COMMUNITY

COLONIES

This page contains information about the original colonies within Bastrop County.

Original colonies in the Bastrop County area:

Austin’s Little Colony (lying north of the Old San Antonio Road

and east of the Colorado River)

Milam Colony (southwestern section, north of the Old San Antonio Road

and west of the Colorado River)

Leftwich’s Colony extended into the extreme northern portion

of the county above Little Colony)

Austin’s Original Colony (south of the Old San Antonio Road

and east of DeWitt’s Colony)

DeWitt’s Colony (South of the Old San Antonio Road with a portion overlapping

Austin’s contract and the northeastern boundary

at the headwaters of the Lavaca River).

Bastrop County was colonized under terms of Austin’s original

colony, Austin’s Little colony, and Milam’s Colony.

MILAM COLONY

Benjamin R. Milam, 10/20/1788-12/7/1835, killed in the Battle of San Jacinto.

January 12, 1826, Benjamin R. Milam was granted the right to settle three hundred families between the Guadalupe and Colorado Rivers, west of the Old San Antonio Road.

His contract ended 13th day of January 1832 with very few families settled and those that did settle had a problem proving ownership.

The government commissioned Talbot Chambers to get titles for the families that were already settled.

Two grants within Bastrop county were made directly by the Mexican government. Samuel Bangs and Jose Antonio Navarro. Navarro gained his title on 3/13/1832 and sold his land to John Caldwell on 4/2/1833. Bangs received a six league grant in the area of Milam Colony, had difficulty gaining a clear title and paid three of the leagues to T.J. Chambers for legal fees over the title.

A lawsuit ensued over this title. Bastrop County District Court Minutes, Vol. B, pp. 8-9, 10/19/1847

Nancy Blakey, a widow, settled on a league directly across the Colorado from the town of Bastrop and immediately north of the Old San Antonio Road, before the Texas Revolution. She was unaware of the fact that Samuel Bangs had been granted the land directly from the Mexican Government and that T.J. Chambers had acquired the rights to it. Chambers sued her and others (Hill, Patton, Mays, Cornelius Hemphill, Robert Anderson, and Nathan Anderson; ) for title to the land. Mrs. Blakey settled out of court and gave up half the league, 4,400 acres, to Chambers in order to gain a clear title to the portion containing her homestead. Mr. Chambers did not want to be known for putting a widow and orphan off of their homesite, especially since Mrs. Blakey had lost two sons in battles, Lemuel, her second son, was killed in San Jacinto, and her eldest son, Edward, lost his life in the battle with the Indians at Brushy, so he agreed to the settlement. The other parties lost their case and had to purchase their property from Chambers (Bastrop County Deeds, Vol. E. p. 385, January 20, 1847).

In 1835, fifty-two titles in the Milam Colony were issued, seventeen of which were within Bastrop County.

Below is a list of original titles for Milam Colony issued by Land Commissioner Talbot Chambers, 1835-1836, as listed in the General Land Office.

Name, Date of Title, Quantity, Location

Thomas Anderson 3/14/1835 1 League On Onion Creek.

Phillip J. Allen 5/23/1835 1 League Joins No. 5.

Theodore Bissell 3/19/1835 1 League On Williamson’s Creek.

John W. Bunton 4/8/1835 ¼ League On the San Antonio Road, joins ¼ No. 1

Hiram Beals 5/23/1835 ¼ League On Cedar Creek, joins No. 7.

Martha Barker 6/12/1835 1 League On the North side San Antonio Road.

Henry Brown 5/20/1835 1 League On the East side Guadaloupe, on the San Antonio Road.

William Cannon 3/29/1835 1 League On Williamson’s Creek branch of Onion Creek.

L.C. Cunningham 8/1/1835 ¼ League On San Antonio Rd., joins No. 3 on the Northeast.

James Curtis 2/20/1835 ¼ League On the West side St. Marks, on the San Antonio Rd.

James Doijle (Doyle) 7/31/1835 1 League On the San Antonio Rd, 10 miles from Bastrop.

Andrew Dunn 3/30/1835 1 League On Onion Creek, joins No. 5.

William Duty 6/26/1835 ¼ League On Colorado, above mouth Cedar Creek, joins Manlove.

Isaac Decker 3/17/1835 1 League On the West side Colorado, on Williamson’s Creek, joins 10 league grant.

Horatio Egglestone 7/16/1835 1 League On the Rio Blanco.

S.P.R. Eggleston 2/21/1835 1 League On the waters of Onion Creek, includes a spring.

Reuben Gage 9/25/1835 1 League On the waters of Cedar Creek, joins A. Litton.

Sinclair D. Garvis 3/26/1835 1 League On Onion Creek, joins No. 5.

Atarcas Garcia 3/23/1835 ¼ League On Cedar Creek and San Antonio Rd.

Edward Gritten 7/28/1835 ¼ League On Cedar Creek, and joins Doyle on the East. 1 League On Purdinalla’s Creek, 4000 varas wide.

Henry P. Hill 7/14/1835 1 League On Colorado, mouth of Spring Creek.

James Haggard 5/21/1835 1 League On West side Colorado, about ten miles North of San Antonio Rd.

William H. Haggard 5/23/1835 1 League On the waters of Onion Creek.

David Holderman 5/25/1835 1 League On the Colorado, 1200 varas wide.

Thomas R. Jackson 3/28/1835 1 League On Onion Creek and Jackson’s Creek.

Edward S. Keeps 2/20/1835 1 League On York’s Creek, on San Antonio Rd.

Mary Ann Lindsey 4/22/1835 1 League On Colorado, below the mouth of Onion Creek.

Addison Litten (Litton) 3/23/1835 1 League On San Antonio Rd., includes the mouth Cedar Creek.

Bartholemew Manlove 4/22/1835 1 League On Colorado, includes the mouth of Cedar Creek.

Noel Mixon 4/23/1835 1 League On the waters of the Rio Blanco.

Martin McCarven 2/21/1835 1 League On Onion Creek, joins Allen on the North.

Jesse L. McCrooklin 6/18/1835 1 League On the waters of the Rio Blanco.

Ezeriah Moore 6/21/1835 ¼ League On San Antonio Rd., joins Gritten.

Thomas G. McGeehe 2/19/1835 1 League On the St. Marks and San Antonio Rd. crossing.

John G. McGeehe 4/5/1835 1 League On Bear Creek, Slaughter’s Fork.

Benjamin F. Mims 5/22/1835 ¼ League On Onion Creek, joins Jackson on the South.

James Northcross 4/22/1835 1 League On the Colorado and Cedar Creek.

James C. Neill 6/1/1835 1 League On the Colorado below the mouth of Onion Creek.

Daniel L. Richardson 9/20/1835 1 League On the waters of the Guadaloupe.

Mary Sweargert 3/24/1835 ¼ League On the San Antonio Rd., joins A. Litton on the East.

Thomas F. Slaughter 2/23/1835 1 League On Onion Creek.

Wilkinson Sparks 7/21/1835 ¼ League On the Colorado.

James Stewart 7/17/1835 1 League In the vicinity of San Antonio Rd.

John Stewart 9/20/1835 1 League Plum Creek.

Benjamin Tennel 6/1/1835 1 League On the Colorado.

William Barret Travis 4/10/1835 1 League On Onion Creek.

Richards Vaughan 6/17/1835 ¼ League On Onion Creek.

Walker Wilson 3/12/1835 1 League No description

Amelia Wilson 4/21/1835 1 League On Onion Creek and the Rio Blanco.

Seaborn J. Whatley 3/30/1835 1 League On the Rio Blanco.

Benjamin Williams 7/27/1835 1 League On the Rio Blanco.

Freelove Woody 3/30/1835 1 League On Onion Creek

For information concerning the General Land Office go to http://www.glo.state.tx.us/central/arc/index.html and http://www.glo.state.tx.us/central/arc/spanmex.html

STEPHEN F. AUSTIN'S LITTLE COLONY

Record of 70 of the 100 families that were permitted to settle in and around Bastrop

County during this period of settlement.

PRINTED IN THE BASTROP ADVERTISER IN THE 1920'S

Additions/corrections are in RED

The site was first occupied in 1804, when a fort was established at the strategic

Colorado River crossing of the Old San Antonio Road and named Puesta del Colorado.

The Baron de Bastrop obtained permission from the Spanish to found a German

colony and selected the site in 1823, but subsequently failed to establish a settlement.

On November 20, 1827, Austin entered into another contract with the Mexican

government of the state, for one hundred families to be settled on the east side of the Colorado

above the San Antonio Road.  The contract was to expire 6 years from that date.

NAME, AGE, DATE, ORIGIN, OCCUPATION, NOTES

Andrews, Richard 30 1827 Georgia farming Single

Austin, Stephen F

Bangs, Jose Manuel
1816 Baltimore, Maryland printer accompanied Xavier Mina

Barker, Leman 43 1827 Missouri farmer Widow & 2 female children

Barker, Martha 1835 North Carolina widow w/family of two

Barton, Benjamin 44 1830 Alabama farmer Single

Barton, William 47 1828 Alabama farmer wife Stacy 2 male, 3 female children. Total of 12 in group

Beales, Hiram 1835 Pennsylvania miller

Bostick, James H 23 1832 Tennessee

Bowles, Benjamin 43 1827 Missouri farmer wife Betsey. 2 male, 4 female children

Bunton, John W 1835 Tennessee lawyer

Burleson, Edward 33 1830 Tennessee farmer wife Sarah. 3 male, 1 female children

Burleson, James 1831 Tennessee farmer

Burleson, Jonathan 1832

Castner, Isaac 1832 Alabama

Christian, Thomas 1832 Illinois

Cottle, Sarah 42 1831 Missouri widow of Stephen & 4 males, 6 female children

Cottle, Sylvenus 1835

Cunningham, John C 1839 Ohio farmer

Cunningham, L C Tennessee lawyer

Curtis, Elijah 22 1823 Alabama farmer

DeCrow, Thomas 1831 Maine farmer

Doyle, James 1835 Ireland bricklayer

Duty, Soloman 1824 Louisiana

Edwards, Charles 25 1829 New York farmer wife Polly Anne & 1 female child

Garcia, Atanacia 1835 Mexico

Gazeley, Thomas J 31 1828 Ohio physician wife Eliza & 2 sons

Graham, Andrew 1832 Tennessee

Grassmeyer, F W 1831 Germany merchant

Gritten, Edward 1835 England

Haggard, James 1835 Tennessee farmer

Harris, Isaac Trinity

Highsmith, Elijah 34 1828 Missouri farmer wife Debora & 3m 3f kids

Isles, Perry B 1830 Kentucky farmer

Jenkins, Edward 1829 Alabama farmer

Knight, James 1822

LaFrence, Richard 1831 Philadelphia farmer

Lightfoot, Welson 1831

Litton, Addison 1835 Missouri farmer

Lomis, Lewis 1831 New York

Mays, Thomas H 27 1830 Tennessee farmer

Mackey, Ruthie 1831 Alabama with 7 children

Medford, William 1832 Illinois farmer

Millet, Samuel 1831 Maine

Moore, Azeriah G 1835 DC Carpenter

Morris, Jonathan D 421835 1828 North Carolina farmer

Navarro, Jose A San Fernando de Bexar

Osborne, Benjamin 60 1826 Mississippi farmer 4m 3f children

Rogers , Joseph 1831 Tennessee farmer

Rosseau, Moses 37 1828 Alabama farmer 1m 2f children

Sawyer, Samuel 1831 New York merchant

Smith, Charles S 28 1828 New York Missouri with wife Narcisa

Standifer, Elizabeth 35 1829 Alabama farmer widow 2m 1f children

Standifer, James 21 1829 Alabama farmer son of Elizabeth. Wife Sarah & 1f

Steward, John Alabama farmer age 16

Steward, James Alabama farmer age 14

Stuart, James 1835 Ohio blacksmith

Tanille, Benjamin 1835 Kentucky

Thompson, Thomas 25 1825 Arkansas farmer

Wadlington, James 1832

Walters, John B 1825 Missouri farmer

Wells, Martin 55 1830 Alabama farmer Wife Sarah & 5m 3f kids

White, W C 1822

Whiteside, George W 1832 age 8 years

Wilbarger, Josiah 29 1827 Missouri farmer wife Margarette & 1 son

Williams, Samuel M 1822

Woods, Leander 21 1824 Missouri farmer

AUSTIN'S ORIGINAL 300 FAMILIES

ELIJAH ALLCORN

MARTIN ALLEN

JOHN ALLEY

RAWSON ALLEY

THOMAS ALLEY

WILLIAM ALLEY

CHARLES GRUNDISON ALSBURY

HARVEY A. ALSBURY

THOMAS ALSBURY

SIMEON ASA ANDERSON

JOHN ANDREWS

WILLIAM ANDREWS

SAMUEL T. ANGIER

JOHN AUSTIN

JAMES ELIJAH BROWN AUSTIN

STEPHEN FULLER AUSTIN

JAMES BRITON BAILEY

DANIEL E. BALIS

WILLIAM BARRETT

THOMAS BARNETT

MILLS M. BATTLE

JAMES BEARD

BENJAMIN BEASON

CHARLES BELKNAP

JOSIAH H. BELL

MANDERS BERRY

ISAAC BEST

JACOB BETTS

WILLIAM BLOODGOOD

THOMAS BOATWRIGHT

THOMAS HENRY BORDEN

CALEB R. BOSTIC

JOHN T. BOWMAN

EDWARD R. BRADLEY

JOHN BRADLEY

THOMAS BRADLEY

CHARLES BREEN

WILLIAM B. BRIDGES

DAVID BRIGHT

ENOCH BRINSON

ROBERT BROTHERTON

GEORGE BROWN

JOHN BROWN

WILLIAM S. BROWN

AYLETT C. BUCKNER

PUMPHREY BURNET

JESSE BURNAM

MICAJAH BYRD

MOSES A. CALLIHAN

ALEXANDER CALVIT

DAVID CARPENTER

WILLIAM C. CARSON

SAMUEL C. CARTER

JESSE H. CARTWRIGHT

THOMAS CARTWRIGHT

SYLVANUS CASTLEMAN

SAMUEL CHANCE

HORATIO CHRIESMAN

ANTHONY R. CLARKE

JOHN C. CLARK

MERIT M. COATS

JOHN P. COLES

JAMES COOK

WILLIAM COW COOPER

WILLIAM SAWMILL COOPER

JOHN CRIER

JOHN CROWNOVER

JAMES CUMINGS

JOHN CUMINGS

REBEKAH CUMINGS

WILLIAM CUMINGS

JAMES CUMMINS

HINTON CURTIS

JAMES CURTIS, SR.

JAMES CURTIS, JR.

SAMUEL DAVIDSON

THOMAS DAVIS

DANIEL DECROW

CHARLES DeMOSS

PETER DeMOSS

WILLIAM B. DEWEES

JOHN R DICKINSON

NICHOLAS DILLARD

THOMAS MARSHALL DUKE

GEORGE DUTY

JOSEPH DUTY

CLEMENT C. DYER

THOMAS EARLE

GUSTAVUS E. EDWARDS

ROBERT ELDER

CHARLES FALENASH

DAVID FENTON

JOHN F. FIELDS

JAMES FISHER

DAVID FITZGERALD

ISAIAH FLANAKIN

ELISHA FLOWERS

ISAAC FOSTERS

JOHN FOSTER

RANDOLF FOSTER

JAMES FRAZIER

CHURCHILL FULSHEAR, SR.

CHARLES GARRETT

SAMUEL GATES

WILLIAM GATES

FREEMAN GEORGE

PRESTON GILBERT

SARAH GILBERT

DANIEL GILLELAND

CHESTER SPALDING GORBET

MICHAEL GOULDRICH

THOMAS GRAY

JARED ELLISON GROCE, II

ROBERT GUTHRIE

JOHN HADDON

SAMUEL C. HADY

GEORGE E. HALL

JOHN W. HALL

WILLIAM J. HALL

DAVID HAMILTON

ABNER HARRIS

DAVID HARRIS

JOHN RICHARDSON HARRIS

WILLIAM HARRIS

WILLIAM J. HARRIS

GEORGE HARRISON

WILLIAM HARVEY

THOMAS S. HAYNES

JAMES > HENSLEY

ALEXANDER HODGE

FRANCIS HOLLAND

WILLIAM HOLLAND

JAMES HOPE

CHARLES S. HUDSON

GEORGE HUFF

JOHN HUFF

ELI HUNTER

JOHNSON CALHOUN HUNTER

JOHN IIAMS, SR.

IRA INGRAM

SETH INGRAM

JOHN IRONS

SAMUEL ISAACKS

ALEXANDER JACKSON

HUMPHREY JACKSON

ISAAC JACKSON

THOMAS JAMISON

HENRY W. JOHNSON

HENRY JONES

JAMES WALLES JONES

OLIVER JONES

RANDALL JONES

IMLA KEEP

JOHN KELLER

JOHN KELLY

SAMUEL KENNEDY

ALFRED KENNON

JAMES KERR

PETER KERR

WILLIAM KERR

WILLIAM KINCHELOE

WILLIAM KINGSTON

JAMES KNIGHT

ABNER KUYKENDALL

BARZILLAE KUYKENDALL

JOSEPH KUYKENDALL

ROBERT H. KUYKENDALL

HOSEA H. LEAGUE

JOEL LEAKEY

JOHN LITTLE

WILLIAM LITTLE

JANE HERBERT

WILKINSON LONG

JAMES LYNCH

NATHANIEL LYNCH

JOHN McCROSKEY

ARTHUR McCORMICK

DAVID McCORMICK

JOHN McCORMICK

THOMAL McCOY

ACHILLES McFARLAND

JOHN McFARLAN

THOMAS F. McKINNEY

HUGH McKINSEY

A. W. McCLAIN

JAMES McNAIR

DANIEL McNEEL

GEORGE W. McNEEL

JOHN G. McNEEL

PLEASANT D. McNEEL

STERLING McNEEL

ELIZABETH McNUTT

WILLIAM McWILLIAMS

SHUBAEL MARSH

WYLIE MARTIN

WILLIAM MATTHEWS

DAVID MILLBURN

SAMUEL R. MILLER

SIMON MILLER

JAMES D. MILLICAN

ROBERT MILLICAN

WILLIAM T. MILLICAN

JOSEPH MIMS

ASA MITCHELL

JOHN HENRY MOORE, SR.

LUKE MOORE

MOSES MORRISON

WILLIAM MORTON

DAVID MOUSER

JAMES NELSON

JOSEPH NEWMAN

MILTON B. NUCKOLS

JAMES ORRICK

NATHAN OSBORN

WILLIAM PARKS

JOSHUA PARKER

WILLIAM PARKER

ISAAC M. PENNINGTON

GEORGE SAMUEL PENTECOST

FREEMAN PETTUS

WILLIAM PETTUS

JOHN PETTY

JOHNATHAN C. PEYTON

JAMES AENEAS E. PHELPS

ISHAM B. PHILLIPS

ZENO PHILIPS

PAMELA PICKET

JOSEPH HENRY POLLEY

PETER POWELL

PLEASANT PRUIT

WILLIAM PRYOR

ANDREW RABB

JOHN RABB

THOMAS J. RABB

WILLIAM RABB

WILLIAM RALEIGH

LAWRENCE RAMEY

DAVID RANDON

JOHN RANDON

FREDERICK HARRISON RANKIN

AMOS RAWLS

BENJAMIN RAWLS

DANIEL RAWLS

PATRICK REELS

STEPHEN RICHARDSON

ELIJAH ROARK

EARLE ROBBINS

WILLIAM ROBBINS

ANDREW ROBERTS

NOEL F. ROBERTS

WILLIAM ROBERTS

EDWARD ROBERTSON

ANDREW ROBINSON

GEORGE ROBINSON

JAMES J. ROSS

JOSEPH SAN PIERRE

ROBERT SCOBEY

JAMES COTT

WILIAM SCOTT

WILLIAM SELKIRK

DAVID SHELBY

DANIEL SHIPMAN

MOSES SHIPMAN

BARTLETT SIMS

GEORGE WASHINGTON SINGLETON

PHILIP SINGLETON

CHRISTIAN SMITH

CORNELIUS SMITH

JOHN SMITH

WILLIAM SMITHERS

GABRIEL STRAW SNIDER

ALBERT LLOYD SOJOURNER

NANCY SPENCER

ADAM STAFFORD

WILLIAM JOSEPH STAFFORD

THOMAS STEVENS

OWEN H. STOUT

JAMES STRANGE

WALTER SUTHERLAND

DAVID TALLY

JOHN D. TYLOR

GEORGE TEEL

EZEKIEL THOMAS

JACOB THOMAS

JESSE THOMPSON

THOMAS J. TONE

JAMES F. TONG

SAMUEL TOY

JOHN TROBOUGH

ELIZABETH PLEMMONS TUMLINSON

JAMES TUMLINSON

ISAAC VAN DORN

MARTIN VARNER

ALLEN VINCE

RICHARD VINCE

ROBERT VINCE

WILLIAM VINCE

JAMES WALKER, SR.

THOMAS WALKER

CALEB WALLACE

FRANCIS F. WELLS

THOMAS WESTALL

AMY COMSTOCK WHITE

JOSEPH WHITE

REUBEN WHITE

WALTER C. WHITE

WILLIAM C. WHITE

BOLAND WHITESIDES

HENRY WHITESIDES

JAMES WHITESIDES

WILLIAM WHITESIDES

NATHANIEL WHITING

WILLIAM WHITLOCK

ELIAS R. WIGHTMAN

JANE WILKINS

GEORGE I. WILLIAMS

HENRY WILLIAMS

JOHN WILLIAMS, SR.

ROBERT H. WILLIAMS

SAMUEL MAY WILLIAMS

SOLOMON WILLIAMS

THOMAS WILLIAMS

ZADOCK WOODS