Early County Doctors Page

Van Zandt County Genealogical Society


These are a few brief biographies of the early Van Zandt County physicians who practiced medicine in the "good old days" where often they traveled to their patients by horse and buggy, through all kinds of weather. They were highly respected in their respective communities and throughout the county. These biographies were extracted by Mable Cook from the minutes of the Van Zandt County Medical Society. If anyone has more information on these doctors, please let us know by contacting Sibyl and we will be happy to add the information and thank you for sharing.


Dr. Wiley Lee Garland

Dr. Wiley Lee Garland was born in Georgia on December 5, 1878. He attended grammar school in Franklin, N.C. where he decided to become a doctor. He attended medical school in Nashville, Tennessee, graduating with the second highest grade in his class. After graduating, Wiley and another doctor got on the train from Texas. They only had 65 cents between them so they hid on the train for a long time. Finally, they were discovered in Mineola, Texas, and put off the train. They heard that a doctor was needed in Garden Valley so Wiley decided to go there. He married Eula Baliff in 1905. In 1910, Dr. Garland moved to Lubbock.
The financial crash of 1912 forced him back to Garden Valley. When Dr. Garland had recovered financially, he moved to Tyler, Smith County, Texas. He enjoyed a good practice there until his home was burned and he had no insurance. Once again he moved back to Garden Valley. In November 1922, Dr. Garland moved to Grand Saline. He moved primarily because of the school system. His son, Wiley Lee Garland Jr., had been going back and forth to Tyler to school. W.L. Snow, a druggist, offered Dr. Garland a place at his pharmacy.
It was the custom in those days to have a doctor set up his practice along with a pharmacy. Dr. Garland later moved from the Snow Pharmacy down the street into the back of Tom Butler's pharmacy. He stayed there until he built his own building. Along with his practice in Grand Saline, Dr. Garland was also the doctor for the Pure Oil Company in Van. He had a small hospital where patients could be brought to him from the oil field. He later built a pharmacy and office in Van. Dr. Garland began a hobby in 1936 that later became more than a hobby, raising show cattle. He also became active in the Grand Saline bank. He died April 30, 1961 at his home on Green Street in Grand Saline and was buried at Woodside Cemetery.


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This page last updated 17 May 2007

Van Zandt County Genealogical Society Website maintained by
Sibyl Creasey