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Confederate Soldiers of Matagorda County
Mangum Family

Josiah “Joseph” Mangum
b. April 21, 1827 and d. November 13, 1882

Joseph enlisted in the Confederate army in Matagorda County, Texas near Camp Winston on December 21, 1861.  His enlistment officer was A. J. Rugely for Lt. Elijah G. Melton's squad, Company G (Brazoria Rangers) of the Bates Regiment in the 13th Texas Volunteers.  He was issued a horse valued at $150 and $20 of equipment.  The 13th Texas Volunteers included 2 companies of cavalry, 2 companies of artillery and 6 infantry companies.  Joseph also served in the 2nd Texas division (Herbert's) when the 13th was reassigned to the 2nd in September, 1864.  His rank was corporal.


Muster roles for June 22, 1862 show him sick in Matagorda,  as "unable for duty", but the leave was not approved.  He was not paid through October since he was listed as absent without leave.  Records show him back in service by 1863, although he was discharged on February 4, 1863 "on account of being over age".  Joseph is buried in Thompson cemetery in Matagorda County, Texas according to a published CSA veteran records volume.


(Service information copied from the Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, roll #227-23, MAN-McCL)

Courtesy of Mike Cox


Robert S. Mangum, Jr.
b.  February 2,
1833 in Talbot County, Georgia

Robert enlisted in the Confederate Army on December 15, 1861, at Camp Carter, Texas.  The enlisting officer was a Lt.  Sharks.  He reported for duty at Camp Herbert, near Hempstead, Texas on February 26, 1862.  The army issued Robert a horse (value of $125) and equipment (valued at $20).  Robert served in company C of the 21st Texas Cavalry, 1st Texas Lancers, 1st Regiment of Carter's Brigade.  The 21st Cavalry saw action in Arkansas, Missouri and Louisiana with Carter's & Parson's Brigade.  It is assumed that Robert would have been involved in the various engagements, but this has not been verified.  Almost certainly he was involved in the Red River campaign that thwarted the Union army on the Louisiana border.

Courtesy of Mike Cox

Samuel Jackson Mangum
b. January 1, 1836 and d. May 11, 1891

Sam enlisted in the Confederate Army on November 9, 1861 at Brazoria, Texas, agreeing to serve for the duration of the war.  His officer of enlistment was A.J. Rugeley.  Sam was issued a horse valued at $80 and given $20 worth of equipment.  Sam served in various units, primarily Rueben R. Brown's mounted regiment, 35th Texas Cavalry, company G and in the 13th Texas volunteers of Colonel Joseph Bates, 2nd company G & 1st company I (Melton's Squad) of Lt. Elijah G. Melton.  Sam maintained the rank of private throughout his service.  Company G of the 35th Texas Cavalry was organized May 24, 1862 and nicknamed the "Brazoria Rangers".  They were mainly stationed at Camp Wharton, although company G was usually at Camp Sidney Johnston.  The 35th was originally the 12th Cavalry Battalion.


The 35th (Brown's) Cavalry Regiment was organized with 927 men in October, 1863, by consolidating the 12th (Brown's) Cavalry Battalion and Roundtree's Texas Cavalry Battalions. The unit served in the Trans-Mississippi Department and in January, 1864, contained 29 officers and 409 men. It skirmished in Texas and was on scouting duty along the coast. On June 2, 1865, it was included in the Confederate surrender. The field officers at that time were Colonel Reuben R. Brown, Lieutenant Colonel Samuel W. Perkins, and Major Lee C. Roundtree.


Muster roles show him on sick furlough May 30 through June 3, 1862 and on sick leave in Montgomery County in October, 1864. 


Sam surrendered along with the Tran Mississippi Department commanded by General E. Kirby Smith to Major General E. R. S. Canby, commander of the West Mississippi Division of the U.S. Army.  Sam was given a 'Parole of Honor' in exchange for his signed agreement to no longer serve in the Confederate Army or aid any enemies of the U.S.  This document was signed by his mark, 'X', on July 17, 1865.  [It should be noted that Samuel could sign his name.  Many CSA veterans refused to sign their names to Union or Federal Reconstruction documents and apparently Sam was no exception.]


(service information copied from National Archive microfilm roll #169, Records of the Adjutant Generals Office and the Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, roll #227-23, MAN-McCL)

Courtesy of Mike Cox


Copyright 2006 - Present by Mike Cox
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Oct. 30, 2006
Oct. 30, 2006