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"Governor Oscar Branch Colquitt signed legislation creating Jim Wells County on March 11, 1911. Taken from territory formerly a part of Nueces County, the new county was named for prominent Brownsville attorney and business leader, James B. Wells, Jr. (1850-1923). The first county elections were held two months later, and in January 1912, the citizens of the new county approved a bond election to finance the construction of a courthouse and jail.
The county commissioners hired San Antonio architect Atlee B. Ayers to design the courthouse. The laying of the cornerstone on July 25, 1912, drew a crowd of more than 2,000 people. Celebration activities included performances by the Alice Concert Band and the Alice Symphony Club, as well as a barbecue, rodeo events, and baseball game.
The discovery of oil in Jim Wells County in 1938, led to increased economic development and a population boom. The courthouse was remodeled in 1948-1949, and annexes later were built nearby.
Although its original appearance has been altered, the Jim Wells County courthouse stands as a significant structure in the county's history. It continues to serve as the center of county government (1992).
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Jim Wells County
PO BOX 1459
Alice, Texas 78333
Hours of Operation:
8AM -N, 1PM-5PM CST


Phone 361-668-5702
Real Estate 361-668-5702
Assessor 361-668-5711
Treasurer 361-668-5713
Appraiser 361-668-9656
Elections 361-668-5711
Vital Records 361-668-5702
Recording Officer County Clerk
Records Online Real Estate, Grantor/Grantee, Deed
Assessor Fax: 361-6685754
Texas Historical Commission * Jim Wells County Courthouse
We hope you enjoy your visit here. We are working hard to provide you with helpful, historic information about Jim Wells County and its citizens, so updates are ongoing. Currently working on 1920 Jim Wells County census.

If you would like to contribute, submit additions or corrections, or find a broken link, please contact Lindsay Hale Boyd, the
county coordinator.

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