Young County TXGenWeb
Lower Brazos River
Indian Reservation Agency
|In 1854 the U.S. Government surveyed and created the Lower Brazos River Indian Reservation of 68,120 acres in Young County or 10 square miles. The agency headquarters were located three miles east of Graham. Calaveras Street in Graham is the northeren boundary of the Indian Reservation.
At this reservation were placed members of the Anadarko, Caddo, Tehuacana, Tonkawa, and Waco, together with splinter groups of the Cherokee, Chocktaw, Delaware, and Shawnee. The Upper Brazos Indian reservation had Southern Comanche about 45 miles to the west in Throckmorton County. Under the guidance of U.S. agents, the Indians of the Lower Brazos River Reservation made much progress in agriculture, stock raising and other arts of civilization.
Drought and other adversities, however, led to the closing of the Reservation. Emptied in August 1859 when the Indians were removed to the vicinity of present day Anadarko, Oklahoma, by Indian Agent, Major Robert Simpson Neighbors. The reservation lands reverted to the State of Texas, and were opened to the pre-exemption of Texas citizens in 1871.
A historical marker to this former reservation is located in the Shawnee Springs Park in Graham, Texas.
submitted by Dorman Holub