Historical Markers Information
Burnet County
Source: Vertical File, Herman Brown Free Library

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AIRY MOUNT BARN - LOCATION: Approx. 1 mi. E of Burnet on south side of SH 29.

Kentucky native Adam Rankin Johnson (1834-1927) came to Texas in 1854. After attaining the rank of brigadier general in the Confederate Army, Johnson later settled in Burnet county where he was active in business and civic affairs. In 1882 he donated land for the railroad that carried Burnet county granite for Texas state capitol. This stone barn, on the homestead he called "Airy Mount" was built in the early 1880s and remained in the Johnson family until 1913. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark-1986 [Photo]


BADGER BUILDING - LOCATION: 229 S. Pierce Street, Burnet.

Completed about 1883, this two-story limestone structure is representative of other commercial buildings located on the courthouse square in the 1880s. It was built for local financier Dr.W.H.Westfall and Captain Brandt Badger (b.1839), a native of Georgia who had served in the Confederate Army from Texas during the Civil War. Badger and his son Walter operated a wholesale and retail drugstore on the ground floor. The second floor area, divided into five rooms, was leased for use as office spaces. Badger sold the business in 1885 and later, in partnership with Adam R. Johnson, helped establish the nearby town of Marble Falls (14 miles). For the latter part of the nineteenth century the structure housed a hardware store. In 1903 the newly formed Burnet National Bank was located here and remained at this site until it closed as a result of the economic depression of the 1930s.

The Badger building has also been used by the State Parks Board, the Burnet Rural Telephone Company, the Farm Loan Association, doctors, lawyers, and various businesses. From 1948 to 1959 it served as the Burnet Post Office. In 1966 the structure was occupied by the Youth And Community Center. (1980) [Photo]



BERTRAM - Location: Vaughan Highway Park, SH 29 West, Bertram

The town of Bertram was founded in 1882 when the Austin And Northwestern Railroad established a route through the area. The community was named for Rudolph Bertram, an Austin merchant who was instrumental in the development of the rail line. Many early residents were from the settlement of South Gabriel (2 miles SE). Homes and commercial buildings of the pioneer settlers were moved here by brothers L.R. and J.W. Gray. The first store, also relocated from South Gabriel, was run by James D. Riley and Capt. Tom D. Vaughan.

Bertram developed as a marketing center for the area's diversified agricultural production. Continued growth came during World War I when the demand for farm and ranch products increased and by the 1920s it was the site of auto dealerships, four banks, a newspaper, a hotel and a variety of other businesses. The economic depression of the 1930s, World War II and improved methods of transportation combined to limit Bertram's growth. Incorporated in the 1970s, the town remains an agricultural center. It serves as a reminder of the pioneers who settled here over a century ago. Many of their descendants still live in the area and serve as leaders of the community.


BERTRAM SCHOOL - LOCATION: In front of school, on FM 243, Bertram.

When Bertram was founded in 1882 along the Austin & Northwestern Railroad, one of the first structures erected was a combination school, Sunday School, and Masonic Lodge Hall. Rudolph Bertram, Austin railroad executive for whom the town was named, contributed $50 for construction of the school. the frame building was enlarged as the community grew. By 1908, however, new facilities were needed for the 264 students.In May 1909, Bertram voters approved incorporation as an independent school district and construction of a new school building. This 2-story red brick structure was erected on property purchased from T.D. Vaughn. Designed by architect George Endress and built by contractor M.L. Langford, it opened in the fall of 1909 with J.N. Matthews as the first principal. Bertram was then in the midst of a cotton-growing boom, and students often missed the beginning of school to help in the fields.  As the enrollment increased, sports and other extra-curricular activities were introduced. A separate high school was erected in 1925 and a gymnasium in 1948. Over a period of years, several smaller county schools transferred their students to Bertram. In 1970 Bertram schools merged with the Burnet district.


BETHEL CEMETERY - LOCATION: 8 miles NE of Burnet on FM 963, then 1 mile N on CR 202.

The Rev. Richard Howard (1817-1882) moved to this area of Burnet County in 1855. The frontier settlement he joined would later be known as the Bethel Community. In 1874 he deeded two acres at this site for community use. The first recorded burial was that of Howard's granddaughter, Harriet Ruthie Howard, in 1875. Since then this site has been used as the Bethel Community Cemetery. Buried here are veterans of the Civil War to World War II and many of this area's early settlers and their descendants. The Bethel Cemetery association was established in 1930. [photo]


BLACKS FORT - LOCATION: About 1 mile east of ranch road 1174 N on County Road that is east from North Gabriel bridge.

Built as a defense against the Indians in 1855 by William Black, 1815-1907, on land owned by him. In the stockade, constructed of cedar logs, sentries were kept on guard on moonlight nights. Guns and ammunition for public use were kept here. Abandoned in 1868. Erected in 1936 by the Texas Centennial Commission. [Photo]


BRANDT BADGER HOUSE - LOCATION: S. 4th St., between M Street and N Street, Marble Falls.

Brandt Badger (1839-1920), a veteran of the Confederate Army, moved to Burnet from Gonzales in 1885, and in 1887, helped found Marble Falls. He built this house in 1888 of granite from nearby Granite Mountain. The stones were cut from quarry rubble remaining after the "shaping" of the blocks for the State Capitol Building. The structure has 8 rooms and 6 fireplaces. Badger lived in the house until his death, and it was owned by the family until 1943. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1974. [Photo]


BRIGGS COMMUNITY - LOCATION: post on U.S. 183 in Briggs.

Pioneers mainly from the Old South settled here on the Aaron Boyce Land Grant in the 1860s and 70s. they had a school, and held church services at Gum Springs in the 1880s. In 1888 a Post Office opened at Taylor's Gin Store; this was renamed in 1898 for Mrs. Henry D. Briggs, an early settler. On April 12, 1906, a tornado destroyed much of the village. Afterward, Briggs was rebuilt on a platted townsite; it thrived from 1906 to 1920, but began declining after a 1928 fire. Many of the townspeople have worked since 1950 at Fort Hood, in neighboring Bell County. (1977)


BRYSON PLACE - LOCATION: off county road, 3 miles SE of Bertram via SH 29.

John H. Bryson (1850-1930) and his wife Milda (Barton) (1852-1952) had this home constructed on their land in 1906 by local builder Marcus Langford. It is located on a site purchased in 1855 by Milda's uncle Welborn Barton and later owned by her father, Decator Barton. The Bartons and Brysons had been neighbors in South Carolina before migrating to Texas. Descendants of these pioneer Burnet County families have retained ownership of the turn-of-the-century residence. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1982.


BURNET BULLETIN - LOCATION: 101 East Jackson St., Burnet.

Established in the early 1870s, this weekly newspaper has been in continuous operation for more than one hundred years. The first editor on record was George Whitaker, who served in that position until 1874. In 1898, the paper was sold to L.C. and J.H. Chamberlain, members of a pioneer Burnet County family. the "Bulletin" remained in the ownership of the Chamberlain family until 1960. The newspaper operation has survived numerous hardships over the years, including the destruction of its offices in a 1920 fire. The Bulletin" has been housed here since 1979.

Completed in 1872, this structure was used continuously as a general retail merchandising store until about 1900. Since that time it has served as a combination furniture store and mortuary and as telephone company offices. The second floor was used as a courtroom during the 1930s, while a new county courthouse was constructed.

With historic ties to the early days of Burnet, both the "Bulletin" and this building are important reminders of the area's heritage. (1985) [Photo]


BUILDING, OLDEST COMMERCIAL IN BURNET - LOCATION: 309 S. Main, Burnet.

Logan Vandeveer (1815-55), a hero of the 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, came here about 1849 as a Fort Croghan beef supplier. He became first United States postmaster in Burnet and in 1854 built this native stone structure. With a partner named Taylor, he had a store on the ground floor. Vandeveer was a charter member of Valley Lodge No. 175, A.F. & A.M., which occupied the top floor from 1855 to 1969, owning the building many years. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966. [Photo]


CHRISTIAN-MATERN HOUSE - LOCATION: 603 Seventh Street, Marble Falls

Juliet Johnson, daughter of the founder of Marble Falls, married George Christian in 1887. He was one of ten owners of the Texas Mining and Improvement Company that developed the town. The first town lots were sold in 1887, and in 1892 this house was built for the Christians. Ivo B. and Mina Matern bought the house in 1908 and owned it for 51 years. Ivo Matern, a Merchant and rancher, also served as mayor of Marble Falls in 1937. A fine late Victorian-era house, it exhibits Queen Anne style influences including decorative woodwork and protruding bay windows. [Photo]

COOK HOME - LOCATION: 200 N. Main in Burnet.

Built in 1873 in Victorian style, with large bay windows, solid walnut staircase, three fireplaces. Was remodeled, but retains the original floor plan. House was bought in 1890 by Judge J.G. Cook, a noted lawyer and remained in the Cook family several generations. Recorded Texas Historical Landmark, 1968. [Photo]


CROWNOVER CHAPEL - LOCATION: FM 1855, 2 miles west of US 281, 6 miles north of Marble Falls.

Backbone Valley's first public building, started in 1859 on 7-acre tract donated that year by heirs of settler Jefferson Barton. Finished in 1870, the chapel was named for the Rev. Arter Crownover (1810-76), whose preaching of Methodist faith opened its use. Building soon also housed a school. the nearby cemetery was used by 1872.

A school room was added, but later removed. Chapel now bears original appearance, and is used as church and community center. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1972. [Photo]


DEAD MAN'S HOLE - LOCATION: 2 miles S of Marble Falls on US 281; 0.5 miles E on RM 2147; 0.5 miles S on CR 401

Entomologist Ferdinand Lueders made the earliest recorded discovery of this cave in 1821. Notorious in the Civil War ear, the hole is believed to have been the dumping ground for up to 17 bodies, including those of pro-Union Judge John R. Scott and settler Adolph Hoppe, several reconstruction-era county government officials, and Ben McKeever, who had a conflict with local freedmen. An oak tree which once stood over the cave was said to have rope marks caused by hangings. Powerful gases prevented thorough exploration of the site until 1951. The hole was platted in 1968 by the Texas Speleological Society and was found to be 155 feet deep and 50 feet long. (1998) [Photo]


DOBYVILLE CEMETERY - LOCATION: 12 miles N. of Burnet on US 281; 0.2 miles W on CR 103.

The Dobyville Cemetery is the last visible remnant of the community of Dobyville, settled in the 1850s, and named for the town's location on a white adobe rock hill. The cemetery contains more than 230 marked graves; between 60 and 70 graves are unmarked and believed to be infants. The earliest documented grave was for Mary E. Standefer (1833-1857), daughter of Hugh and Ana Lawhon. Many of the area's early pioneers are buried here, along with former elected officials of local and state government, and veterans of several wars. The cemetery continues to serve the area. (1996) [photo]


EBELING, OTTO - House - LOCATION: 601 Avenue F, Marble Falls.

Banker Otto Ebeling (1863-1935) built this Victorian residence for his wife, Emille (Giesecke) and their four children shortly after moving to Marble Falls in 1891. Ebeling sold the property in 1913 when he moved to Austin. Over the years the structure has served as a nursing home, a photographic studio, and a residence. The Otto Ebeling house reflects Eastlake styling and features distinctive bay windows with decorative stained glass borders. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1983. [Photo]


FISHER-MILLER GRANT - LOCATION: In roadside overlook on Highway 1431, 1 mile south of Kingsland, the marker is in Burnet County overlooking the grant to the west.

Stretches between Llano and Colorado Rivers westward almost to the Pecos. An 1842 Grant of 3,800,000 acres from the Texas Republic, purchased in 1844 by the German Emigration Society. Commissioner General John O. Meuseback founded Fredericksburg in 1846 as way-station to the grant. He negotiated peace with the Comanches, to provide for unmolested settlement. He Founded 3 towns in the grant. In 1845 he was appointed to issue headrights. Counties formed from the grant are: Kimble, Llano, McCullough, Mason, Menard, Schleicher, San Saba, Sutton, and Tom Green. (1964) [Photo]


FORT CROGHAN - LOCATION: Highway 29 W. in Burnet at entrance to Fort Croghan Museum.

Site of Fort Croghan, established by Lieut. C.H. Tyler, United States Second Dragoons, by order of the War Department, March 18, 1849. As a protection to frontier settlers against hostile Indians, abandoned in December 1855, as the settlement had extended farther west. (1936) [Photo]


FUCHS, Conrad - House - LOCATION: 2 miles SE of RR 2147, 6 miles west of Marble Falls.

Conrad L. Fuchs, born in Germany in 1834, came to Texas in 1845 with his parents, Pastor and Mrs. Adolf Fuchs, who settled in Austin County. The Fuchs family moved into this area of Burnet County in 1853. In 1861, Conrad Fuchs married Anna E. Perlitz at Black Jack Springs, in Fayette County, and soon returned to move into a log cabin on this property, which was granted to him by the State of Texas on May 15, 1862. When Fuchs decided to join the Confederate army, he took his wife back to Fayette County, and enlisted in an artillery unit.

After the Civil War, he returned here and built a stream grist and saw mill on nearby Tiger Creek. On Sept. 2, 1872, the "Tiger Mill" post office was opened, and Conrad Fuchs named postmaster. Located on the Burnet-Willow City Road, Tiger Mill became the community center for the early settlers in this area.

In the late 1870s or early 1880s, Conrad Fuchs built this house to accommodate the post office and his growing family of 6 children. It was constructed of field stone in the pioneer German style, with a large central hall, shingled roof, and plastered interior. Mrs. Fuchs held school for area children in the home.

After Conrad Fuchs' death, Feb 16, 1898, Mrs. Fuchs sold the property. The house was restored in 1972-73. (1974)  [Photo]


GALLOWAY HOUSE - LOCATION: 108 East League St., Burnet.

The original part of this house was built in 1856. The adobe and rock residence, owned by Maj. Hugh H. Calvert, also served as an inn. Local landowner Enoch Brooks bought the home in 1885 and made major additions to the structure. Significant changes were also made by W.C. Galloway (1856-1936), who became the owner in 1899. A prominent businessman and an organizer of the First State Bank of Burnet, he served as county tax collector and mayor of the city. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1981. [Photo]


GRANITE MOUNTAIN - LOCATION: On FM 1431, 1 mile West of Marble Falls.

This 866-foot dome of solid pink granite, covering 180 acres, contains the largest quarry of its kind in the United States. This mountain, like all granite formations, was once melted rock, similar to lava. As the molten rock cooled thousands of feet below the earth's surface, it hardened into large crystals of quartz, feldspar and several dark-colored minerals.

Wherever strength, durability and beauty of finish are required, granite is a favored building stone. The mountain was part of a grant made to Texas colonist William Slaughter. The site became famous commercially when a dispute arose in the 1880s over the type of stone to be used in the Capitol in Austin. The issue was settled in 1885 when Governor John Ireland resisted demands to use non-native limestone.

Following this decision, a special track was built to haul the granite to the rail line in Burnet. The stone was generously donated to the state by quarry owners G.W. Lacy, N.L. Norton, and W.H. Westfall.

Today granite from the quarry here is shipped to all parts of Texas, the U.S., and foreign countries for use in monuments, shafts, jetties, and buildings. It has been used in the Galveston sea wall and in new state office buildings near the Capitol in Austin. (1979) [Photo]


HOLLAND SPRINGS - LOCATION: On Mormon Mills road, 2.3 miles south of Burnet, west side of road.

The first white settlement Holland Springs occurred in 1847, when Henry E. McCulloch established a Texas Ranger camp there. A year later, Samuel Holland, a Georgian, decided while visiting camp to establish a farm. In 1849 the ranger camp gave way to Fort Croghan and Holland took over the land around the springs, paying 50 cents an acre for 1,280 acres. He is recorded as the first permanent settler in what later became Burnet County. When the county organized in 1852, he was the first treasurer. His father-in-law was the first judge. Holland Springs was one of the more important settlements in the early days of the county and had a school. (1969) [Photo]


HOOVERS VALLEY CEMETERY - LOCATION: On Park Road 4 near the intersection with RR 2342 in Western Burnet County.

Established in 1850 by the Rev. Isaac Hoover, of the local Methodist Protestant Church. He came from Tennessee; soon initiated services in nearby Oak Grove; oldest stone dates from about 1850. another grave is of Whitlock family killed by Indians. Marked graves total 157; unmarked, 88. Tract is still in use. (1969) [Photo]


INDIAN MARKER TREE - LOCATION: between the Highlander Inn and Hamilton Creek just off Highway 29 West in Burnet.

The Comanche Indian would leave a sapling-size tree bent to the grund and tied down to serve as a marker at the better camping spots along their trail. As the tree grew it would maintain horizontal position. Such is the position of the live oak on Hamilton Creek. This tree appears in the Book "Famous Trees of Texas" published in 1971 by the Texas Forest Service, which is a part of A&M University System.


JAIL, BURNET COUNTY - LOCATION: just east of square on Washington Street, Burnet.

County jail, built in 1884 of hand-hewn rock. Has apartment for sheriff, who is also jailer, on second floor, where the county library was founded. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966. [Photo]


JOHNSON, ADAM R. - Home - LOCATION: 404 S. Water Street (U.S. Highway 281 South, in Burnet)

"Rocky Rest", built 1860 by General Adam R. Johnson, of hand-hewn stone, logs, high windows and thick walls kept out the Indians. Once housed a school. 1966.


JOHNSON, ADAM R. - LOCATION: on SE corner of Burnet County Court House lawn.

Home county of Texas Confederate General Adam R. Johnson. Joined Confederate Army 1861. Calvary scout with Gen. Nathan B. Forrest, 1861-62, commanded Partisan Rangers 1862-64 excuting daring exploits behind enemy lines in Kentucky area. Took Newburgh, Indiana with 12 men and stovepipe cannon. Promoted to Brigadier General June 1864. Escaped from Federal trap on Buffington's Island by swimming Ohio river with some of command, blinded by gunshot wound and captured August 1864. Escaped Spring 1865. A memorial to Texans who served the Confederacy, erected by the State of Texas, 1963.

BACKSIDE OF MARKER. Born Kentucky, came to Burnet County, Texas 1854. Overland mail stage driver, surveyor, noted frontier Indian fighter. Although totally blind for life as result of war wounds, he became prominent postwar Texas citizen. Founded Texas mining improvement company, contracted for overland mail service, promoted development of water power on Colorado river. Founded town of Marble Falls, during the bloodless Coke-Davis controversy of 1874 marking the end of Davis radical reconstruction rule, Johnson went to capitol with his old army six-shooter to fire into the basement at the Davis forces if necessary, but Coke gained the governor's office without armed conflict.

JOHNSON, ADAM R. Parkway. - LOCATION: At entrance to Buchanan Dam entrance to administration building; on HW 29 W of Burnet

Dedicated in memory of Adam R. Johnson, Brig. General, Confederate States of America, Pioneer Texan--engineer--builder. Though blinded, had first vision of harnessing tremendous reserves of Colorado River for the welfare of Texans--in 1880 purchased lands upon which Buchanan Dam stands. Here his dreams have come true.

JOPPA COMMUNITY - LOCATION: On county road off FM 243, 7 miles NE of Bertram.

Some of the first settlers in this farming and ranching community were the William Alexander Faires Family in 1874 and the Martin Luther Ater Family the next year. The settlement was called "Pool Branch" for a nearby pool formed by a waterfall. In the 1880s a cotton gin and mill were located on the pool which was known as "Mill Pond". there was a store, a blacksmith shop, and one mile from the gin, Mrs. Hattie Snow Smith ran a hat shop in her home.

J.S. and Jane Danford of Delaware County, Iowa, gave two acres in 1881 for a school and church, provided the schoolhouse was completed by March 1, 1882. Area residents met the
deadline.

With the establishment of a post office in 1891, the community's name changed to the biblical "Joppa". William F. Childers served as the first postmaster. After the coming of rural mail
delivery, the post office closed in 1904.

Worship was held in the Jopps schoolhouse until 1913 when the Joppa Baptist Church congregation erected this meetinghouse. The Joppa school consolidated with Bertram in 1942. All that remains of the pioneer settlement is the church house and school building which serves as a community center. (1979) [Photo]


KERR, Peter 1795-1861

One of "Old 300" of Stephen F. Austin's first colony from Pennsylvania, took part in 1836 war for Texas Independence, he made and lost several stakes. In 1851 bought a league and labor of Burnet County land, including site of Fort Croghan. Amassed wealth as Army beef contractor, gave 100 acres and town square for Burnet County Seat. To build a college here he willed $23,500 and 6,359 acres of land to Burnet. The will was broken; city got a 2-acre site for a public school. It is said "He never refused to help when he observed its need." (1970) [Photo]


Lake Lyndon B. Johnson - LOCATION: In roadside overlook 1 mile south of Kingsland on Highway 1431.

This lake, originally Granite Shoals, was renamed for the President of the United States on April 22, 1965, by the Board of Directors, Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) in gratitude for his work as U.S. Congressman and Senator toward the development of the project. Mr. Johnson devoted much time and skill to the completion of LCRA programs creating flood control, water conservation and low cost electric power for the people of the Highland Lake country.

A native of this hill country, Mr. Johnson maintains a home on the lake and uses it often as a place of relaxation and entertaining of guests; it is near his ranch and boyhood home. The body of water impounded by the Alvin Wirtz Dam has 6,200 surface acre-feet, construction was begun on the dam in 1949 and since its completion the lake has primarily been a source of hydroelectric energy from the overflow of Lake Buchanan to the north. It is also one of Texas' most outstanding boating and fishing areas. this lake, some 20 miles long, is one of seven on the LCRA, which extend 100 miles up the Colorado from Austin. Together they form the largest hydroelectric system in the state. (1967)

LAKE VICTOR LODGE - LOCATION: Lake Victor, at the corner of Railroad Ave. and FM 2340

Sponsored by the nearby Robert E. Lee Lodge, Lake Victor Lodge No. 1011, A.F. & A.M. was formally established in December 1909 during the 73rd annual grand communications of the Grand Lodge of Texas. The first meeting of the Lake Victor Lodge took place in a rented building on January 1, 1910. The lodge built its own meeting place on this site in 1914 and continued to meet on that site throughout the 20th century. Was reported in 1953-1954. In 1999, the lodge had 36 members, three of whom had more than 50 years of service. As is Masonic custom, the Lake Victor Lodge contributes to charitable causes. The Lodge continues to uphold the traditions of its founders. (2000) [Photo]


LONGHORN CAVERN - ADMINISTRATION BUILDING - LOCATION: Longhorn Cavern State Park, 5 miles S. of Burnet on US 281, then 5.5 miles W. on Park Road 4.

Longhorn Cavern opened as a State Park in 1932. From 1934 to 1942, Company 854 of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) worked here to explore and develop the cavern. Using hand
labor and native materials, the CCC workers built this structure in a style now known as National Park Service (NPS) rustic. Completed by 1936, the one-story stone pavillion served as administrative offices for the park until 1967. An outside stairway leads to an observation terrace. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark -1989.


LONGHORN CAVERN - LOCATION: on Park Road 4 between highways 281 and 29.

Rich in history and folklore. A young geologic formation only a few million years old. Bones of elephant, bison, bear, deer, and other animals found here. When white men came to area in
1840s, Indians knew the caverns. Rangers once found and rescued a kidnapped girl from Indians in "Council Room." During Civil War (1861-1865) gunpowder was manufatured and stored here. In 1870s outlaws, including the Sam Bass Gang, sometimes lived in the cavern. Site of night club in 1920s. Has many unique features. Was opened to public in 1932.

Longhorn Cavern has been designated a registered National Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in illustrating the natural history of the United States. National Register.


Lower Colorado River Authority. - LOCATION: at entrance to Buchanan Dam, highway 29 West of Burnet

A public multiple purpose project dedicated to the happiness, security, and welfare of the people.


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