Isaac Parker, legislator, son of John and
Sarah (White) Parker, was born in the northeast
corner of Georgia, probably in Elbert or
Franklin County, on April 7, 1793.
With his parents and siblings, he moved to
Dickson County, Tennessee, in the summer of
1803. He moved to Robertson County, Tennessee,
where he married Lucy W. Cheatham of Charlotte
County, Virginia, on August 13, 1816. Shortly
thereafter they moved to Crawford County,
Illinois, to join other family members there.
He was sheriff of Clark County in 1819-20,
later justice of the peace in Crawford County,
and county treasurer in Coles County, whence he
departed for Texas in late 1833. He settled at
Mustang Prairie, Houston County, in 1834 and on
October 5, 1835, began a race across the
southern United States to spread the alarm of
the coming war with Mexico and to call for
volunteers to come to Texas.
In the fall of 1836 he served during the
Texas Revolution as a member of Elisha Clapp's
company of Rangers.
Parker represented Houston
County in the House of the Third,
Fourth, Sixth, and Seventh Congresses (1838-40
and 1841-43) and was a Senator for the District
of Houston, Nacogdoches, and Rusk in the Eighth
and Ninth Congresses (1843-45). He was a
member of the Convention of 1845. He was a
Senator in the first four terms of the Texas
legislature (1846-53) and represented Ellis and
Tarrant counties in the House in 1855-56, at
which time he introduced the bill to establish
In 1845 he made repeated efforts to secure
the release of his niece and nephew, Cynthia Ann
Parker and John Parker, who had been captured by
Indians at Fort Parker on May 19, 1836. He
identified Cynthia Ann at Camp Cooper in January
1861, after her recapture on December 18, 1860,
by Lawrence Sullivan Ross. Parker took her
to his home at Birdville and later to Austin,
where he succeeded in having bills passed
granting her a pension and a league of land.
Four children were born to Parker and his
first wife; she died on August 29, 1867. He
married Virginia Hill Sims on September 1, 1870,
in Limestone County, and they had four children.
Isaac Parker died on April 14, 1883, near
Weatherford, Texas, and was buried in Turner
Cemetery, six miles southeast of Weatherford.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Henry Smythe, Historical Sketch
of Parker County and Weatherford (St. Louis:
Lavat, 1877; rpt., Waco: Morrison, 1973). Texas
House of Representatives, Biographical Directory
of the Texan Conventions and Congresses,
1832-1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).
Recommended citation: "PARKER, ISAAC."
The Handbook of Texas Online.