Emory Rains:  Public Servant


1.  1834 Emory Rains' deed to land in San Augustine is in Spanish.

2.  1834 Emory Rains was an Election Judge and signed the election return.

3.  The 1835 Nacogodoches census lists Emory Rains as 35 years of age.

4.  1835 Emory Rains received a headright in Jefferson County, Texas, and served as Alcalde. Mr. Rains served as Alcalde under the Mexican government in Texas. This was a Spanish title designating a town mayor who also acted as justice of the peace. In the Spanish colonies it was used for a provincial administrator who presided over the Cabildo or municipal council.

5.  1836 he served as Senate Representative from Shelby County in the first Congress of Texas.

6.  1837 Emory Rains served as a member of the Texas Congress.

7.  1840 Mr. Rains represented Shelby, Sabine, and Gaines districts in the third Texas Congress.

8.  1840 Mr. Rains resigned as congressman of Shelby, Sabine, and Gaines districts, returning to Lamar County where he served as chief counselor in the Regulator-Moderator War in the Patroon Creek area.

9.  1844 Sam Houston ended the war.

10. He was elected in 1845 to the Constitutional Convention and wrote many parts of the Texas State Constitution. "Emory Rains has wielded a great influence in the courts and as a member of congress." "Hon. Emory Rains was one of the most remarkable men who ever figured in Texas. At age 23 he could not read or write. He became one of the best read men in Texas, was judge of the county court, member of congress...He-----" (John Salomon Ford's Memoirs, vol. II, page 386)

11. Returning to Fannin County in 1845 for eight months, he served as judge.

12. He again served in 1851 as a member of the Texas Congress, representing Shelby County and served in this capacity until 1856.

13. 1861 he represented Wood and Upshur Counties in the state legislature.

14. 1866 at the age of 66, he rode a mule to Austin to assist in the passage of the bill, establishing Rains County. It is believed that his fellow legislators introduced the bill as a memorial to Emory Rains and as an honor for one who had given so much of his life to the cause of Texas.

15. Spring of 1870 "Judge Emory Rains, an old Texas pioneer, made his last visit to Austin this spring...Judge Rains was the father of the Liberal Homestead Law of Texas. He was extremely popular where known and was a man of exalted character." (Travis County Annals, Frank Brown, Chapter XXIX, pg. 14).

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