Note:  By reaching the age of 70, his pension was increased
to $15 per month on 9 Mar 1911.]

Special Examiner's Certificate dated 13 Dec 1911
     Charles P. Jacobs, Special Examiner, interviewed W. I.
Sweat and prepared the following:
.)    Where born:  McNairy Co, Tenn.
.)    Age at enlistment:  About twenty-one years old.
.)   Name under which served:  Willis I. Sweat.
.)    Date of enlistment:  Fall 1861.
.)    Date of discharge:  July 1865.
.)    Any prior or sub[sequent] service:  No
.)    Battles:  No
.)    Hospital:  No
.)    Name of Captain, Lieut and Sgt:  Capt Chandler, 1 Lt
Boatman 2 Lt Ray, Sgt Hannah
.)    Name of wife:  Jane King (maiden name) she died June
12, 1911 at Selmer, McNairy Co, Tenn.
.)   Any prior marriages:  No other marriages.
.)    Name comrades:  W. A. Grant, F. A. Barnes, J. H.
Ferguson
.)    Personal description:  Height five feet & ten inches,
hair sandy, eyes gr blue, complexion fair.
.)   Signature:  Willis I. Sweat

Declaration for Pension dated 18 May 1912
     W.I. Sweat, age 71 and a resident of Selmer, submitted
a Declaration for Pension under the Act of May 11, 1912.
Noah Prince and T. B. Whitehurst, who had known him for 25
and 30 years respectively, were witnesses to his
declaration.
[Note:  His pension was increased to $24 per month on 22 May
1912]

Letter to Commissioner of Pensions from W. I. Sweat dated
1916
     W. I. Sweat requested an increase in his pension for
reaching the age of 75 years on 5 Mar 1916.  A response was
sent on 9 May 1916 indicating that his claim was under
review.

Letter to Commissioner of Pensions from Malinda Naylor dated
1 May 1916
     "Dear Sir,
     My father Willis I. Sweat who was a Pensioner under
Certificate No. 769.578 died April 30th 1916.  Please send
me a blank application for accrued pension.
     Yours Resptly,
     Malinda Naylor,
     Daughter of Willis I. Sweat"
 

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