MOUNT BARN - LOCATION: Approx.
1 mi. E of Burnet on south side of SH 29.
Kentucky native Adam Rankin Johnson
(1834-1927) came to Texas in 1854. After attaining the rank of
brigadier general in the Confederate Army, Johnson later settled
in Burnet county where he was active in business and civic
affairs. In 1882 he donated land for the railroad that carried
Burnet county granite for Texas state capitol. This stone barn, on
the homestead he called "Airy Mount" was built in the early 1880s
and remained in the Johnson family until 1913. Recorded Texas
Historic Landmark-1986 [Photo]
BUILDING - LOCATION: 229 S.
Pierce Street, Burnet.
Completed about 1883, this two-story
limestone structure is representative of other commercial
buildings located on the courthouse square in the 1880s. It was
built for local financier Dr.W.H.Westfall and Captain Brandt
Badger (b.1839), a native of Georgia who had served in the
Confederate Army from Texas during the Civil War. Badger and his
son Walter operated a wholesale and retail drugstore on the
ground floor. The second floor area, divided into five rooms,
was leased for use as office spaces. Badger sold the business in
1885 and later, in partnership with Adam R. Johnson, helped
establish the nearby town of Marble Falls (14 miles). For the
latter part of the nineteenth century the structure housed a
hardware store. In 1903 the newly formed Burnet National Bank
was located here and remained at this site until it closed as a
result of the economic depression of the 1930s.
The Badger building has also been used by the
State Parks Board, the Burnet Rural Telephone Company, the Farm
Loan Association, doctors, lawyers, and various businesses. From
1948 to 1959 it served as the Burnet Post Office. In 1966 the
structure was occupied by the Youth And Community Center. (1980) [Photo]
Location: Vaughan Highway Park, SH 29 West, Bertram
The town of Bertram was founded in 1882 when the Austin And
Northwestern Railroad established a route through the area. The
community was named for Rudolph Bertram, an Austin merchant who was
instrumental in the development of the rail line. Many early
residents were from the settlement of South Gabriel (2 miles SE).
Homes and commercial buildings of the pioneer settlers were moved
here by brothers L.R. and J.W. Gray. The first store, also relocated
from South Gabriel, was run by James D. Riley and Capt. Tom D.
developed as a marketing center for the area's diversified
agricultural production. Continued growth came during World War I
when the demand for farm and ranch products increased and by the
1920s it was the site of auto dealerships, four banks, a
newspaper, a hotel and a variety of other businesses. The economic
depression of the 1930s, World War II and improved methods of
transportation combined to limit Bertram's growth. Incorporated in
the 1970s, the town remains an agricultural center. It serves as a
reminder of the pioneers who settled here over a century ago. Many
of their descendants still live in the area and serve as leaders
of the community.
SCHOOL - LOCATION:
In front of school, on FM 243, Bertram.
When Bertram was
founded in 1882 along the Austin & Northwestern Railroad, one
of the first structures erected was a combination school, Sunday
School, and Masonic Lodge Hall. Rudolph Bertram, Austin railroad
executive for whom the town was named, contributed $50 for
construction of the school. the frame building was enlarged as the
community grew. By 1908, however, new facilities were needed for
the 264 students.In May 1909, Bertram voters approved
incorporation as an independent school district and construction
of a new school building. This 2-story red brick structure was
erected on property purchased from T.D. Vaughn. Designed by
architect George Endress and built by contractor M.L. Langford, it
opened in the fall of 1909 with J.N. Matthews as the first
principal. Bertram was then in the midst of a cotton-growing boom,
and students often missed the beginning of school to help in the
fields. As the enrollment increased, sports and other
extra-curricular activities were introduced. A separate high
school was erected in 1925 and a gymnasium in 1948. Over a period
of years, several smaller county schools transferred their
students to Bertram. In 1970 Bertram schools merged with the
CEMETERY - LOCATION:
8 miles NE of Burnet on FM 963, then 1 mile N on CR 202.
Richard Howard (1817-1882) moved to this area of Burnet County
in 1855. The frontier settlement he joined would later be known
as the Bethel Community. In 1874 he deeded two acres at this
site for community use. The first recorded burial was that of
Howard's granddaughter, Harriet Ruthie Howard, in 1875. Since
then this site has been used as the Bethel Community Cemetery.
Buried here are veterans of the Civil War to World War II and
many of this area's early settlers and their descendants. The
Bethel Cemetery association was established in 1930.
FORT - LOCATION: About 1
mile east of ranch road 1174 N on County Road that is east from
North Gabriel bridge.
Built as a defense against the Indians in
1855 by William Black, 1815-1907, on land owned by him. In the
stockade, constructed of cedar logs, sentries were kept on guard
on moonlight nights. Guns and ammunition for public use were
kept here. Abandoned in 1868. Erected in 1936 by the Texas
BADGER HOUSE - LOCATION:
S. 4th St., between M Street and N Street, Marble Falls.
Brandt Badger (1839-1920), a veteran of
the Confederate Army, moved to Burnet from Gonzales in 1885, and
in 1887, helped found Marble Falls. He built this house in 1888
of granite from nearby Granite Mountain. The stones were cut
from quarry rubble remaining after the "shaping" of the blocks
for the State Capitol Building. The structure has 8 rooms and 6
fireplaces. Badger lived in the house until his death, and it
was owned by the family until 1943. Recorded Texas Historic
Landmark - 1974.
COMMUNITY - LOCATION:
post on U.S. 183 in Briggs.
Pioneers mainly from the Old South
settled here on the Aaron Boyce Land Grant in the 1860s and 70s.
they had a school, and held church services at Gum Springs in the
1880s. In 1888 a Post Office opened at Taylor's Gin Store; this
was renamed in 1898 for Mrs. Henry D. Briggs, an early settler. On
April 12, 1906, a tornado destroyed much of the village.
Afterward, Briggs was rebuilt on a platted townsite; it thrived
from 1906 to 1920, but began declining after a 1928 fire. Many of
the townspeople have worked since 1950 at Fort Hood, in
neighboring Bell County. (1977)
PLACE - LOCATION:
off county road, 3 miles SE of Bertram via SH 29.
John H. Bryson (1850-1930) and his
wife Milda (Barton) (1852-1952) had this home constructed on their
land in 1906 by local builder Marcus Langford. It is located on a
site purchased in 1855 by Milda's uncle Welborn Barton and later
owned by her father, Decator Barton. The Bartons and Brysons had
been neighbors in South Carolina before migrating to Texas.
Descendants of these pioneer Burnet County families have retained
ownership of the turn-of-the-century residence. Recorded Texas
Historic Landmark - 1982.
BURNAM, Jesse -
Location: corner of State Highway 71 East and County Road
401 North, approximately 2 miles from intersection of State Hwy 71
& US 281
Jesse Burnam (also spelled Burnham), born in Madison County,
Kentucky, was the youngest son of seven children. In 1812,
married Temperance Null Baker in Shelbyville, Tennessee.
Jesse was a private in the Mounted Volunteers of Tennessee
in the War of 1812,
serving from Sep. 1814 to Apr. 1815, including the Battle of
New Orleans. [Photo]
BULLETIN - LOCATION:
101 East Jackson St., Burnet.
Established in the early 1870s, this
weekly newspaper has been in continuous operation for more than
one hundred years. The first editor on record was George
Whitaker, who served in that position until 1874. In 1898, the
paper was sold to L.C. and J.H. Chamberlain, members of a
pioneer Burnet County family. the "Bulletin" remained in the
ownership of the Chamberlain family until 1960. The newspaper
operation has survived numerous hardships over the years,
including the destruction of its offices in a 1920 fire. The
Bulletin" has been housed here since 1979.
Completed in 1872, this structure was used
continuously as a general retail merchandising store until about
1900. Since that time it has served as a combination furniture
store and mortuary and as telephone company offices. The second
floor was used as a courtroom during the 1930s, while a new
county courthouse was constructed.
With historic ties to the early days of
Burnet, both the "Bulletin" and this building are important
reminders of the area's heritage. (1985) [Photo]
OLDEST COMMERCIAL IN BURNET - LOCATION:
309 S. Main, Burnet.
Logan Vandeveer (1815-55), a hero of the
1836 Battle of San Jacinto, came here about 1849 as a Fort
Croghan beef supplier. He became first United States postmaster
in Burnet and in 1854 built this native stone structure. With a
partner named Taylor, he had a store on the ground floor.
Vandeveer was a charter member of Valley Lodge No. 175, A.F.
& A.M., which occupied the top floor from 1855 to 1969,
owning the building many years. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark
- 1966. [Photo]
HOUSE - LOCATION: 603 Seventh Street, Marble Falls
Juliet Johnson, daughter of the founder of Marble Falls, married
George Christian in 1887. He was one of ten owners of the Texas
Mining and Improvement Company that developed the town. The first
town lots were sold in 1887, and in 1892 this house was built for
the Christians. Ivo B. and Mina Matern bought the house in 1908
and owned it for 51 years. Ivo Matern, a Merchant and rancher,
also served as mayor of Marble Falls in 1937. A fine late
Victorian-era house, it exhibits Queen Anne style influences
including decorative woodwork and protruding bay windows. [Photo]
HOME - LOCATION: 200 N. Main
Built in 1873 in Victorian style,
with large bay windows, solid walnut staircase, three
fireplaces. Was remodeled, but retains the original floor plan.
House was bought in 1890 by Judge J.G. Cook, a noted lawyer and
remained in the Cook family several generations. Recorded Texas
Historical Landmark, 1968.
CHAPEL - LOCATION:
FM 1855, 2 miles west of US 281, 6 miles north of Marble Falls.
Backbone Valley's first public
building, started in 1859 on 7-acre tract donated that year by
heirs of settler Jefferson Barton. Finished in 1870, the chapel
was named for the Rev. Arter Crownover (1810-76), whose preaching
of Methodist faith opened its use. Building soon also housed a
school. the nearby cemetery was used by 1872.
school room was added, but later removed. Chapel now bears
original appearance, and is used as church and community
center. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1972. [Photo]
MAN'S HOLE -
LOCATION: 2 miles S of Marble Falls on US 281; 0.5 miles E on RM
2147; 0.5 miles S on CR 401
Entomologist Ferdinand Lueders made the
earliest recorded discovery of this cave in 1821. Notorious in
the Civil War ear, the hole is believed to have been the dumping
ground for up to 17 bodies, including those of pro-Union Judge
John R. Scott and settler Adolph Hoppe, several
reconstruction-era county government officials, and Ben
McKeever, who had a conflict with local freedmen. An oak tree
which once stood over the cave was said to have rope marks
caused by hangings. Powerful gases prevented thorough
exploration of the site until 1951. The hole was platted in 1968
by the Texas Speleological Society and was found to be 155 feet
deep and 50 feet long. (1998) [Photo]
CEMETERY - LOCATION:
12 miles N. of Burnet on US 281; 0.2 miles W on CR 103.
The Dobyville Cemetery is the last visible
remnant of the community of Dobyville, settled in the 1850s, and
named for the town's location on a white adobe rock hill. The
cemetery contains more than 230 marked graves; between 60 and 70
graves are unmarked and believed to be infants. The earliest
documented grave was for Mary E. Standefer (1833-1857), daughter
of Hugh and Ana Lawhon. Many of the area's early pioneers are
buried here, along with former elected officials of local and
state government, and veterans of several wars. The cemetery
continues to serve the area. (1996)
OTTO - House - LOCATION: 601
Avenue F, Marble Falls.
Banker Otto Ebeling (1863-1935)
built this Victorian residence for his wife, Emille (Giesecke)
and their four children shortly after moving to Marble Falls in
1891. Ebeling sold the property in 1913 when he moved to Austin.
Over the years the structure has served as a nursing home, a
photographic studio, and a residence. The Otto Ebeling house
reflects Eastlake styling and features distinctive bay windows
with decorative stained glass borders. Recorded Texas Historic
Landmark - 1983. [Photo]
GRANT - LOCATION: In
roadside overlook on Highway 1431, 1 mile south of Kingsland,
the marker is in Burnet County overlooking the grant to the
Stretches between Llano and Colorado
Rivers westward almost to the Pecos. An 1842 Grant of 3,800,000
acres from the Texas Republic, purchased in 1844 by the German
Emigration Society. Commissioner General John O. Meuseback
founded Fredericksburg in 1846 as way-station to the grant. He
negotiated peace with the Comanches, to provide for unmolested
settlement. He Founded 3 towns in the grant. In 1845 he was
appointed to issue headrights. Counties formed from the grant
are: Kimble, Llano, McCullough, Mason, Menard, Schleicher, San
Saba, Sutton, and Tom Green. (1964) [Photo]
CROGHAN - LOCATION: Highway
29 W. in Burnet at entrance to Fort Croghan Museum.
Site of Fort Croghan, established by
Lieut. C.H. Tyler, United States Second Dragoons, by order of
the War Department, March 18, 1849. As a protection to frontier
settlers against hostile Indians, abandoned in December 1855, as
the settlement had extended farther west. (1936)
Conrad - House - LOCATION:
2 miles SE of RR 2147, 6 miles west of Marble Falls.
Conrad L. Fuchs, born in Germany in
1834, came to Texas in 1845 with his parents, Pastor and Mrs.
Adolf Fuchs, who settled in Austin County. The Fuchs family moved
into this area of Burnet County in 1853. In 1861, Conrad Fuchs
married Anna E. Perlitz at Black Jack Springs, in Fayette County,
and soon returned to move into a log cabin on this property, which
was granted to him by the State of Texas on May 15, 1862. When
Fuchs decided to join the Confederate army, he took his wife back
to Fayette County, and enlisted in an artillery unit.
After the Civil War, he returned
here and built a stream grist and saw mill on nearby Tiger Creek.
On Sept. 2, 1872, the "Tiger Mill" post office was opened, and
Conrad Fuchs named postmaster. Located on the Burnet-Willow City
Road, Tiger Mill became the community center for the early
settlers in this area.
In the late 1870s or early 1880s,
Conrad Fuchs built this house to accommodate the post office and
his growing family of 6 children. It was constructed of field
stone in the pioneer German style, with a large central hall,
shingled roof, and plastered interior. Mrs. Fuchs held school for
area children in the home.
After Conrad Fuchs' death, Feb 16,
1898, Mrs. Fuchs sold the property. The house was restored in
1972-73. (1974) [Photo]
LOCATION: 108 East League St., Burnet.
The original part of this house was built
in 1856. The adobe and rock residence, owned by Maj. Hugh H.
Calvert, also served as an inn. Local landowner Enoch Brooks
bought the home in 1885 and made major additions to the
structure. Significant changes were also made by W.C. Galloway
(1856-1936), who became the owner in 1899. A prominent
businessman and an organizer of the First State Bank of Burnet,
he served as county tax collector and mayor of the city.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1981.
MOUNTAIN - LOCATION:
On FM 1431, 1 mile West of Marble Falls.
This 866-foot dome of solid pink granite,
covering 180 acres, contains the largest quarry of its kind in
the United States. This mountain, like all granite formations,
was once melted rock, similar to lava. As the molten rock cooled
thousands of feet below the earth's surface, it hardened into
large crystals of quartz, feldspar and several dark-colored
Wherever strength, durability and beauty
of finish are required, granite is a favored building stone. The
mountain was part of a grant made to Texas colonist William
Slaughter. The site became famous commercially when a dispute
arose in the 1880s over the type of stone to be used in the
Capitol in Austin. The issue was settled in 1885 when Governor
John Ireland resisted demands to use non-native limestone.
Following this decision, a special track
was built to haul the granite to the rail line in Burnet. The
stone was generously donated to the state by quarry owners G.W.
Lacy, N.L. Norton, and W.H. Westfall.
Today granite from the quarry here is
shipped to all parts of Texas, the U.S., and foreign countries
for use in monuments, shafts, jetties, and buildings. It has
been used in the Galveston sea wall and in new state office
buildings near the Capitol in Austin. (1979) [Photo]
SPRINGS - LOCATION:
On Mormon Mills road, 2.3 miles south of Burnet, west side of
The first white settlement Holland Springs
occurred in 1847, when Henry E. McCulloch established a Texas
Ranger camp there. A year later, Samuel Holland, a Georgian,
decided while visiting camp to establish a farm. In 1849 the
ranger camp gave way to Fort Croghan and Holland took over the
land around the springs, paying 50 cents an acre for 1,280
acres. He is recorded as the first permanent settler in what
later became Burnet County. When the county organized in 1852,
he was the first treasurer. His father-in-law was the first
judge. Holland Springs was one of the more important settlements
in the early days of the county and had a school. (1969) [Photo]
VALLEY CEMETERY - LOCATION:
On Park Road 4 near the intersection with RR 2342 in Western
Established in 1850 by the Rev. Isaac
Hoover, of the local Methodist Protestant Church. He came from
Tennessee; soon initiated services in nearby Oak Grove; oldest
stone dates from about 1850. another grave is of Whitlock family
killed by Indians. Marked graves total 157; unmarked, 88. Tract
is still in use. (1969) [Photo]
MARKER TREE - LOCATION:
between the Highlander Inn and Hamilton Creek just off Highway
29 West in Burnet.
The Comanche Indian would leave a
sapling-size tree bent to the grund and tied down to serve as a
marker at the better camping spots along their trail. As the tree
grew it would maintain horizontal position. Such is the position
of the live oak on Hamilton Creek. This tree appears in the Book
"Famous Trees of Texas" published in 1971 by the Texas Forest
Service, which is a part of A&M University System.
BURNET COUNTY - LOCATION: just
east of square on Washington Street, Burnet.
County jail, built in 1884 of hand-hewn
rock. Has apartment for sheriff, who is also jailer, on second
floor, where the county library was founded. Recorded Texas
Historic Landmark - 1966. [Photo]
ADAM R. - Home -
LOCATION: 404 S. Water Street (U.S. Highway 281 South, in Burnet)
"Rocky Rest", built 1860 by General
Adam R. Johnson, of hand-hewn stone, logs, high windows and thick
walls kept out the Indians. Once housed a school. 1966.
ADAM R. - LOCATION:
on SE corner of Burnet County Court House lawn.
Home county of Texas
Confederate General Adam R. Johnson. Joined Confederate Army 1861.
Calvary scout with Gen. Nathan B. Forrest, 1861-62, commanded
Partisan Rangers 1862-64 excuting daring exploits behind enemy
lines in Kentucky area. Took Newburgh, Indiana with 12 men and
stovepipe cannon. Promoted to Brigadier General June 1864. Escaped
from Federal trap on Buffington's Island by swimming Ohio river
with some of command, blinded by gunshot wound and captured August
1864. Escaped Spring 1865. A memorial to Texans who served the
Confederacy, erected by the State of Texas, 1963.
BACKSIDE OF MARKER. Born Kentucky,
came to Burnet County, Texas 1854. Overland mail stage driver,
surveyor, noted frontier Indian fighter. Although totally blind
for life as result of war wounds, he became prominent postwar
Texas citizen. Founded Texas mining improvement company,
contracted for overland mail service, promoted development of
water power on Colorado river. Founded town of Marble Falls,
during the bloodless Coke-Davis controversy of 1874 marking the
end of Davis radical reconstruction rule, Johnson went to capitol
with his old army six-shooter to fire into the basement at the
Davis forces if necessary, but Coke gained the governor's office
without armed conflict.
ADAM R. Parkway. -
LOCATION: At entrance to Buchanan Dam entrance to administration
building; on HW 29 W of Burnet
Dedicated in memory of
Adam R. Johnson, Brig. General, Confederate States of America,
Pioneer Texan--engineer--builder. Though blinded, had first vision
of harnessing tremendous reserves of Colorado River for the
welfare of Texans--in 1880 purchased lands upon which Buchanan Dam
stands. Here his dreams have come true.
COMMUNITY - LOCATION: On
county road off FM 243, 7 miles NE of Bertram.
Some of the first settlers in
this farming and ranching community were the William Alexander
Faires Family in 1874 and the Martin Luther Ater Family the next
year. The settlement was called "Pool Branch" for a nearby pool
formed by a waterfall. In the 1880s a cotton gin and mill were
located on the pool which was known as "Mill Pond". there was a
store, a blacksmith shop, and one mile from the gin, Mrs. Hattie
Snow Smith ran a hat shop in her home.
J.S. and Jane Danford of Delaware County,
Iowa, gave two acres in 1881 for a school and church, provided
the schoolhouse was completed by March 1, 1882. Area residents
With the establishment of a post office in
1891, the community's name changed to the biblical "Joppa".
William F. Childers served as the first postmaster. After the
coming of rural mail
delivery, the post office closed in 1904.
Worship was held in the Jopps schoolhouse
until 1913 when the Joppa Baptist Church congregation erected this
meetinghouse. The Joppa school consolidated with Bertram in 1942.
All that remains of the pioneer settlement is the church house and
school building which serves as a community center. (1979) [Photo]
One of "Old 300" of Stephen F. Austin's
first colony from Pennsylvania, took part in 1836 war for Texas
Independence, he made and lost several stakes. In 1851 bought a
league and labor of Burnet County land, including site of Fort
Croghan. Amassed wealth as Army beef contractor, gave 100 acres
and town square for Burnet County Seat. To build a college here
he willed $23,500 and 6,359 acres of land to Burnet. The will
was broken; city got a 2-acre site for a public school. It is
said "He never refused to help when he observed its need."
Lyndon B. Johnson - LOCATION:
In roadside overlook 1 mile south of Kingsland on Highway 1431.
This lake, originally Granite
Shoals, was renamed for the President of the United States on
April 22, 1965, by the Board of Directors, Lower Colorado River
Authority (LCRA) in gratitude for his work as U.S. Congressman and
Senator toward the development of the project. Mr. Johnson devoted
much time and skill to the completion of LCRA programs creating
flood control, water conservation and low cost electric power for
the people of the Highland Lake country.
A native of this hill country, Mr.
Johnson maintains a home on the lake and uses it often as a place
of relaxation and entertaining of guests; it is near his ranch and
boyhood home. The body of water impounded by the Alvin Wirtz Dam
has 6,200 surface acre-feet, construction was begun on the dam in
1949 and since its completion the lake has primarily been a source
of hydroelectric energy from the overflow of Lake Buchanan to the
north. It is also one of Texas' most outstanding boating and
fishing areas. this lake, some 20 miles long, is one of seven on
the LCRA, which extend 100 miles up the Colorado from Austin.
Together they form the largest hydroelectric system in the state.
|LAKE VICTOR LODGE
- LOCATION: Lake Victor, at the
corner of Railroad Ave. and FM 2340
Sponsored by the nearby Robert E. Lee Lodge, Lake Victor
Lodge No. 1011, A.F. & A.M. was formally established in
December 1909 during the 73rd annual grand communications of the
Grand Lodge of Texas. The first meeting of the Lake Victor Lodge
took place in a rented building on January 1, 1910. The lodge
built its own meeting place on this site in 1914 and continued to
meet on that site throughout the 20th century. Was reported in
1953-1954. In 1999, the lodge had 36 members, three of whom had
more than 50 years of service. As is Masonic custom, the Lake
Victor Lodge contributes to charitable causes. The Lodge continues
to uphold the traditions of its founders. (2000)
CAVERN - ADMINISTRATION
BUILDING - LOCATION:
Longhorn Cavern State Park, 5 miles S. of Burnet on US 281, then
5.5 miles W. on Park Road 4.
Longhorn Cavern opened as a State
Park in 1932. From 1934 to 1942, Company 854 of the Civilian
Conservation Corps (CCC) worked here to explore and develop the
cavern. Using hand
labor and native materials, the CCC
workers built this structure in a style now known as National Park
Service (NPS) rustic. Completed by 1936, the one-story stone
pavillion served as administrative offices for the park until
1967. An outside stairway leads to an observation terrace.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark -1989.
CAVERN - LOCATION:
on Park Road 4 between highways 281 and 29.
Rich in history and folklore. A
young geologic formation only a few million years old. Bones of
elephant, bison, bear, deer, and other animals found here. When
white men came to area in
1840s, Indians knew the caverns.
Rangers once found and rescued a kidnapped girl from Indians in
"Council Room." During Civil War (1861-1865) gunpowder was
manufatured and stored here. In 1870s outlaws, including the Sam
Bass Gang, sometimes lived in the cavern. Site of night club in
1920s. Has many unique features. Was opened to public in 1932.
Longhorn Cavern has been designated
a registered National Landmark under the provisions of the
Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses
exceptional value in illustrating the natural history of the
United States. National Register.
Colorado River Authority.
- LOCATION: at entrance to Buchanan Dam, highway 29 West of
A public multiple purpose project
dedicated to the happiness, security, and welfare of the people.