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Deaf Smith
County, Texas

County History

Deaf Smith County is located on the Texas - New Mexico Border and has a very interesting history. The county was named after Erastus "Deaf" Smith, a Texas scout, guide, Indian Fighter and participant in the battle of San Antonio and the Battle of San Jacinto. He was born in New York on April 19, 1787. Smith was "hard of hearing" at an early age which caused him "to remain silent and fond of solitude", this in turn, led him to become observant and get to know the land around him well. This enabled him to pass valuable info for the Texas Revolution. His monument says, "Deaf Smith, The Texas Spy".

The county was created from Bexar Territory on Aug. 21, 1876 but was not created until 1890. It was attached to Oldham County for law and court business with Tascosa as the county seat. Some of the early city officials were: Mayors, L.Gough, S.B. Edwards, J.H. Head. Aldermen: L.A. Stroud, R.N. Mounts, Judge J.R. Dean, Atty. F.C. Highsmith, County and Dist. Clerk C.W. Witherspoon and Sheriff, J.M. Cook.

Beef Capital of the World

Deaf Smith County is also known as the Beef Capital of the World because of the large number of cattle fed in the area (the city is named for the Hereford breed).


The Land and it's People 1876-1981: Deaf Smith County, Texas

(offsite link to The Portal to Texas History)
County history book provided by the Deaf Smith County Library


Erastus "Deaf" Smith

Biography of "Deaf" Smith

Offsite link to Lone Star Junction

Deaf Smith Biography and other information

Offsite link to Wikipedia

Deaf Smith Biography

Offsite link to Free Republic

Erastus "Deaf" Smith Biography

Offsite link to Sons of the South

Anthony Quinn portraying Deaf Smith

Offsite link to Internet Movie Database

Where is Erastus "Deaf" Smith buried?

Offsite link to Deaf Network of Texas

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