Palacios College

Palacios Baptist Academy

 

 

 

Baptist Home for Aged Ministers

Jules Leffland Buildings



 



Palacios College, Palacios, Texas

Photo courtesy of Palacios Area Historical Association Museum
and volunteers Shirlee and Richard.



Ad courtesy of Matagorda County Museum
 




Graduates of Palacios Baptist Academy Class of 1915
William Washington Ashley (1887 - 1974) standing second from left
Photo courtesy of William's granddaughter Jackie Pace
 

 


Known
Administrators and Instructors
 



Presidents

Founder
Rev. William Henry Travis
Palacios College
1905-1917
(left)


Rev. Montrose Madison Wolf
Palacios Baptist Academy
1907-1917
(right)

 

Deans

Rev. H. A. Echols - 1907
J. B. Marshall - 1910
 


 

Known Instructors of

Palacios College

&

Palacios Baptist Academy

Full Faculty 1905-1906


W. H. Travis (president & teacher of Bible & Mathematics)
M. S. Kerby (Bible & Bible Literature)
Miss Lennie Wolf (English & History
Miss Catherine Hooper (Voice & Piano)
Miss Pollard (German & Latin)
Miss Eddie Hill (Art)
Spurgeon Smith (advanced student who taught some of
the elementary school courses)
Miss Kittle Noble (Music)
Miss Edna Brown (Dramatics)
Miss Bozeman
Dr. J. R. Elliott (chemistry-provided equipment and chemicals and accepted no salary)
(teachers taught several subjects as needed)
 

1907-1908

Palacios Baptist Academy Faculty Changes


Rev. H. A. Echols (Modern & Ancient Languages)
Miss Virgie Wolf (Music)
Miss Corinne Hellums (Art)
Mr. Hagerman (Mathematics & Physics)
Miss Kathleen Hooks (Expression)
Miss Kendricks (lower grades)
Rev. G. W. Sherman, pastor of the Palacios Baptist Church (Bible courses)

Mrs. Killian (dormitory matron & dietician)

Later
Rev. J. B. Marshall (succeeded Prof. Hagerman)
Miss Lilly Allen (succeeded Miss Virgie Wolf)
Rev. J. W. Israel (succeeded by G. W. Sherman)
 


Prof. Paul F. Keeton succeeded Rev. J B. Marshall who resigned in 1914
Prof. R. E. Tucker succeeded Prof. Keeton
J. L. Farnsworth (Commercial subjects)
Miss Ida Bell Ray (Primary teacher)
Mis Alma Nigro (Voice)
Miss Edna Brown (Expression)
Miss Ruby Connelly (Music in 1915)
Miss Louise Hillyer (Music 1916 & 1917)

 



Jesse James Rice
Photos courtesy of Anita Cooper

 


Known Students

in addition to the alumni
listed below

 

Dates following the names are
known years of attendance.


Amelia Rice
Photos courtesy of Anita Cooper

First two students enrolled in Palacios College by Rev. Travis were Cara and Mattie Garrett from Ganado, Texas.


May Cagle – 1914-15
J. L. Childs – 1914-15
Harold Ferrell
Mabel Hamill – 1914-15

Eleanor Harper – 1914-15
F. W. Moran – 1914-15
Arlando Orman
Willard L. Russell – 1914-15

N. B. Shrader – 1914-15
Thelma Sikes
Herbert L. Spurlock – 1914-15
Dell Stapleton – 1914-15

Robert Stapleton – 1914-15
James Carroll Stephen – 1914-15
Harold Thomas
John White – 1914-15
 

 

 

Palacios Baptist Academy
Alumni

 


1910

Mary Columbia Lewis
John Eaton Wolf

1911
Cara Matthews Garrett

 


1912

Linnie Lee Robinson
Mattie Morris Chappell
Evermont Robins Huckleberry
Harley Carlyle Lewis
Verner E. Stokes
Jeanette Ashby Lewis

1913

Norine Franklin
Ima Jewel Wolf
Mariana Elder
William Addison Elder
Olive Louise Dierlam
Lydia Bernice Belcher
Annie Evie Dickson
George Mongold Hillyer
Elbert Roy Hunt
 
1914
Annice Thelma Sikes
Ida Belle Ray
Carrie Rivas
Bessie Rebecca Hill
Lela Bernice Taylor
Clarence Shaw Hellums
Charles Fothergill
1915
William Ashley
Robert Allen
Mary Chappell
Mattie Chappell, Post-graduate
Mary Dwyer
Nora Hayes
Ella Dee Hatchell
Lee Roy Hillyer
J. J. Rice
Earl Rogers
Carroll Stephen
Vivian Tatum
Bernice Taylor, Post-graduate
Exa Womack
 
1916
Amelia Rice
Huldah Elder
Frances Braun
Nixon Shrader
Arlon Ormon
Rosa Key
Virginia Robinson
Vivian Tatum, Post-Graduate

Certificates in Expresson
Marion Wolf
Vivian Wolf
1917
H. H. Stagg
Lucy Massenburg
Fernley A. Tatum
Robert F. Hillyer
Warren A. Tinkham
Lurline Dawdy
J. O. Johnson
M. M. Stagg


Palacios College Served As Two-Fold Purpose

By Rupert A. Elliott

Palacios Beacon, October 19, 1939

An integral part of the pre-World War history of Palacios is the story of Palacios College. This school was launched for the two-fold purpose of publicizing the new town and of filling a real educational need which existed in the locality at that time. The school during its lifetime did fulfill these two functions. The presence there already of one denominational institution undoubtedly had its weight in drawing the Baptist Training Union Encampment to Palacios. The fulfilling of the second function is shown by the fact that at the time there was not one liberal institution of higher learning in the entire Texas coastal region, nor one closer to Palacios on the north than the state university in Austin.

Major credits for the birth of the school belongs to Reverend William Henry Travis, a Canadian by birth. He came to Palacios from the pastorate of the Oak Cliff Baptist Church in Dallas in the fall of 1904, and began the preparatory work for the school. He secured the support of the Texas Rice Development Company, which was promoting the town-site. This company provided Mr. Travis with his expense money and, after the incorporation of the school, gave to the school one hundred and sixty acres of land about a mile west of Palacios. It was agreed in the beginning that the school would eventually be turned over to the Baptist Denomination. This was to provide the school with a permanent and wide-spread supporting organization.

The charter of the school was subscribed to on January 28, 1905 by nine citizens who became its first board of trustees. Reverend Travis was elected president of the school. Shortly after the organization was perfected, an agreement was made with the Texas Rice Development company to exchange the one hundred and sixty acres for a thirty-two acre strip along the east Tres-Palacios Bay, a mile north of the town. Ten acres in the center were set aside for the campus. The rest was surveyed into lots and gradually sold to support the school. In addition the Texas Rice Development company was to finance the erection of the first permanent buildings. An administration building and a dormitory were begun in the summer but were not completed in time for the opening of school.

The college had the opening exercises of its first session in temporary quarters in the Palacios Hotel on September 12, 1905. It moved into its own buildings in November. In accordance with the original plan, control of the school was given to the Colorado Baptist Association on January 8, 1906. The Association at that time embraced nine counties to the north and west.

In the course of the summer of 1906 the school facilities were used for a summer normal conducted by Professor W. T. Pollard, who was then superintendent of the Bay City Schools. Another building, a boys’ dormitory, was also erected. The succeeding session ended when the school was closed down following the president’s resignation in mid-winter.

School was reopened in the fall of 1907 under the leadership of Reverend M. M. Wolf, who came into the presidency from a position with the Baptist State Mission Board. The school grew very slowly during the succeeding years and reached its highest peak in the 1912-1913 session when one hundred and three students were enrolled.

In 1909 the president and trustees reconsidered the status of the school and in view of the manifest impossibility of maintaining college work, reduced its course to the academy level. The course of study offered that year covered twelve grades; the primary grades, two preparatory grades, and four years of academy work. In 1912 the name was changed to Palacios Baptist Academy.

The task of maintaining a school had proven too heavy for the Colorado Association to bear alone and efforts were made to get the academy into the correlation of Texas Baptist schools under the Education Board of the Baptist General Convention of Texas. Then it would become eligible for assistance from that Board. After considerable negotiation the Education Board agreed to admit the school if the townspeople would raise fifteen thousand dollars to build a two-story brick dormitory for girls. For its part the board agreed to become responsible for the school’s indebtedness of some ten thousand dollars and to furnish the dormitory. A financial campaign was launched and after exhaustive efforts the fifteen thousand dollars was finally raised and the school was admitted into the correlation in 1910. The dormitory was completed in the following year at a cost of approximately eighteen thousand and five hundred dollars. The Education Board made up the difference and furnished the building.

The next two sessions were the brightest in the school’s history, but the indebtedness was increased year by year despite all the efforts of those concerned. The Education Board, already in debt, gave considerable money from time to time and maintained a field worker for the school. However, the agricultural set-back following the outbreak of the World War was a staggering blow to the 1914-1915 session and the entrance of the United States into the war in 1917 spelled the end. Popular support was lost in the more pressing business of winning the war. The indebtedness was around forty-four thousand dollars, and many of the prospective students were joining the armed forces. These facts resulted in the decision to close the school in the summer of 1917.

The property was operated from 1918 to 1921 as a Baptist home for aged ministers. This institution was closed because of excessive operating costs. Liquidation of the property was completed in 1928 when it passed into private hands. In the intervening years the frame buildings had been moved to the Baptist Training Union grounds where they are still in use. Only the brick dormitory remains on the old school site to remind one of the type of institution the early citizens of Palacios desired to foster.

 



 




The Academy Location On The Winding East Bay Shore
1. Boys' Dormitory     2. Assembly Hall     3. Administration Building     4. Girls' Dormitory [Elder Hall]     5. President's Home

 

Educate for business in the commercial department of Palacios College; course thorough, modern, practical. Location healthful and delightful, overlooking the beautiful Trespalacios Bay. Rates reasonable. Address STEPHEN SMITH. Palacios, Tex.

Dallas Morning News, August 13, 1905



Rev. M. S. Kerby
Palacios College Financial Secretary
 


Palacios College
Business Men’s Rally Completes the $40,000 Required to Insure the Institute

Palacios, Matagorda Co., Tex., March 13.—A rally and free oyster supper was given by the Palacios Business Men’s League at the Auditorium last night in the interest of the new program of the $40,000 Palacios College, which the committee, composed of Duncan Ruthven as chairman, and four other representative business men of Palacios, was so desirous of securing for our city. Between 500 and 1,000 were in attendance. Shortly after 6 o’clock the National Rice Growers’ Band of Bay City gave a few numbers, after which a procession of the business men and citizens marched to the Auditorium. Some excellent talks were delivered by Rev. Dr. J. L. Gross of Houston, Rev. D. B. Clapp and R. A. Armstrong of Wharton, Rev. M. M. Wolf, the president of the college here, and Mr. Ruthven, the committee’s chairman, setting forth the advantages of an educational institution such as the new college will be to a city, state and individual, and the greatest good to be derived, not only for the present, but future generations.

Mr. Ruthven then stated the success with which the committee had met, and asked for donations to complete the amount which Palacios had pledged toward the enterprise. Contributions were heartily subscribed from all parts of the audience, and soon the announcement was made that the amount required had been pledged, and that the full proceeds amounted to $11,355. This was followed by such applause as is only accorded the crowning success of any great enterprise.

Oysters were then served by the ladies after which all went to their several homes, voting the evening one of profit and great pleasure to each one present, and marking the beginning of a new era of progress for our city.

Special mention must be made of the National Rice Growers’ Band of Bay City, which so kindly furnished the music for the occasion. Also the concerted and cooperative interest and prompt action of our citizens.

Galveston Daily News, March 15, 1909
 


Palacios College and Bryan Baptist Academy are now correlated with Baylor University

J. B. Marshall, '07, has resigned the presidency of Canadian Academy to accept the position of dean of Palacios Academy.

The Lariat, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, July 16, 1910
 


CORNER STONE LAID.

With Masonic Rites and Ceremonies the Chief Corner of Palacios College Dormitory is Put in its Place.

A Memorable Day in the History of Palacios.

 

Wednesday was a great day in and for Palacios; a day that will ever remain a memorable one in her history, and which will be kept green in the memory of every citizen. On this day was performed the interesting and impressive ceremony of laying the corner stone of the girls’ dormitory of Palacios college. This ceremony did not signify, as in most instances, the completion or near completion of a great task, but in fact marks but the real beginning of the splendid development of Palacios as an educational center which shall become world famous. The building of this magnificent dormitory, on which the walls are already completed, and the interior finishing is well under way, is but the initial structure to others equally as massive and imposing that must follow to make the college entirely complete; and that these will come, and that within a very short time is assured from the fact that Palacios college now has back of and pledged to it the entire membership of the great Baptist church of the whole State of Texas, and which means that there will be no cessation of effort until the college is complete in every detail. Further the permanent founding of this great institution in our city means that other colleges and institutions of learning will be seeking for homes in this matchless location by the sea, where every condition and environment is conducive to the best in every way that (…cause of education).

The ceremony of laying the corner stone of the dormitory was in conformity to the rites of the ancient order of Free Masonry, and was conducted by the local lodge of the order under dispensation from the grand lodge. Invitations had been extended to the Masonic lodges at Port Lavaca and Blessing to join in the ceremonies with Palacios lodge, and the hour set was four o’clock in the afternoon  to accommodate those who came on the train which arrives here at 3:30 p. m. The invitations to the sister lodges was accepted by many individual members of each. About noon a boat arrived from Port Lavaca with a goodly delegation on board, and a second boat arrived about four o’clock in the afternoon bringing another detachment from the Port Lavaca lodge. The afternoon train also brought a number of Blessing Masons, beside quite a company of other visitors, including some of the prominent Baptist ministers of the State, one of whom was Dr. J. A. Barton, of Waco, secretary of the Texas Baptist Education Board.

As soon as the visitors had arrived a meeting of the grand lodge in extraordinary convention was held at the Masonic hall, where everything was made in readiness for the ceremonies of the day.

The lodge and its visitors under command of Mayor Ruthven as grand marshal moved from the accompanied by the Palacios Marine band, and marched west on Main street to Fifth, south on Fifth to Commerce, east on Commerce to Second and north on Second to the Baptist church, where autos and carriages were waiting, and which conveyed them to the college campus. Outside the college grounds again formed a marching order, and to the music of the band marched around the west, south and east sides of the new building to the northeast corner, where the ceremony of laying the stone was performed according to Masonic rites and usages, and which is a most beautiful and impressive ceremony, concluding with the Masonic grand honors.

After these ceremonies, President M. M. Wolf, of the college, delivered the oration of the day, paying a glowing tribute to the Masonic fraternity, and most certainly explaining the symbolism of the corner stone and what it represents. President Wolf then introduced Dr. Barton, Secretary of the State Education Board, who made a most eloquent address. His eulogy of President Wolf, and the recounting of the great work he had done in bringing to realization, this, in part at least, of his dreams and ambitions for Palacios college, found quick and concordant response from the heart of every Palacios citizen who heard him. Invocation of the divine blessing upon the events of the day and the institution thus dedicated to the cause of mental and moral growth and development by Rev. Province, of Victoria, and the playing of “America” by the band, concluded the exercises, after which the great crowd and the handsome and imposing building were photographed by local artists. The big crowd estimated at from 1,000 to 1,500, then returned to the city, having been most profitably entertained and edited by the ceremonies they had just witnessed.

The stone is a tablet of polished Texas granite with these words engraved on its face:

“Erected 1911. Jesus Christ the Chief Corner Stone.” The articles deposited in the stone were a copy of the minutes of the last meeting of Palacios Lodge No. 990; a copy of the proceedings of the last meeting of Palacios chapter of the Eastern Star; catalogues of Palacios college for the years 1908, 1909 and 1910; a copy of the last financial statement of the State Guaranty Bank & Trust Co., and a copy of the Beacon of April 7th.

The deputized Grand Lodge officers who officiated at the laying of this corner stone were:

Rev. J. W. Israel, of Cuero Lodge, pastor of Palacios Baptist Church, Most Worshipful Grand Master.

F. C. Moore, of Port Lavaca Lodge, Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master; and the following all members of Palacios Lodge.

 

J. L. Pybus, R. W. Grand Sr., Warden.
W. [C. Gray?], Grand Jr. Warden.
Thos. H. Bonner, R. W. Grand Treas.
M. C. Reese, R. W. Grand Sec’y.
G. B. Truitt, R. W. Grand Sr. Deacon.
W. H. Brooks, R. W. Grand Jr. Deacon.
A. B. Keller, R. W. Grand Sr. Steward.
Jos. Pybus, Sr. R. W. Grand Chaplain.
M. D. Driskill, R. W. Grand Tyler.
Duncan Ruthven, Grand Marshal.

The visiting Masons from Port Lavaca were: Rev. W. H. Meyers, pastor of the Baptist church; F. L. Young, J. H. Shell, F. J. Roemer, B. D. Jackson, C. H. Brightwell, W. G. Peterson, W. P. Regan, W. C. Best, F. O. Moore, J. B. Moore, Jr., J. D. Crain, Wm. Moore, A. H. Weisenburg, R. D. Sterling, C. Paleege?, William Copehart, W. W. Maxwell, L. Seabrook, editor of the Port Lavaca Wave. The ladies from Port Lavaca were Mesdames W. W. Maxwell, F. J. Roemer, W. P. Regan, F. S. Young, B. D. Jackson, C. H. Brightwell, W. G. Peterson, J. H. Shell and Miss Julia Smith.

The visiting Masons from Blessing lodge were: J. B. Leaman, J. L. Hartwell, S. H. Smith, A. C. Yeager, Geo. R. Woodruff, Geo. W. Walker, Jr., J. E. Pierce, and C. E. Duller and wife.

The visiting Baptist ministers were: Rev. J. A. Barton, of Waco, Secretary of the Texas Baptist Education Board; Rev. F. M. Province, of Victoria and Rev. J. A. Stevens, of El Campo, members of the Board of Directors of Palacios College; Rev. H. B. Morrison, of Bay City and Rev. W. H. Meyers, of Port Lavaca.

THE BANQUET

Masonic functions are incomplete until the natural wants of the inner man have been appeased, and the passing from labor to refreshments is an inviolable tenet of this fraternity.

The local lodge was much perturbed as to just how they could fittingly entertain their visitors, until the ladies of the Easter Star came to their rescue, and proposed to take charge of and serve the banquet, and in which they scored a success such as words cannot adequately portray. The banquet was spread in the magnificent and spacious opera hall on the second floor of Capt. R. J. Hill’s new and handsome concrete building at the corner of Commerce and Pavilion streets. Two hundred and forty plates were laid, and nearly every seat was occupied. The hall was handsomely decorated with drapings and festoons of bunting, and the tables ornamented with bouquets of beautiful flowers, while at every plate was placed a dainty boutenneire of violets. The spread was a feast indeed, and served in pleasing and charming manner by a bevy of handsome young ladies. The menu included roast turkey with dressing, boiled ham, salads, peas, French fried potatoes, tomatoes, sandwiches, coffee, iced tea, ice cream and cake, and there was an abundance and to spare. Mayor Duncan Ruthven presided at the banquet board as toast-master, and is a past-master at the art. While the banqueters were assembling, the Marine band seated on the stage, gave a few excellent and much enjoyed selections.

The toasts were proposed and responded to in the following order:

Invocation. Rev. Dr. Stephens of El Campo.
“As I see the Future of Palacios College,” Rev. Dr. Barton, of Waco.
“Masonry,” Dr. Roemer, of Port Lavaca.
“How it Looks to a Hoosier Huckleberry.” Rev. J. F. Huckleberry.
“How I Have Enjoyed the Day.” Dr. Peterson, of Port Lavaca.
“The Troubles of a College Building. “Rev. M. M. Wolf, of Palacios.
“Fruit Diversification.” Prof. Hartwell, of Dunbar.
“How it Looks to a Yankee.” Rev. J. P. Green, of Palacios.
“The Future of Our Coast Cities.” Will Best, of Port Lavaca.
“A General Survey of the Situation.” D. L. Stump, Palacios.
Parting Benediction. Rev. Green.

The speeches abounded in wit and oratory, and were each worthy of special mention which space precludes.

During the progress of the speech making, much appreciated diversion was afforded by a piano solo by Miss Tansill, a charming vocal solo by Mrs. Pridgen, and a much enjoyed reading by Miss Hooks.

It was on the stroke of twelve when the last speech had been made, and the feasting came to an end. Immediately the Port Lavaca visitors boarded their launches and returned to their homes, first expressing their hearty appreciation of the splendid manner in which they had been received and entertained by their Palacios brethren, and in which visitors from other points also joined most heartily. The Blessing Masons and others from inland left for their homes on the Thursday morning train.

Thus came to a happy and joyous close one of the great and memorable days in the history of Palacios, and for the gratifying success of which, the college people, and the citizens generally have the local Masonic lodge and the ladies of the Eastern Star to thank.

Palacios Beacon, April 14, 1911
 




Former Resident Remembers Early Days of Collegeport

The following article by Alice Slone Morrison was published in the May 31, 1978, issue of The Daily Tribune, Bay City, Texas.
Mrs. Morrison died
March 15, 1980. The first portion of the article included information on
Palacios Baptist Academy/Palacios College.

Palacios Baptist Academy

The town of Palacios began in 1902. On July 3-12, 1906 , the Texas Baptist Encampment opened in Palacios (started in 1902 in LaPorte). Then in Sept. 22, 1907, Palacios Baptist Academy began. (located Foley Addition of today)

In Sept. 21, 1907 when the Academy started by Howard Payne College ( Brownwood) , Rev. J. M. Carroll was president; Mrs. W. H. Travis was vice president; and Professor Fredrick Edmond Smithen was dean. Will Travis was president from 1908 to 1909, but January, 1908 Union Baptist Association (new sponsors) told Travis that in June, 1909, Rev. M. M. Wolfe was going to be the new president, Travis said that was not fair so he went then across the Tres Palacios Bay to the Hurd Land Company (who was laying out a new town) and suggested they start a college over there. Everyone agreed. Thus because the results of a college in Collegeport.

There was a three story red brick girl's dorm (125 x 85 width a 70 foot center stairway leading to the large open porch copied stone Ely Pepper Dorm at
Mary Hardin Baylor College). It had running water for the 5 foot bathtubs and flushing toilets (3 gallon tanks, 6 feet up on the wall). There were 4 classrooms that opened onto the porch (on second floor). In the basement was the auditorium - dining room which served meals with a host and hostess at each end of the 8 chair table. Everyone stood until the blessing was said before each meal.

Students were served 3 courses at each meal. Breakfast was at
7 a.m. and consisted of dry cereal; eggs, bacon and toast; and last, biscuits and jelly. Lunch started with a soup, a green and a yellow vegetable; rice and meat. For dinner at 6 p.m., students would dress up. They first had salad; then two vegetables, potatoes and meat; and finished with a fancy and heavy dessert (usually topped with ice cream).

A home economics three room cottage classroom (kitchen, living room, bedroom and bath) was nearer the bay. Mr. and Mrs. Travis lived in the bedroom of the cottage and placed their personal effects in a large closet during classes when students learned to make a bed, cook, etc.

The boys dorm was a large white two story wooden building (1921 moved to Encampment grounds). The upstairs bedrooms had 4 shower stalls and flushing toilets. There were two classrooms downstairs plus a chapel in the center that held 200 people for musicals and chapel services.

Near the road was the President's six room house (still standing).

On the north side was the chicken yard (fried chicken and dumplings every Wednesday night). Then a cow barn, and a shed that housed the buggy and the 9 seat hack.

From Sept. 22, 1907 to May 29, 1917 , the Palacios Academy had over a hundred students yearly with about forty graduating from the 2 year Junior College. One reason this fine college had to stop was they were in debt so much. Foley Addition sold homes on all this land where the Academy was.
 




The Auto Car Transport from the College waiting for passengers in front of the post office.
 


About Palacios College

Palacios College is located on the beautiful Trespalacios bay—really in 100 yards of the waters edge.

When a student comes from the dry interior of the state and once looks out from the veranda of the college building across the beautiful bay, he at once forgets homesickness and his ears pleasingly hear him say, “Isn’t this a lovely place.”

Then when the rest hours come and we can row and swim and enjoy the many other sports of the life by the sea he is happy and contented.

Aside from the enjoyment of college life in Palacios let me say that we have a good thorough school. Our graduates enter at once into the sophomore class at Baylor University. Our teaching force is our main asset. Headed by M. M. Wolf as president with a strong faculty of university trained men and women, eight instructors in all, I don’t believe there is a school in the state prepared to give a student any better advantages than Palacios College through its entire course to the sophomore college class.

We have just completed a fine brick dormitory for girls at a cost of $20,000. This hall will accommodate fifty-six girls. We are so anxious to have this hall full of girls this year.

Girls who have catarrh and similar troubles can come to Palacios and have good health and get a good education at the same time. Though they study hard all the year, especially those who come from the dry dusty climate, they feel that they have merely been to a pleasant resort for the winter.

This is just a brief word about the college but we feel that enough has been said to give you an insight and as for Palacios the city by the sea, everyone likes it.

A catalogue will be gladly sent to anyone on their request.—Cor. Western Evangel.

Palacios Beacon, September 8, 1911
 




 


Announcement Concerning The Opening of Palacios College

Palacios College opens September 10th. In behalf of the Board of Trustees, I want to say that it has spared no expense in securing a faculty fully able to give the students the very best advantages in Literary and Fine Arts. I would especially call attention to the coming of Miss Allen from Georgia who will teach vocal in addition to instrumental music. I make this special mention since she is the only member of the faculty unknown to the people of Palacios and also to emphasize the Vocal Department which has been added this year. I trust all who desire to study Voice may avail themselves of this opportunity. Miss Allen comes to us very highly recommended.

I desire also to call attention to the College transfer. Last year it was run free. Such will not be the case this year. A fee of $1.50 a month will be charged. This is small and will not meet the actual expense of running it. The Board of Trustees did not feel that the school was able to stand all the expense, hence this small charge. Permits will be issued good for twenty trips. The transfer can not go to the home of each pupil but will pass through the street convenient to the greatest number who ride.

M. M. Wolf, President

Palacios Beacon, September 8, 1911
 


Palacios College

Palacios College was founded in 1905 by Rev. William H. Travis, who continued as president until January, 1907. In September of that year the work was resumed with Rev. M. M. Wolf as president, and has succeeded under this management and is destined to be one of the foremost colleges in this section of Texas. In June of the present year the correlation with the Baptist schools of the state was effected and a girls' hall erected at a cost of $20,000. The growth of the school has been steady. Each year has brought improvements and the widening of the sphere of its usefulness. It has had its share of hardships incident to school building. It enters this school year upon a distinctly new era. First of all, the correlation gives a permanency to the work beyond anything that could have happened, and with the completion of the girls' hall has brought an enlargement of the faculty in every department. The school offers its constituency a course of study modeled after the best academics of the country have all the improving factors which determine their fitness for patronage, yet Palacios College has had that distinction from the beginning. Situated on the beautiful Tres Palacos Bay, it has a healthful climate, moral atmosphere, cultured society, spacious buildings, well-equipped laboratories, well supplied library, equipments and a corps of efficient teachers and the most important of all is the water supply which is abundantly supplied by one of the finest artesian wells in the state. For further information write M. M. Wolf, President.

Galveston Daily News, November 6, 1911
 


Palacios College Students on Steps of the Girls' Dorm c 1912
 


College Notes

Harold Thomas returned to school Thursday spending a week with home folks.

A practice game was played Wednesday by the baseball team of the college and high school. A game was played Friday with the Bay City high school. The P. B. A. Team went down in defeat. However they are redoubling their efforts and are preparing another game for the near future.

William Elder is absent this week, having gone to Waco to attend the State Sunday School Convention.

Miss Irene McClendan has taken up her abode at the girls’ dormitory this week, much to the delight of the dorm girls. Miss Irene is a very popular young lady and we are glad to have her with us.

The base ball boys have received their new suits. The suits are white with green letters “P. B. Academy” worked on them while the caps are blue. The boys are cleaning off a diamond just west of the Administration building on which to play their practice games.

President Wolf went to El Campo for a few days visit, Monday.

Owing to conflicting dates the Literary Society did not render their program until Tuesday night, at which time the newly elected officers were installed. This is the last term of this year, and while there are many other things to look after at the term end of school, yet this promises to be one of the best for the society for the year. The programs keep on getting better. The Tuesday evening program could hardly be improved upon. The vocal solos, piano duets and debate were fine. The debate created a good deal of laughter in the contestants trying to show why “blue eyes were prettier than brown eyes” and vice versa. The next one will be April 11. The program will be announced next week.

Harold Ferrell returned from Houston Monday. We know the girls there all miss (?) him if it is there like it is here.

Palacios Beacon, March 28, 1913
 


College Notes

Eddie Anderson left Tuesday morning for Bay City to remain.

Rev. and Mrs. M. M. Wolf left Monday morning for St. Louis to attend the Southern Baptist Convention.

Bro. Sid Williams and his singer have been conducting the chapel services this week. Bro. Williams gave some good advice to the students, while we were favored with some good songs by Bro. Richardson.

Mrs. J. F. Barnett was a visitor to the dormitory Monday afternoon.

Miss Carrie Rives was absent Tuesday.

Warren Martin bid all his friends goodbye Wednesday of last week and struck for his home at Burr.

Misses Lorena Ifland, of Dunbar, and Elsie Marshall, of near Palacios, visited their friend, Miss Marianna Elder Thursday of last week.

Miss Edna Enos was absent Tuesday and Wednesday of last week while attending the Firemen's carnival at Victoria. She was accompanied by Miss Elmere Dawdy.

Roy Rome, otherwise called "Mattie," left for his home at Louise where he will remain.

C. Parks, the photo man, was out here again Friday and took a picture of the sophomore class. This picture will cover the annual, tho we think the honor should be given it to hang in--well the Preps. are pretty good in guessing, so we will let them.

Prof. J. L. Farnsworth returned to his school work Sunday afternoon. Of course we were all glad to see the Hon. J. L.; in fact one student said she would stay at home until he did return. Now what do you think of that?

Commencement time is drawing near and with each day comes some busy work. If you could look in on us you would see a hive of busy bees.

William Anderson left for home Tuesday morning. It is not to be doubted that he will be missed by from one to half dozen of the fair students.

Palacios Beacon, May 16, 1913
 




Palacios College Baseball Team c 1912
 


P. B. A. Alumni Banquet

The Palacios Baptist Academy Alumni Banquet given last Thursday night was not only the first big banquet given by any school in Palacios, but undoubtedly was the grandest and best yet to be given for sometime. The example has been given and the standard set for many banquets yet to come.

After the graduating exercises at the auditorium Thursday evening, the graduating class, the faculty and Alumni repaired to Hotel Palacios, where the gentlemanly and genial manager, Mr. W. W. Nichols had everything in readiness for an enjoyable repast. They were escorted to the dining hall where the long tables were prettily decorated with cape jessamines and the Senior class flower--the white rose. The menu, which was printed on unique little folders with "1913 Class" embossed on cover, was as follows:

Celery

 

Olives

Fruit Cocktail

Boiled Flounder

Chipped Potatoes

Fried Chicken

Mushroom Sauce

Orange Jelly

Asparagus Tips on Toast

Petit Pois                New Potatoes in Cream

Vanilla Ice Cream

White Cake

Coffee

 

Ice Tea

After Dinner Mints

Salted Almonds

Music was discoursed throughout the evening by the Pavilion Orchestra composed of Messrs. Mohler, Stump and Elwood. Toasts were given by Dr. J. C. Hardy, president of Baylor Female College, Dr. M. M. Wolf, president of Palacios Academy, Rev. J. W. Israel, pastor of Baptist church here, George M. Hillyer, a member of the Senior class and Harley Lewis, a member of the Alumni; all of which were greatly enjoyed. William A. Elder, as toastmaster, caused the class of '13 to be proud to have him numbered with them.

The "wee sma" hours of morning were upon them before the banqueters departed, and such was the good time spent that each member of the Alumni then and there resolved to be present at the next annual reunion of the association. In deed this was an epoch marker in the way of school banquets.

Palacios Beacon, June 13, 1913
 


College Narrowly Escapes Destruction

That Palacios Baptist Academy is not today a pile of ashes and debris is due to what seems like providential intervention. Monday some of the young men of the college were cleaning the woodwork in the building, polishing with oil and turpentine. After the days work was done the old rags used on the work were put in a box and stowed under the north stairway in the washroom in the basement. About eleven o’clock Monday night, Prof. Wolf, who lives just across the street north of the college, stepped out doors to look after his horse, and noted a small bright light at the dormitory building, but supposed it was Prof. Echols with a lantern looking about the building, and was about to go back into his house when he noted that the light was too large and bright for a lantern, and concluded to investigate. He went across to the dormitory and discovered fire burning briskly under the stairway, flaming up to the stairsteps. He gave the alarm and called Prof. Echols to his help and by the aid of a pail of unemptied wash water found in the kitchen and water in buckets from the hydrant, soon extinguished the incipient blaze. Had he been a minute later in discovering the fire and getting water on it, the blaze would have been beyond control, and the handsome dormitory would have been destroyed. The fire resulted from spontaneous combustion of the materials used in cleaning during the day.

Palacios Beacon, September 19, 1913
 



 


Palacios Baptist Academy Opens
Outlook for 1913-1914 Term Bright--New Assembly Hall

Special to the News.

Palacios, Tex., Sept. 24.--The Palacios Baptist Academy opened for the 1913-14 academic year Tuesday. Dr. M. M. Wolf, president of the academy, after a talk led the devotional exercise. Palacios business men made congratulatory speeches. The faculty is composed of
Dr. M. M. Wolf, A. B.
H. A. Echols, A. B.
J. B. Marshall, A. B.
Miss Lennie Wolf, B. L.
J. L. Farnsworth
Rev. J. W. Israel
Miss Lilly Allen
Miss Corinne Hellums
Miss Edna Brown
Miss Alma Nigro
Miss Ida Bell Ray.

The academy this session opens under the most favorable circumstances. A large assembly hall has been built this year.

Galveston Daily News, September 25, 1913
 


Announcement of Program of Palacios Baptist Academy

Saturday May 9
8:00 p. m. – Final Reception of Students Christian Association – Assembly Hall.

Friday, May 15
8:00 p. m. – Literary Society, final program – Assembly Hall

Saturday, May 16
7:30 p. m. – “Lowery Meeting” given by Students’ Christian Association. Everyone who enjoyed and received a blessing from that meeting urged to be present – Assembly Hall

Monday, May 25
8:15 p. m. – Senior Music Recital – B. Y. P. U. Auditorium

Sunday, May 31
11:00 a. m. – Commencement Sermon, Rev. John L. Ray – B. Y. P. U. Auditorium

Sunday, May 31
8:00 p. m. – Missionary Sermon – Rev. B. T. Hanks – B. Y. P. U. Auditorium

Monday, June 1
8:30 a. m. – Dramatic Club will present “Mid-summer’s Night’s Dream” by William Shakespeare. An open air play to be given on B. Y. P. U. Grounds.

Tuesday, June 2
8:30 p. m. – Grand Concert – B. Y. P. U. Auditorium

Wednesday, June 3
10:00 a. m. – Contests in Expression Department – B. Y. P. U. Auditorium

Wednesday, June 3
8:15 p. m. – Baccalaureate Address, Rev. M. M. Wolf – B. Y. P. U. Auditorium

Alumni Banquet.

Graduates of 1914
Literary: Bernice Taylor, Bessie Hill, Carrie Rives, Charles Fethergill, Clarence Hellums, Ida Belle Ray, Thelma Sikes

Piano: Ida Belle Ray, Mary Stenaurs, Norine Franklin, Lula Williams

Palacios Beacon, May 8, 1914
 


Academy Commencement

The scholastic year just closed has been a remarkable one in the history of Palacios Baptist Academy, and one altogether out of the ordinary with schools of any kind anywhere. The beginning of the school year last September was marked with discouragement in every way. On account of floods and short crops the student body expected at the opening of the academy was small and then just before the fall term there were more crop failures and the European war broke out, and as a consequence many of the pupils expected cancelled their engagements and did not come.

Under these conditions the Academy opened with little of promise for a successful year in any way. The school closes the year with the largest graduation class in its history, and with a record of work accomplished of which older schools might greatly boast. This success—the turning of seeming defeat and disaster into a great and signal triumph is due to the unceasing and persistent work of its never tiring president, Dr. M. M. Wolf, and but for his wise system of management, the school might have been well nigh undone. Details are unnecessary but it is a great pleasure to say that the school closes not only with its largest class, showing as it does the most effective work that is has yet accomplished, but that in every way the Academy is in better condition than it has ever been before, and will enter next year’s work without a handicap of any sort, except some general disaster should be visited upon the entire country. All this great accomplishment stands to the credit of Dr. Wolf, who has had a well-nigh crushing burden to bear during the entire year, but he carried it through successfully to the wonder and surprise of those who are closely associated with him in the work and know what he has had to sustain. Palacios is indebted to many for the things done for the good and upbuilding of the city and country, but to no one is the city under a greater debt of gratitude than to Dr. Wolf.

The baccalaureate sermon delivered before the class by Rev. O. B. Falls , pastor of the Bay City Baptist church, while a most eloquent and inspiring discourse, especially emphasized the work the Palacios school has done during the past year, and spoke the key note and foundation of its success, when he made particular mention of the high moral and spiritual atmosphere that pervaded the work of the school in all its departments. This is the one chief and distinguishing mark between the denominational and the secular schools. The public and non-sectarian schools seek primarily to develop the mind and intellect, with too little regard to the moral trend of the pupils, while the denominational school fails that does not inculcate the highest ideals of life, inspiring the students to become not only learned intellectually, but also to build characters that will endure—which is the essential in the making of men and women of true courage and noble purposes in life; the kind that make the world brighter and better because they have lived in it.

In the evening Dr. Falls delivered a missionary sermon which was the conclusion or sequel of the morning discourse, pointing to the young graduates avenues of opportunity in all the walks of life where they may labor and achieve success and be a benefit to themselves and the world at large.

Palacios Beacon, June 11, 1915
 


Expression Recital

The graduates of the expression department of the Academy entertained a large audience at the encampment auditorium most pleasingly last Monday evening. The graduates from this department are Misses Ella Dee Hatchell and Mary Arabella Chappell, who have completed the two years course under the tutelage of Miss Brown. They were assisted by Miss Mattie Chappell, piano post-graduate, and Mr. Carroll Stephen, vocalist, making up a program of pleasing variety and rare merit. The readings by the graduates were selections from the masterpieces of English literature, and were well delivered; though the large auditorium is a trying place for young voices to adapt themselves to. Both Miss Brown and her pupils have cause to feel proud of the proficiency attained by these young ladies.

Palacios Beacon, June 11, 1915
 


Resolutions of Appreciation

Whereas, Prof. Paul F. Keeton has been one of our most beloved instructors for the past session in the Palacios Baptist Academy and,

Whereas, Prof. Keeton has not only been faithful in all things, but has also been tactful, appreciating the needs and the natures of his students, and

Whereas, he has won the undying affection of us all, we therefore resolve:

1. That we, whose names are hereto attached declare our high regard and Christian love for Prof. Keeton.

2. That as we learn he has accepted a position in another school, and will therefore leave us, we assure him that our love and best wishes will follow him, and we most cordially commend him to the confidence and good will of those among whom his lot may be cast.

Signed: J. L. Childs, Willard L. Russell, Arlon W. Orman, James Carroll Stephen, Herbert L. Spurlock, Robt. I. Allen, Earl Rogers, Will Ashley, Mary Dwyer, Exa Womack, Mabel Hamill, Dell Stapleton, May Cagle, N. B. Shrader, Jesse J. Rice, John White, F. W. Moran, Eleanor Harper, Nora Hayes, Virginia Robinson, H. H. Stagg, Le Roy Hillyer, Robt. Stapleton.

Palacios Beacon, June 11, 1915
 


Palacios Academy Closed

Commencement Exercises Being Held This Week.

Palacios, Texas, June 5.—The closing exercises of the Palacios Baptist Academy are being held this week. Rev. A. C. Gettys, pastor of the First Baptist church of this city, delivered the baccalaureate sermon. Dr. M. M. Wolff, president of the academy, will deliver the graduating address Tuesday night.

The academy has had a very successful year. While the number of graduates is not so large as last year, still the grade of work done is more satisfactory to the faculty. The standard of the school has been raised and now those finishing the course are entered in the university as freshmen with certain advanced credits.

The graduates are as follows: Frances Braun, Huldah Elder, Ross Key, Nixon Schroeder, Amelia Rice, Arlando Orman. Graduates in senior expression: Virginia Robinson, Vivian Tatum. Junior graduates in expression: Marion and Vivian Wolff. The alumni banquet will be held Tuesday night at the Hotel Palacios.

The Matagorda County Tribune, September 8, 1916
 


Palacios Baptist College Transferred.
Will Become Home for Aged Ministers

The executive board of the Palacios College held a called meeting here Thursday for the purpose of transferring the college property to the board of the Old Ministers' Relief Association of the Baptist General Convention.

It will be remembered, that some months ago, at a regular meeting of the Baptist General Convention, that the trustees of this convention recommended the closing of Palacios College as an educational institution and at that time suggested that the board controlling Palacios College make a legal transfer of the property to the Baptist General Convention for the purposes stated above.

Rev. R. T. Hanks, former pastor of Palacios Baptist Church, will have control and operate the property as an old ministers' home, and also for their wives and widows.

The property will henceforth be known as the Baptist State Home, for old and indigent Baptist ministers.

The following ministers and members of the board were present: M. M. Wolf, of Houston; R. T. Hanks, of Palacios; A. Ammons, of Palacios; Jack Barnett, of Palacios; and Revs. McLaughlin, of Eagle Lake; Payne, of Wharton; Hudson, of El Campo; Gilliam of Bay City; Marshall, of Columbus, and John Sutherland and Bon Smith of Bay City.

Matagorda County Tribune, January 23, 1918
 




After the college closed, the administration building designed by Jules Leffland was moved to the B. Y. P. U. encampment.

 




1943 Aerial view of the Palacios Baptist Academy grounds with the former girls dorm (Old Minister's Home) in the upper right bounded by
E. Austin Avenue on the north, E. Elizabeth Avenue on the south, Petersen Street on the west and E Bayshore Drive on the east.
The red lines mark the college campus site.

 




2013 view from Palacios College site looking across the bay to Collegeport.

 


Linnie Wolf

 

Petite, dainty, diminutive, ladylike, gentle-these are adjectives one might use to describe Linnie Wolf, the first superintendent of the Palacios schools. The daughter of a Rockdale merchant, she was educated there and at Mary Hardin Baylor College.

 

She found her way to south Texas, then a pioneer area of the state, when her brother, the Reverend W. M. Wolf became president of the newly formed Palacios Baptist Academy. He recruited his sister as a first grade teacher and then as a high school English teacher. As the town of Palacios grew, the academy declined and it was evident a suitable school system must be formed in Palacios. "Miss Linnie" was placed in charge. Though not quite five feet tall, she was equal to the situation. The fact that she was selected was an indication of the high regard by which the town's people held her. Miss Linnie expected and usually received the best from her students, because she gave the best to them.

 

After serving a few years as superintendent and English and Latin teacher, Miss Linnie resigned to teach English in Dallas and to further her education. Her master's thesis from Southern Methodist University was considered a masterpiece in rhetoric and diction. Miss Linnie died before she was 40, but she left her mark on education. It was not through innovative methods or curriculum revisions, but in the lives of her former pupils whose final tribute was "to know her was to love her, to speak of her was to praise."

 

Linnie Wolf's younger sister, Ima Jewel Wolf, also taught in the Palacios schools in the elementary department. She was likewise loved and respected. A few years ago she retired from the Dallas ISD and moved to Houston to live with her niece, Marian Frances Echols.

 

Zeta Alpha Chapter, Delta Kappa Gamma, Historic Matagorda County, Volume I, 1986
 

 

 

Trustees

for

Palacios College

and

Palacios Baptist
Academy


1905

S. S. Montgomery
E. F. McDonald
R. E. Ward
D. D. Rittenhouse
A. W. Lewis
J. E. Pierce
A. B. Pierce
M. F. Tackett
A. R. Hillyer

1906

S. S. Montgomery
E. F. McDonald
P. A. Elder
A. W. Lewis
C. A. Earl
R. S. Armstrong
E. B. Atwood
M. M. Wolf
J. A. Stephens
W. C. Moore
J. T. B. Anderson
Robert D. Wilson
Luther Little

1906-1907

E. F. McDonald
P. A. Elder
A. W. Lewis
C. A. Earl
R. A. Armstrong
E. B. Atwood
M. M. Wolf
J. A. Stephens
W. C. Moore
Arthur McFaul
W. B. Kendall
R. H. Coleman
Luther Little
J. M. Sallee
M. J. Derrick
Butler Kimball
 

1907-1908

E. F. McDonald
P. A. Elder
J. W. Israel
C. A. Earl
R. A. Armstrong
E. L. Atwood
J. M. Lee
J. A. Stephens
W. C. Moore
Arthur McFaul
J. T. B. Anderson
B. H. Smith
A. W. Lewis
W. B. Kendall
1908-1909
R. A. Armstrong
Henry Bolton
B. H. Smith
A. W. Lewis
P. A. Elder
J. M. Lee
F. H. Watkins
J. A. Stephens
John Sutherland
H. J. Matthews
J. L. Gross
C. M. Hudson
T. O. Sallee
1909-1910
R. A. Armstrong
Dr. R. O. Norris
D. H. Smith
A. W. Lewis
P. A. Elder
J. M. Lee
F. H. Watkins
J. A. Stephens
John Sutherland
J. L. Gross
C. M. Hudson
J. M. Sallee
O. A. Heath
C. B. South
 
1910-1911
P. A. Elder
A. W. Lewis
John Sutherland
C. M. Hudson
J. A. Stephens
S. M. Provence
B. H. Smith
J. W. Loving
R. A. Armstrong
J. L. Gross
J. M. Sallee
J. W. Cook
J. W. Powell
1911-1912
J. F. Barnett
A. W. Lewis
John Sutherland
C. M. Hudson
J. A. Stephens
S. M. Provence
B. H. Smith
J. W. Israel
R. A. Armstrong
J. L. Gross
J. M. Sallee
J. W. Cook
J. W. Powell
1912-1913
J. F. Barnett
A. W. Lewis
J. W. Israel
B. H. Smith
J. A. Stephens
I. A. Heath
John Sutherland
R. A. Armstrong
J. L. Gross
J. M. Sallee
J. W. Cook
J. M. Mayfield
C. M. Hudson
1913-1914
J. F. Barnett
A. W. Lewis
J. W. Israel
J. A. Stephens
I. A. Heath
John Sutherland
R. A. Armstrong
J. L. Gross
J. M. Sallee
J. W. Cook
J. W. Mayfield
C. M. Hudson
W. M. Teal
1914-1915
I. A. Heath
R. A. Armstrong
C. M. Hudson
J. L. Gross
J. W. Cook
J. W. Israel
J. A. Stephens
B. H. Smith
John Sutherland
J. F. Barnett
R. T. Hanks
W. M. Teal
A. W. Lewis
 
1915-1916
I. A. Heath
R. A. Armstrong
C. M. Hudson
J. L. Gross
J. W. Cook
J. W. Israel
J. A. Stephens
B. H. Smith
John Sutherland
J. F. Barnett
R. T. Hanks
W. M. Teal
A. W. Lewis
 
1916-1917
I. A. Heath
R. A. Armstrong
C. M. Hudson
J. L. Gross
J. W. Cook
F. A. Payne
J. A. Stephens
B. H. Smith
John Sutherland
J. F. Barnett
W. M. Teal
A. W. Lewis
A. C. Gettys
 
1917
I. A. Heath
C. M. Hudson
F. A. Payne
B. H. Smith
J. F. Barnett
A. W. Lewis
R. A. Armstrong
J. W. Cook
M. M. Wolf
John Sutherland
W. M. Teal
J. E. Wolf
J. P. Gilliam
 


Gulf Coast University of Industrial Arts (Collegeport)
 

 

Copyright 2006 - Present by Carol Sue Gibbs
All rights reserved

Created
Oct. 20, 2006
Updated
Aug. 12, 2013
   

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