Refugio Mission - Residents Killed by Indians
1814
Excerpt from History of Refugio Mission, William H. Oberste, 1942, p. 275

Oberste's
Source: Burial Records of Mission, 1807 - 1828

 

1814
"The burial records beginning with the year of 1814 are replete with the sad misfortunes of the early inhabitants of the mission.  In that year the Comanche Indians declared a war of extermination against the Spaniards, and the old pages of the parochial book reveal the horribleness of their death-dealing cruelties."
Carmel de Laso, 24, husband of Claudia Leandro, was the first Spaniard to suffer the vengeance of the Comanches.  
"Before death he received the holy sacraments of penance and extreme unction, no martyrdom being more exceeding than that received from the barbarians, and of which he died."
(
Listed in the text by Oberste on p. 275, but not marked on the list of burials in the Appendix as having died at the hands of Indians.)
Jose Agapito de la Abra, infant (one year old) son of Perfecto (Perfector) de la Abra and Maria Ynes Moreno, was captured by the barbarians on the Nueces and left lifeless along the bank.
Clemente de la Garza 
(
Listed in the text by Oberste on p. 275, but not marked on the list of burials in the Appendix as having died at the hands of Indians)
Diego Chirino 
(
Not listed in the text by Oberste on p. 275; but marked on the list of burials in the Appendix as having died at the hands of Indians.  Perhaps killed by Indians other than Comanches.)
Pedro de la Garza 
(
Not listed in the text by Oberste on p. 275; but marked on the list of burials in the Appendix as having died at the hands of Indians. Perhaps killed by Indians other than Comanches.)
Antonio Sifuentes 
(
Not listed in the text by Oberste on p. 275; but marked on the list of burials in the Appendix as having died at the hands of Indians. Perhaps killed by Indians other than Comanches.)
On October 30, 1814, remains of 14 were brought to the mission for burial.  They had been killed on the ranch of the tithesman which was on the banks of the Nueces River.  The victims as listed by Oberste are below:
Maria Sarape Lopez
Gertrudis del Castillo
Maria Ylaria (Yllaria) Castillo, and wife and children of Cristobal Castillo
Julian Alverez 
(
Listed in Appendix as Alvarez.)
Juana, wife of Julian Alverez 
(
Listed in Appendix as Alvarez.)
Simon Vasquez 
(
Listed in Appendix as Barques.)
Rafael Olivares 
(
Listed in Appendix as Olivarez.)
Arellano
Gerarldo
Santiago Sanchez
Bernancio Garcia
Morillo, a captive
Nicolas Bocanegra
Jose Maria, son of Perfecto Oloya, the shoemaker

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