This page contains information about the original colonies within Bastrop County.
Austins Little Colony (lying north of the Old San Antonio Road
and east of the Colorado River)
Milam Colony (southwestern section, north of the Old San Antonio Road
and west of the Colorado River)
Leftwichs Colony extended into the extreme northern portion
of the county above Little Colony)
Austins Original Colony (south of the Old San Antonio Road
and east of DeWitts Colony)
DeWitts Colony (South of the Old San Antonio Road with a portion overlapping
Austins contract and the northeastern boundary
at the headwaters of the Lavaca River).
Bastrop County was colonized under terms of Austins original
colony, Austins Little colony, and Milams Colony.
Benjamin R. Milam, 10/20/1788-12/7/1835, killed in the Battle of San Jacinto.
January 12, 1826, Benjamin R. Milam was granted the right to settle three hundred families between the Guadalupe and Colorado Rivers, west of the Old San Antonio Road.
His contract ended 13th day of January 1832 with very few families settled and those that did settle had a problem proving ownership.
The government commissioned Talbot Chambers to get titles for the families that were already settled.
Two grants within Bastrop county were made directly by the Mexican government. Samuel Bangs and Jose Antonio Navarro. Navarro gained his title on 3/13/1832 and sold his land to John Caldwell on 4/2/1833. Bangs received a six league grant in the area of Milam Colony, had difficulty gaining a clear title and paid three of the leagues to T.J. Chambers for legal fees over the title.
A lawsuit ensued over this title. Bastrop County District Court Minutes, Vol. B, pp. 8-9, 10/19/1847
Nancy Blakey, a widow, settled on a league directly across the Colorado from the town of Bastrop and immediately north of the Old San Antonio Road, before the Texas Revolution. She was unaware of the fact that Samuel Bangs had been granted the land directly from the Mexican Government and that T.J. Chambers had acquired the rights to it. Chambers sued her and others (Hill, Patton, Mays, Cornelius Hemphill, Robert Anderson, and Nathan Anderson; ) for title to the land. Mrs. Blakey settled out of court and gave up half the league, 4,400 acres, to Chambers in order to gain a clear title to the portion containing her homestead. Mr. Chambers did not want to be known for putting a widow and orphan off of their homesite, especially since Mrs. Blakey had lost two sons in battles, Lemuel, her second son, was killed in San Jacinto, and her eldest son, Edward, lost his life in the battle with the Indians at Brushy, so he agreed to the settlement. The other parties lost their case and had to purchase their property from Chambers (Bastrop County Deeds, Vol. E. p. 385, January 20, 1847).
In 1835, fifty-two titles in the Milam Colony were issued, seventeen of which were within Bastrop County.
Below is a list of original titles for Milam Colony issued by Land Commissioner Talbot Chambers, 1835-1836, as listed in the General Land Office.
Name, Date of Title, Quantity, Location
Thomas Anderson 3/14/1835 1 League On Onion Creek.
Phillip J. Allen 5/23/1835 1 League Joins No. 5.
Theodore Bissell 3/19/1835 1 League On Williamsons Creek.
John W. Bunton 4/8/1835 ¼ League On the San Antonio Road, joins ¼ No. 1
Hiram Beals 5/23/1835 ¼ League On Cedar Creek, joins No. 7.
Martha Barker 6/12/1835 1 League On the North side San Antonio Road.
Henry Brown 5/20/1835 1 League On the East side Guadaloupe, on the San Antonio Road.
William Cannon 3/29/1835 1 League On Williamsons Creek branch of Onion Creek.
L.C. Cunningham 8/1/1835 ¼ League On San Antonio Rd., joins No. 3 on the Northeast.
James Curtis 2/20/1835 ¼ League On the West side St. Marks, on the San Antonio Rd.
James Doijle (Doyle) 7/31/1835 1 League On the San Antonio Rd, 10 miles from Bastrop.
Andrew Dunn 3/30/1835 1 League On Onion Creek, joins No. 5.
William Duty 6/26/1835 ¼ League On Colorado, above mouth Cedar Creek, joins Manlove.
Isaac Decker 3/17/1835 1 League On the West side Colorado, on Williamsons Creek, joins 10 league grant.
Horatio Egglestone 7/16/1835 1 League On the Rio Blanco.
S.P.R. Eggleston 2/21/1835 1 League On the waters of Onion Creek, includes a spring.
Reuben Gage 9/25/1835 1 League On the waters of Cedar Creek, joins A. Litton.
Sinclair D. Garvis 3/26/1835 1 League On Onion Creek, joins No. 5.
Atarcas Garcia 3/23/1835 ¼ League On Cedar Creek and San Antonio Rd.
Edward Gritten 7/28/1835 ¼ League On Cedar Creek, and joins Doyle on the East. 1 League On Purdinallas Creek, 4000 varas wide.
Henry P. Hill 7/14/1835 1 League On Colorado, mouth of Spring Creek.
James Haggard 5/21/1835 1 League On West side Colorado, about ten miles North of San Antonio Rd.
William H. Haggard 5/23/1835 1 League On the waters of Onion Creek.
David Holderman 5/25/1835 1 League On the Colorado, 1200 varas wide.
Thomas R. Jackson 3/28/1835 1 League On Onion Creek and Jacksons Creek.
Edward S. Keeps 2/20/1835 1 League On Yorks Creek, on San Antonio Rd.
Mary Ann Lindsey 4/22/1835 1 League On Colorado, below the mouth of Onion Creek.
Addison Litten (Litton) 3/23/1835 1 League On San Antonio Rd., includes the mouth Cedar Creek.
Bartholemew Manlove 4/22/1835 1 League On Colorado, includes the mouth of Cedar Creek.
Noel Mixon 4/23/1835 1 League On the waters of the Rio Blanco.
Martin McCarven 2/21/1835 1 League On Onion Creek, joins Allen on the North.
Jesse L. McCrooklin 6/18/1835 1 League On the waters of the Rio Blanco.
Ezeriah Moore 6/21/1835 ¼ League On San Antonio Rd., joins Gritten.
Thomas G. McGeehe 2/19/1835 1 League On the St. Marks and San Antonio Rd. crossing.
John G. McGeehe 4/5/1835 1 League On Bear Creek, Slaughters Fork.
Benjamin F. Mims 5/22/1835 ¼ League On Onion Creek, joins Jackson on the South.
James Northcross 4/22/1835 1 League On the Colorado and Cedar Creek.
James C. Neill 6/1/1835 1 League On the Colorado below the mouth of Onion Creek.
Daniel L. Richardson 9/20/1835 1 League On the waters of the Guadaloupe.
Mary Sweargert 3/24/1835 ¼ League On the San Antonio Rd., joins A. Litton on the East.
Thomas F. Slaughter 2/23/1835 1 League On Onion Creek.
Wilkinson Sparks 7/21/1835 ¼ League On the Colorado.
James Stewart 7/17/1835 1 League In the vicinity of San Antonio Rd.
John Stewart 9/20/1835 1 League Plum Creek.
Benjamin Tennel 6/1/1835 1 League On the Colorado.
William Barret Travis 4/10/1835 1 League On Onion Creek.
Richards Vaughan 6/17/1835 ¼ League On Onion Creek.
Walker Wilson 3/12/1835 1 League No description
Amelia Wilson 4/21/1835 1 League On Onion Creek and the Rio Blanco.
Seaborn J. Whatley 3/30/1835 1 League On the Rio Blanco.
Benjamin Williams 7/27/1835 1 League On the Rio Blanco.
Freelove Woody 3/30/1835 1 League On Onion Creek
For information concerning the General Land Office go to http://www.glo.state.tx.us/central/arc/index.html and http://www.glo.state.tx.us/central/arc/spanmex.html
Record of 70 of the 100 families that were permitted to settle in and around Bastrop
County during this period of settlement.
PRINTED IN THE BASTROP ADVERTISER IN THE 1920'S
Additions/corrections are in RED
The site was first occupied in 1804, when a fort was established at the strategic
Colorado River crossing of the Old San Antonio Road and named Puesta del Colorado.
The Baron de Bastrop obtained permission from the Spanish to found a German
colony and selected the site in 1823, but subsequently failed to establish a settlement.
On November 20, 1827, Austin entered into another contract with the Mexican
government of the state, for one hundred families to be settled on the east side of the Colorado
above the San Antonio Road. The contract was to expire 6 years from that date.
NAME, AGE, DATE, ORIGIN, OCCUPATION, NOTES
Andrews, Richard 30 1827 Georgia farming Single
Austin, Stephen F
Bangs, Jose Manuel
1816 Baltimore, Maryland printer accompanied Xavier Mina
Barker, Leman 43 1827 Missouri farmer Widow & 2 female children
Barker, Martha 1835 North Carolina widow w/family of two
Barton, Benjamin 44 1830 Alabama farmer Single
Barton, William 47 1828 Alabama farmer wife Stacy 2 male, 3 female children. Total of 12 in group
Beales, Hiram 1835 Pennsylvania miller
Bostick, James H 23 1832 Tennessee
Bowles, Benjamin 43 1827 Missouri farmer wife Betsey. 2 male, 4 female children
Bunton, John W 1835 Tennessee lawyer
Burleson, Edward 33 1830 Tennessee farmer wife Sarah. 3 male, 1 female children
Burleson, James 1831 Tennessee farmer
Burleson, Jonathan 1832
Christian, Thomas 1832 Illinois
Cottle, Sarah 42 1831 Missouri widow of Stephen & 4 males, 6 female children
Cottle, Sylvenus 1835
Cunningham, John C 1839 Ohio farmer
Cunningham, L C Tennessee lawyer
Curtis, Elijah 22 1823 Alabama farmer
DeCrow, Thomas 1831 Maine farmer
Doyle, James 1835 Ireland bricklayer
Duty, Soloman 1824 Louisiana
Edwards, Charles 25 1829 New York farmer wife Polly Anne & 1 female child
Garcia, Atanacia 1835 Mexico
Gazeley, Thomas J 31 1828 Ohio physician wife Eliza & 2 sons
Graham, Andrew 1832 Tennessee
Grassmeyer, F W 1831 Germany merchant
Gritten, Edward 1835 England
Haggard, James 1835 Tennessee farmer
Harris, Isaac Trinity
Highsmith, Elijah 34 1828 Missouri farmer wife Debora & 3m 3f kids
Isles, Perry B 1830 Kentucky farmer
Jenkins, Edward 1829 Alabama farmer
Knight, James 1822
LaFrence, Richard 1831 Philadelphia farmer
Lightfoot, Welson 1831
Litton, Addison 1835 Missouri farmer
Lomis, Lewis 1831 New York
Mays, Thomas H
27 1830 Tennessee farmer
Mackey, Ruthie 1831 Alabama with 7 children
Medford, William 1832 Illinois farmer
Millet, Samuel 1831 Maine
Moore, Azeriah G 1835 DC Carpenter
Morris, Jonathan D 421835 1828 North Carolina farmer
Navarro, Jose A San Fernando de Bexar
Osborne, Benjamin 60 1826 Mississippi farmer 4m 3f children
Rogers , Joseph 1831 Tennessee farmer
Rosseau, Moses 37 1828 Alabama farmer 1m 2f children
Sawyer, Samuel 1831 New York merchant
Smith, Charles S 28 1828 New York Missouri with wife Narcisa
Standifer, Elizabeth 35 1829 Alabama farmer widow 2m 1f children
Standifer, James 21 1829 Alabama farmer son of Elizabeth. Wife Sarah & 1f
Steward, John Alabama farmer age 16
Steward, James Alabama farmer age 14
Stuart, James 1835 Ohio blacksmith
Tanille, Benjamin 1835 Kentucky
Thompson, Thomas 25 1825 Arkansas farmer
Wadlington, James 1832
Walters, John B 1825 Missouri farmer
Wells, Martin 55 1830 Alabama farmer Wife Sarah & 5m 3f kids
White, W C 1822
Whiteside, George W 1832 age 8 years
Wilbarger, Josiah 29 1827 Missouri farmer wife Margarette & 1 son
Williams, Samuel M 1822
Woods, Leander 21 1824 Missouri farmer
CHARLES GRUNDISON ALSBURY
HARVEY A. ALSBURY
SIMEON ASA ANDERSON
SAMUEL T. ANGIER
JAMES ELIJAH BROWN AUSTIN
STEPHEN FULLER AUSTIN
JAMES BRITON BAILEY
DANIEL E. BALIS
MILLS M. BATTLE
JOSIAH H. BELL
THOMAS HENRY BORDEN
CALEB R. BOSTIC
JOHN T. BOWMAN
EDWARD R. BRADLEY
WILLIAM B. BRIDGES
WILLIAM S. BROWN
AYLETT C. BUCKNER
MOSES A. CALLIHAN
WILLIAM C. CARSON
SAMUEL C. CARTER
JESSE H. CARTWRIGHT
ANTHONY R. CLARKE
JOHN C. CLARK
MERIT M. COATS
JOHN P. COLES
WILLIAM COW COOPER
WILLIAM SAWMILL COOPER
JAMES CURTIS, SR.
JAMES CURTIS, JR.
WILLIAM B. DEWEES
JOHN R DICKINSON
THOMAS MARSHALL DUKE
CLEMENT C. DYER
GUSTAVUS E. EDWARDS
JOHN F. FIELDS
CHURCHILL FULSHEAR, SR.
CHESTER SPALDING GORBET
JARED ELLISON GROCE, II
SAMUEL C. HADY
GEORGE E. HALL
JOHN W. HALL
WILLIAM J. HALL
JOHN RICHARDSON HARRIS
WILLIAM J. HARRIS
THOMAS S. HAYNES
JAMES > HENSLEY
CHARLES S. HUDSON
JOHNSON CALHOUN HUNTER
JOHN IIAMS, SR.
HENRY W. JOHNSON
JAMES WALLES JONES
ROBERT H. KUYKENDALL
HOSEA H. LEAGUE
THOMAS F. McKINNEY
A. W. McCLAIN
GEORGE W. McNEEL
JOHN G. McNEEL
PLEASANT D. McNEEL
SAMUEL R. MILLER
JAMES D. MILLICAN
WILLIAM T. MILLICAN
JOHN HENRY MOORE, SR.
MILTON B. NUCKOLS
ISAAC M. PENNINGTON
GEORGE SAMUEL PENTECOST
JOHNATHAN C. PEYTON
JAMES AENEAS E. PHELPS
ISHAM B. PHILLIPS
JOSEPH HENRY POLLEY
THOMAS J. RABB
FREDERICK HARRISON RANKIN
NOEL F. ROBERTS
JAMES J. ROSS
JOSEPH SAN PIERRE
GEORGE WASHINGTON SINGLETON
GABRIEL STRAW SNIDER
ALBERT LLOYD SOJOURNER
WILLIAM JOSEPH STAFFORD
OWEN H. STOUT
JOHN D. TYLOR
THOMAS J. TONE
JAMES F. TONG
ELIZABETH PLEMMONS TUMLINSON
ISAAC VAN DORN
JAMES WALKER, SR.
FRANCIS F. WELLS
AMY COMSTOCK WHITE
WALTER C. WHITE
WILLIAM C. WHITE
ELIAS R. WIGHTMAN
GEORGE I. WILLIAMS
JOHN WILLIAMS, SR.
ROBERT H. WILLIAMS
SAMUEL MAY WILLIAMS