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Bastrop Advertiser, January 1942

Picture of PFC Fred J. Kadura, son of Mrs. Mary Kadura of Red Rock, is a member of Service Co. T. C, at Camp Miles Standish, Taunton, Massachusetts.

Well Baby Clinic to be Held Friday:

The Well Baby Clinic will be held on Friday of this week in the court house annex, the white building in the back of the court house, beginning at 9 o'clock in the morning. White and Mexican babies will be taken care of in the morning, and Negro babies are invited to come in the afternoon, beginning at 1:30, according to Miss Fay Lockhart, County Nurse.

The Clinic, sponsored this week by the Elsie Maynard Bible Class and the Methodist Missionary Society, will be supervised by Dr. Elizabeth Gentry, under the direction of Dr. Harold Wood.

Mothers are urged to take advantage of the opportunity to have their babies examined, and to receive instructions for caring for them, free of charge, to help make every baby in Bastrop County a well baby.

Bastrop Advertiser, January 1942

Picture of 1st Sgt. Vernon C .Dyer, son of Wm. Dyer of Elgin and Mrs. Henry Sims of Bastrop, is in a hospital in White Sulpher Springs W. VA where he will undergo an operation in an effort to remedy injuries received recently in England. He sustained serious injury to his eyes, several broken bones, and other minor hurts.

Picture of SSgt. Ernest J Kadura serving with the United States Army in Iceland. He is the son of Mrs. Mary Kadura of Red Rock.


W. B. was re elected president of the First National Bank at the annual stockholders meeting of that institution held Tuesday afternoon. Other officers named at that time were Earl C. Erhard, vice president; H. G. Griesenbeck, vice president; John R. Allen, Cashier.

The following directors were elected: W. B. Ransome, Earl C. Erhard, H. G. Griesenbeck, John R. Allen, Sam J. C. Higgins.


(The following is one of the series of articles explaining the new income tax laws, as sent out by the Treasury Department in Washington D. C.)

Form of Return

Persons subject to the Federal Income tax must report their income to the Government on forms, or blanks, prescribed by regulations. These forms are obtainable from any Collector of Internal Revenue, and generally from any bank. Special forms are designated for corporations, for partnerships, for trusts and fiduciaries, and for nonresident aliens. Farmers who keep no books of account on the accrual method must attach a special schedule to their return (Form 1040F). For individuals, two forms are used, depending upon the amount and source of income to be reported.

Form 1040. This form is intended for general use of individuals who are citizens of the United States, or residents in this country, whether citizens or not. It contains spaces to show the amount of income from various sources, deductions, allowable exemptions and credits, and computation of tax liability. As most of the items require some explanation in order to be allowable, the form also contains appropriate schedules to show in more detail how the income or the deductions are determined.

Form 1040A: This is a simplified report, which may, at the option of the taxpayer who makes his return on the cash basis, be filed instead of form 1040 by citizens and residents whose gross income was $3,000 or less during 1942, provided all this income consists wholly of one or more of the following: salary, wages, dividends, interest, or annuities. In using this form it is necessary only to enter the amount of gross income as shown, deduct the credit allowable for dependents and insert the approximate amount of tax in accordance with one's personal exemption status, as shown on the table on the reverse of the form. This form has no entries for.....


The U.S.O. will furnish sugar and shortening to local women who are interested enough to make doughnuts to be served with coffee at the U. S. O. on Sunday mornings.

The doughnuts, about 500 of them, are served with cups of hot coffee to the soldiers every Sunday morning at the U.S.O. Center, a practice that is greatly enjoyed by the enlisted men.

Women who will help out are asked to cal at the U. S. O. Center for the sugar and shortening.


C. B. Maynard took oath making him first lieutenant in the Judge Advocate General Department of the United States Army at Post Headquarters in Camp Swift Wednesday morning, according to Capt. B. A. Heidt, Post Public Relations Officer. Lt. H. M. Page, Post Adjutant, administered the oath.

Lt. Maynard, who has served Bastrop County in the capacity of County Judge for the past three years, tendered his resignation from that office to the commissioners' court in Bastrop Monday. He reports for training at Ann Arbor, Michigan, on February 2.

A successor to fill the unexpired term of County Judge will be named by the commissioner's court next Monday.


Starting Thursday, January 14th, sixteen thousand theatres in the United States will inaugurate a country wide celebration of United Nations Week. This celebration is being sponsored by the War Activities Committee, Motion Picture Industry, Theatres Division.

Manager Johnny R. Joseph of the Texas Theatre, acting as a unit of the War Activities Committee in the Southwest, announced that local citizens will have the opportunity to contribute towards the cause of United Nations Week, through collections which will be made in the theatres of Bastrop during the week. By contributing to the United Nations Week, you will eliminate individual drives for relief funds for each nation, in the group. In other words, when you make a contribution to United Nations Week all nations included benefit from it.

The motion picture theaters of.....


Bastrop Advertiser, April 1943

Picture of Sgt. Sammie Petty, son of James Petty of Red Rock and sister of Mrs. Ray Lee of near Red Rock, is stationed at Camp Edwards, Mass.

Picture of Pvt. Anton Goertz, son of Mr. And Mrs. Herman Goertz of Red Rock. Pvt. Anton Goertz is somewhere overseas, serving with the United States Army.


Farmers who sell butter, dried beans, or other rationed products to merchants shall follow the procedure outlined below:

The farmer or seller must obtain either a ration banking check or coupons in the required amount covering the goods he delivered.

The farmer or seller must then report to his local War Price and Rationing Board how much he sold and the date of the sale and surrender either ration banking checks or coupons in the amount to cover the necessary points for the goods sold.


Pending the completion of the new canning program, the Board will issue canning sugar in limited quantities to take care of early strawberry crop and any other small berries in the area which are in danger of being lost otherwise.

The Board will be strict in their interpretations of the limits placed on this program. Available sugar supplies, which are critical at the moment make it imperative that none held be wasted.


Bastrop Advertiser, Thursday, June 3, 1943



Somewhere a boy has a rendezvous with death tonight.

Whether on a carrier's deck in the Pacific, amid the burning sands of North Africa, or in the tropical forests of New Guinea... whether swift and perilous, or terrible and slow his going... he is giving to his fellow men the greatest gift a man can give.

The years unlived... the warmth and the laughter and the tears, and .. most precious gift of all.. his sons that might have been. Al these he is giving.

No effort of ours, now, can stay the speeding bullet that has his number on it. What to him, how, are the bonds we buy or the guns we build.

With nothing that is bought or sold, with nothing that is made of human hands, can we share his sacrifice.

What gift can we give to match his - what sacrifice can we make? The answer will come from that still small voice within our own hearts.

For no one can tell us how many bonds to buy, how hard to work on the guns and planes and tanks we build, to keep his gallant effort from having been in vain. Yes, we must each decide the measure of our own obligation - the gasoline we do not use, the pints of blood we donate, the food we do without, and all the other appeals we answer - to make the precious gift he made worthwhile.

Not for the boy who is dying tonight, but because he is dying, we can make our sacrifice to the cause of freedom. - Reprinted from General Electric Monogram, internal company publication

We read the above, and then, when we opened the daily paper, we read a Walkout of 500,000 miners, a strike against the government!"

Day after day, night after night, boys are keeping their rendezvous with death. And 500,000 men are helping them to keep it!"

As far as we're concerned - and as far as the majority of the straight thinking American people are concerned - these strikes have gone far enough. American people are tolerant, and take things with comparative case for just so long, but when they get enough, they get enough and they've just about got enough of this sort of thing!

As much as miners are privileged to lay down their picks and walk off their jobs, our sons and brothers and husband are privileged to lay down their guns and walk off the battle field! But they won't do it, even though they know that every man who misses an hour of productive work, willfully, is willfully sentencing a man to die. And the men who are dying, are giving their lives for the very miners who are striking strange gratitude that is. Even a...


Local needs will determine Bastrop County's participation in a new farm labor program aimed at reducing the manpower shortage which threatens success of the 1943 food production program, County Agricultural Agent L. M. Gandy said following his return from a conference held May 17 at Houston, Texas. Katherine Kelly, the county home demonstration agent also attended the meeting.

County plans for registration and placement of farm labor will be worked out by local farm men and women who are members of the County Agricultural Victory Council, Mr. Gandy said. Members of the council's executive and labor subcommittees were called I to discuss the new program May 29th.

At the Houston conference, county workers of the Texas A and M College Extension Service learned that the college recently had agreed to accept supervision of the program upon the request of Chester C. Davis, War Food Administrator. Funds for conducting the program in Texas will be apportioned to the college under legislation recently enacted by the 78th Congress. The agreement between the Texas A and M College Extension Service and the office of the National Food Administration relates only to the recruiting and placement of farm labor within the State and the various counties and does not apply to the movement of farm labor across international boundaries or state lines.

"We realize that farmers and ranchers in Texas will not be able to maintain the quantity of labor to which they are accustomed, but we hope to be able to help them get enough workers to prevent the wasting of crops in the field and the dispersal of livestock," the county agricultural agent said.

In some counties where the need justifies and it is desired by farmers, town and city boys and girls known as Victory Farm Volunteers will be recruited and trained for emergency work on the farms. Many rural schools already have adjusted their schedules to free school children for work in the critical periods. In a few counties in Texas where the farm labor situation is very serious there may be organized local battalions of the Women's Land Army, the agents learned. In the nation as a whole, recruiting of a U. S. Crops Corps of 3,500,000 workers for full time, seasonal or temporary farm work is contemplated.

Mr. Gandy quoted Lt. Col. Jay L. Taylor, Texas rancher and deputy War Food Administrator, as saying that "Ninety-nine percent of this program will be carried on in the country and one per cent in Washington."

"The long hours and hard work of families new on Texas farms and...


In order to cut down the number of errors in applications for War Ration Book Three, OPA officials today urged consumers to check the following points carefully before returning application forms:

1. Print or type your name and return address on application form so it is easy to read.

2. List names and birth dates of all members of family unit on the same application.

3. Sign the application in your own handwriting.

4. Tear off the identification stub and keep it carefully. It is your receipt.

5. Add 3 cents postage.

6. Check form carefully to avoid mistakes.

7. Mail application before June 10th.


June 1943, Bastrop Advertiser

Movies showing at the Tower theatre:

The Young Mr. Pitts, Robert Donat

Arizona Stage Coach, 2nd Hit: The Range Busters, Virginia Gilmore, That other Woman

Chetniks, The Fighting Guerrillas, Philip Dorn, Anna Sten

Hello, Frisco, Hello, Alice Faye, John Payne, Jack Oakie, Lynn Bari

How's About it, Andrew Sister's


Fort Sill, Okla.: June 8, William Albert Darling, has been commissioned a second lieutenant in the Army of the United States at the Field Artillery Of Candidate School here:

Lt. Darling is assigned to duty at Fort Sill.


Bastrop Advertiser, July 1943


Dear Mr. Standifer:

May I take this means of expressing my appreciation for your kindness in sending the Advertiser. I must confess that I have failed to write you, mostly through neglect but partially with the poor excuse that we have been kept very busy lately. Nevertheless I owe you an apology and wish to say that I enjoy the home news immensely. I eagerly await the day that I may thank you personally and see the old home town again. My very best regards to you and your staff. Sincerely, MASON CHALMERS


L. M. Gandy who has served as County Agent for Bastrop County.....


July 1942

Picture of T-Sgt. Mary Allie Dunbar.

Picture of Sgt. Andrew Dunbar.

TSgt. Mary Allie Dunbar and Sgt. Andrew Dunbar, daughter and son of Mr. And Mrs. Will Dunbar, deceased of Paige and McDade, are both graduates of the Bastrop High School.

TSgt Dunbar, who visited with relatives here recently, is a member of the WACs, and is stationed at present at Fort Oglethorpe, GA. Sgt. Dunbar is serving his country somewhere in North Africa.


Butchers and local slaughters in Bastrop County must submit to the County War Meat Committee by July 15, evidence of the amount of livestock slaughtered during the period upon which current permits are based, Lee L. Alexander, Chairman of the Bastrop County USDA War Board announced today.

Permits may be cancelled if this evidence is not presented to the Meat Committee on or before the deadline date, Mr. Alexander said.

Evidence may include books or records kept by the slaughterer records of persons from whom he bought or to whom he sold meat. Other proof of amount of slaughtering done during 1941 includes grading certificates or inspection records.

If the slaughterer was not operating during the corresponding period of 1941, he must substantiate the amount of slaughtering done in 1942. Mr. Alexander said in explaining the permit system. He emphasized that evidence should be submitted only of livestock actually owned by him at the time of slaughter.

Evidence submitted to the County War Meat Committee will be used in establishing a more uniform system of permits and quotas for livestock slaughters.

Other members of the Committee are: Judge John J. Sapp, Bastrop, Texas; Kleber M. Trigg, Bastrop, Texas; W. J. Rogers; Bastrop, Texas; David Parks, County Health Sanitarian, Bastrop, Texas; Mrs. Amy S. Standifer, Bastrop, Texas.



Reorganization of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps as the Woman's Army Corps and granting to the women full rank and privilege as members of the army is merited recognition of the magnificent work already done by the organization, and should serve to make membership in its ranks even more attractive to the women of America who wish to serve their country in the best manner of which they are capable.

There were some who were skeptical when the first women of the W.A.A.C.'s donned uniforms, but they have shown the skeptics that women, too, may be good soldiers and that there is an astonishing variety of jobs in the army that women can do as efficiently as men. They are doing them as volunteers, inspired by patriotism and the desire to have a share in the winning of victory.

Already they have added approximately five divisions to the strength of our army, yet this is but small part of the number who are needed. A statement by Col. Oveta Culp Hobby, director of the WAC, urges the enlistment of 600,000 more. Sox hundred thousand women added to the army will mean that 600,000 men will not be held in noncombat administrative, technical and mechanical jobs.

Every woman who volunteers, Colonel Hobby pointed out, enables a father to remain at home with his family.

"There are in this country," she added, "many women who still are working in nonessential industries or who are not working at all. There are also fathers of young children. The working quotas of our armed service must be filled. Who shall fill them? The eligible, mobile women, or the heads of families it is up to the American people to decide.

"Women as a group have always been the exponents the proponents of family life. They may now preserve and protect this family life, the core of American civilization and culture."

We think of a soldier as a man with a gun attacking the enemy, but a modern army uses a large percentage of its soldiers in noncombat duties. These are the duties the members of the Women's Army Corps have volunteered to do and which they are doing so well in the army camps, air bases, administrative offices, and laboratories here and overseas.

It is an entirely unselfish and patriotic thing they are doing. They are helping win the victory. They are helping keep American homes intact. Six hundred thousand strong, they will be a most potent force in the task ahead. -Houston Post.


We wish to take this opportunity to express our appreciation to our friends for their many acts of kindness and expressions of sympathy at the recent death of our loved one. MRS J. T. PETERSON


We wish to express our appreciation for the many acts of kindness and expressions of sympathy in our recent bereavement. The family of A. T. Morris


The Bastrop Advertiser, 10/29/1943


The following story reprinted from the Business Executives of America where it appeared recently with his photograph, tells of the success of another who Bastrop might call one of her "sons"!

Harvey Wilbarger Gilbert, Industrialist, was born February 18, 1884, in Beaumont, Texas, the son of John Nathan and Annie (Wilbarger) Gilbert. His father was a descendant of Sir Humphrey Gilbert of England, Texas pioneer industrialist in oil and lumber, and landowner. His mother was the granddaughter of Col. Josiah Wilbarger, Texas pioneer, one of the 300 members of Austin's Colony, who wrote the first history of Texas (Indian Depredations of Texas), and was scalped by Indians. Mr. Gilbert was educated at Bingham's Military Academy (1897-1901), University of Virginia (1901-03), and Soule Business College, New Orleans (1904). In 1914 he married Hortense Gibbons and they have two children, John Nathan, 11, and Mrs. Marshall Muse, Jr. Mr. Gilbert began his career as an oil and lumber man in 1904 selling lumber for the Nona Mills Co, on of the South's oldest firms, founded (1867) and headed by his father. He was later Director and Manager of land development for agriculture at Nona, Texas, and served as Manager for the same firm (Texas and Louisiana) for oil development. He was also co-worker in locating and selling rubber plant sites in Neches Butans Rubber Co, the B. F. Goodrich Co, and the Firestone Tire & Rubber Co, helping in the creation of the world rubber center. He is now President of the Harvey W. Gilbert Petroleum Co, the Ona Oil Co, Gilbert Oil Co, Cheltenham Import & Export, Ltd, Gilbert Lumber Co, Gilbert Tidewater Industrial Sites, Gilbert Tidewater Industries, and the Harvey W. Gilbert Co, real estate operations. He has served as Chairman of the Beaumont Port Arthur Industrial Commission (world's oil refining center) since 1925. He is co-builder of the Beaumont-Port Arthur Ship Channel, the Port Arthur Bridge, the Beaumont-Port Arthur Boulevard paralleling Ship Channel (boulevard is 200 feet wide and 12 miles long,) the Trans-Pan American Airport, the Beaumont-Port Arthur fresh water Canal. He is also author and coworker on Rockland Dam. He built the Kansas City Southern Industrial Belt R. R., the new Jefferson County Court House, and located and sold plant sites to the Pure Oil Co, Atlantic Refining Co, Pennsylvania Shipyards, Standard Oil Co, etc. He ....

Picture of Pvt. Vernon D. Eskew, stationed at Buckley Field, Colorado, is with the Aviation Ground Crew, United States Army. Former district clerk of Bastrop County, Pvt. Eskew is the son of Mrs. H. J. Eskew.

Picture of Hartford Jenkins, Jr, S-1G, Seaman First Class, is with the United States Navy, gunner on a supply ship somewhere in the Pacific. He is the son of Judge and Mrs. Hartford Jenkins.


Melody Parade, Mary Beth Hughes, Eddie Guillan

Lost Canyon, William Boyd

Here Comes Kelly, Eddie Quillan

First Comes Courage, Merle Oberon and Brian Aherne, with Carl Esmond, Isobel Elsom, Fritz Leiber

The Good Fellows, Cecil Kellaway, Helen Walker

This Land is Mine, Charles Laughton, Maureen O'Hara


February 1944, Bastrop Advertiser


A host of Bastrop Countians will learn with interest that the Maritime Commission has recently assigned the name of Felip DeBastrop to a Liberty Ship now under construction at Houston Shipbuilding Corporation.

Felipe DeBastrop was active in forwarding American colonization of Texas. He interceded for Moses Austin with the Mexican government. Bastrop is named for him as is a town in Louisiana. He was known in Louisiana for his connection with the Bastrop and Maison Range Spanish Land Grants. The date and place of his birth are unknown. He died in 1827. The launching date has not been announced but the detail will be available soon.


By virtue of power vested in me as Mayor of the City of Bastrop, Texas, and in accordance with the laws of this State governing City Elections, I Will Rogers hereby order an Election to be held on Tuesday, April 4th, 1944, under the direction of Hartford Jenkins Judge and Mrs. J. S. Milton, Associate judge to elect (1) Mayor to succeed Will Rogers, (1) City Secretary to succeed W. S. Craft, (1) City Attorney to succeed Bower Crider and (3) Alderman to succeed Alex Vaugh, J. V. Ash, and R E. Jenkins to serve until election and qualification of their successors. That said election will be held in the City Hall in the City of Bastrop, Bastrop County, Texas.

Given under my hand and seal of office this the 6th day of March, 1944.

Att. W. S. Craft, City Sec'y. Will Rogers, Mayor of City Bastrop, Texas.


November 1944, Bastrop Advertiser

Roll of Honor

Picture of Sgt. Ardell R Kunschick. Word this week from Sgt. Arndel R. Kunschick stated that he had arrived safely in Southern France. Sgt. Kunshick is the son of Mr. And Mrs. Robert Kunschick.

Picture of Sgt. Anton J. Goertz, son of Mr. And Mrs. Herman Goertz of Red Rock, Texas, has served for the almost two years in the air corps, and has been stationed almost the entire period in Italy.


Bastrop Advertiser, 11/23/1944


Recent changes in the personnel of the Bastrop County Heath Department are as follows:

Mrs. H. A. Paris of Elgin, formerly Lula Mae Norton, is again working in Bastrop County replacing Miss Mildred Johnson. Mrs. Paris is a graduate of Baylor University School of Nursing, and has had her graduate work in Public Health Nursing at Columbia University, New York City. She works in the Northern half of the county, with headquarters in Elgin and Bastrop.

Mrs. Josephine DeWitt has replaced Miss Mary Ellen Darrell, who has been transferred to Austin. Mrs. DeWitt is a graduate of the University of Tennessee School of Nursing in Memphis, and for the past two years has been employed by the State of Tennessee, at the Sumner County Health Unit, Gallatin, Tennessee. This is the Teaching Unit cooperating with Vanderbilt Hospital. Mrs. DeWitt's experience with this Unit adds greatly to the value of her service in Bastrop County. She lives in Bastrop and has headquarters at Smithville and Bastrop. She is assigned to the Southern half of the county.

Oct. 1st, Mrs. Lilliam Murchison replaced Miss Patsy Morris as Clerk. Mrs. Murchison, who has lived in Bastrop all her life, attended ion-Clay Commercial College in Austin. She has formerly been employed in local law and government offices at Bastrop.

Mr. James C. Lesikar, Sanitarian for Bastrop County, has replaced Mr. David Parks who has been transferred to the State Office as Assistant State Health Education Consultant. Mr. Lesikar has been transferred from Williamson County. He has a B. A. and an M. A. from the University of Texas and has been in Public Health work for several years.

April 1, 1948


Washington, DC-

Bastrop's first veteran of Works War II to be entered on the national Roll of Honor at Washington Cathedral is Sergeant Bower Crider it was announced here today by the Rev. Merritt F. Williams, cannon of the cathedral and chairman of the national war memorial committee. He served with the 913th Field Artillery Battalion and was awarded the Purple Heart. His name and war record will be entered on the only permanent Roll of Honor known, now being established at Washington Cathedral.

Some 200 Texans are numbered in 11,000 and more names of servicemen and women already submitted for the cathedral tribute. Every state in the union is represented. National also in scope and purpose are the efforts of friends of Washington Cathedral of all faiths to raise funds for its continued construction.

No cost or consideration any kind is entailed, however, in enrolling veterans on the Honor Roll. Canon Williams, himself a veteran of both World Wars and former chaplain of the war-lost aircraft carrier WASP, explains:

"The privilege of enrolling is open to all veterans. All are welcome. The National Roll of Honor will be enshrined in the proposed War Memorial Chapel, to be the chief feature of the unfinished Patriots' Transept. Permanent books preserving the honor roll, will be placed there in a beautiful shrine, commemorating for generations to come and war-dead of this Republic and paying tribute to the living veterans of our country. Enrollment blanks may be obtained from Washington Cathedral, Washington, D. C.


I would like to express my appreciation to my friends for the many expressions of kindness shown me during my recent stay in the hospital. JACK A GRIESENBECK


The following college students spent the Easter holidays with their respective parents:

Miss Marguerite Haynie, Miss Laura Ann Jenkins, Miss Mary Ann Chalmers, dick Chalmers, Gordon Taylor, Henry Sebesta, John Jennedy, Pat Webb, University of Texas, Austin; Merl Arnold Prokop, Jr., Rob Goode, Maurice Smith, Don Callahan, Ernest Simmons, Arthur Gurwitz, A & M College, Bryan; Miss Polly Litton, Miss Betty Rose Litton, Miss Virginia Thomas, Miss Jane Allen, Frank Smith, Billy Waugh, SWTC, San Marcos; Miss Lena Ruth Webb, Southwestern University, Georgetown; Miss Shirley Dodson, Miss Dot Dodson, Bascom Hodges, Charles Evans, Charles Allen Eskew, Hartford Jenkins Jr, Baylor University, Waco; Billy Maynard, Schriener Institute, Kerville; Buford Catchings, Weatherford College, Weatherford.


1949 Bastrop Advertisor


By Mrs. Marcelle Hamer, Librarian, Texas Collection The University of Texas

Pioneers of Texas did their own fighting, their own legislating, and they had a strength and honesty of purpose necessary to build a commonwealth.

As to their ability to do their own fighting, Captain George Erath, one of San Jacinto's heroes, condensed the Texans' whole code of military tactics into one word when, asked what military training he had, he replied, "None." He said he knew but one work of command, and that was "Charge, boys, charge!"

One of the salty characters, Henry Smith, Provisional Governor of Texas, 1835, flatly refused to surrender his chair when the Executive Council tried to depose him. The political opposition described him as being to illiterate, poorly informed, and not of big enough caliber for the office. But stay he did.

Illustrative of the character of men and events in Texas at that time is the story about Thomas Jefferson Rusk, Secretary of War, who was energetic in thought and action for Texas during the dark days of the Revolution. On the night of the organization of the Government ad interim, President Burnet had called a council, asking each member in turn for an opinion. As usual in Texas politics no two opinions concurred. Secretary Rush, weary from working night and day with no rest for three days while helping to frame the Constitution of the new Republic, had dropped his head in his hands and, leaning his elbows on his knees as if meditating, was actually sound asleep. When his name was called and no answer, he was punched in the ribs by the man who sat next to him, Rusk sat upright out of a fog of sleep and said, "Gentlemen, my opinion is that we are in a hell of a fix. We're all worked down. Let's go to the saloon; get a drink; then get on our horses and go fight like the devil to get out of this mess". Needless to say, they went.

Sam Houston's name and Texas history are inseparable. No story of Texas politics is complete without him. His sympathy for men gave him power over them. His friends were loyal; his enemies were bitter; but nobody neglected to talk about him.

The disorganization and discontent of the Texas army is a well established fact in Texas history. A man with less sympathy than Houston might have failed in command of such an army. But when that army was retreating in haste before Santa Anna's rapid advance toward what was to be the battleground of San Jacinto and the artillery and baggage wagons mired down continually, no man was more willing to put his shoulder to the wheel than Sam Houston himself. And his "Come on, boys, let's help the poor critters," became a byword among the men.

Once when the soldiers over whom his authority was not disputed objected because they had not received a cent of pay for months, had no shoes, and no soap to wash their clothes, Sam Houston gave them each $5.00 of his own money and refused to take a voucher for the amount.

No man ever loved the American Union more than Sam Houston. In the Civil War era, when feeling and vituperation were most intense against him for his opposition to the succession of Texas, he was invited to assist in the military review of the regiment of over one thousand young Texans being drilled at Galveston for service in the Confederate army. The regiment was drawn up for dress parade. Thousands of citizens were assembled. Sam Houston's own son was in the regiment. In the minds of a majority of the Texans present, whether of the military or civil population, were memories of the bitter political fight General Houston had just gone through. Two of his distinguished opponents, Judge Campbell and W. S. Oldham, had been following him up and down and across the state tongue-lashing him on every occasion during the canvass on sucession. Now, the old "hero of San Jacinto," dressed in his uniform of 1836, at his side a sword, and on his head a weather beaten light colored, broad brimmed planter's hat with the left side buttoned up the crown, stood out in front of the regiment, supported by the Colonel in full view of the great gathering of people. All eyes were upon him soft eyes dime with tears of memory, men dark with the premonition of the war about to come. Then came his orders: "Shoulder arms. Right about face."

The regiment, now facing to the rear, General Houston cried out in torturous tones of sarcasm "Do you see anything of Judge Campbell or W. S. Oldham there?"

"No" reared the troops to reply.

"Well," said the General, "they can not be found at the front or even at the rear."

"Right about front face. Hold right. Do you see anything of Judge Campbell's son here?"

"No; he has gone to Paris to school." Responded the regiment".

"Eyes left, Do you see anything of old Sam Houston here?" That was the climax of excitement. Regiment and and citizens for their old hero Houston then turned to the Colonel, and while handing him his sword, said, "There Colonel, that is all; I leave you to manage the rest," and with applause ringing in his ears he retired from dress parade.

Nimitz To Speak at U. of T.

Austin, Texas, Oct. 3. The University of Texas will greet Admiral Chester Nimitz, October 12, when he comes to Austin for the day. He will make an address to the Naval ROTC unit at the University in a public lecture to be held in Gregory Gym.

100 Years Ago This Week in Texas by A. Garland Adair. Curator of History, Texas Memorial Museum.

Impending war with Mexico, Texas annexation, and the weather were chief topics discussed in the very limited press a century ago in the Lone Star republic. The few scattered newspapers did a swell job in 1845. August was hot and dry, annexation and constitution convention which adjourned on the 28th of the month. Cotton sold for fourteen cents.

The weeklies were printed on G. Wash presses one sheet at a time, which fact no doubt originated the term "Sheet" as applied to the press. The La Grange Intelligencer, dated August 26th, carried an article here quoted; "Whilst we are printing this sheet, the United States Dragoons, commanded by Col. Trigg, are passing through town, amid the roar of artillery, God speed their march, and success attend their arms." Publishers then were not without their humor and worries. "Short Sayings" was a feature in the Intelligencer, from which this is taken: "There are only three ways to get out of a scrap; write out, fight out, or back out; but the best way is to keep out." S. B. Fields, its editor, in the same issue indicated that he had to go out of business due to the many failures to pay up for subs and advertising. He announced he had sold the popular La Grange newspaper to Messrs. McClellan and Mimms who were to conduct the press on a cash basis. The weekly also reported the opening of the twelfth term of Rutersville College in Fayette County. Rev. Chauncey Richardson, MA President, announced that orphans of deceased Texas soldiers would be given two years of instruction in this first Texas college, tuition free. He had also recently been elected President of the Fayette County Temperance Society, with another famous old Texas, John Rabb as vice president. The Star, a Houston daily, carried an advertisement on page one of the remodeling of the Alabama House, with a spacious and airy stable immediately attached. The Star had a special correspondent at the convention who reported great excitement in Austin due to a rumor of a Mexican invasion under Gen. Bustament. The report received by Col. Kinney, deputy to the convention from San Patricio, said the Mexicans, 8,000 strong, were headed for an attack on the 1800 U. S. Troops which had landed on St. Joseph's Island commanded by General Taylor. The correspondent went on to say that Jim Shaw, the Delaware Chief, and Stoat, Indian agent, had arrived in Austin from the Comanche's. "They went up after the scoundrel that had killed Hornsby." The Telegraph and Texas Register chronicled that "The seat of government had been located" by the convention, "at Austin until the year 1850". The Brazos Planter gave the same report. The Texas National Register was due to start publication in December, 1845, at Washington, Texas. "An abundant supply of paper" for that purpose was reported by W. D. Miller, editor who declared in a Star ad that; "Politics will not be regarded as the service of partisan jugglery... but rather as a code of principles... and the maintenance of a firm, efficient and beneficial government.

From Gonzales To San Jacinto

To the left of the west entrance of the Texas Memorial Museum appear the names of the 59 members of the convention of March 1, 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. This group declared the independence of Texas from Mexico and adopted the constitution of the Republic of Texas.

Exhibits on display in the Sam Houston case, and rare documents in the Howard case in the Great Hall, together with several diaoramas in the Mission Room relate to persons and incidents of the Texas Revolution during the 52 days from March 1, 1836 to the following April 21st, which include the period of memorable retreat from Gonzales to San Jacinto as briefly recited in this HOUSTON'S RETREAT BEFORE THE BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO: The quarrel between the Provisional Governor, Henry Smith, and his Provisional Council proved very disastroud to Texas and her cause during the early weeks of 1836. While this quarrel was based on various disputes, it culminated in the controversy over the leadership of the proposed Matamoros Expedition. January 16-17, 1836, General Sam Houston, the legally elected commander-in-chief of the Texas army, was at Goliad to check and to prevent, if possible, an illicit expedition to Matamoros, headed by Francis W. Johnson and Dr. James Grant with soldiers led away from the frontier post at San Antonio de Bexar. Houston made a speech to the soldiers that convinced many of them that the undertaking in which they were engaging was not properly authorized. This had the effect to check, but not entirely to abolish the enterprise. At this same time Houston became convinced that he had been superceded in the functions of his office of commander-in-chief to the Texas army. The Council had commissioned James W. Fannin as their Agent, an office that usurped the prerogatives, if not the title of commander-in-chief. Finding himself thus supplanted, Houston left the army, went to San Felipe, the seat of the Texas government, and, on January 30, wrote a long letter to Governor Smith, detailing the situation, and asked for a furlough in order to go to East Texas to treat with the Indians for their neutrality during the Texas Revolution. This furlough was duly granted by Governor Smith.

In whatever situation Houston might find himself, he was always the trained, the experienced, the astute politician. Before leaving Goliad he had succeeded in having himself elected a deleagete from that district to the convention which had already been called at Washington-on-the-Brazos on March 1. When that body convened on the day set, Houston was there to take his seat. His presence and speech, the only one made, were high spots in the convention. On March 4, 1836, this Convention re-elected Houston Commander-in-Chief of the Texas army - the regulars, the volunteers, and the militia. Two days later, accompanied by George W. Hockley, Chief of Staff, and one or two other companions, Houston set out to join the army whose headquarters were then at Gonzales. Yoakum and other historians tell us that Houston intended to combine the forces of Fannin and other Texas officers in order to to to the aid of Travis who, at this time, was being besieged by the Mexican Army under President-General Santa Anna himself. The history student of the present time, however, who has the opportunity to compare the various sources, knows that Houston knew that the Alamo was doomed before he had left the convention at Washington; he understood thoroughly the greed for rank and power that existed amoung the officers of the Texas army, as well as the spirit of independence and insubordination among the soldiers. Whatever he may, or may not, have thought or said about this matter, the fact remains that before he and his companions had ridden away from Washington on Sunday morning, March 6, the Alamo had fallen, and the bodies of its 187 defenders had been reduced to Mother Earth on funeral pyres. (See Houston's last speech in the US Senate, February 28, 1859).

There has been much controversy concerning the number of soldiers at Gonzales. Yoakum fixes the number at 374 - the number that Houston himself gives. Other authorities, however, make it twice as large; but no one refutes the statement that when Houston reached Gonzales on the 11th he found the soldiers there thoroughly disorganized, for the night before two Mexicans had arrived and had circulated the story of the fall of the Alamo. The grief and excitement created by this report amounted almost to madness. In order to calm the fears of the populace, Houston had the Mexicans arrested and imprisoned as spies, although he himself was convinced that their story was true. On that same day he sent an order to Fannin to retire from Goliad to Victoria on the Guadalupe. On the morning of the 13th he sent out Deaf Smith, Henry W Karnes and Robert E Handy to ascertain the facts concerning the Alamo. They were ordered to return within three days, but they had hardly gone twenty miles when they met Mrs. Dickerson and her infant daughter; Joe, the Negro servant of Colonel Travis; and Ben, a free Negro man-servant of the Mexican colonel, Juan N Almonte, all of whom had been sent by Santa Anna with messages to Houston. There was now no hope left; the terrible story had to be believed. It was a sad day for Gonzales for the fall of the Alamo had widowed thirty-three women and had made orpahsn of more then a hundred children in and about that little town. Mrs. Dickerson had brought from Santa Anna to Houston and to the people of Texas an insolent challenge to surrender, or to meet the same fate as the defenders of the Alamo. A terrible panic ensued.

Houston decided that a retreat was inevitable, so securing the women and children in Gonzales and throughout the countryside, he took up his long march about mid night on March 12. This was the beginning of the famous retreat from Gonzales to San Jacinto. It was more thatn the retreat of an army; it was the fleeing of an entire people before the murderous enemy. As the rear guard left Gonzales, the town was fired.

On the next day the Texans reached Peach Creek and there received a reinforcement of some 125 men; by the 14th they had reached the Vavidad, and on the 17th they were encamped at Barnham's on the Colorado. There the army, now numbering about 600 (this is Houston's statement) men crossed the river, descended the stream and encamped on the west bank, opposite Columbus, till the 25th. By the 26th the army had increased to more than 1200 men. In the meantime, the Mexicans under General Sesma were in close pursuit and had reached the right bank of the river, only a few miles distant from the Texas army. Satisfied that Santa Anna and his main army would follow Sesma on the central line, Houston fell back to the Brazos and encamped at Mill Creek, a short distance above San Felipe.

During all this time Houston was being bitterly censured by his officers and many of the soldiers for not taking a stand and meeting the enemy. From Mill Creek, on March 29, he wrote to Thomas J. Rusk, the Secretary of War saying, "On my arrival on the Braxos, had I consulted the wishes of all, I should have been like the ass between two stacks of hay. Many wished me to go below, others above, I consulted none- held no councils of war. If I err the blame is mine. I find Col. George W Hockley of my staff a sage counselor and a true friend; but my staff are all worthy and merit well of me. There was on yesterday, I understand, much discontent in the lines, because I would not fall down the river. If it should be wise for me to do so, I can cross the river at any time and fall down to greater advantage, and with greater safety." Again on March 31 he wrote Ruck; "The enemy could have been beaten at the Colorado. My inception was to hae attacked him on the second night after the day on which Fannin's destruction was reported by Peter Kerr and would have done so but for that news and the march of strong reinforcements, probably arriving that night to the enemy".

Houston remained at Mill Creek from March 29 to April 12. On April 12-13, by means of the steamboat Yellowstone, he crossed his army from the west to the east side of the Brazos and encamped at Grace's Retreat, near the present town of Hempstead.

This Fabian policy of Houston at the time was not approved by the civilians, nor by many of the army. Moreover, the newly inaugurated President and the Commander-in-chief of the army were not on cordial terms. Nevertheless, with a mutinous army, over boggy prairies and across swollen streams, Houston stubbornly pursued his policy. By this time Rusk, the Secretary of War, had joined the army in the field, and in Rusk. Houston found a true friend and a safe counselor, and for the remainder of the campaign the two cooperated cordially. Today, history students have come to recognize Houstons march from Gonzales to San Jacinto as one of the most strategic retreats in the annals of American history. Military authorities declare that its conception and its successful execution set Houston out as a man of military genius.

By April 18, Houston and the Mexican army were on opposite sides of the river near the town of Harrisburg. Houston rested his army until April 19, when he learned from scouts that Santa Anna had burned Harrisburg and had gone down the west side of the bayou and the San Jacinto river, into which it empties to near New Washington, or Morgan's Point, on Galveston Bay. Houston now realized that the stage was set for the longed for battle; his most ardent wish could not have been more completely fulfilled. He saw clearly that Santa Anna had matched into a trap of his own setting for in passing down below Houston's camp the Mexican general had been compelled to cross Vince's bridge, the only means of crossing Vince's bayou, and the maintenance of that bridge was necessary to communication between the auxiliary army under Edisola at Fort Bend. So in the event of possible defeat the bridge would have to furnish the only avenue of escape for the Mexicans.

On April 12, Houston crossed the bayou to seek the enemy. In an eloquent speech he addressed the army. He kept nothing back, but told his soldiers that the Mexicans were and ? Santa Anna ? of command. He ? of the Texans would have to do and that if any of them broke from the ? they need not ? the bayou. But he also pointed out that death in such a cause would be glorious, and suggested as a battle cry, "Remember the Alamo. Remember Goliad." As a motto, he said that none other would serve them except, "Victory or Death!" for there would be no chance for retreat. All were eager for action, and camp guards had to be drafted.

The main army crossed the bayou two miles below Harrisburg about noon on April 19. They marched all the afternoon and most of the night, going into camp in the early morning of April 20, on the right bank of the bayou in a skirt of timber. In a short time they captured a boatload of provisions that had been sent by Santa Anna from Colonel James Morgan's warehouse at Morgan's Point (Santa Anna had captured this plantation and shipping point) to Lynchburg. It was evident that Santa Anna was planning to leave New Washington for Anahauc via Lynchburg.

On the morning of April 21, Houston permitted the enemy to be reinforced by 500 troops under General Cos, thus increasing the strength of the Mexican army considerably. This fact exasperated his own officers and soldiers and surprised Santa Anna. In after days Santa Anna asked him why he permitted this reinforcement to join his army Houston's reply was "I did not wish to take two bites at the same cherty." But students of military strategy see it as another reason. At half past three o'clock on the afternoon of April 21, Houston ordered the Texas officers to parade their troops, having in the meantime ordered Vince's bridge to be defer you. But the ? ? was quickly charged for the battle cry "Remember the Alamo. Remember Goliad."

The victory was sudden and complete that the Texans were astonished at their own suppress. In his official report to the President, Houston said "The fight began at half past four and ? pur? The main army captured at twilight. A guard was then left in charge of the army's injured and our army retreated with their "killed and wounded in the battle but loss was two killed and twenty three wounded. ? of ? fatally. The enemy loss was 630 killed, among whom were one general, four colonels, two lieutenant colonels, five captains, and twelve lieutenants. Wounded: 208, of whom there were five colonels, three lieutenant colonels, two second lieutenant colonels, seven captains, and one cadet. Prisoners: 730, President General Santa Anna, General Cos, four colonels and the aides to Santa Anna. There were also taken about 600 muskets, 300 sabres, 200 pistols, 700 mules and horses and about $12,000 in specie."

Publications Consulted: Yoakum, History of Texas; Kennedy, Texas and Texans; Chester Newell, The History of the Texas Revolution; H. H. Brown, History of Texas.


1948 Bastrop Advertisor


The following officers were named at the annual stockholders meeting of the First National Bank held on Tuesday afternoon.

W. B. Ransome, president; E. C. Erhard, vice-president; H. G. Griesenbeck, vice-president; Lloyd Ketha, cashier; Wallace Hefner, assistant cashier; Miss Ione Hoffman, teller.

Directors of the bank include, besides the officers, Sam J. C/ Higgins, Cecil Long, A. N. Edwards, C. B. Maynard.

In a distribution of the bank operating profits for the year 1947, according to Mr. Griesenbeck, their surplus fund has been increased to $32,500.00, and the undivided profits account has been increased approximately $4,000. Their furniture and fixtures account has been reduced from one thousand dollars in 1946 to one dollar at this time, these improvements in the capital structure of the bank accomplished in addition to the payment of a 10 percent dividend to the shareholders amounting to $5,000.

The institution has also succeeded in improving the capital structure of the bank approximately $7,000.

Attributing the success of the past year to the loyalty and support of their friends and patrons, the bank personnel express their gratitude to them.


The James H. Perkins Post, American Legion, met on Thursday night of last week at the Bastrop State Park guest cabin, with Bower Crider, Commander, presiding.

During the business session, the Legionnaires agreed to wear their legionnaires agreed to wear their legionnaire caps at their meetings, and an expression of thanks from the Bastrop Lions Club for the Post's contribution to the Christmas fund was expressed.

Otto Wolf was appointed chairman of a flower committee, to attend to the sending of flowers on any appropriate occasion. Others on the committee are R E. Jenkins, Tommy Davidson, Edgar Kridle, Frank Green and Joe Leath.

The Post is activating a drive for new members, and issue a cordial welcome to visitors.

A barbecue dinner was enjoyed by a large number of members present.


Anyone with vacancies are urged to call Mrs. Addie Mae Powell at the Chamber of Commerce and list rooms, apartments and houses with her.

Daily calls are made there for apartments and houses, especially places where children are taken.


C. A. Long, owner of the Western Auto Associate Store, left Tuesday to attend the Western Auto Spring Merchandise Show to be staged in Houston, Texas, 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th of January.

Mr. Long said the show will feature many new products, and improved 1948 versions of present Western Auto merchandise. Emphasis will be on spring and summer lines of home, automotive, and recreational items. Purpose of the exposition is to enable Western Auto Associate Store Owners to make early, first-hand selections, and place commitments for spring and summer stocks.

"From advice reports and present indications' Mr. Long said, "it is safe to say that the 1900s merchandise picture is one of 'good news' for the consumer. Improvements in familiar products, and a lot of exciting new things for better living, are evident everywhere as industry gains momentum in catching up with storages."

Mr. Long expects to return Saturday.


The following is a list of the patients who are in the hospital this week:


H. O. Leonard

Mrs. Frank Reed and son

Mrs. A. M. Hoffman and son

Miss Francis Weber

Mrs. Alice Guitierrez


Mrs. Floyd Robbins

Mrs. J. C. Glass

Hazel Thorne

H. L. Robinson

Roger Wright

Miss Betty Jean Cox

Mrs. DeFlay Martin and daughter

Anna Lee King

Chester MacDonald

Mrs. J. L. Fohn and son

Mrs. Margaret Qualls

A.. P. Schindler


Bastrop Advertiser May 30, 1946


TO: Ernest Killough, Citizens State Bank of Bastrop, a corporation. Lorenzo Wyatt, Maidie Johnson Burch, Caruthers Burch, Mary Killough, alberta Yancey, Tannie Yancey, Theddo Shelton, Annie Brown, Atryzishus Broan, America Killough Jordon, a widow, Lou Killough, Jeff Killough, mary jane Killough, Pearlie Killough, Clara Killough, Maud Killough, Emma Anderson, a widow, Modesta Killough, Early Killough, Rebecca Killough, Sam Killough, Albona Killough, Tomie Killough, Lula Williams, Morris Williams, Larcelia Killough, Florence Killough, Robert Trigg, Robert Trigg, Jr., Eva Trigg, Ethel Trigg, Thelma Estill, Millus Estill, Addie Estill, Jessie Killough, Amanda Killough, Taska Killough, Mose Killough, Emma Killough, Cora Johnson, John Johnson, Gertrude Price, K. L. Price.

Eliza Killough, Daisy Franklin, Ruby Craney, Naomi Killough, Caroline Killough, Gertrude Hodge, a widow, Estelle Killough, Effie Williams, Noah Williams, Idella Killough, Mannie Killough, Mary Killough Green, a widow, Mattie Killough, Raspberry Killough, Sidell Killough, mamie Morris, Walter Morris, Viola Clark, Frank Clark, Lillie Sileen Killough, Alfred Killough, Daisy Thompson, Arthur Thompson, Annie L. Payne, R. L. Payne, Pearl Ward, Uless Ward, Clara Humphrey, Moses Humphrey, Maude O. Butler, Rufus Butler, Emma Anderson, Connie Anderson, Virgie Lee Killough Campbell, George Campbell.

Levada M Killough Halley, Joseph Halley, Frank Walter, Annie Mae Walter, C. C. Rrandle, Oma Killough, and the unknown heirs and legal representatives of each of the following deceased persons: Ola Wyatt, Sam Wyatt, Minnie Brown, Tom Brown, Mary Killough, Kate Yancey, Jim Yancey, America K. Jordon, Lou Killough, Jeff Killough, Early Killough, Sam Killough, Albert Killough, Willie Killough, Henry Killough, John Killough, Lige Killough, Griff Killough: and all persons having or claiming any title or interest in the land described in this suit under the will of Raspberry Killough, deceased, which will was probated in Bastrop County, Texas: and is recorded oin Vol. L at page 439 et seq of the Probate Minutes of Bastrop County, Texas.

The grantees (beneficiaries) named in said will are Jeff Killough, Alf Killough, Griff Killough, Samuel Killough and his children, Leola, Bertha, Florence, Daisy, Abnoe, Jessie, Ray, Willie, Thomas and Samuel Killough; and Lige Killough, said will further providing owever that the portion of such estate not specifically devised should be equally divided among the children of the said Raspberry Killough, many of whom are not specifically mentioned in said will; also complaining of the issue of each and all children of the said Raspberry Killough, deceased, and the heirs and legal representatives of the said Rapsberry Killough, deceased, if living, and if any or all of the above-named persons be dead, the unknown heirs of each or all of said above-named persons who may be dead, and the unknown owner or owners of the herinafter described land, Defendants:

You are hereby commanded to be and appear before the Honorable 21st District Court of Bastrop County, at the next regular term thereof said County, in the City of Bastrop, on the third Monday in June, A. D. 1946, the same being the 17th day of June A. D. 1946, then and there to plead and answer plaintiffs petition in a delinquent tax suit filed in said Court on the 27th day of may, A. D. 1946, in a certain suit No. 3148, styled The State of Texas vs. Ernest Killough, et al., in which said suit, The State of Texas, suing for itself and the County of Bastrop and for the use and benefit of all political subdividions and districts whose taxes are collected by the Assessor and Collector of taxes for said County, is plaintiff, and the above named persons if living, and if any or all of the above-named persons be dead, the unknown heirs of each or all of said above-named persons who may be dead, and the unknown owner or owners of the hereinafter described land, are Defendants, and said Plaintiff has impleaded taxing units in said State, which said taxing units shall appear in said cause for delinquent taxes against the property or any part thereof described in the petition of said plaintiff, and the said defendants shall appear and answer to the claims of said taxing units without further citation or notice. Said suit is to collect taxes on the following described real estate and or personal property assessed in the name of above named defendants for the years 1919 to 1944, inclusive and in the amount of $2729.09, said property being described as follows, to wit:

506 acres of land, more or less, a part of the Knight and White Survey, Abstract 42, more particularly described as follows: Tract 1, containing 60 acres, described in deed recorded in Vol. 93, page 68; Tract 2, containing 346 acres, more or less, described in deed recorded in Vol. 98, page 449; Tract 3, containing 100 acres, more or less, descrived in deed recorded in Vol. 50, page 192, all Volume and page references being to the Deed Records of Bastrop County, Texas, to which reference is made for more particular description, together with penalties, interest, costs and expenses which have accrued or may legally accrue thereon. Plaintiff and or interveners also seek the establishment and foreclosure of the lien securing payment of such taxes provided by law. All interest, penalties, and costs allowed by law are included in said suit. Each party to said suit shall take notice of and plead and answer to, all claims and pleadings now on file or heresfter filed in said cause by all other parties hereto.

WITNESS my hand and official seal at my office in Bastrop, Texas, this 27th day of May, 1946.

VERNON ESKEW, Clerk District Court, Bastrop County, Texas.