The 20th Texas Cavalry was organized in late March, 1862 in eastern Kaufman County under Col. Thomas Coke Bass and contained the following companies: Co. A (later G), Capt. John Bussy, Anderson Co. Co. B (later D), Capt. Francis M. Martin, Navarro Co. Co. C (later C), Capt. John Randolph Johnson, Kaufman Co. Co. D (later E), Capt. Thomas Phillips Andews, Kaufman Co. Co. E (later F), Capt. Jeremiah Warren, Henderson Co. Co. F (later H), Capt. Horatio G. Bruce, Johnson Co. Co. G (later A), Capt. Benjamin D. McKie, Navarro Co. Co. H (later B), Capt. Harwell H. Malloy, Navarro Co. Co. I (later I), Capt. R.S. Barber Co. K (later K), Capt. M. McGee, Limestone Co. From April to mid-July 1862, the regiment was at Camp McCulloch near Tyler, Tx. While in Tyler, in July, the regiment was reorganized under the Confederate Conscription Acts -- many men over the age of 35 were discharged, and the companies were re-lettered (so that, for example, Capt. Bussy's Co. A became Co. G ). In late August 1862, Capt. B.D. McKie's Co A (originally Co. G), was detached from the regiment, and it never again served with the 20th Texas Cavalry. In September, 1862, the 20th went to Arkansas where it fought in numerous skirmishes north of Fayetteville. Among these skirmishes were Cassville, MO. 21 Sep 1862, Elkhorn, AR 16 Oct 1862, and Cross Hollows, AR 18 Oct and 28 Oct 1862. About the first of November, the regiment was dismounted and served the remainder of the war as infantry. The 20th Texas Dismounted Cavalry was present at the battle of Prairie Grove, AR 7 Dec 1862, but it was part of a brigade that served as the Confederate reserves, and it appears not to have actually been in action in the battle. From January to June 1863, the regiment served post duty at Ft. Smith, AR. In July 1863, the regiment was sent to the Indian Territory where it played a major role in the battle of Honey Springs on 17 July. After Honey Springs, the troops of the 20th served as post soldiers for Ft. Washita (near Durant OK) and Boggy Depot (near present Atoka OK). In March, 1864 the 20th was reorganized from an eight company regiment to a four company battalion under the command of Maj. John R. Johnson. Companies C and D were at Ft. Washita under Maj. Johnson, Co. B was at Doaksville (near Ft. Towson), and Co. A was at Boggy Depot. The 20th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Battalion was sent to Richmond, Texas about the first of April 1865. It served in Richmond until the battalion broke up in late May 1865 shortly before the surrender of the Trans-Mississippi Department which included Texas. References: -Jacob Elliott Diary, "Navarro Scroll" 1965 -Yeary, "Reminiscences of the Boys in Gray" -Moore, "Rebellion Record" -Marshall "Texas Republican" 9 Aug 1862 -Service Reports -Houston "Tri-weekly Telegraph", 12 May 1865 -Inspection Reports -Letters of J.T. Lester, Confederate Research Center, Hill College -Minutes, Commissioners' Court, Kaufman Co. TX. Hillsboro, Tx.
CSA Soldiers of the 20th Texas Cavalry Co. E , (later Co.F) Henderson Co. TX.BANKS, Colen Pinkey MOORE, John Wesley BECK, A.J. MULLINS, Bushrod BONDS, Michael Elia MURCHINSON, Thomas Franklin, 2nd Lt. BOYD, Jas. J. NAIL, Andrew Gilbreth BULLARD, A.L. NICHOLS, George Wash., Color-bearer BURTON, Ephraim OWEN, Ishmail Davis, Sgt. CAMPBELL, J.C. OWEN, John Wade, Sgt. CAMPBELL, William Rhodes PARMER, James McDonald CARMICHAEL, Alexander Thomas PEEL, James Monroe CAUSEY, A.F. PICKERING, Benjamin CHANCELOR, John Henly, Adj. PICKERING, Levi CHANDLER, Hassell, Music PICKERING, William C. COLE, Isaac POLLOCK, James Riley CONE, William, Cpl. REYNOLDS, James COOPER, William Mallory RHODES, Jasper Hartem DANIEL, Amen ROBERSON, Hiram Russel DAVIS, William ROBERTSON, John Martin, Cpl. DEATHRAGE, James Walter SEWELL, A.V. DEATHRAGE, Mathew Gale SLOAN, Andrew Foster DENNIS, E.T. SMITH, William Cooper DUNN, John Crawford, 1st Lt. SMITH, Zack. Jefferson EGGER, John Talton STAMPER, William ESTES, Carroll STATEHAM, Samuel, Cpl. ESTES, Leonard TEMPLE, Tracy Turner, Sgt. FARMER, Joseph THOMAS, James Loyde FISK, Bateman THOMPSON, Benjamin Lafayette FOUCHER, Joseph Chime *Gauntt, John Washington THOMPSON, H.E. GILKEY, William Thomas THOMPSON, John Madison GREEN, Shadrach Weaver, Sgt. WALDRIP, Napoleon Geb. GURLEY, Jacob WALKER, Paschal Har GURLEY, Jesse, Cpl. WARREN, Jeremiah, Capt. GUTHRIE, Andrew Jackson WARREN, Robert Bradford GUTHRIE, William Lewellin WHITE, Absalom Turner HANES, Francis Marion WHITSON, J.G. HANKS, Daniel Dudley WILKERSON, Ezekial Stanley HANNER, John S. WILLIS, William Stephen HARPER, John WILSON, Samuel Joseph HERRICKSON, D.J. HETHINGTON, S. HOGG, James Burris, Sgt. HOGG, William Burris JACKSON, John Watson JACKSON, Shadrach JAGGERS, James David LEACH, John Henry, 2nd Lt. Reference: "Confederate States Roster, Texas LITTLEFIELD, Josiah Vol. 1" 1997 Broadfoot Pub. Co. MARTIN, Fran Marion Wilmington, N.C. pgs. 146,147. MARTIN, John Richard McCANE, Constantin C. Note: Forms to order service records may be McCANE, John Riley obtained from the Texas State Archives. McKINNEY, Jubilee Clanton Request: "National Archives, Order For McKINNEY, William Emory Copies of Veterans Records" MERCHANT, William Riley *Gauntt, George Washington, he joined the Confederate Army in 1961 and served for 4 years with Co A, 20th Texas Calvary, dismounted, Johnson's Battalion. He received a pension on March 28 1911 even though the War Department , stated they could find no records. Turner Gauntt Transcribed by Diane Miller