DAWES Enrollment Info -
5 Civilized Tribes
This information was posted on Rootsweb Digest V99 #570,
Date: Thu, 12 Aug 1999 16:14:29 EDT
Subject: DAWES Enrollment Info - 5 Civilized Tribes
~ The Dawes Roll includes enrollment
records for the 5 Civilized Tribes; Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw,
Creek and Seminole.
~ This roll is the one you must prove a direct ancestor on to even
consider enrollment into the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma today. Both
accepted and rejected families are listed. Even if your ancestor was
not accepted, their enrollment package may still provide a wealth of
information as an application was completed with family history.....
~ This enrollment is searchable online at:
- Select Research Room
- Select the NAIL database
- Select Search Archival Holdings
- Select NAIL EXPERT SEARCH
- In the first field of the search form put the surname of your
- In the second field of the search form, put the word
~ If you find
your ancestors name you can request copies of a Dawes case
file, indicate that the case is a Dawes Enrollment Jacket. You must
also provide the name of the enrollee, the tribe, the category,
enrollment number (if applicable), and census card number. Requests
without this information can not be processed.
~~ Please make your requests in writing to NARA's
Southwest Region (Fort Worth, TX). Requests are accepted via fax,
e-mail, or regular mail.
~~ Copies cost $10 per census card number up to 20 pages and $0.50
per page thereafter. Payment can be made by check, money order, or
credit card. Do not send cash. Payment must be exact, so credit card
payments generally are the most convenient.
~ Within the United States, overnight delivery is available for an
~ Please state in your request that you would like this feature
and provide your street address and phone number. Please NOTE: No
P.O. Box numbers are accepted.
~ The Dawes Enrollment by Bob
Blankenship is available at many local libraries, but gives only
limited information from the original enrollment package.
~ Citizens of the
Tribes were enrolled under the following categories:
- Minors (born during the enrollment)
- Freedmen (former slaves)
- Delawares (adopted into the Cherokee Nation)
~ Some of the requirements for final enrollment were:
- The establishment of legal residence in the Nations of
Oklahoma during the enrollment period of 1899-1906.
- Applicants for final enrollment could not have died prior to 1
Sept.1902; or, in the case of minor children, could not have been
born after 4 March 1906, and could not have died prior to that
- The Rolls of Freedmen (former slaves owned by the Nations
prior to the Civil War) were limited to those persons and their
descendants who were actual residents of one of the Nations on 11
August 1866, or whoreturned and established such residence on or
before 11 Feb 1867.
~ By the final enrollment day 4 March 1907, 101,211 individuals
were certified to share in the properties of the Five Civilized
~ The final number of individuals certified as Cherokee citizens
- Full Bloods: 6,601
- Part Blood: 29,975 (included 197 Delawares)
- Intermarried: 286 (granted to whites married prior to 1877)
- Freedmen: 4,923
- Total: 41,785
~ To begin your research:
- You need to know in which Nation your ancestor lived. If they
were of mixed blood, for example, such as Choctaw/Cherokee, they
may have been living in the Choctaw Nation. You would look under
the Choctaw section of the Dawes Roll.
- If you are looking for a female ancestor and are not certain
about a marriage date, be sure to check under the maiden name and
the married name.
- The federal government relied on earlier rolls to determine
- Not all American Indians wanted to be registered. There may
be a discrepancy regarding your ancestor's quantum blood as
listed on the Dawes Roll. Minor children and restricted
Indians (those of more than one-half degree quantum blood) had
their personal and financial affairs controlled by the
government agents. In order to avoid these controls, many
Indians reported their quantum blood to be less than it was.
- Not all Cherokees were in the right time or place to be
included in earlier rolls.
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