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Province of Texas
Mission of Espiritu Santo, 
annexed to the Royal presidio of La Bahia


The following is an exact copy of the data recorded for 1790, census for the jurisdiction of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo.  It is included on this site because many of the residents who had connections to Refugio County.  This information was originally published by The Institute of Texan Cultures and was prepared by Rena McWilliams as part of  the TXGenWeb Project for the personal use of family researchers only.  It is provided without cost, and commercial use of this copy of the original printed publication is strictly prohibited.

Note:  This census enumerates the Spaniards, Indians, Mulattoes and Mestizos separately, and it further breaks down the population by those who are married, widowers, widows and single.  For faster loading, different portions are on different pages.  Unmarried Spaniards was the third division.  I copied the records as they were originally published.  If there are errors (other than typographical), then they exist in the original transcription.

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"A research project was begun in 1971 by The Institute of Texan Cultures. The original intent of the research was to prepare a draft containing information on Blacks in Texas prior to 1836. The research was broken down into three categories: statistical, census, and general information (general manuscript series).

Since it was impractical to extract only the information concerning persons of Black origin, translation of the complete statistical and census reports of Spanish Texas was accomplished. This material includes demographic, statistical and qualitative data on many ethnic groups, and individual families can be traced for several generations. It also documents the existence of a large number of Blacks among the Spanish and Indian population in Texas long before the influx of Anglo Americans colonizers.

The general manuscript series, consisting in large part of translated summaries, documents the Black's experience in Texas. The translation of this series was not brought to completion. In 1973 the project ended after an evaluation of the work revealed that the intended scope had been surpassed and that the work had the potential for a scholarly publication.

In 1998 The Institute of Texan Cultures granted permission to The TXGenWeb Project to bring this very important collection of early Texas source material to the Internet where it will be freely available to researchers. If you have access to this 3 volume publication and would like to assist in bringing this work online please contact Trey Holt."

Census report taken by the Cavalry Lieutenant Don Manuel de Espada, Commandant of the Presidio of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo, and belonging to the year of 1790.

Census report which manifests the total number of Indians who reside in this Mission of Espiritu Santo, annexed to the Royal presidio of La Bahia, with particular distinction of classes and status, including the children, but excluding the fugitives who live at the present time in Rio de San Xavier.

Married Indians

1 The Governor of the town, Jose MARIA, married, without a family.
2 The Alcalde, Francisco, married, without a family.
3 The Fiscal, Jose LORENZO, married; his family, one niece 8 yrs. old.
4 The Majordomo, Bernardino, married; without a family.
5 Rafael, married; without a family.
6 Alejo, married; without a family.
7 Juan ANTONIO, married; his family, one granddaughter 10 yrs. old.
8 Juan CAPISTRANO, married; without a family.
9 Santiago, married; his family, two small sons.
10 Francisco ARAN, married; his family, two small daughters.
11 Jose, married; without a family.
12 Jose FRANCISCO, married; his family, one daughter 6 yrs. old and one small boy.
13 Tomas, married; his family, one small boy.
14 Juan JOSE, married; his family, one daughter 7 years old, one son 5 years old, and one stepson 8 years old.
15 Mariano, married; his family, one son and one small daughter.
16 Lucas, married; his family one small son, and one orphan girl 7 years old.
17 Santos, the violinist, married; his family, one small son.
18 Jose MARIA, married; his family, one stepdaughter 6 years old.
Indian Widowers
1 Juan DOMINGO; his family, one daughter 6 years old and another 14.
2 Pedro JOSE; his family, one son 12 years old.
3 Jose ANTONIO; without a family.
4 Jose; his family, one son 10 years old.
Unmarried Indians
1 Nasario
2 Dionicio
4 Ylario
Indian Widows
3 Lorenza
4 Gertrudis; her family, one small son.
Preceding sum shows to have existing in this Mission of Espiritu Santo, seventy-six persons, all Indians, and for its constancy, I affix my signature--  Fray Jose Luis Mariano de CARDENAS.


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