The town of Brazoria dates back to 1828 - the year it was platted.
It served briefly as the first Capital of the Republic of Texas -
since it was the only town with (barely) sufficient accommodations
for the legislators.
courthouse was constructed at Angleton in 1897 by another famous
courthouse architect - Eugene Heiner. The new courthouse featured a
90 - foot tower that was later removed.
History of Brazoria County
Brazoria County became part of the Victoria district when Austin's original San Felipe district was divided in two in 1826. In 1832 the legislature of Coahuila separated Brazoria Municipality from San Felipe and made Brazoria its capital. On March 1, 1835, a meeting near Brazoria led to the establishment of the first Masonic lodge in Texas, Holland Lodge No. 36.
When Stephen F. Austin declared against Santa Anna at a meeting in Brazoria on September 8, 1835, Texans began to prepare for a revolution. Agitation for independence led to the formation of committees of public safety and public meetings to discuss the impending break. After the convention at San Felipe and engagements at Gonzales, Goliad, and Bexar, volunteer companies were organized and a provisional government approved on November 13, 1835. Henry Smith of Brazoria County served as the first provisional governor. Formation of a permanent council soon thereafter brought the inauguration of mail routes throughout the area. Rebellion grew in 1835 and 1836, culminating in the Texas Declaration of Independence.
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