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Josef Lidumil Lesikar

LESIKAR, JOSEF LIDUMIL (1806–1887). Josef Lidumil Lesikar, a politician, farmer, and journalist best remembered for his contribution to the settlement of Czechs in America, was born on May 16, 1806, at Herboritice, in what is now the Czech Republic, to Josef and Rozalie (Prokop) Lesikar. On February 18, 1828, he married Terezie Silar; the couple eventually had four sons. As a young man Lesikar settled in the village of Nepomuky and worked chiefly as a tailor and farmer. He engaged in politics to obtain more freedom for his fellow Czechs from the dominance of Austria. He was elected representative to the Czech parliament in Prague but did not serve because of the revolution in 1848. Shortly after the revolution he was instrumental in organizing two groups of about 160 Czechs to immigrate to Texas, in 1851 and 1853. Although about half of the first group died, Lesikar, his wife, and their four sons reached Galveston with the second group on board the Suwa in late December 1853. The family bought farmland in New Bremen, Austin County. The men felled trees and built a log house that still stands, with a Texas historical marker before it. Lesikar wrote articles for periodicals published in various parts of the United States as well as in his native land, and his writings encouraged many Czechs to come to America. As one of the founders of Národní hoviny, a Czech newspaper published in St. Louis, he helped to lay the foundation for Czech journalism in America. In his writing he opposed secession. He died on October 21, 1887, near New Ulm and is buried in the New Ulm Cemetery.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Clinton Machann, ed., The Czechs in Texas (College Station: Texas A&M University Department of English, 1979). Clinton Machann and James W. Mendl, Krásná Amerika: A Study of the Texas Czechs, 1851–1939 (Austin: Eakin Press, 1983).

John T. Kroulik
http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/LL/fle59.html

Descendants of JOSEF LIDUMIL LESIKAR

 

 

Generation No. 1

 

1. JOSEF LIDUMIL1 LESIKAR was born May 16, 1806 in BOHEMIA, and died October 21, 1887. He married TEREZIE SILAR. She was born February 14, 1808 in BOHEMIA, and died November 01, 1884.

Notes for JOSEF LIDUMIL LESIKAR:

1880 Census Place: Precinct 5, Austin, Texas

Source: FHL Film 1255289 National Archives Film T9-1289 Page 453D

Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace

Vincent LESCHIKER Self MMW 40 BOHEMIA Occ:Farmer Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Anna LESCHIKER Wife FMW 32 MORAVIA Occ:Keeping House Fa: MORAVIAMo: MORAVIA

Anna LESCHIKER Dau FSW 10 TX Occ: At School Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: MORAVIA

Vincenz LESCHIKER Son MSW 4 TX Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: MORAVIA

John LESCHIKER Son MSW 2 TX Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: MORAVIA

Anna HEJL Other FSW 18 BOHEMIA Occ: Servant Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Joseph LESCHIKER Father MMW 74 BOHEMIA Occ: At Home Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Therese LESCHIKER Mother FMW 72 BOHEMIA Occ: At Home Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Portrait of Josef L. Lesikar.

Winedale Photograph Collection

Josef L. Lesikar, a Czech tailor, farmer, and political leader, organized the first groups of immigrants to Texas in the early 1850s. Though their passage was arduous, and many of the immigrants died, the settlements eventually prospered. Lesikar built a log home in New Bremen in neighboring Austin County and continued to promote Czech immigration in Texas until his death in 1887. His descendants hold yearly gatherings where they display a prized family heirloom: a Czech prayer book of 1615 carried by Josef Lesikar on the perilous journey of immigration.

Descendants of Josef Lesikar, ca. 1915, and Lesikar family Czech prayer book, 1615. Louise Leshikar Baier, Emily Leshikar Kroulik, Charles Leshikar, Sr., Therasia Leshikar Stalmach, Annie Leshikar Shiller, Joe Charles Leshikar, Charles Otto Leshikar, and Frank Fred. Leshikar.

Winedale Photograph Collection

JOSEF LIDUMIL LESHIKAR BUILT LOG HOUSE  IN 1854 FIRST HOMESTEAD OF CZECH SETTLERS WHICH HAS AN HISTORICAL MARKER

Josef Lidumil Lesikar

New Ulm

Marker Location:

FM 109, New Ulm Cemetery, New Ulm

Marker Text:

Josef Lidumil Lesikar (May 16, 1806-October 21, 1887) Born along the Czech-Moravian border, Josef Lidumil Lesikar received early training as a tailor. During the revolution of 1848, he became a spokesman for political freedom in his homeland. In 1853 he led a group of immigrants to the new Czech settlements in Austin county. Always opposed to slavery, Lesikar spoke out against secession and Civil War in articles he wrote for Czech and U.S. newspapers. Lesikar married Terezie Silar (1808-1884) and had four sons.

 

More About JOSEF LIDUMIL LESIKAR:

Burial: October 1887, NEW ULM CEMETERY, NEW ULM, AUSTIN, TEXAS

Notes for TEREZIE SILAR:

Surnames: Shiller Siler Silar Schiller

Jan Silar, origin Czech, from E. Bohemian village of Nepomuky, born abt. 1790, arrived to Galveston 23.12.1853 on s/s Suwa with a company of about 70 people leaded by Josef L. Lesikar (See Texas-on-line) with his brothers (Vincenc *1831, 1858 Colorado CO., Frantisek 1856:Natur. Austin, Bernard 1871 natur. Austin, +Ignac),spouse

Terezie nee JIRASEK (born abt. 1808) and children. Settled down in New Ulm.

Son Joseph H. Shiller moved in 1869 to Industry, where he would own grocery store and bar. Mother Therezie lived with the family. Family moved in abt. 1880 to New Sweden, Travis co., where mother died, burried at New Ulm cem. Cf. Czech Pioneers of the Southwest, Hudson + Maresh.

Another child - dau. Anna (1825-1870) m. Vincent Joe Shiller (1825-1886) arrived on s/s Maria 3.2.1852 to N. Orleans (very unhappy expedition, first from East Bohemia - see article in Nase Dejiny by Blaha in 1980s)

More About TEREZIE SILAR:

Burial: November 1884, NEW ULM CEMETERY, NEW ULM, AUSTIN, TEXAS

 

Children of JOSEF LESIKAR and TEREZIE SILAR are:

2. i. CHARLES2 LESHIKAR, b. Abt. 1836, BOHEMIA.

3. ii. VINCENT LESIKAR, b. Abt. 1840, BOHEMIA.

 

Generation No. 2

 

2. CHARLES2 LESHIKAR (JOSEF LIDUMIL1 LESIKAR) was born Abt. 1836 in BOHEMIA. He married ROSALIE. She was born Abt. 1844 in BOHEMIA.

Notes for CHARLES LESHIKAR:

1880 Census Place: Precinct 5, Austin, Texas

Source: FHL Film 1255289 National Archives Film T9-1289 Page 454A

Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace

Charles LESCHIKER Self MMW 44 BOHEMIA Occ: Farmer Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Rosalie LESCHIKER Wife FMW 36 BOHEMIA Occ: Keeping House Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Therese LESCHIKER Dau FSW 16 TX Occ: At Home Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Anna LESCHIKER Dau FSW 12 TX Occ: At School Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Joseph LESCHIKER Son MSW 10 TX Occ: At School Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Rosa LESCHIKER Dau FSW 8 TX Occ: At School Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Emilie LESCHIKER Dau FSW 3 TX Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Charles LESCHIKER Son MSW 1 TX Fa: BOHEMIA Mo: BOHEMIA

Joseph RESNOVICK Other MSW 22 MORAVIA Occ:Laborer Fa: MORAVIA Mo: MORAVIA

 

Children of CHARLES LESHIKAR and ROSALIE are:

i. THERESIA3 LESHIKAR, b. April 07, 1864, TEXAS; d. September 30, 1937; m. JOHN STALMACH, November 22, 1884, AUSTIN CO., TEXAS; b. March 23, 1861, AUSTRIA; d. February 01, 1940.

More About THERESIA LESHIKAR:

Burial: September 1937, NATIONAL CEMETERY, NELSONVILLE, AUSTIN, TEXAS

Notes for JOHN STALMACH:

Stalma (Stalmah), John Theresa Leschikar H 133 22 Nov 1884

 

6 SONS, TWO DAUGHTERS

1915 picture in "SETTLEMENT IN THE FORKS OF MILL CREEK A HISTORY OF THE NELSON VILLE AREA AUSTIN COUNTY, TEXAS BY JAMES V. WOODRICK SHOWS THE STALMACH FAMILY: JOHN, EDWIN, LEONA, CHARLIE, LYDIA, EDMOND, ADOLPH, THRERESA, EDDIE, JOHN.

STAHLMACH, JOHN (1900 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, 4 J-PCT

Age: 39, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: MORA

Series: T623 Roll: 1608 Page: 104B

STAHLMACH, JOHN MAR 1849 39 M 15 MORAVIA MORAVIA MORAVIA 1878 22

THERESA WIFE APR 1864 36 M 15 9/8 TX BOHEMIA BOHEMIA

ADOLPH SON AUG 1886 13 S TX MORAVIA BOHEMIA

JOHN SON NOV 1888 11 S TX

KARL SON DEC 1890 9 S TX

EDUARD SON JAN 1893 7 S TX

LEONA DAU JULY 1894 5 S TX

EDWIN SON DEC 1896 3 S TX

EDMOND SON DEC 1896 3 S TX

LYDIA DAU JAN 1900 8/12 S TX

STALMACH, JOHN (1910 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, 7 J-PCT

Age: 49, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: AUST

Series: T624 Roll: 1528 Page: 304A

STALMACH, JOHN 49 M1 25 AUST AUST AUST 1879 NA

THERESA WIFE 46 M1 25 9/8 TX AUST AUST

ADOLPH SON 23 S TX AUST TX

JOHN SON 21 S TX

CHARLES SON 19 S

EDDIE SON 17S TX

LEONA DAU 15 S TX

EDWIN SON 13 S TX

EDMOND SON 13 S TX

LYDIA DAU 10 S TX

STALMACK, JOHN (1920 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, 7 J-PCT

Age: 58, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: BOHE

Series: T625 Roll: 1772 Page: 265A

STALMACK, JOHN 58 M 1879 NA 1885 BOHEMIA BOH BOH

THERESA WIFE 55 M TX BOH BOH

EDMOND SON 23 S TX BOH TX

LYDIA DAU 19 S TX BOH TX

STALMACH, JOHN (1930 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, 7 J-PCT

Age: 69, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: CZEC

Series: T626 Roll: 2287 Page: 255A

STALMACH, JOHN 69 M 24 CZECH CZECH CZECH 1879 NA

THERESA WIFE 65 M 20 TX CZ CZ

EDWIN SON 33 S TX CZ TX

More About JOHN STALMACH:

Burial: February 1940, NATIONAL CEMETERY, NELSONVILLE, AUSTIN, TEXAS

ii. ANNA LESHIKAR, b. Abt. 1868, TEXAS; m. SHILLER.

iii. JOSEPH LESHIKAR, b. Abt. 1870.

iv. ROSA LESHIKAR, b. Abt. 1872.

v. EMILIE LESHIKAR, b. February 04, 1877, TEXAS; d. March 06, 1930; m. JOHN KROULIK, Abt. 1905; b. October 05, 1872, TEXAS; d. November 07, 1947.

More About EMILIE LESHIKAR:

Burial: March 1930, NEW ULM CEMETERY, NEW ULM, AUSTIN, TEXAS

Notes for JOHN KROULIK:

KROULIK, JOHN D (1900 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, NELSONVILLE

Age: 28, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: TX

Series: T623 Roll: 1608 Page: 182A

KROULIK, JOHN D. OCT 1872 27 M 0 TX BOH BOH PHYSICIAN

TEREZIA WIFE SEPT 1875 24 M 0 0/0 BOH BOH BOH

DR.

KROULIK, JOHN (1910 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, 7 J-PCT

Age: 37, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: TX

Series: T624 Roll: 1528 Page: 303 B

KROULIK, JOHN 27 M2 5 TX AUST AUST PHYSICIAN

EMILY WIFE 33 M1 5 1/1 TX AUST AUST

ALFRED SON 4 S TX TX TX

 

 

KROULIK, JOHN (1930 U.S. Census)

TEXAS , AUSTIN, 7 J-PCT

Age: 57, Male, Race: WHITE, Born: TX

Series: T626 Roll: 2287 Page: 261A

KROULIK, JOHN 57 WD TX CZECH CZECH

JOHN SON 19 S TX TX TX

More About JOHN KROULIK:

Burial: November 1947, NEW ULM CEMETERY, NEW ULM, AUSTIN, TEXAS

vi. CHARLES LESHIKAR, b. Abt. 1879.

 

3. VINCENT2 LESIKAR (JOSEF LIDUMIL1) was born Abt. 1840 in BOHEMIA. He married ANNA. She was born Abt. 1848 in MORAVIA.

 

Children of VINCENT LESIKAR and ANNA are:

i. ANNA3 LESIKAR, b. Abt. 1870, TEXAS.

ii. VINCENZ LESIKAR, b. Abt. 1876, TEXAS.

iii. JOHN LESIKAR, b. Abt. 1878, TEXAS.

 

 

 

 

    

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