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Province of Texas
Jurisdiction of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo

Spanish Widows

The following is an exact copy of the data recorded for 1790, census for the jurisdiction of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo.  It is included on this site because many of the residents who had connections to Refugio County.  This information was originally published by The Institute of Texan Cultures and was prepared by Rena McWilliams as part of  the TXGenWeb Project for the personal use of family researchers only.  It is provided without cost, and commercial use of this copy of the original printed publication is strictly prohibited.

Note:  This census enumerates the Spaniards and the Indians separately, and it further breaks down the population by those who are married, widowers, widows and single.  For faster loading, different portions are on different pages.  Spanish Widows  was the fourth division.  I copied the records as they were originally published.  If there are errors (other than typographical), then they exist in the original transcription.

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"A research project was begun in 1971 by The Institute of Texan Cultures. The original intent of the research was to prepare a draft containing information on Blacks in Texas prior to 1836. The research was broken down into three categories: statistical, census, and general information (general manuscript series).

Since it was impractical to extract only the information concerning persons of Black origin, translation of the complete statistical and census reports of Spanish Texas was accomplished. This material includes demographic, statistical and qualitative data on many ethnic groups, and individual families can be traced for several generations. It also documents the existence of a large number of Blacks among the Spanish and Indian population in Texas long before the influx of Anglo Americans colonizers.

The general manuscript series, consisting in large part of translated summaries, documents the Black's experience in Texas. The translation of this series was not brought to completion. In 1973 the project ended after an evaluation of the work revealed that the intended scope had been surpassed and that the work had the potential for a scholarly publication.

In 1998 The Institute of Texan Cultures granted permission to The TXGenWeb Project to bring this very important collection of early Texas source material to the Internet where it will be freely available to researchers. If you have access to this 3 volume publication and would like to assist in bringing this work online please contact Trey Holt."

Census report taken by the Cavalry Lieutenant Don Manuel de Espada, Commandant of the Presidio of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo, and belonging to the year of 1790.

Census report which manifests the number of neighbors and individuals which reside in this jurisdiction, with particular distinction of their status, classes and castes, of all persons of both sexes, children included.

Spanish Widows
1 Dona Angela de los SANTOS, her family, two children; one son over 20 years of age, and one daughter under 10 years.
2 Felipa RAMON with two small sons.
3 Anna Maria ROBLES.
4 Maria Nicolasa GUTIERRES, her family, one daughter 9 years old.
5 Maria Gertrudis CHARLES.
6 Maria CLEMENCIA, her family, three unmarried sons, one unmarried young daughter, and three small sons.
7 Maria Antonia GALVAN, her family, three unmarried sons, one unmarried daughter and one small son.
8 Maria Guadalupe GONZALES, her family, one son over 15 years.
9 Anna Luisa PERES, her family, two unmarried daughters.
10 Maria Sopopa HERNANDEZ, her family, one son 19 years old.
11 Anatacia MARTINEZ, her family, two unmarried sons.
12 Maria Agustina SALINAS, her family, one small daughter.
13 Ysabel Maria RIOS, her family, one small son.
14 Ygnacia BENITES, without a family.
15 Maria BALBANEDA, her family, one unmarried son.
16 Maria Rosa GUERRA, her family, one grandson 10 years old.
17 Ysabel RAMON, without a family.
18 Maria Rita BELA, without a family.
19 Petra TORRES, without a family.
20 Francisca Borjas MUNOZ, without a family.



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