1894 & 1895
Many school records of Matagorda County, Texas did not survive the
tragedies of the times since public education began in 1853. The
early records were housed in either the various common school
districts or in the offices of the county government. The
Commissioners Court administered the public school fund and the
County Judge often served as Superintendent of Public Instruction.
The first free public schools were organized in 1853 when six common school districts were established. The plantation families refused to patronize the free school and continued to provide tutors for their children or send them to private schools and academies for many years thereafter.
whole system of education was disrupted by the hard experiences
during the War Between the States and in the Reconstruction days
which followed. From 1853 to the early 1900s school was sometimes
only three months of the year and rarely nine months due to the lack
of funds. Not until 1909 was Matagorda County able to qualify in
school population for an office of County School Superintendent.
County Judge Thomas H. Lewis was the first in that office from
1909-1914; W. C. Gray 1914-1916; W. F. Pack 1916-1921; Mabel Kennedy
1921-1923; W. T. Pollard 1923-1924; Mrs. W. T. Pollard 1924-1934;
Tom Hale 1934-1965; and E. E. Rudd 1965-1975.
The Matagorda County Genealogical Society welcomes this finding of the 1894 and 1895 school census of Matagorda County for several reasons. Not only are we able to determine the names of families with school children but the names of communities within the boundaries of Matagorda County. Also, in 1894, the county seat was moved from Matagorda to Bay City, a town begun in the heart of Bay Prairie. From this census we learn the names of the many families who formed the nucleus of a new town. In 1894 E. S. Rugeley was County Judge and the commissioners were H. H. Serrill, Precinct #1; H. W. Bowie, Precinct #2; G. R. Brown, Precinct #3; and T. J. Poole, Precinct #4.
Since most of the 1890 population census of the United States was destroyed by fire in Washington, D. C., this 1894-1895 School Census of Matagorda County, Texas should be a reliable source for anyone searching for their ancestry during these years.
Jackie Jecmenek &
1894 SCHOOL COMMUNITIES
AA - African-American
Grove Hill AA
Live Oak AA
Copyright 2007 -
Present by Matagorda County Genealogical Society
|This page was created
May 12, 2007
|This page was updated
June 3, 2007